OF THE HISTORICAL / TECHNOLOGICAL
CONTENT IS ON THIS PAGE
The Rosetta Stone replica is now being exhibited at
the National Cryptologic Museum,
right next to the National Security Agency (Ft. Meade, MD). Dr.
Freeman recently spoke at an event at NSA sponsored
by the National Cryptologic Museum Foundation about the Rosetta Stone
and its impact on Cryptology. Rave reviews.
interested in archaeology,
mathematics, translation work, literacy
significance of this
“Rosetta Stone," as it is known, has become a metaphor...
...a metaphor for anything that is important to the process of
decryption or the unraveling of a complex problem -- cracking a code
of some sort. Perhaps even a universal metaphor for hope, creativity
and perseverance for many who are trying to learn a new language,
attempting to solve a relational puzzle, trying to figure out how to
increase literacy, or seeking to decipher the
cryptic issues of these tough economic times. Or, let's look at it
from another perspective -- What if we have been able to "crack the
code" to the development of what some might call
Rosetta Stone of replicas?
View from west bank of the
Nile at the Ft. Rashid
(photo by Dr. Joel A. Freeman)
The Rosetta Stone is much more than a roughly gouged,
nicked rock that appears like it was shoved down the side of a
mountain -- it is the key to an ancient civilization and a
modern symbol of human discovery, conquest, and scholarship.
Even if you are quite knowledgeable about the
Rosetta Stone, perhaps you will learn some new things by the
time you have finished reading this page. Plus, you just might
know of someone who may want to own a stunning, museum-quality replica (45" tall x 30"
wide x 11" thick, 95 lbs, 1:1)
of the Rosetta Stone. You'll see the comparison between the real
and the replica below, along with six distinctive &
distinguishing features of this project. Review the eight innovations of the Rosetta
Stone below, including a planned 3-D holographic image. You'll be
pleasantly surprised. But first, let's take a step back in time...
The Rosetta Stone was/is an
irregularly shaped slab of granodiorite rock weighing about 1,700 pounds. The face has 14 lines
of hieroglyphs (It is estimated that there were 29 lines prior
to breakage), 32 lines of cursive Demotic, and, at the bottom,
54 lines of ancient Greek (language introduced after the
conquest of Egypt by Alexander the Great). All proclaim the same
(feel free to read it later).
Historian, Richard Moore states, "The French attempt
to exert influence over Egypt was due to economics, a political need
to weaken Britain and the personal needs of General Napoleon
Bonaparte, who saw the shadow of unemployment - and a loss of
influence - looming as his armies in Italy were nearing the end of
their successful struggles against Austria. Having seen the benefits
of Britain's profitable colonies, France's Directory listened to
Bonaparte's idea to invade Egypt, expel the ruling Marmalukes and
establish a modern style of government friendly toward French ways."
The Napoleonic Egyptian Campaign started in 1798. In
1799, as French soldiers were preparing to build the foundation for
Fort Julian (later known as Fort Rashid) on the West Bank of the
Nile, the soldiers found the Rosetta Stone (see photo above).
That village, called Rashid, was translated as “Rosetta;” hence the
The Greek text was quickly translated and the last
line of the Greek text impacted everyone who read it: "This
decree shall be inscribed on a stela of hard stone in sacred
and native(demotic script) and Greek characters...."
This meant that a parallel version of the same text was presented in all three
inscriptions! The Stone was deemed to be priceless! Everyone
quickly recognized that the Rosetta Stone could very well unlock
the secrets to ancient Egypt.
ability to read hieroglyphs had been lost for almost two
centuries, but now they had hope of understanding this ancient
rosetta stone replicas
Dr. Joel A. Freeman officially launched The Rosetta Stone Replica Project
Library of Congress
with the presentation The Mysterious
ENTREPRENEUR LAUNCHES HISTORIC,
ROSETTA STONE REPLICA PROJECT
The stone, a fragment of an ancient
slab proclaiming the “Memphis Decree” in 196 BC, praised the Egyptian king Ptolemy V
on the first anniversary of his coronation. (At the time,
Ptolemy was no more than 13 or 14 years of age.) Even though the
British defeated the French, a battle of intrigue followed.
In September 1801
English Colonel Turner, who had fought and won at Aboukir Bay and
Alexandria, went to visit General Menou to take the stone back to
Britain under the terms of the Treaty of Capitulation. Turner
cited the 16th article of the treaty, and Menou handed it over
grudgingly. The French had the foresight to make several copies
of the inscriptions, which served them well after the British
acquired the stone.
Both the French and the British knew they had
something valuable on their hands, but it would take years to crack
the code inscribed on the Rosetta Stone. Only then would its true
worth be revealed.
Scholar, Margie Parent writes, "...in the spasmodic voyage from Egypt to
England, many of the Egyptian antiquities were damaged. Because
of the importance of the Rosetta Stone, however Colonel Turner
personally accompanied this precious cargo on its journey aboard
a frigate. The Rosetta stone left Egypt from Alexandria and
sailed into the English Channel in February 1802. At Deptford
the stone was placed in a small boat and taken through customs.
It was [initially] lodged at the quarters of the Society of
Antiquaries so experts could examine it...."
The Rosetta Stone, on display in
the British Museum, has text inscribed on it that permanently
tells a story. On the left side, the painted text reads: "Captured
in Egypt by the British Army in 1801." On right side it
reads: "Presented by King George III."
The hieroglyphic images were studied by many (Johan David Akerblad,
Silvestre de Sacy, Rev. Stephen Weston,
Dr. Thomas Young, et al), but the Rosetta Stone was ultimately
in 1822 (approximately 23 years later) by Jean-Francois Champollion (see image), the
brilliant French academic who specialized in ancient languages of
the Middle East.
