Dr. Joel A. Freeman is the keynote speaker at many
Black History presentations and cross-cultural competency
training events around the world. At the Black History Month event
(pictured above) in the Washington, DC region, many
stayed afterwards to review documents and artifacts from The Freeman Institute® Black History
and artifacts from The Freeman Institute Black History collection have
been exhibited in a
number of venues around North America, including the White House
Communications, US Department of Justice,
Frostburg State University and also at the United Nations commemoration of
International Day of Remembrance of the victims of slavery and the
transatlantic slave trade.
The "Transatlantic Slave Trade"
Exhibition at the United Nations
20 documents & artifacts from
The Freeman Institute Black
History Collection were showcased. March - May 2011 & March -
A photo of the huge area in the main
hall near the United Nations visitor's entrance
at the United Nation's "Transatlantic Slave Trade" exhibit in NYC
(March - May, 2011).
20 documents & artifacts from The Freeman Institute Black
History Collection were showcased.
More items from the Collection are exhibited behind the walls.
Fox News Channel
segment about Joel Freeman, the
exhibition, & the Black History Gallery
If you are interested
in learning more about the
Black History Gallery Project, here is a presentation
Dr. Joel Freeman made to a group interested in
establishing a Black History gallery in their community.
Before this video is over, you
have captured a glimpse into Joel Freeman's heart and
helping to establish Black History galleries in
across America and also in selected cities
Dr. Freeman at the United Nations
"Transatlantic Slave Trade" Exhibit.
Twenty documents & artifacts from The Freeman Institute Black History
Collection were showcased.
Dr. Freeman giving a bit historical
background on the
significance of the discovery of the famous Rosetta Stone
~ Joel A. Freeman, Ph.D. ~
If you want to ask Dr. Freeman to speak at a Black History or
Cultural Diversity event...or for more information about
establishing a Black History gallery in your community, his
contact information is way down at the bottom of this page.
The White House Communications Agency (WHCA), Secret Service,
Association of International Schools in Africa (AISA),
Association for the Study of African American Life & History (ASALH),
Federal Executive Board,
Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL),
Maryland Association of Mental
Tri Association (South / Central America & Caribbean),
European Council of International Schools (ECIS),
Montgomery County Community College, Howard County Community College,
US Army Reserves
US Dept of Justice
Blacks In Government
National Security Agency
National Science Foundation
Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Baltimore City Community College
Mountain States Health Alliance
Wright Patterson Air Force Base
Frostburg State University
DLA Troop Support
Some of the many organizations who have invited
Dr. Joel Freeman to
present on the topics of
Black History and/or Cross-Cultural Communication:
Click on the logo to read
an overview of
The Freeman Institute® Foundation
Thanks to the many people
who have been mentors, cultural / historical guides,
inspiration to Dr. Freeman along the way
(in no particular order): Mark Mitchell, Don Griffin, Jeffrey Wright, Ivan
Van Sertima, Ben Carson, Clarence Walker, Darryl Colbert,
Steve Fitzhugh, Patricia Ware, Marcus Brundage, Lenny Moore, Adrian
Branch, Errol Griffith, Marcella Hinton, and many others...
Defense Threat Reduction Agency Department of Defense
Ft. Belvoir, VA
Dear Dr. Freeman
I would like to personally thank you for your interest,
support, and participation in our observance of African American
History Month and for sharing your personal thoughts, and
sincere and warm concerns for the men and women in our Agency.
and educational speech was the highlight of this year's
observance. You were able to help us understand and feel the gandeur and importance of the historical times in which we live.
It enhanced our comprehension of African American's
participation in contemporary society. We are indeed fortunate
to have citizens such as you who are willing to give of their
personal time and lend their talents to ensure the success of
such programs. Your participation attests to your character and
thanks for your interest and support, and outstanding
Chief, Equal Opportunity and
out the 4 minute Return To Glory film clip (just before
#11, below). Order Black History and other
resources by clicking on the Return To Glory book cover to the
right (a new window will open) >>>>>>>
-- Addressed Below
View the "You Be The
Judge" mystery piece. Could this be a lost painting of Harriet Tubman? -- a few
- What was the first book written by an African American? --
- What was the
name of the first recorded song (1926) in which Louis Armstrong
actually sang? --
- Was Alexander Dumas (Three Musketeers, Count of Monte
Cristo, etc.) of African descent? -- see #11
- Who manufactured a line of beauty products for Black
women before Madam C. J. Walker? -- see #14
- Who published 16 volumes of Black History comics from
1966-1977? -- see #25.
- What was Pearl Bailey paid for her role in the film, Porgy
and Bess? -- see #27.
- What was the name of one of the Life Insurance companies
that insured the slaves brought over from Africa -- see #30.
- What role did the Royal African Company play in the African
Slave Trade? -- see #35.
- What was Frederick Douglass doing in Dundee, Scotland in
1846? -- see #37.
- Who were the early Lindy Hoppers? -- see #40.
- What is the oldest identifiable slave ship wreck in the
world? -- see #44.
- How did a famous British actress effect the outcome of the Civil
War? -- see #61.
- Who was the emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 to 1868 and what
did he accomplish? -- see
- How many compositions could "Blind Tom" play on the piano?
-- see #70.
- What is the true history behind the African American lawn
jockey images? -- see #72.
- What was the primary catalyst behind the mass exodus of
Blacks from the Republican Party after 1922? -- see #76.
- What sponsored the "three-fifths" concepts regarding slaves
in the South? -- see #95.
- What slave won his freedom in a Louisville, KY
horse race...36 years before the Kentucky Derby? -- see #96.
- What US industry employed over 3,000 African Americans (1/6
of labor force) from 1803-1860? -- see #99.
- Out 44 States
reporting lynchings, how many States reported more whites being lynched
than blacks? -- see #102.
- How did George
Washington's visit to Barbados (1751-51) impact the outcome of
the Revolutionary War? -- see #103.
- Who had his heart buried in Africa and his body buried in
Westminster Abbey almost a year later? -- see #105.
- Who helped the
escape of the first black man to be seized in
New England under the Fugitive Slave Act? -- see #111
- How did the term "Jim Crow" get started? -- see #113
- What is the name and story of the slave owned by a Native
American Indian in Louisiana? -- see #121
- Who employed Frederick Douglass as a ship caulker in New
Bedford, MA? -- see #122
- What is the oldest piece (1553) in this collection? -- see
- Who was the African American juror in the 1882 trial for
Guiteau, the one who assassinated President Garfield? -- see
- Check out the "Did You Know" segment at the bottom of this
- Much, much more...
1. Tears down barriers between Blacks and Whites, young and
2. Opens hearts and changes minds...
3. Surrounds Black people with their ancestors, giving a
sense of awe and wonderment for people of all nationalities
4. Causes people to think and want to learn more, leading to
continuing achievement, scholarship and education...
5. Leaves a truthcentric legacy...
If you have any relevant
historic documents, artifacts, old books or photos to donate, please
email a description of the piece and your contact information. All
donations of historical artifacts, documents, photos or books are used for
educational purposes and public display only. Donors will receive a letter
of acknowledgement from The Freeman Institute Foundation and will be
recognized for their contribution through the listing of the item when on
Some of the donors are:
- Robert Cornuke (set of authentic, vintage slave shackles
bought in Ethiopia)
- Martha Ann Simmons (historic cards/items of African American
- Gerry Slessinger (set of authentic, vintage slave shackles
from the Congo region and also a British Slave ad)
- Mark E. Mitchell (signed Frederick Douglass document and 1748
Barbados invoice for sugar, produced by slaves, being shipped to
- Dr. Joanna Kirkpatrick (vintage sheet music copy of The
Verdict March-1882) -- (#120 below)
- Jack & Kathy Spencer (scrimshaw of four African slaves and
a slave ship on an 18th Century whale's tooth)
Stephen Dankwah (authentic slave shackles used by his ancestors
to hold African slaves at the Slave Coast and Elmina slave castles
in Ghana) - Christian Van den Broeck (two foreign 78rpm
records by Josephine Baker and Rex Stewart and his Footwarmers) - Jon Christiana (1854 -- William A. Dearing, a
physician's hand-written ledger detailing his $2 charges for helping
5 different "negro" women)...
- Gary Blevins (a plethora of "Toddy Pictures" film company
dedicated to "race" films in the 1940s) -- (#125)
and Joel Freeman examining an African American historical document.
Severn, MD (Press Release)
-- Over the past decade, Joel Freeman has combined his
entrepreneurial skills and love for history to develop The Freeman
Institute® Black History Collection. The collection is currently
comprised of over 3,000 authentic documents and artifacts and
artifacts (oldest piece dated 1553) that communicate a story of
creativity, inventiveness and perseverance.
When Freeman makes Black History
Month presentations at government agencies, corporations,
educational institutions and faith-based organizations he
generally brings 20-30 pieces from his collection to form a small
portable exhibit for...
Own a full-size, museum-quality,
3-D Rosetta Stone replica
Joel A. Freeman
for your next Black History,
What would ever motivate
a White Man to be interested in Black History? CLICK HERE
for a brief response.
Contact info for Dr. Freeman is at the bottom of this page.
Joel A. Freeman and The Freeman Institute® on Facebook,
LinkedIn, Twitter, Google+, Thumbtack, and YouTube
history, African American, black heritage, black history
month, egypt, pyramids, rosetta stone, frederick douglass,
george washington carver, booker t. washington, slave ship,
abolition, british slave trade, phillis wheatley
African American, black heritage, black history month, egypt,
pyramids, rosetta stone, frederick douglass, george washington carver,
booker t. washington, slave ship, abolition, british slave trade,
American History and the Entrepreneurial Spirit"
There are many
historical reasons why people have been and continue to be challenged by the
accompany racism, prejudice and bigotry. Those hardships can be
likened to the claustrophobic
concrete that gradually seek to nullify all viable
options available to an individual under such weight.
But as Russian historian and
novelist, Alexander Solzhenitsyn once remarked, "If the
were covered in concrete,
a single blade of grass would sooner or
later break through."
A truth-centric view of history will graphically describe
the concrete of the Slave Trade,
slavery, fugitive slave laws, reconstruction, Jim Crow and
the struggle for civil rights.
However, there are many examples of people who, like
blades of grass, have broken
through and defied the
power of the concrete. These are the stories we will tell.
Blades of grass cracking the mighty concrete from beneath.
Can't keep the entrepreneurial spirit down.
Institute Black History Collection and galleries will be
sharing some of the most
powerful wisdom lessons gleaned from the many
"blades of grass" who have patiently worked their way through the concrete.
Let's take a look below at one special blade of grass -- Phillis
Wheatley -- the first of many...
The Freeman Institute Foundation wants to help establish
History galleries in communities across America and selected cities
to educate and inspire young people with the "C.P.A.
C. P. A. Concept
Hearts & Minds
inspiration received from and knowledge contained in
Return To Glory resources (film, book, etc.). A combined strategic focus
on this step, will allow RTG to be even more deliberate in
achieving its goal of changing the distorted image of Black
people by starting from their ancient beginnings instead of
the traditional starting points of slavery, colonization or
Proving the Point
with documents and
artifacts.Phase One has been completed by the development of
The Freeman Institute Black History Collection of 3,000+ documents &
artifacts -- with many already being exhibited
online. The following, more comprehensive Phases will be implemented once
a few Black History Gallery sites are located and additional finances are
secured. Verification of the history will be
established through the exhibition of genuine historical
documents and artifacts, representing the respective nation in which the Foundation has a
Future Life Goals is realized through
partnerships with national and community-based service
organizations with missions to impact behavior and alter
life outcomes. The Foundation's desire is to assist by
providing resources to help facilitate the kind of lasting change that
will help individuals realize their true potential, regardless of race,
gender or generation.
email (cell: 410-991-9718)
-- CPA concept was developed by Patricia Ware
rare 1838 edition of Phillis Wheatley's
Memoir and Poems (Isaac Knapp, Boston, 1773 was the
year of the First Edition funded by Selina, Countess of
Huntingdon...see below) -- A 28 page
memoir of Wheatley by Margaretta Matilda Odell, a collection
of Wheatley's poems, and perhaps most importantly, it
contains the third publication of the poems of the North
Carolina slave George Moses Horton, preceded only by
a pamphlet published in Raleigh, NC (originally entitled
The Hope of Liberty, an unobtainable volume), and a
reprint in 1837 in Philadelphia (no copies in American
libraries). The first appearance together of the two of the
first three published African-American poets (separated only
by Jupiter Hammon). An exceptionally scarce title.
