(1) You must be prepared to finance
the entire project or have sufficient financing in place.
(2) You must keep the entire transaction confidential
(3) You must provide sworn affidavit
(4) Tax clearance certificate (if necessary)
(5) Drug Clearance certificate (if necessary)
(6) Letter of administration
(7) Certificate of deposit
(8) Receipt for fund release order
(9) If your Government should pay from an offshore payment center,
you must pay all related fees and the
cost of the local Attorney.
(10) If the funds are transferred from a local bank you must pay all
(11) You most provide a written plan as it relates to transferring
the funds and securities out of your country.
(12) You must provide the name, address, and telephone number of the
(13) You must state the balance due the bank (or demurrage required
at security company) if any.
(14) I will give NO upfront money. Nor will I ever give any funds to
you for ANY fees associated with this
(15) I will NOT travel anywhere to meet you. You must initiate all
travel, at my convenience, meeting in
public settings (e.g. Mall or
(16) You must initiate all phone calls. We will communicate by
email/fax or through phone calls initiated by
you. I will not return calls. If you
prove yourself to be real, I will reconsider this point.
(17) What kind of funding do you already have in place to pay for
all the processing fees and associated
In my experience (depending upon the
transaction), it generally takes approximately $200,000 to pay for
all the processing fees and gratuities. If you do not have the
funding in place to complete this project, let me know by return
email so that neither of us has to waste our time. Plus I want you
to respond to each of the previous 17 points with a definitive
answer regarding your specific business proposal.
If this is a scam, do yourself and me a favor -- do not answer this
email. If you are a scam artist you will be very uncomfortable with
the previous 17 points, because you already know that I know your
game plan. If you are real, you will be comforted knowing that I am
well aware of what it takes to complete this transaction.
I do not waste time with people who make a living off deception. I
am a man of integrity and a straight shooter, working only with
people of like character. If you have your funding in place, tell me
when you email me and I will remind you of your statements down the
road if you ever engage in the bait and switch gambit. If all of
your funding is in place, and you are who you say you are, it should
easily take less than thirty days to complete the project.
Still interested? If so, contact me via email, letting me know how
your proposal is different from all of the other similar proposals I
read every week. I have read about these types of "419"
proposals on various web sites and in some magazine articles and
newspapers, which warn US citizens about getting involved. Some,
they say, are scam artists, experts at the confidence game and
masters at making authentic-looking bank and government documents.
Are you one of these seasoned opportunists who take advantage of the
blindness created by human greed? I do not know. But you know.
If you want to know the truth, everyone I have dealt with thus far
over the past few years has ultimately been exposed as a scam
artist. Only you know if you are real or fake. You have to
demonstrate to me that you are legitimate, by making statements and
then holding to your word regardless of the cost. The moment you
switch from a previous statement I know that you are a fake. So make
your statements carefully. You are not dealing with an amateur.
You and I have never met in person. The only thing we can look at is
what is written. That is why I place such a high premium on what you
write, even more than what you might communicate over the phone. By
the way, I fully expect you to offer me the same courtesy. You can
and must hold me to my word.
The burden of proof is -- and always will be -- upon you. Respond
specifically to each of the above 17 points. I am sure that you
agree -- anything worth talking about is first worth putting down in
writing. Be careful with what you say, because I will hold you to
your words. And that's a promise!
Thank you for your time,
Note: Reproduction of any kind,
including copying and pasting, is strictly prohibited, unless given
specific written permission. ***********************************************************************
Here are eleven
unedited responses to our acquaintances' reply (above) to their
initial unsolicited email. Please note the way each one does a
classic job of setting up the confidence game. By the way, every one
of these people proved in the end to be scam artists of the highest
IT IS MOST DISHEARTENING THAT SOME GROUP OF ELEMENTS
ARE PAINTING THE AFRICAN NATION IN BLACK BY BEING INTO SCAM OR
FRAUD. ANYWAY, AS YOU HAVE READ MANY BOOKS (A
little bit of flattery), I AM EQUALLY AWARE THAT YOU HAVE
COME ACCROSS SOME ARTICLES THAT WROTE ABOUT BILLIONS OF DOLLARS
BEING STARCHED IN A FOREIGN ACCOUNTS IN EUROPE BY AFRICAN LEADERS.