The Mysterious Rosetta Stone A Code-Crackin'
CLICK for RAVE REVIEWS
Dr. Freeman in available to speak at your organization
about the history of the Rosetta Stone. Many corporate
groups and government agencies love the presentation:
Mysterious Rosetta StoneCracking the Code to
Your Team's Success
Champollion compared the
three texts, all stating the same Decree. Since these three
languages were all used at the time, the Decree had to be
“published” in all of them.
Champollion could read
both Greek and Coptic. He was able to figure out what the seven
demotic signs in Coptic were. By looking at how these signs were
used in Coptic he was able to work out what they stood for. Then
he began tracing these demotic signs back to hieroglyphic signs.
By working out what some hieroglyphs stood for, he could make
educated guesses about what the other hieroglyphs stood for.
Given such a rich history, it's
makes even more sense when we see contemporary "non-weird" examples of the
"Rosetta Stone metaphor" being utilized in genomics, science,
language learning, translation work, math, cryptology, space
exploration and IT security. For instance, the RSA Conference
has used the "Rosetta Stone: Security Decoded" as their
2010 conference theme in Europe, Japan and the USA. The RSA
Conference is the largest forum in the world for cryptographers
to gather and share the latest knowledge and advancements in the
area of internet security. There's no doubt that IT
professionals have a special connection with the Rosetta Stone
as they attempt to stay ahead of the global security threats
perpetrated by hackers.
Here's another quick example: In 2004 the European Space Agency (ESA)
stated, "Just as the Rosetta Stone provided the key to an
ancient civilization, so ESA's Rosetta spacecraft will unlock
the mysteries of the oldest building blocks of our Solar System
– the comets. As the worthy successor of Champollion and Young,
Rosetta will allow scientists to look back 4600 million years to
an epoch when no planets existed and only a vast swarm of
asteroids and comets surrounded the Sun." Somehow, its
connection to space exploration makes sense, doesn't it?
ESA Rosetta Orbiter
The personal & collective
impact of the Rosetta Stone is at once timeless & universal.
What is your connection to the significance of this intriguing stone?
Bottom Line: The overwhelming importance of the translation
of the Rosetta Stone is that it made it possible to read hundreds of
hieroglyph inscriptions on tombs, obelisks and other ancient
objects. Let's take an "easy-to-understand" look at the meaning of
the text found on the Rosetta Stone (below)
Rosetta Stone: Replicating a Mystery
Dr. Joel Freeman
explains the historical significance of the famous Rosetta Stone
to a group in Maryland
1st-generation cast of the
Stone owned by
The Freeman Institute from The Freeman Institute
The text on the Rosetta Stone gives us a glimpse
into Egyptian life -- ripped out of the headlines -- recounting the many decrees of
Ptolemy V upon the anniversary of his reign (196 BC).
During the previous year, Ptolemy had succeeded in subduing
a rebellion by a certain temple and priesthood who
had refused to pay tithes and taxes to the
Pharaoh. They occupied a fort-like temple on the
banks of the Nile. Rather than attacking the
temple with his army, Ptolemy diverted the Nile
River around the Temple by damming, digging
trenches and canals around it, depriving them of
food and water.
A few months later, the rebel priesthood
surrendered. Ptolemy decreed a general amnesty for
the rebels (except for the leaders). He allowed
many of the priests to retain their homes and
wealth, decreed a national celebration of the
jubilee of his reign and gave the people a tax
break (for real!). Ptolemy also declared himself a
deity to be worshipped in all temples of Egypt,
with a facsimile of himself in stone to be the
object of veneration with the burning of incense
and prayer 3 times per day.
His final decree was that the entire record of
this adventure be inscribed in stone in the
Egyptian and Greek languages of the kingdom and that the decree
should be placed prominently in all temples in
Egypt and other important places and towns. Hence
the Rosetta Stone.
The story behind the Rosetta Stone was intriguing
all by itself, but the cracking of the code of the hieroglyphs
was enormously important for understanding the history and
culture of ancient Egypt, thus revealing details of a
civilization going back close to 4,000 years BC.
The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it in two
languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts
(hieroglyphic, demotic and Greek). Three scripts were being
used in Egypt at the time.
Important for religious documents
Common script of Egypt
Language of the rulers of Egypt at that time
Let's fast forward to the 20th Century. As you probably
know, the genuine Rosetta Stone is housed at the British Museum
in London. In the 1970’s, the British Museum made a mold of
the full face of the authentic Rosetta Stone, and cast a small number of
And now, the 21st Century. The Freeman Institute
obtained one of these facsimiles (see image above, to the left) from a gentleman
who was informed by the British Museum that only 12-15
first-generation replicas had ever been made, and that he had
acquired the last one. (It had been stored in the basement of
the British Museum and
the museum cleaned it before selling it to him.)
It is a
first-generation, full-size, life-size
facsimile (in black resin) with the characters in white (carnauba
wax and chalk compound), made from a direct mold of the
original Rosetta Stone face.
The size of the casting is approximately 40 inches in height, 30
inches in width, and the resin is molded so that it has two-inch sides.
A representative of the British Museum Company (in charge of sales
& marketing for the British Museum) emailed the
we do not have any records of how many Rosetta Stone casts were
produced. However, (we) estimate that it would have been two or
three a year (in the 1970s) at the very most.”
Based upon the emailed correspondence and other anecdotal
evidence, it is safe to say there
are relatively few full-size, first-generation facsimiles of the
face of the Rosetta Stone (manufactured in the 1970s) that exist in the
The Stone That Told The
How would you like to
& exhibit a full-size, 3-D
replica of the Rosetta Stone?