Wheatley, born in Africa around 1753, was enslaved and
brought to America in 1761. Tutored by the Wheatley family,
Phillis was able to read the most difficult passages from
the Bible within sixteen months. She started writing poetry
at the age of twelve and by 1770 was well known in Boston
and England for her elegies. Her published poetry initiated
both African-American literature as well as the strong
tradition of literature by African-American women --
order postcard of Phillis Wheatley
Horton, though of pure African parentage, was born a slave in North
Carolina in 1797. In the little spare time he had he taught himself to
read and began to compose poems, which he had to commit to memory because
he was unable to write. Though his efforts were unappreciated by both the
slave owner and his fellow slaves (who considered him "a vain fool"), he
convinced his master to send him weekly to the nearby campus of the
University of North Carolina, where he was able to sell produce. Soon he
was composing love poetry on commission (ranging from twenty-five to
seventy-five cents per poem) for students, who would claim it as their own
when wooing Southern belles. Horton's business thrived and in a short time
some of the academics helped him to learn to write and aided in his
getting published. Sadly, his master continuously refused to allow him or
others to buy his freedom. Freed by Union troops after sixty-seven years
of slavery, he spent the remainder of his life in Philadelphia and died in
1883. Among his distinctions, he was the first published black Southern
poet, the first black male writer to have a book published in America (Hammon's
works were all published as pamphlets), the first black poetic voice to
protest against slavery, and the first black author to earn money from his
writings. A marvelous assemblage of two seminal figures in
African-American literature, whose works are preserved for their quality
as well as their historical importance.
BACKGROUND: In 1767,
the Newport Mercury published Phillis Wheatley's first poem, a tale
of two men who nearly drowned at sea, and of their steady faith in God.
Her elegy for the evangelist George Whitefield, brought more
attention to Phillis Wheatley. This attention included visits by a number
of Boston's notables, including political figures and poets. She published
more poems each year 1771-1773, and a collection of her poems was
published in London in 1773. The introduction to this volume of poetry by
Phillis Wheatley is unusual: as a preface is an "attestation" by seventeen
men of Boston that she had, indeed, written the poems herself:
WE whose Names are
underwritten, do assure the World, that the POEMS specified in the
following Page, were (as we verily believe) written by Phillis, a young
Negro Girl, who was but a few Years since, brought an uncultivated
Barbarian from Africa, and has ever since been, and now is, under the
Disadvantage of serving as a Slave in a Family in this Town. She has
been examined by some of the best Judges, and is thought qualified to
The collection of poems by
Phillis Wheatley followed a trip that she took to England. She was sent to
England for her health when the Wheatley's son, Nathaniel Wheatley, was
traveling to England on business. She caused quite a sensation in Europe.
On 13 May
1773 Selina Hastings, the Countess of Huntingdon, wrote to Susannah
Wheatley (Mrs. John Wheatley), concerning religious matters --
little Poetess remember me to her may the Lord
keep her & hopecomforther heart alive with the fire of that altar that
never goes out, & may all under your roof dwell safe under the shadow of
Jesus with great delight..." She
mentioned Phillis (little poetess), who sailed that month with
Nathaniel Wheatley for England. The Countess of Huntingdon (1707-1791) was
a Methodist religious leader in England, and Phillis's Poems on Various
Subjects is dedicated to her. While Phillis met many people of
interest in England, she was unable to connect with the Countess.
She had to
return unexpectedly to America when they received word that Mrs. Wheatley
was ill. Sources disagree on whether Phillis Wheatley was freed before,
during or just after this trip, or whether she was freed later. Mrs.
Wheatley died the next spring.
-- An intriguing vintage "Negroe
Slave Girl Appraisal"
document mentioning a girl, Phillis...dated April 14th, 1766 -- Philadelphia.
A one-of-a-kind Early American document; entirely hand-penned on laid,
watermarked paper, especially since the typical spelling of the girl's
name is "Phyllis." It appears as though Dr. Robert Elton
settled the account and/or estate of Thomas Hart ---most important was the
inclusion of the appraisal of a "Negroe Girl named Phillis" for the
amount of thirty pounds. Measures about seven by twelve inches. After
cursory research it has been determined that the "Phillis" mentioned in
this document is not the Phillis Wheatley, even though the
first name is spelled the same. Our initial thought was that perhaps John
Wheatley had purchased Phillis from the estate of Thomas Hart. Phillis
Wheatley was purchased by John and Susanna Wheatley in Boston a few years
earlier. We are still researching to determine the identity of Phillis
Wheatley's seller. The same first name of Phillis and same approximate
time period of the 1760s and approximate age are items of interest. This
document gives us a glimpse into early American life and the life of a
young girl with the same first name as the famous, Phillis Wheatley.
-- The September 1773 edition of the
Gentleman's Magazine -- first published mention of
Phillis Wheatley's book.
OF HUNTINGDON (1707-1791)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ -- Vintage engravings (3 copies) of Selina, Countess of Huntingdon. She
funded many organizations and people, including John Newton.
Even though the Countess and Phillis never actually met, she
funded the printing of the first edition of Phillis
-- A 1.5" brass 1937 commemorative coin of the founding of
Huntingdon, PA. On the front of the coin is a Bust of Selina
Hastings Countess of Huntingdon. On the reverse is a
Quaker shaking hands with an Indian chief at Standing Stone
Monument. Around the edge is Sesquicentennial adoption
of the constitution of the United States. Coin shows aging
patina but in excellent condition.
Countess of Huntingdon, was born in 1707, married in 1728
and became a Christian at around the age of 32. She became a
widow seven years later and began to devote her energies
wholeheartedly to the Lord's work. Like the Wesley's and
George Whitefield, she was a member of the Church of
Selina used her
influence to arrange the appointment of evangelical clergymen in
numerous parishes and appointed George Whitefield and other clergy as
her chaplains, which was a way of supporting them in their ministry.
The Countess opened private chapels attached to her residences, which
she was allowed to do as a peeress of the realm. These were used for
the public preaching of the gospel, but they became a source of
contention from the local Anglican clergy, with the result that she
reluctantly seceded from the Church of England in 1781. The Countess
was very interested in missionary work towards the American Indians.
(George Whitefield was frequently in America preaching along the east
coast, in particular in Georgia, where he established the orphanage
'Bethesda', near Savannah. He left this to the Countess in his will,
when he died in 1770.) When the slaves who fought for the British were
given their freedom after the American War of Independence, students
who had been at Trevecca went to minister to them in Nova Scotia. Some
of these freed slaves returned to Africa in 1792 - to Freetown in
Sierra Leone. There they started up churches of their original
denominations. This was how the Countess of Huntingdon's Connexion
in Sierra Leone began. It was not until 1839 that the lines of
communication really were established between the two Connexions. A
strong bond has existed between them ever since. When the Countess
died in 1791 there were over 60 causes associating themselves with the
Countess of Huntingdon.
Countess of Huntingdon
Selina became an heir of the (Earl of Ferrer)
fortune, along with inheriting the fortune of her husband
(Earl of Huntingdon). Selina had become a Christian in 1739
and after the death of her husband (1741) she used the funds
for the establishment of the Methodist church and the
propagation of the gospel. The Countess funded Phillis
Wheatley's book (London first edition) in 1773 without
even actually meeting Phillis during her famous trip to
England in 1773. This is the story behind the story.
-- An absolutely rare original autographed letter from
London dated December 7, 1728 and signed by Washington
Shirley, 2nd Earl Ferrers (1677-1729). Washington Shirley
died on April 14, 1729. This letter appears to be concerning
estate matters. Another contemporary hand has added a note
at the top of the second page regarding the showing of this
letter to his son-in-law and daughter the Earl of
Huntingdon & Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, on October
11, 1730...which was signed Jos Hayne. The additional writing
on the top of the second page seems to indicate that this
letter was an important aspect as the estate was being
settled. In the letter is mention of Mr Shepperton, Mr
Maunder, Dr Mead, mention of Northampton....mention of
Springwood, Dorchester, etc. BACKGROUND: Washington Shirley, 2nd Earl Ferrers was
born on 22 June 1677.1 He was the son of Robert Shirley, 1st
Earl Ferrers and Elizabeth Washington. He married Mary
Levinge, daughter of Rt. Hon. Sir Richard Levinge. He died
on 14 April 1729 at age 51, without any sons to inherit the
estate. Washington Shirley, 2nd Earl Ferrers succeeded to
the title of 8th Baronet Shirley, of Staunton Harold on 25
December 1717.1 He succeeded to the title of 2nd Viscount
Tamworth, of co. Stafford on 25 December 1717. He succeeded
to the title of 2nd Earl Ferrers on 25 December 1717.
Children of Washington Shirley, 2nd Earl Ferrers and Mary
Levinge: Lady Selina Shirley+ d. 17 Jun 1791. Lady
Elizabeth Shirley. Lady Mary Shirley d. 12 Aug 1784.
-- 1851 biography page of Phillis Wheatley, with her famous
image prominently placed at the top (Illustrated
-- 1855 wood engraving of Phillis Wheatley from
Lossing's "Our Countrymen, Brief Memoirs of Eminent
Americans." It is a half-page portrait engraving, with
biography of Phillis.
First Edition copy (1886) of
Chips from the White House 1886 by Jeremiah
Chaplin. A large collection of responses from the presidents
starting with Washington to Cleveland. One response was to
Phillis Wheatley slave who wrote poetry to George
-- Vintage 1909 edition of "The Poems of Phillis Wheatley",
published by Richard R. Wright, Jr. and Charlotte Crogman
Wright (A.M.E. Book Concerns, Philadelphia)
-- A hard-to-find 1930 hardcover edition of Phillis
Wheatley's book, published by the Wrights and printed by
A.M.E. Concern, Philadelphia...with Introduction and Notes
by Charlotte Ruth Wright.
-- Scarce First Edition copy of, "The Story of Phillis Wheatley"
(New York: J. Messner, 1949) by Shirley Graham Du
Bois, 2nd wife of NAACP mentor, W.E.B. Du Bois.
platter, upon which the SS Phillis Wheatley ship was
beautifully hand painted. It is signed on the back of the
platter by the painter, Mrs. E.F. Cantrill (Chicago, IL
dated Aug. 1921). It measures 12 inches by 17 1/2 inches and
is in great condition. There is quite a story behind this
image. BACKGROUND: On September 17, 1919 the Black Star
Line (run by Marcus Garvey) signed a contract to
purchase its first ship, the "S. S. Yarmouth," later renamed
the "Frederick Douglass,"
for $165,000. On November 5, 1919, plans were
announced to float a second Black Star Line ship, the "S.
S. Phillis Wheatley."
Marcus Garvey was arrested and later deported for mail fraud
and other charges. In spite of all the controversy that
swirls around him, Marcus Garvey legacy is rather inspiring. Out of
the destitute of a society built on White supremacy in 19th
century Kingston, Jamaica; Marcus Garvey literally pulled
himself up by the boot straps and became one of the most
recognized symbols in the fight for the liberation of
Africa. Based on his ideology, the idea of Pan-Africanism
not only emerged world-wide, but started to become a
reality. His legacy provided vision to such giants as
W.E.B. Dubois, George Padmore, Kwame Nkrumah,
Azikiwe, and Jomo Kenyatta at the 5th Pan-African
Congress which ultimately led to the liberation from the
colonization of African nations such as Ghana and Kenya.
Most importantly, Marcus Garvey’s life and philosophy is
still inspiring millions upon millions of present day
freedom fighters from Africa, America, Europe and the
Caribbean to make sacrifices that will one day in the near
future make his dream of Africa for the Africans realized.
On October 3, 2002
Jamaican Prime Minister P.J. Patterson has reiterated his
strong support for current legislation, pending in the
United States House of Representatives, that would vindicate
National Hero, Marcus Mosiah Garvey, thus clearing the way
for an official absolution of the Jamaican patriot by the
-- Extremely rare 78 rpm
disc no. 032053 with blues singer Hazel Meyers in
1923 sings 'Black Star Line', a homage to Marcus
Garvey's Black Star Line, a shipping company formed by
Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association for
the transport of goods and people from the USA to Africa.
Garvey's plan failed for a variety of reasons, not least the
fact that Garvey was sold ships that were in very poor
condition. Here Hazel Meyers, with accompaniment by Fletcher
Henderson and trumpeter Howard Scott, dreams of 'Going home
on the Black Star Line'. The reverse is 'Pipe Dream Blues."
Here are the lyrics to "Black Star Line" (a West Indian
1. Brothers and
sisters, country man, you'd better get on board,
Big steamship gwine
to sail away, Lord, with a heavy load,
It's gwine to take
us all back home, yes every native style
And when we get
there what a time, down on the West Indies isle.
(chorus) Get on
board country man,
I say, get on
board, leave this land,
A-get on board,
Gwine back on be
Black Star Line.