MANY AFRICAN LEADERS AND ELITE ARE WELL BLESSED WITH PHYSICAL
CASH,BUT THE PROBLEM THAT IS BEING FACED ATIMES IS HOW TO GET THE
FUNDS MOVED TO A FOREING ACCOUNT.I HAVE BEEN OPPORTUNED TO WORK WITH
LAURENT KABILA AN ASUCH KNEW WAYS BY WHICH WE MOVED HEAVY FUNDS FOR
HIM TO MANY COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD UNDER DIPLOMATIC COVER
ARRANGEMENT. HOWEVER,I ATTACHED THE PICTURE OF THE FUNDS WHICH I
TOOK IN MY COUNTRY BEFORE THE TURN OF EVENTS FOR YOUR PERUSAL. AT
THIS JUNCTURE I MUST HAVE TO INFORM YOU THAT I HAVE BEEN IN THIS
COUNTRY FOR A LONG TIME AND HAVE EXPENDED THE PHYSICAL CASH I HAVE
WITH ME, THROUGH ARRANGING FOR THE FUNDS TO BE MOVED TO A FOREIGN
COUNTRY UNDER A DIPLOMATIC COVER ARRANGEMENT, THEREFORE I MUST
INFORM YOU THAT YOU WILL ASSIST FINANCIALLY IN GETTING THE
TRANSACTION CONCLUDED FOR THE MUTUAL BENEFIT OF US.I AM NOT
COMPELLING YOU TO CONCLUDE THE TRANSACTION WITH ME, BUT MY
TRAMSACTION SPEAKS FOR ITSELF, YOU HAVE TO COME TO A CHOSEN COUNTRY
TO MEET WITH ME AND SEE THE FUNDS BY YOURSELF,FOR I BELIEVE THAT
SEEING IS BELIEVEING. (I'm not sure what
happened here, but all of a sudden he started using lower case --
perhaps the second half was a copy and paste job?)
However, I made the money genuinely, when I headed a tenders board
that accounted for proper recordings of revenue generated through
the sale of diamond, which is our nations source of foreign revenue.
This business opportunity needs our committed, confidentiality,
cooperation and absolute trust for the mutual benefit of us. I
strongly believe that this our new found business relationship will
lead us to greater heights.
The money is presently registerred with a DIPLOMATIC security
courier company that flew it from my country to Nigeria under a code
without name. Since you will assist me in this respect I shall
register it in your name to avoid raising eyebrow here in Nigeria
and make it easy for us to clear and have it move to London,south
Africa,mali or spain,,where you are expected to meet with me to
conclude the rest of the transaction.The money would be moved to
either any of the listed countries,depending on the country you
choose,under a diplomatic cover arrangement,by the security courier
company that flew it to Nigeria.This has been the means we move cash
and other valuable matreials to the countries over the years,for our
late president Laurent kabila.
However,I would want you to send me your phone/fax number to enable
me send to you,copies of my International passport,the deposit
certificate of the cargo with the security company and a power of
attorney/agreement that would guide us throughout this business
transction.I would want you to take your time and do your own investigation regarding what is happening in my
Your urgent reply is neccesitated to serve us better. My private
phone/fax number is 234 90503972.kindly keep this transaction
strictly confidential to serve us better.
AWAITING YOUR MOST URGENT REPLY
DR DANIEL NGUESSOH
WOW! Daniel even included a picture
of all the funny money waiting for us! Lean your
head to the left and you'll get a better perspective.
Will the real fraudster
please stand up?
One time our acquaintance
even received an email attachment with a 10-second video clip
of a man's hands as he was stacking money in a box. This man
proved to be a bold-faced liar. His first presented
himself as "Shehu Musa Abacha" and then as "Yusuf
Duru" (6 Aguda Road, Enuga, Nigeria. Tel:
234-42-253-994). But when he wanted one of our acquaintances
to send money by Western Union, he wanted it sent to a
"Dr. Bello Idahosa".
Here's another reply to our
acquaintances' initial email
I quite understand and expect your reaction as regards my offer to
do business with you as my foreign partner bearing I mind that we
have not met before am acting on the believe that everlasting
private foreign business contact like this is better made by direct personal contact
by email which must begin in one day. Since I am still in active
Government service, I decided to deal with somebody I have not met
before for obvious security reason. To be honest with you, I will not want this
contract payment traced to me in anyway, since the approvals will
come from my Ministry. I am involved in this deal because I hope to
retire soon and go into private business and this is about the only
means I can raise the needed finance to start my life after my
retirement. The truth is that we are highly placed but poorly paid
as civil servant and the law does not permit us to operate foreign account while in service.
is why I also need your assistance.