An excellent overview surrounding the history of the famous Rosetta Stone
Dr. Freeman giving a bit historical
background on the
significance of the discovery of the Rosetta Stone
H E R
O S E T T A S
T O N E o f
R E P L I C A S
We have "cracked the code" to
the development of a full-size, 3-D replica
which bears a remarkable resemblance to that of the original Rosetta
Which one is the
real Rosetta Stone and which one is the replica?
~ view the
replica below ~
"I wholeheartedly endorse Dr. Freeman's
replica as the only one (full size, 3D) I've ever seen
available in the world, and with the research he has performed,
has the best provenance possible. It should be in every
university with an Egyptology Department, let alone in Egypt."
-- Jonathan Downs, author of "Discovery at Rosetta"
will want to own and exhibit the replica, with an exhibit of
global impact that emerged from cracking of the linguistic code of hieroglyphics.
A corporation will want to
own and exhibit the full-size
3-D replica in the "public-area" foyer of the
company that has a presence at their industry trade shows will want
to own and exhibit a
replica as a "show-stopper" -- attracting many inquisitive attendees
to their booth.
Department of a university may want to get a grant to
own & exhibit the full-size replica as a "hands-on" educational
ultimate "Legacy" or "Life-Time Achievement" Award presentation piece
individuals -- recognizing (with a Bronze Rosetta)
who have displayed world class accomplishments throughout
restaurants. Colleges. Publishers. Law firms. Language translation
Organizations specializing in cryptology. Large city libraries.
"suspended-in-air" holographic image of the Rosetta Stone. An
gift for someone who has everything.
VARIOUS VIEWS OF
THE SAME CLASSIC ROSETTA
Rosetta Stone Replicas
MUSEUM - QUALITY REPLICA
B A C K G R O U N D
T E C H N O L O G Y
B A C K G R O U N D
arduous process of developing these replicas has been time-consuming
and expensive -- taking well over five years. Under the umbrella of
(Rosetta Classic, LLC) has developed a life-size, 3-D mold of the
Rosetta Stone (45" tall x 30" x 11" thick).
glass slide image of
the Rosetta Stone from The Freeman Institute History Collection
The face of the mold, which is the most
important part of the Stone, has been lasered from the face of the
1st generation cast mentioned above (see photos below). The sides and rear of
the Rosetta Stone replica have been painstakingly rendered
artistically from photos of the various views of the Rosetta Stone taken by Dr.
Freeman on his many visits to the British Museum over the
The Rosetta Stone was cleaned in 2004 by the
British Museum. Along with
many other interesting aspects, the cleaning of the Rosetta Stone
basically revealed that it was made of granodiorite, not basalt. We are confident that the cleaning process did not alter the
original integrity of the face of the Rosetta Stone. If that is the case, the
cleaning of the Rosetta Stone did not alter the
structure, the precise placement or design of the lettering, or its
external shape/form. It is those elements upon which we focus.
The museum-quality facsimiles we are designing will
be about as close as anyone can get to owning or exhibiting the
real thing. We are also constructing a cylinder base (30" tall x 28"
similar to the one pictured to the left, except for the square
platform at the bottom of the base.
Why are we doing all this? Watching reruns of
the "Jay Walking"
with Jay Leno on evening TV reveals how little knowledge people
possess about modern or ancient history. It's as sad and as
frightening as it is humorous.
Our desire is to educate people -- young and old
alike -- about the significance of the Rosetta Stone, understanding
its role in cracking the code to Hieroglyphics -- which helped to
spawn the intriguing fields of Archaeology and Egyptology -- a
People viewing the Rosetta Stone replica
exhibitions will want to learn more.
Our main passion is to develop an excitement in the hearts of people
to want to travel to view the real artifact/artefact (Rosetta Stone), which is exhibited in
London at the British Museum.
The reconstruction part of making the
life-size mold is a
painstaking process and we will take our time to make sure that the
face of the
replica is designed as close to perfection as is possible. We have already
developed a 3-D digital image of the Rosetta Stone through Direct Dimensions (see image to right). From this image
we are creating the aluminum mold. The mold will then be used to fabricate the
full-size, 3-D replicas, which is being fabricated by
MAG Fadal. See how it all works below:
Laser Scanning is the process of shining
a structured laser line over the surface of an object in order
to collect 3-dimensional data. The surface data is captured by a
camera sensor mounted in the laser scanner which records
accurate dense 3D points in space. Laser Scanners are
non-contact devices used to gather 3D digital data from a
variety of objects. A beam of light passes over the object while
a camera mounted inside the scanner records the position of the
laser. This 3D data is then transferred to the computer and the
image is "drawn" in 3D on the screen. The Xystum XSM (pictured
to the right) automatic 3-axis machine with a laser scanning
probe option is what was used on the Rosetta Stone Replica
project. Accuracy: 0.0005" -- Below are images of the
Rosetta Stone replica being scanned. One of the leading
companies in this technology in the world has completed this
Dimensions (see more photos below).
Digital Modeling is the process of creating a computer model
of an object that exactly replicates the form of the object.
Laser scanners are used to capture the 3D data of the object,
and then this data is transferred to the computer where it is
aligned and edited and finalized as a complete 3D model. Here's
how it works:
digital information transferred to computer
mold created and replica manufactured
_____________________________________________________________ 3-D Digital Model of the Rosetta Stone
[provided by Direct Dimensions] you will have to download software to view and
manipulate the image
The progression of the digital reconstruction of the Rosetta
Stone replica -- 3-D digital model
1. 3-D laser scanning. 2 + 3. Raw data
processing. 4 + 5. High resolution modeling.
6 + 7. Approximation of the back. 8 + 9.
Joining front (lasered face) and back (artistically rendered
The completed 3-D digital model of the Rosetta Stone -- from which
the 3-D holographic image is being developed.