2. Take my Bowie
knife in hand and lay around de dock,
Jump right in the
deep blue sea, pick fights with the sharks,
I'm gwine see
Brother Abraham, go catch that "Sly Mongoose,"
I'm going down to
see my downtown gal, and then we'll raise the deuce.
3. We'll eat monkey
hips and rice, tomato, garlic, too
Then we'll grab out
favorite sport, child, chasing monkey, too,
I done put my last
dime down on dis great steamship,
Lord, I hope that
it won't sink, I wanna take this trip.
Historian and writer, John
Cowley, states that references in "Black Star Line" to the song, "Buddy
Abraham," recorded by the Banda Belasco, Trinidad (1914) and "Sly
Mongooses" (1923) -- together with the derogatory comments regarding
"monkey chasers" -- exemplifies antagonism between elements in black
North America and migrant workers. The description "country man" is an
allusion to Garvey's followers and his avowed intention of organizing
the repatriation of black people to their place of origin, Africa.
A N I N T R I G U I N G M Y S T E R Y
P I E C E ~~~~~ Y O U B
E T H E J U D G E
Is this a
long lost painting of the conductor of the
Underground Railroad, Harriet Tubman?
the body structure
the facial features
the lips and chin
the nose and cheeks
19th Century painting of a corn-cob-pipe-smoking African American woman who
remarkable resemblance to the five-foot-tall "Moses" of the Underground Railroad
-- Harriet Tubman. ( more comparative photos of the real Harriet Tubman below )
large (18" wide x 24" tall), unsigned 19th century oil painting of an American Slave woman, most likely
painted during her life. Though we are not experts on paintings we
feel this is realism.Realists render everyday
characters, situations, dilemmas, and objects, all in a "true-to-life"
manner. Realists tend to discard theatrical drama, lofty subjects and
classicalforms of art in favor of commonplace
themes. We are not sure who painted this woman, but we can see for certain
this portrait was meant to be very realistic.
In person, this artwork is compelling,
a viewer cannot help but feel the meaning in this work.
are intrigued by the similarities between this oil painting and the famous
Harriet Tubman. We researched artwork and famous women slaves of that era
in America and found many characteristics are shared between the woman in
the painting and Harriet herself. Learn more here...
Large 19th Century painting (18" x
24") that experienced some water damage on the middle
right-hand side. The painting bears
resemblance to Harriet Tubman.
Judge for yourself...
Could this be a lost, genuine painting of the real Harriet Tubman? Intrigued?
Before reviewing the rest of the Black History Collection, read more
Dr. Freeman discussing the painting at a
US Department of Justice Black History Month event
2. Wedgwood jasperware Abolitionist, Anti-Slavery
cameo medallion (3 medallions in collection), with the bound slave on the front, and the words
"Am I Not A Man and A Brother?" around it. From
1787 until his death in 1795, Josiah Wedgwood actively
participated in the British Abolition of Slavery cause. Josiah’s
most important contribution to the movement for the
Abolition of Slavery, the so-called Slave Medallion, was
one which brought the attention of the public to the
horrors of the Slave trade. (There are varying views on the
portrayal of bound slave and slogan.)
Wedgwood sent a large number of cameos to Benjamin Franklin
in Philadelphia who also remarked on the value of the
medallion as a means of bringing awareness of the existence
if slavery to the public. What is particularly amazing is
that the climate of the Revolutionary War was hostile to
good British/American relations. In this context the
abolitionist movement was born and people came together to
fight the evils of the Slave Trade.
-- Also, an absolutely rare mid-1800s antique bronze figure of man (weighs 18
oz.) pictured to the right -->
Wedgwood (1730-1795) is considered by many as one of the most
influential figures in the history of Western civilization ceramics,
and was a successful and renowned innovator, scientist and
businessman. He was also a supporter of the 18th century Anti-Slavery
Committee and designed a cameo medallion depicting a slave kneeling in
chains surrounded by the inscription, “Am I not a man and a brother?”
Benjamin Franklin said of Wedgwood’s tokens, “they may have an effect
equal to that of the best written pamphlet.” Although thousands were
freely given to anyone who shared Josiah’s sentiments on slavery,
thousands more were manufactured and sold. Wedgwood showed that one
could promote social change while building a business. Doing good
while doing well.
symbol was the first and most
identifiable image of the 18th century abolitionist movement: a
kneeling African man. Members of the Society of Friends,
informally known as Quakers, were among the earliest leaders
of the abolitionist movement in Britain and the Americas. By the
beginning of the American Revolution, Quakers had moved from viewing
slavery as a matter of individual conscience, to seeing the
abolition of slavery as a Christian duty. Quakers, who believe in
simplicity in all things, tended to view the arts as frivolous; but
when the Quaker-led Society for Effecting the Abolition of the
Slave Trade met in London in 1787, three of its members were
charged with preparing a design for "a Seal to be engraved for the use
of this Society." Later that year, the society approved a design
"expressive of an African in Chains in a Supplicating Posture."
Surrounding the naked man was engraved a motto whose wording echoed an
idea widely accepted during the Enlightenment among Christians and
secularists: "Am I Not A Man and A Brother?" The design was
approved by the Society, and an engraving was commissioned.
ADDITIONAL BACKGROUND: The design
was symbolic both artistically and politically. In addition to evoking
classical art, the figure's nudity signified a state of nobility and
freedom, yet he was bound by chains. Black figures, usually depicted
as servants or supplicants, typically knelt in the art of the period,
at a time when members of the upper classes did not kneel when
praying; this particular image combined the European theme of
conversion from heathenism and the idea of emancipation into a posture
of gratitude. In 1788, a consignment of the cameos was shipped to
Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia, where the medallions became a
fashion statement for abolitionists and anti-slavery sympathizers.
They were worn as bracelets and as hair ornaments, and even inlaid
with gold as ornaments for snuff boxes. Soon the fashion extended to
the general public. Although the intent and the effect of the emblem
was to focus public opinion on the evils of the African slave trade
(which it did accomplish), its ultimate effect was to underscore
the perception of black inferiority. The supplicant posture of
blacks persisted as a standard feature of Western art long after
slavery was abolished. Ironically, although the image became the
emblem of the anti-slavery movement, the Society for Effecting the
Abolition of the Slave Trade was emphatic that its only goal was the
abolition of the slave trade, not of slavery itself. That position was
vigorously protested by individual members such as Granville Sharp,
the most influential abolitionist of his time.
-- Unique vintage brass door
knocker with an image of William Wilberforce on the
knocker. On the part affixed to the door is an image of the
African slave with the words, "Am I Not A Man and A
Deluxe Ruskin Folio Limited
Edition JMW Turner R.A. - The Slave Ship
Fine Laid Paper with full
Intaglio plate mark ~ VERY RARE 1 of only
160 published plates.
JMW Turner R.A. illustration from the work in
the Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, U.S.A." published
in 1900 as one of only 160 de-luxe folio edition
illustrations compiled by Frederick Wedmore as an "Exposition
of the Work of Turner from the Writings of Ruskin" and
published by George Allen, Charing Cross, London.
7" figurines of Tom Molineaux and Tom Cribb (repros of
Straffordshire -- 3 sets). Born 1784, Tom Molineaux was
the first unofficial American Boxing Champion. Tom
Molineaux was born a slave but fought his way to freedom and
ultimately a shot at the heavyweight title. He began boxing other
slaves while plantation owners wagered on the bouts. Finally after
defeating a slave from a rival plantation, he was given his
freedom and $500. He traveled to New York and then, in 1809, he
left for England and began boxing. Molineaux was trained by Bill
American slave who became a notable prize fighter in England.
Molineaux won two bouts in England and the ease with which he won
quickly lined him up for a title shot against British heavyweight
champion Tom Cribb.
In December 18th, 1810, Molineaux challenged
Crib in a classic encounter. After some 39 rounds of give and
take, Molineaux finally collapsed from exhaustion. The great
Pierce Egan, who described the American as "The Tremendous Man of
Colour," wrote of the contest: "Molineaux proved himself as
courageous a man as ever an adversary contended with ...
[Molineaux] astonished everyone, not only by his extraordinary
power of hitting and his gigantic strength, but also by his
acquaintance with the science, which was far greater than any had
given him credit for." The two Cribb fights made Molineaux a
celebrity in England. But he fought only sporadically, opting to
engage in numerous sparring exhibitions. In 1818, he died in
-- October 13, 1818
edition of the New-York Spectator reporting the death of
Tom Molineaux, the celebrated pugilist at Galway, Ireland.
Tom was the first American boxer to fight for the London Prize
Ring championship. A former slave, Molineaux reportedly got
his freedom after winning a boxing match on which his owner (Algernon
Molineaux) had placed a large bet.
Boxing champions of this era were
England’s very first sport stars; hitherto only exceptional animals had
been household names in the sporting world. Boxing (or milling, as it
was commonly called) was patronized at the highest level of society, but
it appealed to all classes because fights indulged the national
propensity to gamble.
Boxing matches were illegal in the early 19th century. The ideal site
was a remote outdoor location that accommodated thousands of spectators
and eluded magisterial detection.
boxing ring was a roped-off area, usually from twenty to forty feet
square, and it was surrounded by an outer ring accessible only to
umpires, officials, select friends, and those charged with keeping the
crowd at bay. A sea of standing spectators surrounded the outer ring,
and carriages and wagons circled the field to form a grandstand of
sorts. Sometimes crowd control necessitated constructing an elevated
wooden stage for the ring.
Boxers did not wear gloves. Each boxer, stripped to the waist, was
assisted by only his bottle-holder and his second. The latter lent his
knee as a seat, offered advice, administered ringside surgery, and
generally did whatever it took—biting ears was common—to keep his man
Unlike today’s fights, matches were unlimited in length, and rounds
ended only when a boxer went down. A downed boxer had a thirty-second
count, and then he had to be at the scratch, the name given a square
chalked in the ring center. If he could not make it, he was defeated.
Fights were protracted slugfests in which men pummeled away at each
other interminably. Blood flowed freely as bare fists shredded faces,
swelled eyes shut, and reduced hands and knuckles to painful pulp,
despite careful pre-fight “pickling” in astringent. Matches could last
very many rounds, very many hours. Boxers fought relatively few times in
their lives because the human body can only take so much.
Joe Louis, The Brown Bomber Little
Big Book, dated 1936, is approximately 3 1/8" x 4 1/2" and it has 238
pages. There are many photos of Joe in training, talking with his manager,
being certified medically fit, fight scenes, etc. These old books of
sports figures like Joe Louis do not come along very often.
A vintage, original 1935Joe Louis vs. King Levinsky boxing poster.
Poster measures approx. 6"x 12" and is printed on pulp
-- Boxing gloves personally signed by Muhammad Ali, Joe Frazier,
George Foreman, Mike Tyson, Sugar Ray Leonard &
Negro Actor's Guild
4. One-of-a-kind signed letters/albums/contracts/sheet music from
Nat King Cole, Dizzy
Ellington, Lionel Hampton, Louis Armstrong, B. B. King, Ethel Waters, Pearl
Bailey, Miles Davis, Lindy Hoppers, Sarah Vaughan, Fats Domino, Quincy Jones, Earl Hines,
Etta James, S. Coleridge-Taylor, Ella Fitzgerald, Sammy Davis, Jr.,
Grover Washington, Jr., Count Basie,
Mills Brothers, Ozzie Davis,
Lena Horne, Four Tops, Cicely Tyson, James Brown, Charley
Pride, Bo Diddley, Bobby Blue, Chubby Checkers, and others...Negro Actor's
Guild 1945 Program (NAG, with Noble Sissle as president) is pictured to the left.
-- AFTRA Contract signed by Cicely Tyson for her
appearance on the Nancy Wilson Show pilot, Mar. 18, 1973.
-- AFTRA Contract signed by Lena Horne for her
appearance on Kraft Music Hall, Nov. 17, 1969. Paid $7500
and $50 per diem, plus 2 First Class R/T air tickets from LA
-- AFTRA Contract signed by the Four Tops for their
appearance on Kraft Summer Music Hall, signed April 10, 1968.
Paid $2500 for show to be aired August 21, 1968.
-- Waiver for late AFTRA filing signed by Diahann Carroll
on Dec. 9, 1987.
-- Employment contract signed by Ella Fitzgerald on
October 31, 1960.
-- 1989 NBC contract signed by Lionel Hampton, no
compensation for appearance. November 15, 1989.
-- American Federation of Musicians contract signed by Bo
Diddley for his appearance in Jacksonville, Orlando, and
Tampa Feb. 20 - March 1, 1970.
-- American Federation of Musicians contract signed by
Duke Ellington and his Orchestra for appearance in
Shrine Auditorium, LA on June 4th, 1960. Headline billing,
paid $3000, but paid an extra $1000 if promoter grosses over
-- Original signed
engagement contract for jazz legend Lionel Hampton at
Mansfield State College, PA on March 9, 1963 (band was paid
$2000 for the gig!).