With transparency, and sincerity of purpose we can do a lot of
business together in future. To demonstrate my authenticity, I shall
fax you copies of my identities and I expect to do the same. This
will also make for easy recognition when we eventually meet to discuss our joint
ventures at an advanced stage. Send by return mail to me your most
confidential phone and fax number, including your contact details
which should be sent by fax to my private fax mail box number 234
17758345. Call me as soon as you receive this message today on my
other private telephone number 234 1 7758345 for further detailed
We must ensure absolute confidentiality to ensure a smooth
conclusion of this deal. To confirm that you are speaking with me,
use this transaction code COLOUR: PINK i.e you will ask me COLOUR
and I must
answer PINK,only then you can discuss with me. (I'm
sure he uses different colors with different people so he can keep
track of all the scams he has going at the same time) As a
result of the level of underground arrangements I have already
perfected, I am confident to let you know that with your full
cooperation, we can conclude this transaction within 14 banking
days. We need to be committed and honest to ourselves, like you know one
good turn deserves another. I look forward to meeting with you
soonest. Till I hear from you again, have a nice day.
Here's another reply
Top of the day to you and many thanks for your response. I must
comend your letrary (literary?) power
but the truth is that "there is no smoke without fire".
Its more or else like a proverb from my country home
(Yes, Donald, thanks for the warning. I'll be watching you
carefully, so that I don't get burned by you!).
This is a mutualy beneficial transacion and I can't persuade you to
get involved but I will advice you investigate and get back to me as
time is of the essence.
Here's another reply
First as a true Christian (hmmmmmmmm, okay...)
and I don't want something that will tarnish my life just because of
money I came in a royal. I got your name in internet through my
secretary who knows how to operate computer and I told her to search
and address for that I want use it for importing some goods so he
search only two addresses for me but I decided to contact you first
if you are interested I will then contact the other because this
opportunity can never come again in my life time so I don’t want
to make any mistake.
Thank you for your question, you know as I have told you that one
thing that has original also has fake
because you have seen the whole proposals and see the differences.
The names written in this proposals is
the formal President’s in Africa, people that eliminated our
Economy sending money abroad, so all these people using the
opportunities to steal money from foreigners telling them that they
are either sons, mother in-laws and personal assistant and many more
which I cannot explain to you but I will give you some of their
websites which they cannot explain or know anything about the
Those thing is not true my own is different because as an Auditor
with every guaranteed the original
beneficiary is a native of Australia and manager of Petro Chemical
Support Company of Africa and Europe,
he died in an road accident along Lagos Ibadan road and he is not
married as of his death and left no relations.
My bank where I work even the company does not know the existence of
the fund and account, nobody friends nor family knows about this
account, the manager of bank the does not know about the account
until I the Auditor was searching for an old file that I saw the
file before I discuss it with the manager and he told
me to move the money abroad for investment after my Deep
Investigation I got his Death certificate and last statement of the account which I will fax to you and letter of
administration, Affidavit of fact to show that you are now the
beneficiary of the fund and the chairman/Ceo of the company.
That Engr. Andreas. B. Smith was the manager of Petro Chemical
Support Company. Which the money will be an inheritance money from
your company and nobody will ask you any question after you might
have signed the final fund release order form and all the legitimacy
of the fund documents which I will send to you and to back the money
to your account without problem. And you should know that this
business requires travel, you will travel to our Offshore Payment
Centre attached to our Embassy in Holland or South Africa to sign
the final fund release order and after signing, the money will be
transferred to your account without
delay and I will be with you a day or two days before the money goes
into your accounts then we will travel as one family to your country for sharing and possible investment.
You have noting to worry as this business is concern, I assure you
100% risk and trouble free and real, my only worry is the Security of the fund once transferred to your
account I would like to speak with you for heart to heart
Send me your Id for identification so that I will
know whom I’m doing this business with and I will send you
my international passport as an id.
I wait to hear from you and I will call also for a heart to heart
discussion (Can't wait...).
Here's another reply
I receieved your mail with lots of your conditions (You
mean the 17 points to which I'd like to read your specific
responses?). But, I must tell you that with your so called
condition we can never never actualise our aims. I will advice
therefore, you to make up your mind or you leave it. There is
already laid down plans on how the fund will move out of this place
to an oversea bank account. Could your conditions be flexble (Oh,
you mean you want me to send some upfront money?), then write
me so as to give you the proceedures on how we move. More
importantly, your business with Nigerians can never be quantified
with this. Myself do not like people from that side of the world.