A close-up of the corner of the 3-D
W E A R E G R A T E F
U L T O A L L W H O
H E L P E D W I T H T H I S P R O J E
* * * * * * * * * * * *
* * *
I M P O R T A N T
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
The main purpose of Dr. Joel Freeman, The Freeman
Institute Foundation and Rosetta Classic, LLC embarking
upon this project is to
educate and inspire the masses (especially young people)
about the impact the Rosetta Stone has had upon our
understanding of Egypt (located in Africa) and the rest of
How many have never
even heard of the Rosetta Stone -- let alone being aware
of the historical and archaeological significance of this
artifact? It's actually funny...some people in
on-the-street-interviews believe that Rosetta Stone is a
woman. On the other hand, some may have heard the term, "Rosetta
Stone," but have never made the connection between the
name/words/concept/brand and the genuine Rosetta Stone.
One of the objectives
for the 3-D replicas and 3-D holographic project is to
provide a new and different way to reach/teach young
people. Educators understand that the engagement of any extra
sense (visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory, etc.)
increases the immediate understanding and retention of a
topic. We are hoping that these models will be viewed (and
touched) by millions around the world -- making it a
memorable experience for each person.
As visitors to Rosetta
Stone replica exhibits become more aware of the Rosetta
stone, they just might go home and read about it on the
We also want to
create a desire within everyone who actually sees a
replica and learns more about it, to travel to London to
experience the genuine Rosetta Stone -- currently
exhibited at the British Museum.
WHAT ARE THE DISTINCTIVE FEATURES OF
THIS REPLICA PROJECT?
believe that we are the first and only entity in the world
to offer commercially-available, full-size, 3-D replicas of
the original Rosetta Stone to potential purchasers for whatever
private or public interests they may have. In other words, a potential customer is not required
to represent a bona fide museum or educational institution
to obtain one of our innovative Rosetta Stone replicas. Our full-size, 3-D replicas are available for purchase by
anyone in the general public.
This is one of the most compelling aspects of this project,
which matches our desire to provide a hands-on experience
a replica of one of the important archaeological
artifacts ever discovered...for millions of people.
ii. We provide a special
discount for museums, educational institutions and any
other bona fide non-profit organization that desires to
use the replica for educational/exhibition purposes (31%
off introductory price for Classic Rosetta model). Tell us
about your organization (include your website) when you
ask for more
iii. We are
developing various models to match large or small budgets
-- unique innovations that exhibit well in either large or
small spaces -- for domestic or more expansive exhibition
iv. Once you
have selected the model you want to purchase, we can
generally ship a replica within 4-6 weeks to any
anywhere in the world -- a rather quick turn-around for
something of such unusually fine quality...hand-crafted
especially for you. These are not "off
the shelf" replicas made on some assembly line in
China. All replicas are made in the USA.
v. We provide
excellent, world-class customer service before, during and
after your delivery.
We will respond ASAP to any of your questions via
email or phone (410-991-9718). Upon
request, customer references are available.
Here's one of the most exciting features: Our Classic
mimic the appearance of the genuine Rosetta Stone
(after the original Rosetta Stone was cleaned in 2004).
rose-colored vein of granodiorite that came to light after
the 2004 cleaning of the original Rosetta Stone is set in the upper
left hand corner of our natural colored, 3-D replicas.
This is an extremely difficult aspect of the original Rosetta
Stone to duplicate when fabricating a three
dimensional piece of art, utilizing rotational casting
technology. It is our objective to offer nothing but
excellence on every level. You'll see...
Classic is not affiliated with the British Museum, which
has not endorsed or
sponsored Rosetta Classic, The Freeman Institute
Foundation, or the Rosetta Stone replica project.
Dr. Joel A. Freeman has an intriguing presentation "The
Mysterious Rosetta Stone." You can hire the "Rosetta Stone Man," Dr. Freeman (bio), to come to your organization
make a highly visual & educational
presentation/exhibition about the
of the Rosetta Stone.
-- Classic Rosetta
-- PICTURED ABOVE...available!
full-size, stunning 3-D replica (approx.
45" high x 30" wide x 11" thick, 95 lbs). This model is the
most requested - especially for
museum, library, educational exhibitions. The coloration
be mixed into the resin, for durability
& beauty...designed to mimic (as closely as possible)
shape and the coloring of the genuine Rosetta Stone. White
lettering for ease of reading.
(4). CLASSIC FINE ART
BRONZE ROSETTA: info/pricing
-- Classic Fine Art Bronze Rosetta
rare, limited edition
(only 350) full-size, 3-D "lost-wax" bronze foundry process
for highly valued fine art pieces that are immortalized in like
manner -- in development
CLASSIC / BRONZE / SILVER / FINE ART ROSETTA PEDESTAL BASES:
info/pricing -- Exhibition
30" high x 28" wide base (with iron cradle
option) to exhibit replica. (see 2 exhibition concepts below) -- in development stage
(5). BABY ROSETTA: info/pricing
-- Baby Rosetta-- in development
2/3 size, 3-D replica (approx. 30" high x 20" wide
x 7.5" thick). Perfect for exhibition in your home.
(6). HYBRID ROSETTA:
-- Hybrid Rosetta
unique, dual-purpose model: unscrew the top
from the coffee table top and now you have a beautiful piece of
archaeological art to hang on your wall.
HYBRID CONCEPT One moment
it's a coffee table. The next moment it's wall art!
TOP: White lettering.(40"
long x 30" wide x 2.5" thick, 40 lbs.). The shape and
depth of the top goes with the natural flow of the
Rosetta Stone replica.
BASE/LEGS: One piece welded metal
construction with twisted metal connecting the legs.