-- KABC radio contract for the Michael Jackson Show, signed
by Robert Guillaune, states that "he discussed his
career as Benson in Soap and as Benson in his own sit-con,
Benson." No compensation for his appearance. November
-- American Federation of Musicians contract signed by
Charley Pride for an event at the Ozark Mountain
Amphitheatre in Branson, MO. Rider states that he is to
receive 100% top billing and that his name is to be spelled
correctly (Charley). Paid $20,000 plus 60/40 split over
$55,000. Neal McCoy is opening act. June 25, 1988.
Original 4-Page contract (1935) between the Lindy
Hoppers and Samuel Goldwyn. Signing twice are
"Shorty" Snowden, Freddie Lewis, Madeline Lewis,
Beatrice Gay, Beatrice Elam and Leroy Jones.
They were paid $2500 for a week's service. Research
has determined that this document is most probably the
contract for the film short, "Ask Uncle Sol".
-- Actors Television Motion Picture contract signed by
Leslie Uggams for her role as "Amanda Price" in the
movie "Hotel -- Discoveries." Paid $10,000. October 13,
-- Standard AFTRA Engagement Contract for Single TV
Broadcast signed by Leslie Uggams for her appearance
on the Glen Campbell Show. Paid $7500. December 20, 1968.
Show aired March 2, 1969.
-- American Federation of Musicians contract signed by jazz
great, Donald Byrd (Blackbyrd Productions), to appear
at the Great American Music Hall, San Francisco. Ticket
price, $6, paid $3,000 against the rights to 70% of the
gross. July 30, 1979.
-- Standard AFTRA Exclusive Agency Contract (1 year) with
CNA & Associates, signed by Richard Roundtree
(Shaft). June 6, 1989.
-- Contract signed by Sarah Vaughn for performing
100% Sole Star Billing at the Van Wezel Performing Arts
Cebter, Sarasota, FL. Paid $20,000. Includes stage plot. May
-- Standard AFTRA exclusive agency contract (3 years) with
The Artists Agency signed by Ossie Davis. May 4,
-- American Federation of Musicians contract by blues great
B.B. King for his appearance at Shea's Buffalo
Theater, Buffalo, NY. Paid a flat $7500, with 100% top
billing. Signed July 30, 1976. Show was March 19, 1977.
Rider, with letter and check receipt included.
-- Standard AFTRA Network TV contract for the Harlem
Globetrotters TV Special shot at The Forum in LA, signed
by Pearl Bailey. Paid $1000. Jan. 28, 1972.
-- Agency For The Performing Arts agreement signed by
Isaac Hayes for his appearance on the "Sonny and Cher
Comedy Hour." July 16, 1973.
-- William Morris Agency contract (10%) signed by Pearl
Bailey to represent her in relation to the motion
picture industry and the Screen Actor's Guild (SAG). March
1971-Standard Aftra Engagement Contract, signed and agreed
to by Pearl Bailey and Roncom Productions. Perry
Como was producer of the Pearl Bailey Show. Pearl Bailey
was paid $7,500 plus $2,500 in expenses for this show. The
contract is dated Jan 28, 1971. Signed in blue ink by
Pearl Bailey, (Pres). Exc. cond. This contract was part of
the archives from the office of Perry Como.
- William Morris contract signed by Earl "Fatha" Hines
vintage and dated January 15, 1941. Earl Hines was known as
one of the most famous jazz pianist's of the 20th Century
and created many standards of today. This vintage signed
contract is in excellent condition with a bold autograph of
Earl Hines in vintage fountain pen. The contract is also
signed by Charles Carpenter sometimes known as Charlie
Carpenter who wrote and worked closely with Earl Hines
on many songs including the famous song "You Can Count On
Me". He has signed under Earl Hines as Witness. The
contract is actually signed by two famous Jazz musicians
which makes this contract very rare and unique.
-- William Morris Agency contract, signed by Earl "Fatha"
Hines (10% -- representing him from 10/1943 - 1/1948).
Signed 10/12/1943. Signed contracts by Earl Hines are very
-- AGVA Standard Form for Artists Engagements Contract,
signed by Eartha Kitt (Catwoman) for an appearance in
San Bernardino, CA on March 20, 1964. Paid $1500. This contract
would've been cancelled if Las Vegas event opened up
for her on the same day.
-- WPIX "Clay Cole's Diskotek Program" NY appearance signed
by the Shirelles, Addie Harris (3/27/1967)
-- An historical 33 page recording contract (1983) between
Jennifer Holliday and David Geffen. This was at the
height of her career...for a six year period. The contract
stated seven years, but Jennifer changed it to six years and
initialed it in three different places. The contract
discusses the number of masters Jennifer must complete and
the payment from the Geffen Group. In 1979 Jennifer joined
the Broadway show, Dreamgirls on its
successful four year run...winning a Tony Award.
Dreamgirls was followed by the Broadway show, Mahalia,
and a Number One charted hit, And I Am Telling You.
Jennifer won multiple Grammys as well as Tony Awards. She
had many hits in the 1980s, including five Number One
Billboard hits. Jennifer boldly signs on the last page
of the contract.
contracts for the Detroit music scene from
1956-1971 (R&B, Soul, Jazz and Blues): Ron Butler
and the Ramblers (1971), James Holland and The Holidays (1971), Lloyd Sims & The
Untouchables Promo Kit/Contracts (1961), Sammy Bryant Group Press
Kit/Photo/Contract (1966)...Roulette recording artists,
Lonnie Woods (1965), Jon Bartel & Soul Masters
(1968), Jesse Ullmer (1966), Dwight (Jon D)
Pettiford (1971), Billy Allyn "Laff of the
Party" on Dooto Records, with appearances on Sanford & Son
(1961), Bill Murry, Comic (1966), Tommy Hunt and
The Flamingos (1956-1960), Albert King
Promotional Lot -- Stax Records (1970).
T E S T P R E S S I N G S --
78 rpm R E C O R D S
The following 78s came from the private
collection of Mr. Rudy May who was an employee of Decca
Records for about
During that time Rudy was
involved in nearly every aspect of recording and record
manufacturing at Decca.
A test pressing was generally heard
by the artist and key decision-makers to determine if
song was viable as the final take -- to be mass-produced for
the general public. The Freeman Institute Black History Collection owns well
over 100 original test pressings:
One-of-a-kind, original one-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Jordan & his Tympany Five, "I Like 'Em Fat Like That."
Decca #71819, recorded March 15, 1944 in New York. Jordan's name and song title
are hand-written in period ink. Louis
Jordan and his Tympany Five: Eddie Roane, tp; Louis Jordan,
as, voc; Arnold Thomas, p; Al Morgan, b; Wilmore "Slick"
Jones, d. BIO: Louis
Jordan (1908-1975) was one of the most successful
African-American musicians of the 20th century, ranking
fifth in the list of the all-time most successful black
recording artists according to Billboard Magazine's
Lyrics: Let the
cats all criticize, joke about my baby's size, she's
reet with me because you see, I likes 'em fat like that.
When she bounces down the street, she's a whole heap of
honey and ain't she sweet, feels so fine to know that
she is mine, I likes 'em fat like that. You can have all
those lean chicks tender and tall, but when it comes to
a big fat momma's the best of all, after I get through
working well I reach and grab my hat, and I hurry home,
don't want her to be alone, coz I likes 'em fat like
A genuine Decca 78rpm record (#71819) with "I Like 'em
Fat Like That" by Louis Jordan and His Tympany
Five. Part of the Decca Personality Series #23810.
LOUIS JORDAN & ELLA
double sided acetate
test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Jordan and Ella Fitzgerald, "Baby,
It's Cold Outside" and "Don't Cry Baby."
Decca #unknown, recording date is 1949. Jordan's name and
Fitzgerald's name and song title
are hand-written in period ink.
Possibly a unique item! The
a-side is the classic "Baby, It's Cold Outside". I'm
not sure what the standard version of this tune sounds like
but this one is nearly all vocal with very subdued
instrumental accompaniment barely audible through most.
Piano is really the only instrument we can make out. The
b-side has regular instrumental accompaniment. These could
be alternate takes - We have no way of knowing for sure.
One-of-a-kind? We think so!
pressing (10" 78rpm) of Maurice Rocco's song "Little
Rock Getaway" Decca #93584A -- recorded March 11,
1941. Rocco's name and song title are hand-written in
A genuine Decca 78rpm record (#8544) with "Little
Rock Getaway" by Maurice Rocco. BIO:
Born in Oxford, Ohio,
Maurice Rockhold (1915-1976) later became known as a
jazz musician who played the piano while standing up. He
performed briefly with Duke Ellington before adopting
the stage name Maurice Rocco.
Pre-war test pressing (10" 78rpm) of Coleman Hawkins
with The Ramblers -- song "What Harlem is To Me." Decca
Date of recording is August 26, 1935. Coleman's name and song title are hand-written
in pencil. Here
are the musicians on this song: George Van Helvoirt, Jack
Bulterman (tp), Marcel Thielemans (tb), Wim Poppink (cl, as,
bar), Andre Van Den Ouderaa (cl, ts, vn), Coleman Hawkins (ts),
Nico de Rooy (p), Jack Pet (g), Toon Diepenbroeck (sb), Kees
Kranenburg (dm). Casino Hamdorff, Laren,
BIO: Coleman Randolph Hawkins
(1904–1969), nicknamed "Bean," or simply "Hawk," was the
first important tenor saxophonist in jazz. Sometimes
called the "father of the tenor sax," Hawkins is one of
jazz's most influential and revered soloists. An
improviser with an encyclopedic command of chords and
harmonies, Hawkins played a
formative role over a 40-year (1925-1965) career
spanning the emergence of recorded jazz through the
swing and bebop eras.
JIMMIE LUNCEFORD & HIS
Pre-war test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "For
Dancer's Only" by Jimmie Lunceford & his
Orchestra. Decca #62263, dated 1937. Lunceford's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. One-sided.
Scarce smaller master recording (8" 33 1/3rpm) of the songs "T'aint
What You do, It's the Way Cha Do It" (Uptown
Blues, Pro-533) and "Walkin' Thru
Heaven" (For Dancer's Only,
Pro-534) by Jimmie Lunceford & his
Orchestra. Capitol, dated 1-24-1958. Lunceford's
name is listed on both sides.
Three test pressings (12"
discs) of the song "Blues in the Night"
aka "My Mama Done Told Me" by Jimmie Lunceford & his Orchestra
for the Jerry Lawrence Show...to be aired on Saturday,
August 20, 1955.
* Disc #1 -- (12" 78rpm) Part 1 Taped August 6th, 1954 and aired August
7th, 1954. #4932-S2 -- metal disc
* Disc #2 -- (12" 78rpm) Part 2. Taped on August 6th and aired August
7th, 1954 -- metal disc
* Disc #3 -- (12" 33rpm). Taped on August 19, 1955 and aired Saturday,
August 20, 1955. #6110 (S411-HWB) acetate disc BACKGROUND: Jerry Lawrence, early radio
and television quiz show host, disc jockey and announcer
of such shows as "Truth or Consequences. Born in
Rochester, N.Y., and brought up in Long Beach, CA,
Lawrence developed his radio career in the 1930s at New
York City radio stations WOR, WNEW and the CBS network.
During World Was II he was recognized for hosting the
music and interview show "Moonlight Savings Time,"
broadcast to troop ships and war industry workers from
2:30 a.m. to 5 a.m. As a disc jockey, he promoted the
music of a young singer named Frank Sinatra and was an
early announcer on "The Frank Sinatra Show" in 1944.
Lawrence returned to the Los Angeles area in 1945 and
worked in radio and early television at KTLA, KCOP and
KFWB. He hosted CBS' "The Spade Cooley Show" featuring
the orchestra leader in 1951, and helped develop local
quiz shows, including "Play Marco" for KTLA. He was an
announcer for television's popular game show "Truth
or Consequences" when it was hosted by Jack Bailey
on NBC in 1954 and 1955.
Pre-war test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "My
Blue Heaven" by Jimmie Lunceford & his Orchestra. Decca #60277,
dated 1935. Lunceford's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. One-sided.
Another pre-war test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "The
Melody Man" by Jimmie Lunceford & his Orchestra. Decca #60277,
dated 1935. Lunceford's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. One-sided.
Yet another pre-war test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Organ
Grinder's Swing" by Jimmie Lunceford & his
Orchestra. Decca #61246A,
dated 1936. Lunceford's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. One-sided.