The money in question is money realised from my place of work and to
realise the funds it must be sent out to an oversea bank account. So
if people will wake up and claim what they are not, it will be quiet
unfortunate for someone of my reputation. You can call me on my
private phone for discussions +225-07-95-5883. Have it in your mind
that we are not compelled to work with you on this project and we
reserve the right to work with whom ever my spirit is comfortable
with. (A classic move -- back off,
hoping to create a sense of urgency within me)
Here's another reply
Dear Mr xxxxxxxxxx,
I thank you for your reply to my mail, your openness and prudence. (A
little bit of flattery goes a long way, doesn't it?) You are
like me and I like that (I hope not!).
(He doesn't even respond to my 17 points. He
goes straight to the business at hand. In fact, he wants me to know
that he not sure that he even wants to do business with me)
Before committing myself to any arrangements with you, I would
require you to intimate me about business opportunities in your
Country, taxation, foreign investments regulations and what sort of
connections you have there.
My lawyer Mr Martins Obi is currently in London and it will be more
beneficial to both of us, for you to contact him in London 44 7960
398915 to discuss these matters. He is a very close confidant and my
points man in these arrangements with full authority to handle %100
all aspects of this project on my behalf.
I have briefed him about you and he is expecting your call. Please
let me know your feelings on these.
Here's another reply
Thanks for your mail. I do not know about any other mail you must
have received. I want you to note as follows:
I do not and will never ever request you to send me any money at all
(This was a bold-faced lie!). I am not
a begger and my client is also not a begger. By my client's
standards you are a very poor man and as thus why would my client
want to receive money from you.
My clent and I cannot travel out side Nigeria at the moment because
survillance is placed on us for 48
hours. My client's passport is with the security agents and he
cannot travel out.
I do not need your personal bank details and I do not need any bank
details from you at all. It is not
important to me.
If you want to assist my client, you will have to do it yourself. We
will not be willing to deal with a second or third party even if the
individual is your lawyer or your family. This is for my client's
security and the security of the funds.
I want to inform you that you will see the funds with your two eyes.
If you are still interested in assisting my client, please send me
an immediate mail, so that I will give
you further details about this transaction.
Waiting for your response.
Here's another reply
THANKS FOR YOUR REPLY. I ASSURE 100% SUCCESS IN THIS BUSINESS AS
LONG AS YOU CO-OPERATE WITH ME IN TRUST AND STRICT CONFIDENCE. THIS
BUSINESS IS REAL AND SAFE,SO YOU DONOT HAVE TO WORRY BECAUSE YOU
HAVE NOTHING TO REGRET (You mean I won't
regret sending you some money?).
THE FUND IS DEPOSITED IN A SECURITY COMPANY WITH ANONYMOUS NAME, THE
SECURITY COMPANY HAVE THEIR AFFILIATE OFFICE IN SOUTH AFRICA AND
HOLLAND WE SHALL MEET THERE FOR THE SIGNING OF A BINDING AGREEMENT
FOR THE FINAL RELEASE ORDER OF THE FUND.
IF YOU HAVE AVALID PASSPORT AND HAVE THE FACITLITIES TO OPEN ACCOUNT
TO HANDLE BIG AMOUNT AND A BUSINESS OF THIS MAGNITUDE, I WILL
FURNISH YOU WITH MORE INFORMATION AND DIRECT YOU WITH ALL THE
MODALITIES ON HOW THE BUSINESS WILL BE SUCCESSFULLY EXECUTED.
I AM 54YEARS OLD WITH FAMILY AND I WILL WANT YOU TO BE VERY SERIOUS
WITH ME, I AM A CONSULTANT IN MINING TECHNOLOGY AND I HAVE BEEN A
FRIEND TO THE FIRST FAMILY FOR SEVERAL YEARS AND I WOULDN’T WANT
YOU TO DO ANYTHING THAT WILL MAKE THE FIRST FAMILY LOOSE CONFIDENCE
IF WE ARE GOING TO DO THIS BUSINESS WITH YOU OR YOU ARE RECOMENDING
ANYBODY, MAKE SURE THAT THE PERSON OR THE COMPANY YOU ARE
RECOMENDING IS OF HIGH INTERGRITY.
SEND YOUR FULL NAME AS IN INTERNATIONAL PASSPORT OR IDENTITY ALONG
WITH FULL ADDRESS AND CONFIDENTIAL PHONE AND FAX NUMBERS.