The metal is covered with a matte black finish. This
is just one design concept for the coffee table base
Metal artisan, Ray Santa...owner and CEO of
Beautiful piece of archaeological wall art
Hybrid Rosetta Coffee Table
(7). BRONZE PLAQUE ROSETTA:
info/pricing -- Bronze Plaque Rosetta
plaque-like models that are shaped in the distinctive outline of
the face of the Genuine Rosetta Stone
(40" tall x 30"
wide x 1/2" thick). Legacy awards that double as
archeological wall art, in four models:
* "Lost-Wax" Plaque
Bronze Rosetta (limited edition...only 1,500)
"Cold Bronze" Plaque Rosetta (with black lettering)
* "Cold Silver" Plaque Rosetta (with black lettering)
-- PICTURED BELOW...available!
* Classic Plaque Rosetta (with
-- PICTURED TO THE LEFT...available!
(8). HOLOGRAPHIC ROSETTA:
-- Holographic Rosetta-- in pre-development stage.
we are in the beginning stages of working on an
absolutely stunning 3-D digital holographic image of
the Rosetta Stone
that is suspended in mid air. The
initial descriptions indicate that there is nothing else
-- to be made available for museum exhibits, special events, etc.
An educational jaw-dropper...
O S E T T A
T O N E o f
E P L I C A S ~
of Genuine Rosetta Stone
Height: 114.400 cm (max.) Width: 72.300 cm Thickness: 27.900 cm
Exhibition Pedestal Base Concept
Pedestal Exhibition Base
-- 30" x 30" (hand crafted for each replica)
Metal piece designed by Chesapeake Iron Works
to securely attach the replica to the exhibition
We have recreated the cylinder of the original exhibition base you see in
the image (London Illustrated, 1874) below, except
there will be no square piece at the bottom of the pedestal base. These
exhibition bases are comprised of a sand-filled,
granite-like resin cylinder (about 30" tall x 30" across) -- available only for the life-size,
We also have another exhibition concept (designed
especially for mobility...greater ease in shipping the
replica & base to/from trade shows, for instance), attaching the
Rosetta Stone replica to a black matte pipe screwed into the
bottom at a very slight forward angle. The other end of the pipe
will be screwed into a large granite-like resin base filled with sand -- or a flat piece of
steel. We are currently working on the viability/stability of
the base concepts and the pricing of the
base ideas. We will also be developing exquisitely framed copies of
the 1874 London Illustrated image -->
from The Freeman Institute History Collection
It was originally thought by experts that the
Rosetta Stone inscription was carved into basalt. But in recent
years (after the cleaning in 2004) it has been determined that the genuine Rosetta
Stone is actually granodiorite rock from an Aswan quarry (see
Main Rosetta Stone
Coarse pinkish granite vein in upper
left hand corner of Rosetta Stone
This is a strange, mixed rock. It has a high quartz content,
like a granite, but also a high mafic (amphibole/biotite)
content (10-25%) more like a diorite. Granodiorite is typically
intermediate colored with a mixture of light colored
microcline, sodium plagioclase and quartz, and dark colored amphibole and biotite. The granodiorite from Aswan, however, is unusual in
that its mafic content is 25-35% and this gives the rock a dark
gray to nearly black color that is broken only by the
occasional, large pink microcline and white plagioclase crystals.
We reached out to many
geologists around the world trying to identify the specific variety
of granodiorite used in the creation of the Rosetta Stone.
Everyone we emailed stated that Dr. Harrell was the
leading expert on the topic.
For 20 years Dr. James
"Jim" Harrell (Professor Emeritus of Geology, University of Toledo)
has been conducting a survey of Egypt's ancient mines and
quarries. To date 210 mines and quarries have been identified.
Dr. Harrell, an expert in archaeological stone, has traveled
extensively throughout the region (sometimes at great personal
peril), discovering that about 75% of the quarries are in or
adjacent to the Nile Valley, including the quarries for granite
and granodiorite in the Aswan region.
<< The color chips to the left were selected by Dr.
Harrell and shown here (with his permission) as the best samples
collection, representing the truest examples of granodiorite from the Aswan region used to create the original
Rosetta Stone. We have utilized his hi-rez images to create the
filler used to color the replicas during the resin casting process.
The Classic Rosetta, Classic Bronze, Classic Silver, Baby Rosetta
and Hybrid Rosetta
models are being fabricated by Mannetron, utilizing the
Rotational Casting technology and will be hollow (about 1/2"
thick, with an internal layer of high density foam), so that the
shipping cost will be minimized. The foam will also strengthen the
walls of each replica.
Classic Fine Art Bronze and Bronze Plaque
models are being fabricated by a foundry.
The Classic "Lost Wax" Bronze Rosetta model will be made of real bronze,
using the "lost wax" process that is utilized for highly valued fine
art pieces that are immortalized in like manner.
These bronze models will be about 1/2" thick and will weigh 3-4
times more than the resin models. Consider developing a "Legacy"
or "Lifetime Achievement" Award in your community. A
Bronze Rosetta would be the ultimate award, prized by anyone who
receives such an honor.
Even though the main purpose for creating the Rosetta Stone
Replicas has been to provide them as educational exhibits for
the Black History galleries
Institute® Foundation is
developing, there has been substantial interest from individuals
and educational entities for purchasing certain models.
These stunning, museum-quality replicas will be expensive. It has
been a long process (4+ years)...bringing this project to the point where
we are almost ready to start the fabrication of replicas fit for
public exhibition. Ask about discounts, available only for educational
institutions, libraries & museums.
not a cheap "Made-In-China" assembly-line
replica project. Nor is it a washed-out, flat resin copy of a
copy of a copy of a copy of a copy of a copy of the
face of the Stone, cast in someone's back yard.