A genuine Decca 78rpm record (#61246) with "Organ
Grinder's Swing" by Jimmie Lunceford and His
James Melvin "Jimmie" Lunceford
was an American jazz alto saxophonist and bandleader of
the swing era. Lunceford was born in Fulton, MO,
but attended school in Denver
and earned a Bachelor of Arts degree at Fisk University.
In 1927, while teaching high school in Memphis, TN, he
organized a student band, the Chickasaw Syncopaters,
whose name was changed to the Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra
when it began touring. The orchestra made its first
recording in 1930.
In 1947, while playing in Seaside,
Oregon, Lunceford collapsed
and died from cardiac arrest
during an autograph session. Allegations and rumors
circulated that Jimmie had been poisoned by a
fish-restaurant owner who was unhappy at having to serve
a "Negro" in his establishment.
Test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Pink
Champagne" and "Oh Well Oh Well!" by
Lionel Hampton & his Orchestra. Decca #5758, date is
Hampton's name and song titles are
hand-written in period ink.
Rare and possibly one of
a kind acetate test pressing of this jazz great! Label on
the a-side only states the artist and the title "Oh! Well
Oh! Well". "Pink Champagne" is written but has been crossed
out. The b-side label states the title and a portion of it
has been torn off. FLOYD RAY &
Single-sided shellac test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
immensely popular song "Skeleton in My
Closet" recorded and released in 1939 by Floyd
Ray and His Orchestra (1885-1941). Floyd
Ray (1909-1985). Test pressing of Decca
2618-B, matrix 65393-A.
Floyd Ray and his Orchestra formed and played
around 1925-1950. There were 3 female singers
(The V's), from whom it is said that the
Andrew Sisters derived their singing style.
Floyd Ray's son, Stephen Ray, recalls their
names: Lavern (Vern) Whittaker; Willie Lee
(Von) Floyd, and (Ivy) Jones. Floyd's first
band was called "The Harlem Dictators". Floyd
played saxophone and bass, but not in his
bands. He was primarily the leader, arranger
During the years 1918-1930, they played at New
York's famed Apollo Theater and also at the
Cottonwood Club, among other places.
LOUIS ARMSTRONG & HIS HOT
ABSOLUTELY UNIQUE ITEM! --A single-sided
acetate test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five, "Georgia
Grind." This song is Louis Armstrong's first genuine
vocal performance. No record
matrix present, but it was listed as 9533A. The date
February 26, 1926 is hand written on the label.
Armstrong recorded this song
with the Hot Five in Chicago on this date. This is
the first line-up featuring Kid Ory,
Johnny Dodds, Johnny St. Cyr, and Louis' wife,
Lil Armstrong. Armstrong's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink on a blank white label.
The entire album that was
produced around that time had a great set of great
recordings including Louis' first genuine vocal performances
on Georgia Grind and Heebie Jeebies.
Armstrong's wife Lil also does vocal work on Georgia
Grind. Following this day's work, four two-sided discs
are ready for release. Oriental Strut / You're Next
and Muskrat Ramble / Heebie Jeebies are given
consecutive release numbers by OKeh; Georgia Grind is
paired with Come Back, Sweet Papa (from February 22);
and Cornet Chop Suey finds its mate with My Heart,
recorded back in November. This group of songs includes some
truly landmark recordings, especially Kid Ory's Muskrat
Ramble, which immediately takes its place as a jazz
A genuine Hot Jazz Club of America 78rpm record
(#HC21) with "Georgia Grind" by Louis
Armstrong and His Hot Five.
Listen to "Georgia Grind"
acetate test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong and His Hot Five, "You
Made Me Love You" and "Irish Black Bottom." No record number is listed and no
matrix present, but it is listed as 9980A and 9981A. The date
November 27, 1926. Armstrong recorded these songs with the Hot Five in Chicago on this
date. These songs featured Louis Armstrong (Cornet,
Vocal), Henry Clark (Trombone), Johnny Dodds
(Clarinet), Johnny St. Cyr (Banjo), and Louis' wife,
Lil Armstrong (piano). LOUIS ARMSTRONG
Louis Armstrong:Elder Eatmore's Sermon on Throwing Stones
------- Single-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra, "Mahogany Hall
Stomp." Decca #6111A, recording date is January 28, 1933
(Chicago). Armstrong's name and song title are hand-written
in period ink.
A genuine (British) Parlaphone 78rpm record
(#01691B) with "Mahogany Hall Stomp" by
Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra.
------- Original one-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra, "Elder Eatmore's
Sermon on Generosity." Decca #64437, recording date is
August 11, 1938. Armstrong's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. This song was on the Louis
and the Good Book album.
------- One-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra, "Elder Eatmore's
Sermon on Throwing Stones." Decca #64436A, recording
date is August 11, 1938. Armstrong's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink. This song was also on the
Louis and the Good Book album.
Single-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra, "She's the
Daughter of a Planter from Havana." Decca #62335,
recording date is July 7, 1937 (New York City,
Chaplin; Kahn). Armstrong's name and song title are
hand-written in period ink.
Single-sided test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra, "Yours
and Mine." Decca #62329, recording date unknown.
Armstrong's name and song title are hand-written in period
LOUIS ARMSTRONG & HIS FIRST APPEARANCE
GROUND-BREAKING ITEM! --A single-sided
acetate test pressing (10"
78rpm) of Louis Armstrong, "Skeleton in The
Closet." This song is Louis Armstrong's first
featured role in a Hollywood musical -- alongside
Bing Crosby. No record
matrix present, but it was listed as Decca DLA 539-A. The date
August 7, 1936.
Louis Armstrong with
Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra. Louis Armstrong
plays trumpet and does the
BACKGROUND: Armstrong plays Henry, a hired
musician at the Haunted House Cafe. Servants and
subserviant roles were pretty much the only options
available to blacks in the pre-civil-rights
Hollywood - even for as big a star as Armstrong. The
song comes from
Pennies From Heaven, Armstrong’s first major
studio picture. He was hired for the film at the
insistence of its star, Bing Crosby, a lifelong
student, friend, collaborator and admirer of Pops.
When the film came out, Armstrong got his own credit
during the main titles, making him the first
African-American to get featured billing alongside
white actors. So Pops was pioneering, though some
critics have frowned upon the way Armstrong was used
in the film.
Watch the movie clip
Playing a bandleader who is hired by
Crosby to perform at his nightclub, Armstrong’s
“role, as written, makes one cringe,” according to
Lawrence Bergreen. Bergreen quotes an exchange
between Armstrong and Crosby in the film,
comedically playing on the ignorance of Armstrong’s
character, who asks for seven percent instead of
accepting Bing’s offering of ten percent because his
is a seven-piece band, “And none of us knows how to
divide ten percent up by seven.” Bergreen writes
that this banter dwells “on black inferiority and
subservience” but what he doesn’t mention is that
Pops legitimately loved this scene, quoting it in
front of friends on one of his later private tapes.
One of Armstrong’s last television appearances was
made with Crosby on the
David Frost Show
from February 10, 1971. During the interview
portion, Armstrong talks about how much fun they had
making the film and though 35 years had gone by,
Armstrong quotes the entire “percent” scene, line by
line, as it originally appeared in the film. Thus,
it’s easy for us to “cringe” while watching
Pennies From Heaven
but for Pops, funny was funny and he cherished the
gags he was asked to deliver. Armstrong gets one
music number to himself in the film and it’s a great
“The Skeleton in the Closet” was written by
Arthur Johnston and Johnny Burke, the same two men
wrote the rest of the
Pennies From Heaven
score. Filmed in California, Armstrong was seen
leading a contingent of some of the finest west
coast jazzmen, including trumpeter (and Armstrong
disciple) Teddy Buckner, saxophonist Caughey
Roberts, future Nat Cole bassist Wesley Pince and as
already advertised, the grand reunion of Armstrong
and Lionel Hampton. Hampton was in the midst of a
steady engagement as a leader at the Paradise
Nightclub in Los Angeles and was just about to
explode. Pennies From Heaven was filmed in
August 1936 and while out there, Armstrong asked
Hampton to sit in on drums and vibes on two Hawaiian
cuts made with “The Polynesians” on August 18. One
week later, on August 24, Hampton took part in a
Teddy Wilson session with Benny Goodman on clarinet
and just a few months later, in November, Hampton
joined Goodman’s Quartet and, well, you know the
rest! But for “Skeleton in the Closet,” Hamp sticks
to the drums, wearing a mask to keep the whole
“haunted house” motif going. This is Armstrong at
his finest: storytelling, acting, singing, swinging
and playing beautifully. On January 14, 1937,
Armstrong underwent a throat operation, spending the
next two weeks in the hospital. Satchmo was having
throat issues (perhaps polyps?) because he sounds a
hundred times more raspy later than he did on the
original “Skeleton” record of just a few months
earlier. The surgery might have been a success but
when he returned, Armstrong’s voice was still pretty
raspy and well, that was pretty much it for that.
The rasp turned to gravel over the years, resulting
in the true Satchmo voice most of the human race
associates with Armstrong.
"Piano Liner's Boogie" was a
ragtime piece recorded in London by Winifred Atwell
in 1956 (one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- #F10681, Decca Records). BACKGROUND: Born in Trinidad (1914), Winifred
Atwell was an accomplished and versatile pianist who
was idolized by the British public throughout the
1950s. She had studied the piano since she had been
a small child although she later became trained as a
dispenser in the expectation that she would be
employed in her father's pharmacist shop. By the age
of 30 she became aware that other local musicians
had gained further musical training abroad and,
encouraged by this, in 1945 she left for the USA. By
the late 1940s she had gained a place at London's
Royal Academy of Music with ambitions of becoming a
concert pianist. However, in order to finance this
initiative she worked during the evenings at
London's clubs playing piano rags. By 1950 her
popularity had spread nationally and she began
recording with Decca during 1951- before the advent
of any record sales 'chart'. Her music also worked
well on TV where she made regular appearances. She
would normally start her act by playing a classical
piece on a grand before transferring herself to what
she called 'my other piano' which was an old 'honky
tonk' upright. It was on this that she recorded many
of her most successful numbers including her two
#1's and the now legendary 'Black And White Rag'
which has been used as the signature tune of BBC's
'Pot Black' snooker program for several decades.
RUSHING with COUNT BASIE & HIS ORCHESTRA
"The Blues I Like to Hear" (one-sided shellac test).
This song was recorded in New York City with
Jimmy Rushing on vocals -- November 16, 1938
(released on Decca 2284, Matrix #64748. Composed by
Jimmy Rushing and arranged by Buster Smith.
Basie and his Orchestra : Ed Lewis, Harry Edison,
Buck Clayton, tp; Dicky Wells, Dan Minor,
BennyMorton, tb; Earl Warren, as; Lester
Young,Herschel Evans, ts; Jack Washington, bs, as;
Count Basie, p; Freddie Green, g; Walter Page, b; Jo
Jones, drums. BACKGROUND: Born
James Andrew Rushing on August 26, 1903, in Oklahoma
City, OK; died June 8, 1972, in New York, NY. Jazz
vocalist. Pianist. Played in Southern California
with Jelly Roll Morton, Harvey Brooks, and Paul
Howard, 1920s; member of Walter Page Blue Devils
band, 1927-29; joined Bennie Moten's orchestra,
1929-35; member of Count Basie Orchestra, 1935-50;
toured with his own septet, 1950-52; as a solo act,
1952-72; Europe with Humphrey Littleton, Buck
Clayton, Benny Goodman, 1961; Japan and Australia
with Eddie Condon, 1964; appeared in film The
Learning Tree, 1969; appeared at the Half Note
in New York City playing with Al Cohn and Zoot Sims,
early 1970s. Jimmy Rushing, also known as "Mr. Five
by Five," (short height and wide girth)
possessed ajoyous, booming voice that could be
clearly heard over the swinging jazz orchestras of
the big band era and beyond. He began his career as
a piano player in the 1920s, but soon found his
voice. He made his name with the Count Basie
Orchestra in the 1940s, and enjoyed an active career
singing solo and with jazz and big-band greats such
as Humphrey Lyttleton, Buck Clayton, Benny Goodman,
Eddie Condon, Al Cohn, and Zoot Sims, among others.
He toured the United States and abroad, and his
voice can be heard on countless recordings,
including the most recent compilations The
Essential Jimmy Rushing (1978), Mister Five
by Five (1980), and The Classic Count
LOUIS ARMSTRONG & HIS APPEARANCE IN THE
FILM, NEW ORLEANS
Acetate test pressing (10"
78rpm) of the classic Louis Armstrong song, "When
The Saints Go Marching In." This song is
for Louis Armstrong's role in the film, New Orleans.
Record matrix number is C-19, with C. Webb (Chick
written on the label. Record Disc corporation
recording disc is used. The date 1947.