NOTE: YOU HAVE YOUR CHOICE TO MAKE AS REGARDS TRAVELING, BUT IT WILL
HAVE TO BE A COUNTRY WHERE THERE IS AFFILIATE OFFICE OF THE SECURITY
COMPANY, FINALLY, YOUR ACCOUNT IS NOT NEEDED AND THERE WILL BE NO
UPFRONT PAYMENT. JUST THAT YOU WILL BE REQUIRED TO COME AND SIGN THE
RELEASE ORDER OF THE CONSIGNMENT.
THIS BUSINESS IS VERY CONFIDENTIAL AND REQUIRES TRUST AND
CO-OPERATION SO THAT WE WILL SECURE RELEASE OF THIS FUND IN THE
SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME.
REPLY URGENTLY AND CALL ME ON MY NUMBERS BELOW.
Here's another reply
I must thank you very much for the confidence imposed on me as
regards my person and this transaction at
I told you Freeman, that it takes two to tangle (Tango?
A Freudian slip, perhaps?), please I want you to have an open
mind as regards this issue as I have stated earlier on in my
previous mails that scam do exist, but only a priviledge few like me
can actually start and conclude transactions like this because you
have to be on a position that holds all the axis to determine the
outcome of events.
Freeman this transaction is real and I will immediately commence the
registration of your company with my Agency and arrange all paper
work, but just before I commence, I will like you to send a blank
Pro-forma invoice to me to enable my purchasing officer fill
accordingly, the materials purpotedly supplied by you to my Agency
and sign. This I will send back to you to endorse the suppliers
column and sign to give legal authenticity to the document, you will
in turn send it back to me for proper filling.
Please do this to enable me prove to you that you can still find
genuine people in Nigeria.
Here's another reply to our
acquaintances' initial email
THANKS FOR YOUR MAIL,
LET ME HAVE YOUR CONTACT NUMBER.
MY ASSURANCE IS THAT WHAT I HAVE TELL YOU IS TRUE, I AM NOT FORCING
YOU INTO THIS TRANSACTION, IT IS A MATTER OF OPINOIN. THIS
TRANSACTION IS REAL, IF YOU HAVE BEEN RECEIVING SERIES OF EMAIL AS
STATED BY YOU, GOD HAS DIRECTED YOU TO DO BUSINESS WITH ME. NOTE, I
AM NOT BEGGING YOU MONEY, BUT WE MUST CONTRIBUTE TO MAKE THIS COME
THROUGH, THAT IS WHEN IT IS NECCESSARY TO SPEND, THIS IS BIG
TRANSACTION, STOP SAYING YOU WILL NOT CONTRIBUTE, PLEASE IF THIS NOT
OK BY YOU TELL ME IN YOUR NEXT REPLY, TO ENABLE ME GET OTHER CAPABLE
HANDS (In other words, if you snooze, you will
I WILL ALWAYS CALL YOU WHEN IT IS NECCESSARY TO DO SO, YOU MUST
RETURN MY CALL, THAT IS THE SPIRIT OF PARTNERSHIP. WE ARE ALL MATURE
CALL ME NOW ON MY NUMBER 234 8033047473, I AM WAITING FOR FURTHER
PRINCE FRED BRUME
Here's the final reply, with many, many
more to choose from -------------------------------------------
I CAN UNDERSTAND YOUR WORRIES. I WONDER WHAT THIS SOCIETY IS TURNING
INTO. I AM SHORT OF WORLDS WHEN I READ YOUR MAIL. IN FACT SIR I
DON'T KNOW WHAT TO SAY.I AM A GIRL OF 26YEARS (A
friend met these folks in Ghana and he is sure that it wasn't even a
girl writing this email. This was one of the most well-crafted
scams!) I HAVE NEVER BEEN EXPOSED TO INTERNATIONAL
BUSINESS FOR ONCE ASUCH I CAN NOT SAY FOR THOSE PEOPLE WHERE THE GOT
THEIR MONEY. BUT I COULD HAVE ASK YOU FOR ONE FAVOUR, IF YOU CAN
ARRANGE TO COME AND HAVE A FACE TO FACE MEETING WITH MY SICK MOTHER
HERE I THINK (This friend of ours met in Ghana
at a restaurant with the sick mother and a few men. She coughed
occasionally to make sure she was perceived as sick).