Close-up corner view of Classic Rosetta replica,
revealing the exquisite
hieroglyphic inscription and rose-
colored band of granodiorite. Excellent craftsmanship.
Each Rosetta Stone replica (fabricated from a
1st-generation facsimile) is individually and lovingly hand crafted
by artisans in an expert environment and will be as strong and
as durable as a cultured marble-type counter top -
40% resin / 60% granodiorite filler.
Dave D'Auria (NCMF) and Joel Freeman
the The Mysterious Rosetta Stone presentation for National Security Agency
The shipping, handling (including the construction of secure wooden box for
transport), and insurance costs will be borne by the buyer. The
cost of S&H and insurance will be determined by the final
destination to which the replica will be shipped and the least
expensive (yet secure) method of shipping via a credible shipper
(preferably by air).
We absolutely guarantee
that the replica will be delivered to the shipper in pristine
condition. In the unlikely event of damage occurring during shipping...that
will be taken up with the
shipper's insurance company. The rule of thumb is that the
quicker an object like this arrives, the less potential damage.
Ground shipping will be the least-viable option.
Feel free to
us with your thoughts and questions. We look forward to
providing full-size, 3-D, museum-quality replicas of the Rosetta
Stone very soon. Rosetta Classic, LLC is listed at the American
Association of Museum's "Museum
Marketplace." All purchases of the Rosetta Stone replicas through
Rosetta Classic, LLC will benefit
the goals and objectives of
The Freeman Institute Foundation
(see more info below), which is directed by Dr. Joel Freeman.
Excellence. Satisfaction guaranteed. Period.
Main Purpose For
Developing the Rosetta Stone Replicas
The Freeman Institute®
Black History collection of
well over 2,500 vintage
documents and artifacts, with the oldest piece dated
1553. The goal is to develop Black History galleries,
connecting the African American experience with galleries in major
U.S. cities and in selected cities internationally (parts of Canada,
Europe, Africa and South America and every Caribbean country) --
designed to educate and inspire this generation.
Each gallery will have a
wall dedicated to some of the White abolitionists who
sacrificed their time...and some their lives for the anti-slavery cause.
This vision also includes the
exhibition of replicas of the Rosetta Stone in
every gallery in the world.
Dr. Joel Freeman,
Foundation and Rosetta Classic, LLC are supervising the creation of a mold and the
fabrication of replicas.
A life-size, 3D reproduction of
the Rosetta Stone in each gallery provides a literal touchstone to
ancient times -- reminding people that Egypt is in Africa...not the
Middle East -- giving an opportunity to showcase the
accomplishments of other ancient African Kingdoms that
have passed down much of their history through oral
Songehay, Great Zimbabwe, Malian, etc.). The
exhibition of the replica also provides a context for
African American history, reminding visitors that
ancient African history did not start with slavery. Black History
started with inventiveness, creativity, royalty,
perseverance and so much more...providing a context
for all of the documents and artifacts exhibiting the
part African Americans played in the past four
centuries of American history.
The Freeman Institute®
Black History Gallery
(2,000 sq ft
~ B L A C K
H I S T O R Y G A L L E R I E S ~ Please
contact us if you represent a corporation looking
opportunities (title or otherwise) of such an
SALE //////////////\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\ 82 Plates/Prints (from "Description de l'Egypte) from the
Napoleonic Egyptian Campaign -- circa 1820
FOR MORE INFO: Dr. Freeman owns (and is willing to sell one at a
time) 82 extremely rareoriginal plates/prints ( from "Description
from the Napoleonic Egyptian Campaign, circa 1820.
plates/prints came from a huge lot sold in an auction in
2001, Paris -- the seller was the
-- from the
cellars of the French Government
Each one has the official "EGYPTE
ANCIENNE ET MODERNE"
watermark. Average plate/print size is 29 inches x 22
inches. Some of the plates in this collection are 56 inches
1798, Napoleon Bonaparte launched an expedition of 35,000 soldiers to
conquer Egypt. The campaign revealed the splendor of a mysterious and
forgotten civilization, for Napoleon's ships also carried scholars,
scientists and artists whose task it was to study the country and its
customs and document their findings for Napoleon. (Description de l'Égypte was the result of the collaboration
of these prominent scholars, several famous European scientists,
cartographers, topographers, and more than 160 artists and
technicians. They accompanied Napoleon's army during
Napoleon's expedition to Egypt in 1798. Their goal was to
methodically collect information in areas as widely varied
as architecture, geography, botany and the humanities.
Description de l'Égypte was published in
volumes from 1809 to 1828 and includes 900+ plates.) They
were the biggest books ever produced in their day, and were made on a
specially constructed press. The first volumes of engravings were
presented to Napoleon in 1808.
The beauty of
engravings, and their very large formats makes Description
de l'Égypte an exceptional work. The low number of copies
made (~1000), its extremely high price, and very large
physical size made the work accessible only to the very
elite of society at that time. Even today, finding a
complete copy is not easy. Only major libraries or state
libraries are in the possession of such.
Regions depicted/represented by the official plates in Dr.
collection are: Thebes, Karnak,
El Kab, Medynet-Abou, Hypogees, Elethyia, Heptanomide,
Beny-Hasan, Tentyris, Memnonium, Byban El Molouk, Latopolis,
Ile de Philae, Edfou, Louqsor and much, much more...
A Few Related Pieces From
The Freeman Institute Collection
"Capture of Rosetta"
genuine issue of the January 7th, 1799 Connecticut
Courant, detailing the "Landing of Buonaparte's
in Egypt" and its progress in Cairo. Fascinating
-- Authentic issue of the Salem Gazette (Dec.
7, 1798), containing a literal translation of General
Napoleon Buonaparte's (sic) proclamation to the Arabs in Lower
Egypt. Intriguing content.