There have been over
1,000 recorded versions of this famous song, but
Louis Armstrong's version is the best. BACKGROUND:
This version of "When
The Saints Go Marching In" was for the
motion picture New Orleans, a piece
of Hollywood fluff that purported to tell the story
of the origins of jazz in the titular city.
It’s a mess of a movie but Pops lights up the screen
and the music is often good. Three short takes of
“The Saints” exist, all strictly instrumental and
featuring Pops mainly playing the melody in a band
that featured his former boss Kid Ory on trombone
and future All Star Barney Bigard on clarinet.
Armstrong sounds in wonderful form but the large
group doesn’t exactly swing, instead marching along
on top of heavy tuba beats. Armstrong sounds great
riding over the ensemble. By April of 1947, New
Orleans was getting ready to make its debut so
Armstrong did a lot of promotion including an
appearance on Rudi Blesh’s WOR radio show This
is Jazz. The broadcast reunited Armstrong with
many of his New Orleans cohorts, including
clarinetist Albert Nicholas, bassist Pops Foster and
drummer Baby Dodds. The song hadn’t exactly become a
staple yet and Armstrong doesn’t seem to have played
it much since the original recording nine years
earlier. Thus, the arrangement follows the Decca
record to a tee.
================= TEST PRESSINGS FROM OTHER LABELS
NAT KING COLE TRIO
One-of-a-kind, historic test pressing (10" 78rpm) of
Nat's first big hit "Straighten Up and Fly Right"
(sold over 500,000 copies) and on the other side, I Just
Can't See For Lookin'
by the Nat King Cole Trio. Recorded in Los
Angeles on the brand new label, Capital Records (CAP
142A / CAP 123B), date is
November 30, 1943.
Nathaniel Adams Coles
(March 17, 1919 – February 15, 1965), known
professionally as Nat "King" Cole, was an
musician who first came to prominence as a leading
jazz pianist. Although an accomplished pianist, he
owes most of his popular musical fame to his soft
baritone voice, which he used to perform in big band
and jazz genres. He was one of the first African
Americans to host a television variety show, and has
maintained worldwide popularity since his death; he
is widely considered one of the most important
musical personalities in United States history.
Listen to Nat King Cole sing
Cole's first mainstream vocal hit was his 1943
recording of one of his compositions,
"Straighten Up and Fly Right,"based on a
black folk tale that his father had used as a theme
for a sermon. Johnny Mercer invited him to record it
for the fledgling Capital Records label. It sold
over 500,000 copies, proving that folk-based
material could appeal to a wide audience. Although
Cole would never be considered a rocker, the song
can be seen as anticipating the first rock and roll
records. Indeed, Bo Diddley, who performed similar
transformations of folk material, counted Cole as an
RACISM: Cole fought racism
all his life and refused to perform in segregated
venues. In 1956, he was assaulted on stage during a
concert in Birmingham, AL, (while singing the song
"Little Girl") by three members of the North Alabama
White Citizens Council (a group led by Education
of Little Tree author, Asa "Forrest Carter,
himself not among the attackers), who apparently
were attempting to kidnap him. The three male
attackers ran down the aisles of the auditorium
towards Cole and his band. Although local law
enforcement quickly ended the invasion of the stage,
the ensuing melée toppled Cole from his piano bench
and injured his back. Cole did not finish the
concert and never again performed in the South. A
fourth member of the group who had participated in
the plot was later arrested in connection with the
act. All were later tried and convicted for their
roles in the crime.
In 1956 he was contracted to
perform in Cuba and wanted to stay at the Hotel Nacional de Cuba, Havana, but was not
allowed to because it operated a color bar. Cole
honored his contract, however, and the concert at
the Tropicana was a huge success. The following
year, he returned to Cuba for another concert,
singing many songs in Spanish. There is now a
tribute to him in the form of a bust and a jukebox
in the Hotel Nacional.
Hard-to-find two-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs,
"Recess in Heaven" and"Why
I Must Adore You" by Dan Grissom --
Matrix #JRC 275 and JRC 276, on the relatively
new label, Columbia
Records.Recorded in Los
December 13, 1947. On the songs are
Bumps Myers (ts),
Sylvester Scott (p), Buddy Harper (g, hca, ldr),
Joe Comfort, and (b) Earl Hyde (d) -- with Dan
Grissom on vocals.
Two genuine Columbia Records 78rpm record (#38351) with
"Recess in Heaven" and "Why I Must Adore You"
by Dan Grissom.
best-known as a vocalist and alto sax player
with the Jimmie Lunceford Orchestra, but
also sang with Duke Ellington for a
half-dozen years and released an occasional
single under his own name on labels such as
He was rather uncharitably nicknamed “Dan
Gruesome” by jazz fans who were less than
enamored by his song stylings. From 1945 onwards
he made records as a vocalist for various small
labels in Los Angeles.
represented a new type of jazz vocalist who came
about more because of technological innovations
than progressive musical thinking.
Around 1933, microphones came into use, allowing
singers such as Dan Grissom or the Claude
Hopkins frontman Orlando Robeson to carry on
over the sound of a full band; neither man had
the lungs to belt out lyrics over the top of the
band the way pre-microphone "blues shouters"
did. There was nothing loud about Grissom's
singing style, described in a survey of
Ellington vocalists as displaying "pinched-tones
and heavy vibrato." Actually, he wasn't the
only big-band singer in the Grissom lineage. His
uncle Jimmy Grissom also sang with Lunceford,
and was just about as busy on records as his
nephew, with somewhat less negative critical
feedback. Dan Grissom joined the Lunceford band
in 1935 and stayed on through the early '40s.
The Sy Oliver arrangement of "By the River
Sainte Marie" was supposedly Grissom's
personal favorite amongst the stacks of songs he
interpreted for Lunceford, though that might not
mean it is any less gruesome. It was roughly a
decade later that Grissom joined Ellington,
staying through 1957, and among other
accomplishments, recording a version of
Ellington's tune "Love (My Everything)," also
known as "My Heart, My Mind, My Everything."
Vocal wonder boy Johnny Mathis was
reportedly influenced by Grissom from this
period. Under his own name, Grissom pitied the "Poor
Butterfly" in the mid-'40s with backing from
the Flennoy Trio, a combo led by Lorenzo Flennoy
on piano. Dan Grissom & the Ebb Tones put out a
single on Million in 1955 featuring the same
song on this test pressing "Recess in Heaven,"
and there is also a rare Imperial single
featuring Grissom's tribute to the "King of
A British test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
song "The Boll Weevil" (side A)and
"The Bourgeois Blues" (side B) by blues
musician, Huddie Ledbetter...better known as
Leadbelly (1885-1949), October 15, 1934,
Both songs were written and performed by Leadbelly.
Working as a driver and field assistant, Leadbelly
recorded the song, Boll Weevil for Alan Lomax in
Shreveport, LA and again the following year in
This version has
since been covered by dozens of artists, from Tex
Ritter to Woodie Guthrie to the White Stripes, who
ended almost every live performance with the tune. A
1961 version by Brook Benton became a #2 pop hit.
Listen to "The Bourgeois Blues"
A genuine Musicraft 78rpm record with "The
Bourgeois Blues" and "The Boll Weevil" by
"The Bourgeois Blues" was written after Lead
Belly went to Washington, DC at the request of Alan
Lomax, to record a number of songs for the Library
of Congress. After they had finished, they decided
to go out with their wives to celebrate, but were
thrown out of numerous establishments for being an
interracial party. The song rails against racism,
classism, and discrimination in general, with such
verses as "The home
of the Brave / The land of the Free / I don't wanna
be mistreated by no "bourgeoisie."
Lyrics: Me and my wife went all over town,
And everywhere we went people turned us down. Lord,
in a bourgeois town. It's a bourgeois town, I got
the bourgeois blues. Gonna spread the news all
around. Well, me and my wife we were standing
upstairs, We heard the white man say'n I don't want
no niggers up there. Lord, in a bourgeois town. Uhm,
bourgeois town. I got the bourgeois blues. Gonna
spread the news all around. Home of the brave, land
of the free. I don't wanna be mistreated by no
bourgeoisie. Lord, in a bourgeois town. Uhm, the
bourgeois town. I got the bourgeois blues. Gonna
spread the news all around. Well, them white folks
in Washington they know how To call a colored man a
nigger just to see him bow. Lord, it's a bourgeois
town. Uhm, the bourgeois town. I got the bourgeois
blues. Gonna spread the news all around. I tell all
the colored folks to listen to me. Don't try to find
you no home in Washington, DC, 'Cause it's a
bourgeois town. Uhm, the bourgeois town. I got the
bourgeois blues. Gonna spread the news all around.
Test Pressing (10" 78rpm) of
Lead Belly's "Frankie and Albert (Part
One)" and the acapella version of "Looky,
Looky, Yonder / Black Betty / Yellow Woman's
Doorbell" medley. 1939. Lyrics: Looky
looky yonder, Looky looky yonder, Looky looky
yonder, Where the sun done gone. The cap'in'
(captain) can't hold 'em ("him" or "them"), Cap'in'
can't hold 'em, Cap'in' can't hold 'em, The way I
do. Yes Addie gotta (got a) gold mine, Addie gotta
gold mine, Addie gotta gold mine, Way above her
"Frankie and Albert" tells the story of a woman,
Frankie, who finds that her man Johnny was "making
love to" another woman and shoots him dead. Frankie
is then arrested; in some versions of the song she
is also executed. The first published version of the
music to "Frankie and Johnny" appeared in
1904, credited to and copyrighted by Hughie Cannon.
At least 256 different recordings of "Frankie and
Johnny" have been made since the early 20th
century, including the Leadbelly version with "Frankie
and Albert." BIO:
Ledbetter, born on Jan. 29, 1885 on the Jeter
Plantation near Mooringsport, La., would spend
several stints in jail, once reportedly lived as a
recluse from the law under an assumed name, and was
known to resolve every-day conflict with violence
right up until
his early passing on Dec. 6, 1949. He had a huge
impact upon British rock-n-roll musicians.
LIONEL HAMPTON &
Extremely rare test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song
(unissued take) "On The Sunny Side of the
Lionel Hampton & his Orchestra and on the other
side "Ain't That Just Like a Woman" by
Louie Jordan & his Tympany Five, which was #4 on the
"Most Played Juke Box Race Records" Billboard charts
in 1947. Recorded on Duo Disc, date is
March 29, 1947. Lionel Hampton and Louie Jordan's names and song titles are
hand-written in period ink.
Rare and possibly one of
a kind acetate (aluminum) test pressing of two jazz greats
on one test pressing! Acetate only has a certain
number of plays before it becomes unsable.
A genuine RCA/Victor 78rpm record (#25592) with "On
The Sunny Side of the Street" by Lionel
Hampton and His Orchestra.
Hampton: “On the Sunny Side of the Street”
appeared on the pop charts first by Ted Lewis and
His Orchestra in February of 1930. Shortly after,
Harry Richman’s recording (which had “Exactly
Like You” on the B-side) climbed to number
thirteen. The strength of “On the Sunny Side of
the Street” is its surprising and inventive
melody. Regardless of who wrote the music, there is
no denying the song’s tone is cheerful, buoyant, and
bouncy. With Dorothy Fields’ casual, optimistic
lyrics, “On the Sunny Side of the Street” was
a perfect pick-me-up for depression-weary listeners.
In spite of its occasional characterization as a
bumptious novelty song, “On the Sunny Side of the
Street” has been a favorite of jazz greats,
musicians and instrumentalists since its publication
-- including Lionel Hampton! Louie Jordan: His first
recordings were released under the name "Louie
Jordan and his Elks Rendez-vous Band" but by the
time of the next recording session, the name became
"Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five" This new name
maintaining the misspelling of "tympani" from their
club billing. From this time forward, his band was
always known as the "Tympany Five" regardless of the
actual number of members. As early as 1946 Jordan
was adding electric guitar to the mix resulting in
songs such as "Ain't That Just Like a Woman."
The humor and energy that permeates so many of
Jordan's recordings is a hallmark of the early Rock
'n' Roll sound.
Scarce one-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song, "Make
Yourself Comfortable," #10745 Mercury
Records. Sarah Vaughan with orchestra conducted
by Hugh Peretti,
dated September 24, 1954. Recorded in New York City.
Vaughan's commercial success at Mercury began with
this particular song...one of her biggest hits.
A genuine Mercury 78rpm records with "Make
Yourself Comfortable" by Sarah Vaughan.
SARAH VAUGHAN with
the GEORGE TREADWELL BAND
Acetate test pressing (10" 78rpm) of one of her
signature tunes of surrender, "Everything I Have
Is Yours," #C-19 Musicraft
Records. Sarah Vaughan with the George Treadwell
dated November 8, 1947.
Matrix #5615. George was Sarah's
first husband and she was married to him from
1946-1957. This song was recorded during their first
year of marriage.