IT WILL GO ALONG WAY IN HELPING US SOLVE THIS PROBLEM OF TRUST. SHE
CAN EVEN ARRANGE AND TAKE YOU TO THE SECURITY COMPANY FOR YOU TO
DISCURSE WITH THEM THEN IF YOU ARE SATISFIED YOU CAN COTINUE.BECAUSE
CONSIDERING YOUR LEVEL AND BIG NAME AND REPUTATION WHICH YOU HAVE
MADE I COULD HAVE LOVE TO HAVE YOU AS OUR FARMILY PARTNER AND I
BELIEVE MY MOTHER AND MY YOUNGER BROTHER REASONS THE SAME WAY.
AGAIN I WILL NOT WANT YOU TO INVOLVE
YOUR SELF IN ANY THING THAT WILL TARNISH YOUR GOOD IMAGE I FEEL
SEEING IS BELIEVING. PLEASE I AM ONLY MAKING MY PERSONAL SUGGESTION
BUT IF YOU FELL ANY OTHER SAFER WAY YOU PLEASE INFORM ME. YOU CAN
ALSO CALL US ON PHONE 00229.941899 TODAY TO DISCURSE WITH EITHER MY
MOTHER OR MY YOUNGER BROTHER CAMARA WHO IS TAKING CARE OF MY MOTHER
BECAUSE MOST OF THE TIME I GO TO LESSON HERE. THANKS FOR YOUR
UNDERSTANDING SO FAR.
MY REGARDS TO YOUR FAMILY
firstname.lastname@example.org - email
(714) 989-3102 x4722 - voicemail/fax
With tongue firmly
planted in my cheek, here's a suggestion. If, after viewing all this
information, you still want to do business with any of the 419 scam
artists -- before doing so, please consider this option: Send
us your money and we'll return 50% of your money back to you in six
If you follow this simple plan, you'll be way ahead of the game!
(It's just a joke! But we are serious about 419 scamsters)
------- WHAT CAN BE DONE
ABOUT THESE SCAM ARTISTS? -------
Not much. We don't want to sound fatalistic, but the
reality is that the scam artists hide behind untraceable email
addresses, sending their scam letters from pay-by-the-hour Internet
Cafes. The governments of Africa are generally in a survival mode,
with little interest in dealing with some Internet scam artist in a
local village. There are always bigger fish to fry.
Plus we have actually talked with West African
government and business officials about their perception of these
419 scams. They have expressed amazement that anyone could be fooled
by the empty promises contained in emails from a stranger in
Africa. In their eyes, the culpability goes both ways. "Who
could be such a fool to give money to someone they have never
met?" This is a valid question for all of us to ponder...
What we have done at The Freeman Institute is to
provide a free service to individuals who may be flirting with the
idea of great wealth coming their way. Our motto is: Run, don't
walk, away from these scams and then do what you can to warn people
about this pervasive problem. Feel free to provide a link to www.freemaninstitute.com/419.htm
-- so that more people can see the truth about these 419 scams.
If you receive scam letters from
Nigeria or anywhere else in Africa,
Do Not Answer Them. Do not attempt to communicate with the
"Don't try this at home."
Forward a copy of an unsolicited 419 letter to The
Your letter just might be used to warn others.
~ OPTIONS &
You may have received an example of the
"Nigerian Fraud/419 scam" which is a common e-mail
problem, especially in the US. Click on some of the sites below to
get the bigger picture.
-- A very funny site...
In the US, this matter should be also reported to the FBI Internet
Fraud Complaint Center https://www.ifccfbi.gov
, and to the Secret Service. There is also a need (since the USPS
also investigates e-mail complaints, to report it to the United
States Postal Inspection Service
. It should also be reported to the sender's ISP abuse department,
normally expressed as abuse@ [insert ISP sig here].
If you lost money as a result of this scheme, don't be embarrassed,
and please report it to the Secret Service -- which has set up a
special 419 task force. Send your documentation to the United States
Secret Service, Financial Crimes Division, 1800 G Street NW, Room
942, Washington, D.C. 20223 or call (202) 435-5850. Secret Service -- http://www.ustreas.gov/treasury/bureaus/usss/usss.html
( investigates currency issues such as forgery, credit card fraud,
and other financial fraud) Financial Crimes Enforcement -- http://www.treas.gov/fincen
-- Money laundering and related activity, including offshore
If you have received a letter, but not lost any money, send a fax of
the letter to the Secret Service at (202) 435-5031.
Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigative
Securities & Exchange Commission http://www.sec.gov
-- Investigates securities fraud and related issues.
Federal Trade Commission http://www.ftc.gov
-- Jurisdiction over most consumer-oriented scams.
Federal Bureau of Investigations http://www.fbi.gov
-- Agency of the U.S. Department of Justice
To understand a 419 scheme in either French or