<-- July 14, 1801 issue of the New England Palladium
describing the capture of Rosetta, Egypt by British
troops. The report comes from Major General J. H.
Hutchinson. "It is with great pleasure that I am to
inform you of the success of a corps of Turks and British
under the command of Col. Spencer. They were ordered from
hence about ten days ago, for the purpose of forcing the enemy from the
town and castle of Rosetta, which commands the navigation of the
...We are now masters of the western branch of that
river, and of course have opened a communication with the Delta, from
which we shall derive the necessary supplies, as the French have
scarcely any troops there, and none capable of making a serious
resistance. The enemy had
about 800 men at Rosetta when they were attacked. They made but a
feeble effort to sustain themselves, and retired to the right bank of
the Nile, leaving a few men and prisoners. They left a garrison at the
fort, against which our batteries opened on the 16th infantry and it
surrendered on the 19th infantry. The condition of the same as were
granted to the castle of the Aboukir..."
-- In August 1799, just over a year after Napoleon launched his
invasion of Egypt at Alexandria, a great discovery was made. Under the
leadership of Lt. Pierre Bouchard, French soldiers were
building up their defenses around the area of Fort St. Julian,
near the northern city of Rosetta, when a soldier or engineer
found in the ruins an ancient stone. With its cryptic inscriptions, it
was immediately recognized as an object of great importance. It was
sent to Cairo, where it was housed in the Institute d’Egypte. Members
of Napoleon’s special civilian corps dispersed around the country were
requested to go there at once. The rare map to the right is of the
mouth of the Nile, picturing Fort Julian, now known as Fort Rashid -->
Map of Rosetta region at the
of the Nile, with Fort Julian
on the West Bank of the river.
-- Lettre Ecrites D'Egypte et de Nubie en 1828 et
1829, by Champollionn le Jeune (Letters Written in
Egypt and Nubia in 1828 and 1829 by Francois Champollion)
with all illustrations intact. This very, very rare First
Edition by the translator of Egyptian Hieroglyphics is
seldom seen on the open market. Most copies are in large
University or Public library rare book collections. This
work is an important insight into the early work of one of
the Fathers of Egyptology. These are his own reflections and
opinions regarding the monuments of Egypt. It is important
to remember that Champollion only ever made one trip to
Egypt as he died soon after his return. A great loss to the
science of Egyptology.
-- Jean-Francois Champollion, a 10 year old child saw
some of the Egyptian artifacts and enquired about the
strange pictures (Hieroglyphs) where he was told that
no one yet understands what these pictures means. Since that
time Champollion committed himself to decipher the
Hieroglyphs. By the age of 16 he became a professor
mastering 10 languages at the same time. Champollion then
compares the two cartouches of PTOLEMY & CLEOPATRA
found on the Rosetta stone which contains similar
characters. He continued deciphering more cartouches and
texts from the temple of El Karnak. It took Champollion 24
years until he published his work in a book " Precis du
systeme Hieroglyphique ". Sadly Champollion died by a stroke
on 1832 when he was 41 years old.
A beautiful hand written letter dictated by
Dominique-Vivant DENON (1747-1825). Denon was the eyes and
ears of Napoleon during the Egyptian Military campaign. When
he came back to France, he was the Director of the Museums
under Napoleon, founder of the Museum of Louvre, and
director of the medal mint. (unsigned) Sunday morning
1808, to a lady: “I gave orders relating to the
frames of your paperboards. One seeks in the stores if wood
still exist there. I fear well that they are employed with
some other thing. I ask for forgiveness to you of employing
a foreign hand to answer you; but I am obliged to dictate
while I get dressed to return to the Palais..." Measures
5 x 7.75 and is not fully translated.
-- A number of
editions of "The Rosetta Stone" -- Printed by
order of the Trustees of the British Museum: 1913
(First Edition), 1922 (four copies), 1927, 1935, 1939 (two
copies), 1950, 1951, 1955, 1971, 1974...by Wallis Budge.
1843 issue of The New World
J. Winchester; New
68-page April issue contains the first appearance of a
pioneering work , "Ancient
Egypt, A Series of Chapters on Early Egyptian History,
Archaeology, and Other Subjects Connected with Hieroglyphical
by George R. Gliddon. According to the preface "the
first chapters on Hierology that have ever issued from an
prepared from a series of lectures delivered the previous year,
and not published in book form until 1850. George Gliddon
(1809-1857)was British-born, and served as
U. S. Consul at Cairo. An archaeologist, Gliddon went to
Alexandria as a young man and spent 23 years in Egypt. He
lectured on Egyptian antiquities in the United States and wrote,
among other works, "A Memoir on the Cotton of Egypt"
[1841[ "An Appeal to the Antiquaries of Europe on the
Destruction of the Monuments of Egypt" , and "Ancient
Egypt" . This is an important work, profusely
illustrated with hieroglyphic examples, and very scarce in this
"New World" format.
-- Genuine coin
with Ptolemy V image on the front.
Georgian (during the reign of
King William IV 1830-1837) hardback complete two-volume
First Edition set entitled “Egyptian Antiquities,” by
The British Museum, with nearly 100 fine engravings
and other illustrations.
They were published by
Charles Knight, of
in MDCCCXXXII (1832 – Volume I) and MDCCCXXXVI (1836 –
Volume II). The code to hieroglyphics had been cracked in
1822 by Jean Champollion, just ten years before the
publication of the first volume! Excellent information about
the Rosetta Stone and other ancient Egyptian artifacts in
these books. Extremely rare addition to this collection..