Two genuine Musicraft 78rpm records (#5615) with "Everything
I Have is Yours" by Sarah Vaughan.
BIO: Possessor of
one of the most wondrous voices of the 20th century,
Sarah Vaughan ranked with Ella Fitzgerald and Billie
Holiday in the very top echelon of female jazz
singers. She often gave the impression that with her
wide range, perfectly controlled vibrato, and wide
expressive abilities, she could do anything she
wanted with her voice. Sarah Vaughan's legacy as a
performer and a recording artist will be very
difficult to match in the future.
Her parents were Asbury, a carpenter, and Ada, a
laundress. She began studying music when she was seven,
taking eight years of piano lessons (1931-39) and two
years of organ. As a child, she sang in the choir at the
Mt. Zion Baptist Church in Newark, and played piano and
organ in high school productions at Arts High School.
She developed into a capable
keyboardist. After she won an amateur contest at the
Apollo Theater, she was hired for the Earl Hines
big band as a singer and second vocalist.
Unfortunately, the musicians' recording strike kept
her off record during this period (1943-44). When
lifelong friend Billy Eckstine broke away to form
his own orchestra, Vaughan joined him, making her
recording debut. She loved being with
orchestra, where she became influenced by a couple
of his sidemen, Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie,
both of whom had also been with Hines
during her stint. Vaughan was one of the first
singers to fully incorporate bop phrasing in her
singing, and to have the vocal chops to pull it off
on the level of a Parker
and Gillespie. Other than a few months with John
Kirby from 1945-46,
Sarah Vaughan spent the remainder of her career as a
solo star. Although she looked a bit awkward in 1945
(her first husband George Treadwell would greatly
assist her with her appearance), there was no
denying her incredible voice. ELLA FITZGERALD
with CHICK WEBB & HIS ORCHESTRA
Single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
song "All My Life" by a very young
18-year-old Ella Fitzgerald with Chick Webb and His
in New York City on March 17, 1936. The orchestra
Mario Bauza, Bobby
Stark, Taft Jordan, tp; Sandy Williams, Nat Story, tb;
Pete Clark, Edgar Sampson, as; Teddy McRae, ts; Wayman
Carver, ts; fl; Don Kirkpatrick, p; John Trueheart, g;
Bill Thomas, b; Chick Webb, d; Ella Fitzgerald, voc. BIO: Ella Fitzgerald (1917-1996). A performance
at the Apollo Theater’s famed Amateur Night in 1934 set
Fitzgerald’s career in motion. Over the next seven
decades, she worked with some of the most important
artists in the music industry including Duke Ellington,
Louis Armstrong, Dizzy Gillespie and Frank Sinatra. She
was dubbed “The First Lady of Jazz” for her mainstream
popularity and unparalleled vocal talents—even though
her less–than–svelte appearance and upbeat singing style
was in contrast to the sultry and bluesy female singers
of her day. Her unique ability for mimicking
instrumental sounds helped popularize the vocal
improvisation of “scatting,” which became her signature
technique. Ella recorded over 200 albums and around
2,000 songs in her lifetime, singing the works of some
of the most popular composers such as Cole Porter,
Gershwin and Irving Berlin. Ella Fitzgerald died in 1996
at the age of 79, and is remembered as one of the most
influential jazz artists of the 20th century. ELLA FITZGERALD
with RANDY BROOKS & HIS ORCHESTRA
Single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
song "A Kiss Goodnight" by Ella Fitzgerald with
Randy Brooks and His
Orchestra (MX #73020 Decca, Label #18713). This song
was recorded on August 29, 1945. There is a slight
hairline crack on one half of the disc, but it still
playes. MORTON'S RED HOT
Two-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs,
"Beale Street Blues" and"The
Pearls" -- #20948-A & #20948-B, Victor
Records. Morton's Red Hot Peppers,
dated July 10, 1927 Recorded in Chicago. The
recordings made in Chicago featured some of the
best New Orleans sidemen like Kid Ory, Barney
Bigard, Johnny Dodds, Johnny St. Cyr and Baby
A native of New orleans, Jelly
Roll Morton was the first great composer and
piano player of Jazz. He was a talented arranger
who wrote special scores that took advantage of
the three-minute limitations of the 78 rpm
records. But more than all these things, he was
a real character whose spirit shines brightly
through history, like his diamond studded smile.
Two-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs
Street. Blues" and "The Pearls" (vinyl test for a HJCA
Single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
song "Black Gal (What Makes Your Head So Hard?)"
by Leroy Carr (1905-1935),
songwriter and pianist, best known for his first
release on Vocalion in 1928 at 23 years of age.
Bluebird #15646, 1934.Joe Pullem wrote this
particular song and recorded it first, but Leroy
came out with his own version that very same year --
a year before he died. Lyrics:
Black gal, black
gal, What makes yo' head so hard? Black gal, woman,
What makes yo' head so hard? Lord, I would come to
see you, But your bad man has got me barred. BENNIE MOTEN'S KANSAS CITY ORCHESTRA
Very rare acetate test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
unreleased tune "My Old Flame"
by band leader Bennie Moten (1894-1935),
jazz pianist and band leader born in Kansas
City, MO. Dated May 15, 1946. On the label is
written that the other players on this song
are: Ben Webster, Barney Bigard, Ben Webster
and the super bassist, Israel Crosby (Ahmad
Jamal and George Shearing fame).
Hard-to-find single-sided vinyl test pressing
(10" 78rpm) of the song, "South" by Bennie Moten's
Kansas City Orchestra
(1894-1935). Bennie was a noted American jazz
pianist and band leader born in Kansas City,
Missouri. Moten's popular 1928
recording of "South" (V-38021) stayed
in Victor's catalog over the years (as
#24893) and became a big jukebox hit in the
late 1940s (by then, reissued as #44-0004).
It remained in print (as a vinyl 45) until
RCA stopping making records.
A genuine Victor 78rpm record (#24893) with "South"
by Bennie Moten's Kansas City Orchestra.
BIO: Bennie Moten led the Kansas City
Orchestra, the most important of the
itinerant, blues-based orchestras active in
the Midwest in the 1920s, and helped to
develop the riffing style that would come to
define many of the 1930s Big Bands. His first
recordings were made (for Okeh Records) in
1923, and were rather stiff interpretations of
the New Orleans style of King Oliver and
others. They also showed the influence of the
Ragtime that was still popular in the area.
His OKeh sides (recorded 1923-1925) are some
of the more valuable acoustic jazz 78's of the
era and continue to be treasured records in
many serious jazz collections. They next
recorded in 1926 for Victor Records in NJ, and
were influenced by the more sophisticate style
of Fletcher Henderson, but more often than not
featured a hard stomp beat that was extremely
popular. Moten remained one of Victor's most
popular orchestras through 1930. By 1928
Moten's piano was showing some Boogie Woogie
influences, but the real revolution came in
1929 when he recruited Count Basie, Walter
page and Oran "Hot Lips" Page. Walter Page's
walking bass lines gave the music an entirely
new feel compared to the 2/4 tuba of his
predecessor Vernon Page, colored by Basie's
understated, syncopated piano fills. REV. J. M.
Rare single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
sermon "Scat to the Cat and Suie to
the Hog" recorded in 1930 by Rev. J. M.
Gates (1885-1941), Master test pressing of
Okeh matrix 480014-A, which is a transfer of
matrix 403932-B. It was issued on Okeh 8844.
Why did the curiously titled "Scat to the
Cat and Suie to the Hog" get such a limited
release? Perhaps it was too much comedy and charm to match Okeh's idea of even a rustic sermon? The
main message of the sermon was simply that people
ought not to snap, nark, and claw at one
The Baptist preacher J. M. Gates was one of
the most prolifically recorded black artists
of the early century, with over 200 sides on
wax between the mid-'20s and his death in 1940
(he once recorded 23 titles in a week, at just
two sessions). His sermons and musical numbers
appeared on a variety of labels (Victor,
Bluebird, Okeh, Gennett), though Gates often
re-recorded his most popular sermons — "Death's
Black Train Is Coming," "Oh Death Where
Is Thy Sting," "Goin' to Die with the
Staff in My Hands" — for multiple labels.
Gates ministered at Atlanta's Calvary
Church and first recorded in 1926.
Beginning in April, he recorded almost 100
sides by the end of the year. Understandably,
his output slowed slightly during the rest of
the late '20s, and the advent of the Great
Depression resulted in a four-year period off
records. He returned in 1934, and recorded
about 20 more sides until his death in 1941.
Experts estimate that Gates recorded at least
a quarter of all the sermons that appeared
before 1943. Gates is credited with
introducing the gospel music of former blues
artist, Thomas A. Dorsey, into the black
gospel market via his crusades. His funeral
drew the largest crowd of any memorial service
in the city before Martin Luther King, Jr.
CLARENCE WILLIAMS' BLUE
Single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Thriller
Blues" by Clarence Williams' Blue
- 1965), with wife, Eva Taylor on vocals.
A genuine Bluebird 78rpm record (#11368) with "Thriller
Blues" by Clarence William's Five, with
vocals by Eva Taylor. BIO: Although he
was quite spirited playing jug, Clarence
Williams was a decent pianist,
composer and dancer. He was a likable but
He was also a business manager for other
Black entertainers, and an independent
entrepreneur (who had his own Music
fascinating figure and one of the most
successful black businessmen of the era,
Clarence Williams had a real ear for
During 1923 to 1928, he was the artist and
repertoire director for Okeh Records.
Before he was in his teens, he had decided
upon a career in show business and ran
away from home to work with a traveling
minstrel show. By the time he was 21 he
had started composing, formed his first
publishing company, and was married to
Blues singer Eva Taylor (1923).
At the height of his power in the early '30s,
Clarence Williams' importance waned as the
decade continued and swing took over. After
1937, he only appeared on one final session
(two songs in 1941), concentrating on the
business side of music. In 1943, he sold his
company to Decca and became a shop
owner in Harlem. Williams was seriously
injured when hit by a taxi in 1956 and passed
away in 1965.
Fascinating single-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Rosetta"
by Earl "Fatha" Hines. (1903
Pianist/composer/bandleader Earl “Fatha” Hines
first recorded “Rosetta” with his
orchestra on October 21, 1939. The lyrics were written by
his band’s arranger Henri Woode. Western swing
bandleader Bob Wills contributed to the
popularity of “Rosetta,” which he first
recorded in 1938 and which became the theme
song of his Texas Playboys as well as the name
of his daughter, born in 1940.
simple lyric attests, “Rosetta” is a love
song: Rosetta, my
Rosetta, In my heart, dear, there’s no one but
you. You made my whole life a dream, and I
pray you’ll make it come true...
Earl Hines plays "Rosetta"
A genuine RCA/Victor 78rpm record (#040480-3)
with "Rosetta" by Earl "Fatha" Hines.
Scarce double-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs "Jambalaya"
(side A)and "Please, Baby" (side B) by
Titus Turner (1933
- 1984), with Danny Kessler orchestra while he
was only 19 years of age.
Turner – though
no slouch in the performing department – made
his mark as a writer of some of absolutely
dynamite songs, among them ‘Sticks and
Stones’, ‘All Around the World’ (aka
Grits Ain’t Groceries), and ‘Leave
My Kitten Alone’. Turner himself had a two
decade long career as a recording artist,
spending most of the 50s recording mostly for
Okeh and King, and then the 60s recording
for no less than a dozen different imprints.
Turner originally recorded ‘People Sure Act
Funny’ for the Enjoy label in 1962.
MERLINE JOHNSON "THE YAS
An almost-impossible-to-find single-sided
shellac test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Squeeze
by Merline Johnson "The Yas Yas Girl" (1912
Barnes (el guitar) prob. Blind John Davis
(piano) and unknown (bass)
Apparently made by or
During the late '30s, one
Chicago-based blues woman cut more records
than either Memphis Minnie or Georgia White,
and even edged in on Blue Lu Barker with a
smart cover of her most famous hit, "Don't You
Make Me High." The aunt of R&B vocalist LaVern
Baker, Merline Johnson was usually billed as
the Yas Yas Girl, a bawdy nickname that
utilized a favorite early blues euphemism for
your butt. Little is known of this singer's
origins, her life during a brief but
productive heyday, or her eventual fate.
