Black Jews of Southern Africa
Nigeria -- Slave Trade History
of Ancient Egypt
& The Hyksos
Tuthmosis I II III IV
I II III
Amenemhet I II III
7000 - 4950
the first chapter and overview of
To Glory: The Powerful Stirring of the Black Man
OF EVENTS & SIGNIFICANT PEOPLE
Kingdoms in Ancient
of all Egypt.
of the pyramids begins.
Abraham comes to Egypt.
and political stability.
Joseph and Jacob come to Egypt.
of the Egyptian Empire, and
Akhenaten's religious strategy begins.
I ("Shishak") sacks the temple
Exile (586 B.C.): refugees flee to Egypt.
Joseph escape to Egypt
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|Ancient Egypt’s Origins
Lie in Savannah
DISCOVERIES THAT open a new window on the prehistory of
ancient Egypt have been made by British archaeologists who
have found 30 sites rich in art chiseled into rocks up to
6,000 years ago in the desert east of the Nile. The rock
drawings show cattle, boats, ostriches, giraffes, hippos and
the people who lived in the area in 4000 BC, long before the
pharaohs or the pyramids.
"It's the Sistine Chapel of pre-dynastic Egypt. It's
amazing," said Toby Wilkinson of Cambridge, who led the
Eastern Desert Survey this month. "What this does is open
up a completely new chapter in the study of
Egyptian civilization and its origins."
Ancient Egypt was always a puzzle. The civilizations appeared
to archaeologists to have sprung up along a ribbon of fertile
land on either side of the Nile.
Even to the ancient Greeks, the Sphinx and the pyramids seemed
to have always been there. The challenge has been to identify
the origins of settlement on the Nile. Egyptologists now think
the forefathers of the pyramid builders could be the people
who left their signatures on stones in the desert 6,000 years
"Some of it is quite breathtaking," Dr Wilkinson
said. "It is very difficult to date precisely, but
looking at the stylistic parallels, a lot of this art has got
to be from around 4,000 BC. That is pretty old — and some of
it is even older. "Looking at the similarities between
the rock art pictures and the painted pottery from the same
period in the Nile, it is pretty clear that the same people
were producing both."
Egypt began to turn to desert in about 3,500BC. Until then,
the landscape would have been much like the
present east African Savannah, with waterholes and seasonal
Dr Wilkinson said, "We think of Egypt today as just a
narrow strip on either side of the Nile valley. We are going
to have to rethink our idea of the extent of Egypt, 7,000 or
6,000 years ago. It wasn't just the Nile valley, it was this
vast area on either side which was able to support life. These
people moved out of the Savannah's into the Nile valley and
settled there, and this is what kick started Egyptian
Return To Glory: The Powerful
Stirring of the Black Man
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