GREPPO, J. G. H. Essay
on the hieroglyphic system of M. Champollion, Jun., and on the advantages
which it offers to sacred criticism. By J. G. H. Greppo,
Vicar General of Belley. Translated from the French by Isaac
Stuart, with notes and illustrations. Boston, MA: Perkins &
Marvin, 1830. Later cloth Cover. Translated from the Paris
edition of 1829; this was the only English edition. This
book was published a mere seven years after the code to
hieroglyphics had been cracked.
1821 RARE AUTOGRAPH LETTER
[Thomas Young to William PHILLIPS].
A rare hand-written letter from scientist Thomas Young,
the founder of physiological optics and author of the wave
theory of light. He is also credited for helping to solve
the puzzle to understanding ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
The letter, written in the third person, betrays a
distinct animosity towards Young's new publisher, William
Phillips. Concerning the second edition of his
Introduction to Medical Literature (eventually published in
1823), Young is not pleased that his suggestion of a
fee “forming exactly two arithmetical means between these
extremes” has not been accepted by Phillips.
[2 written sides
on black-bordered notepaper, originally folded in thirds.
Closed tear to margin passing through several words, no loss
of text or paper].
Dr. Young begs leave to
observe, in reply to Mr. Phillips's note, in which he says
that “the sum proposed by Dr. Young is greater than the
work will bear”, that he did not propose any sum
whatever - that he told both Dr. Paris and Mr. Phillips that
he would make no proposal whatever, but that he was ready to
receive any proposals that might be made to him.
Mr Phillips mentioned
two sums as the probable extreme limits of what the work might
appear to be worth, and Dr. Young mentioned two other
sums forming exactly two arithmetical means between these
extremes, which was certainly rather according to Mr.
Phillips's preliminaries than making any new proposals of his
Dr. Young is therefore
at a loss to understand why Mr. Phillips should be most averse
at present to making an offer of any kind that he was when he
thought it worth while to offer a negociation, which as it
appears to Dr. Young, he has broken off without any sufficient
reason, though he was certainly at full liberty to do so, in a
legal point of view.
Mr. Phillips must be as
good a judge of the sale of books as Dr. Young but it does not
appear by any means to Dr. Y. that the sale of a second
edition would be slower than that of the first: the contrary
being extremely likely to happen to any work of established
reputation, and especially to a work which is intended to form
the basis of the library of every student in every
department of the medical profession – though certainly the
second edition of this work would not be likely to be
purchased by many persons who are in possession of the
Welbeck Street 15 Dec.
Young (1773-1829) has been given credit for an enormous number of
scientific discoveries: in 1800, long before Fresnel, he suggested
and gave evidence for the wave theory of light, against the
Newtonian dogma of a particulate system. Again challenging Newton,
he proved in 1801 that the visible spectrum was continuous and that
the eye could depend on just three color receptors. He was elected
to the Royal Society at the age of 21 and subsequently became its
foreign secretary under Joseph Banks. “Young has sometimes been
hailed as a child prodigy who, by the age of sixteen, had not only
mastered Latin and Greek but also possessed a good working knowledge
of several other languages and gained a firm background in the
sciences. He clearly possessed considerable mental abilities, while
his Quaker upbringing encouraged the habit of hard work and
proscribed frivolous activities. So effective was his training that
later in life he claimed never to have wasted a single day...On
several occasions he traveled on the continent, where he met such
leading savants as Laplace, Arago, and Humboldt. In 1827 he was
honored by being elected one of the eight foreign members of the
Paris Académie des Sciences.” His achievements are recognized on a
plaque erected at Westminster Abbey close to the spot where Newton
Young had his
attention called to the Rosetta Stone by accident,
and his usual rapacity for knowledge at once led him to
speculate as to the possible aid this tri-lingual
inscription might give in the solution of Egyptian
problems. Resolving at once to attempt the solution himself,
he set to work to learn Coptic, which was rightly believed
to represent the nearest existing approach to the ancient
Egyptian language. His amazing facility in the acquisition
of languages stood him in such good stead that within a year
of his first efforts he had mastered Coptic and assured
himself that the ancient Egyptian language was really
similar to it, and had even made a tentative attempt at the
translation of the Egyptian scroll. His results were only
tentative, to be sure. Yet they constituted the very
beginnings of our knowledge regarding the meaning of
hieroglyphics. Just how far they carried has been a
subject of ardent controversy ever since. Not that there is
any doubt about the specific facts; what is questioned is
the exact importance of these facts. For it is undeniable
that Young did not complete and perfect the discovery, and,
as always in such matters, there is opportunity for
difference of opinion as to the share of credit due to each
of the workers who entered into the discovery.
In fierce competition with Jean François Champollion (during the
Napoleonic Wars), he is jointly credited as the first decipherer of
the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphs, with the recognition that certain
symbols represented the sounds of a royal title.
Rosetta Stone discovered
in 1799. This led to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
Merneptah's Stele. First
mention of "Israel" in Egyptian texts. Stele dates to about 1210 BC.
Amarna Letters (14th
century BC). Letters written from Canaanite scribes in Akkadian to king
Akhenaten about the conditions in Canaan, especially the troublesome
Hapiru which probably refers to the Hebrews.
Inscriptions at Karnak.
Karnak is the largest temple complex in the world. There also may be the
earliest depiction of the Israelites.
Mortuary Temple of Rameses III at Medinet Habu.
It depicts the battle with the Sea People. One of the five groups of Sea
Peoples was the Philistines. There are carvings of what the Philistines
Important Egyptian Texts
Tale of Two brothers.
This story is similar to the story of Joseph in Genesis when he is
Seven Lean Years Tradition in the time of Djoser.
Similar to the seven years of lean in the
story of Joseph.
Sinuhe's Story. Tells of
his time in Canaan.
Wenamun's Journey. Tells
of his trip to Byblos in Canaan.
Similar to Proverbs 22:17-24:22.