Legend has it she first saw the light of day
somewhere in the state of Mississippi during
the year 1912. After making her way to
Chicago, she established herself as a
sanguine, straightforward blues vocalist whose
backup bands were often peppered with seasoned
jazz musicians who were capable of swinging
hard when necessary, and sometimes launched
into full-strength boogie-woogie. After
cutting six sides as Merline Johnson for
Bluebird in May 1937, she commenced recording
for the American Record Corporation a few
weeks later as the Yas Yas Girl, already
demonstrating an innate ability to put across
blues and jazzy dance tunes convincingly, with
a combination of honesty and warmth that is
still very effective. Between 1938 and 1941
Merline Johnson waxed more than 50 titles for
Vocalion and OKeh, covering the standard
topical range of Chicago blues. She sang of
passionate and at times turbulent
interpersonal relationships, of unencumbered
sexuality, and of unapologetic alcohol
consumption. Her accompanists, drawn from a
pool of experts from New Orleans and Chicago,
included trumpeters Punch Miller and Lee
Collins; saxophonists Buster Bennett and Bill
Owsley; guitarists Big Bill Broonzy, George
Barnes, and Lonnie Johnson; Vocalion's
resident steel guitarist Casey Bill Weldon;
pianists Blind John Davis, Black Bob Hudson,
and Aletha Robinson; string bassists Ransom
Knowling and Bill Settles; an interesting
character named Alfred Elkins who carried a
bassline really well using only his voice; and
a rock-solid drummer by the name of Fred
Williams. Aside from one final session in
1947, most of this woman's recorded legacy
dates from the years and months prior to the
U.S.A.'s direct involvement in the Second
ERNIE WILKINS & HIS
Test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song "Blue
Jeans Blues" (side A)and "Have You
Ever Been Lonely?" (side B) by
Ernie Wilkins & his Orchestra. Savoy #1524,
September 6, 1957, recorded in New York City.
Ernie's orchestra members:
Jim Dahl, Al Grey,
Rod Levitt, Melba Liston (tb) Ernie Wilkins (as, arr,
dir) Don Abney (p) Al Lucas (b) Charlie Persip (d) 6
DUKE ELLINGTON & HIS
Extremely rare test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song, "Blue
Ramble," #B11866B. Duke Ellington and his orchestra,
dated May 18, 1932. Columbia.
MARVIN GAYE & SISTER SLEDGE
pressing remix import (12'' LP) B-Boy House edit #HEDIT001A.
Side A: Marvin Gaye -- "Too Busy Thinking About My
Side B: Sister Sledge -- "All American Girls."
One-sided test pressing (12" LP) of "Watch Your Step"
by Anita Baker. Specialty Records #ED-5132, dated
February 4, 1986.
BILLIE HOLIDAY & HER
Extremely rare test pressing (10" 78rpm) of
the song "All of Me" (side A)and
"Romance in the Dark" (side B) by Billie
Holiday & her Orchestra. Okeh #6214, 1941,
written by Gerald Marks and Seymour Simons.
took my kisses and all my love. You taught me how to
care. Am I to be just remnant of a one side love
affair. All you took, I gladly gave, There is
nothing left for me to save. All of me, Why not take
all of me, Can't you see I'm no good without you.
Take my lips, I want to loose them. Take my arms,
I'll never use them. Your goodbye left me with eyes
that cry. How can I go on dear without you. You took
the part that once was my heart, So why not take all
One-of-a-kind test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the song, "Come
Up and See Me Sometime," Brunswick #6885,
Matrix: B-14956-C. Ethel Waters and the
Brunswick Studio Band,
in New York City, dated March 16, 1934.
or Charlie Margulis, Bunny Berigan (tp), Frank
Luther Trio (Frank Luther, Zora Layman,
Leonard Stokes). BIO: Ethel Waters was
one of the most popular African-American
singers and actresses of the 1920s. She moved
to New York in 1919 after touring in
vaudeville shows as a singer and a dancer. She
made her recording debut in 1921 on Cardinal
records with "The New York Glide" and "At
the New Jump Steady Ball," but switched
over to African-American owned Black Swan
label, and recorded "Down Home Blues"
and "Oh Daddy" the first Blues numbers
for that company. She frequently sang with
Fletcher Henderson during the early 1920s, but
by the mid-1920s Waters had became more of a
pop singer. She performed in a number of
musical revues throughout the rest of the
decade and appeared a couple of films,
including "Check and Double Check" with Amos
'n' Andy and Duke Ellington. By the end of the
1930s she was a big star on Broadway. In 1949,
she was nominated for an Oscar for best
supporting actress in the film "Pinky", and
the next year she won the New York Drama
Critics Award for best actress. Waters became
a Christian in the late Fifties and performed
and toured with evangelist Billy Graham until
her death in 1977. TINY
BRADSHAW, HIS PIANO AND BAND
Test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
jazz/blues songs, "Powder Puff,"
and "Ping Pong" #4687, Matrix #K9320.
Tiny Bradshaw, his Piano and Band,
dated 1950s. Dee Jay King Special.
Sylvester Austin on tenor sax.
LOUIS ARMSTRONG & HIS
master single-sided test pressing (11" 78rpm) of
the song "Home (When Shadows Fall)" by
Louis Armstrong & his Orchestra.
Columbia control #405132, January 27, 1932,
recorded in Chicago, IL. with Louis Armstrong
(Trumpet, Vocal). Zilner Randolph (Trumpet),
Preston Jackson (Trombone), Lester Boone
(Clarinet, Alto Saxophone), George James
(Reeds), Albert Washington (Clarinet, Tenor
Saxophone), Charlie Alexander (Piano), Mike
McKendrick (Banjo, Guitar), John Lindsay
(Bass) and Tubby Hall (Drums).
LUIS RUSSELL'S HOT SIX
Scarce double-sided test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs "Sweet
Mumtaz" (side A)and "Dolly
Mine" (side B) by Luis Russell
and his Hot Six.
November 17, 1926.
Turner – though
no slouch in the performing department – made
his mark as a writer of some of absolutely
dynamite songs, among them ‘Sticks and
Stones’, ‘All Around the World’ (aka
Grits Ain’t Groceries), and ‘Leave
My Kitten Alone’. Turner himself had a two
decade long career as a recording artist,
spending most of the 50s recording mostly for
Okeh and King, and then the 60s recording
for no less than a dozen different imprints.
Turner originally recorded ‘People Sure Act
Funny’ for the Enjoy label in 1962.
Russell Orchestra started in Chicago and
then moved to New York. They were one of
the most innovative bands of their day,
but never had the commercial success that
they deserved. They are generally
considered to be one of the first Swing
bands. The outfit featured some of the
best hot musicians from New Orleans, such
as Barney Bigard, Omer Simeon and Pops
Foster. The band first backed up Louis
Armstrong in 1929 on the record "Mahogany
Hall Stomp" -- which this collection also
owns (see above).
SUGAR RAY ROBINSON
audio test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the
famous boxer, Sugar Ray Robinson's
appearance in "Excursion"
an NBC TV series of 26 shows
people ages 8-16, designed to give them
stimulating views of world literature,
science, sports, art, theater,
career-building, and government, with
Americans who have made distinguished
contributions in these fields acting as
This particular show aired during the week of
August 25th, 1953. Dick Charles
located at 729
Seventh Avenue, New York.
These were test
scenes for the 1953 TV Episode of
Huckleberry Finn, which co-starred boxing
champion Sugar Ray Robinson as Jim. Sugar Ray
Robinson was expanding on his career by
branching out in print advertising, television
and film. Mr. Robinson was a handsome natural,
that the cameras adored.
retired from professional boxing in December
1953 to become a dancer.
DICK CHARLES RECORDING STUDIOS:
1950s, Dick Charles had opened a recording
studio on Seventh Avenue in New York City, a
block away from Broadway. It was here that a
good number of demos of up and coming stars
were cut before the stars were signed by the
big record labels. Here, both Dick Charles
(Richard Krieg and Richard Waldspurger) worked
with many famous and not quite so famous
musicians and performers.
Gramophone test pressing (10" 78rpm) of the songs "Breakin'
The Ice" (side A)and
"Honeysuckle Rose" (side B) by
Fats Waller and His Rhythm (1904
- 1943). A
British test pressing. Brunswick
November 7, 1934.
BACKGROUND: Born in New York City with
the given name Thomas Wright Waller, "Fats"
Waller was the son of a churchman. He learned
how to play the organ in church with his
mother, Adeline Waller, who gave him a
background in classical music. Fats' first
musical experience was playing harmonium for
his father's Abyssinian Baptist Church at 10
years of age. The music which Fats later
picked up around Harlem was viewed by his
father as "music from the Devil's workshop."
In 1918 Waller won a
talent contest playing James P. Johnson's
"Carolina Shout" which he learned from
watching a pianola play the song. Later,
when Johnson met Fats for the first time
and heard him play the pipe organ, he told
his wife, "I know I can teach that boy."
So Johnson took Waller under his wing and
within months had improved his play and
introduced him to his first Harlem rent
party. Waller was such a diligent and
lonesome pupil that he would practice on
the Johnson's piano until 3 or 4 o'clock
in the morning--when Mrs. Johnson would
finally order him to go home. In 1922,
Johnson had been asked to take over the
piano at Leroy's, a club at Fifth Avenue
and 135th Street where Willie the Lion
Smith had been playing. But Johnson was
going out of town with a show and he
recommended his 18 year old protégé for
the job. This was Waller's night club
debut. But he was ready because by this
time, Fats had developed into an
all-around keyboard dynamo who was playing
theater organ for silent movies and stage
shows (at Harlem's Lincoln Theater),
accompanying singers, backing up dancers
in chorus lines, vaudeville revues and
nightclubs, and playing blistering stride
piano at rent parties. Though his skills
on the piano introduced him to fame, it
wasn't until after Fats started to sing
that he became famous. From 1930 to 1943,
Fats made over five hundred recordings and
he was recognized from the streets of
Harlem to Danish nightclubs as he toured
extensively and appeared on numerous radio
broadcasts as well as in some Hollywood
feature films. Fats unexpectedly died on
board a train near Kansas City, Missouri
of pneumonia on Dec 15, 1943. Usually
remembered as a genial clown, he is of
lasting importance as one of the greatest
of all jazz pianists and as a gifted
songwriter, whose work in both fields was
MANY MORE "TEST
PRESSING" RARITIES ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
BYAS & HIS RE-BOPPERS -
"How High the Moon" and "Dynamo
A" (#ST1896 & ST1900, by Don
Byas -- white label two-sided shellac
test of recordings made on January 27, 1947
at Studio Technisonor in Paris). Peanuts
Holland (tp) Don Byas (ts) Billy Taylor (p)
Jean-Jacques Tilche (g) Jean Bouchety (b)
Buford Oliver (d).
BOSTIC - Sleep (#4444 single-sided
vinyl test pressing recorded in 1951). Earl Bostic (1913-1965)
was an American jazz and rhythm and blues
and a pioneer of the post-war American
Rhythm and Blues
style. He was a major influence on John
Coltrane. He had a number of popular hits
such as "Flamingo", "Harlem
Nocturne", "Temptation", "Sleep"
and "Where or When", which showed off
his characteristic growl on the horn.
Bostic recorded for Cincinnati-based King
Records, a small label that was well known
for releasing "R and B" and Bluegrass
records. In fact, the biggest star on the
King label was "the Godfather of Soul,"
Bostic was also popular among R&B and jazz
followers in the United Kingdom, thanks to
his records that were released on the
Parlophone label. King Records was rewarded
for its devotion to Bostic and his music in
1951, when “Sleep” (a song from the
1920s) went to Number Six on the R&B chart.
TEAGARDEN & ORCHESTRA -
"River Home" (#ST1867-1, white label
one-sided shellac test of recordings made on
July, 1940. In
1940, Jack Teagarden recorded sixteen
sides for Varsity,
which were reissued in 1986 by Savoy Jazz.
During these sessions, his orchestra
included Nat Jaffe on piano.
BACKGROUND: (Weldon Leo
Teagarden), 1905–1964, American jazz
trombonist and singer, b. Vernon, Tex. One
of the earliest White bluesmen, he came from
a jazz-playing family and was mainly
self-taught. He sometimes played with his
brothers, trumpeter Charlie and drummer Cub,
and sister, pianist Norma. In his twenties
Teagarden wandered across America's
Southwest, playing in several jazz groups,
and arrived in New York in 1927. He played
in bands led by Ben Pollack (1928–33),
Paul Whiteman (1933–38), and Louis
Armstrong (1947–51), and also led his
own groups (1939–47; 1951–57). He began
recording in the late 1920s and made many
albums throughout his career. Teagarden was
one of the great horn players of the
mid-20th cent.; his trombone playing,
seemingly effortless yet extremely
accomplished technically, was uniquely
smooth and lyrical. In addition, his
somewhat gruff, drawling voice was ideal for
singing the blues.
on DA SET -
"Dee Dottie Day" Test pressing (AV8
Records) by Davey Dex of this and other rap/hip hop songs
(1996). Instrumental Cut-up/DJ.
He is a producer, DJ from NYC. A DJ for 20
years, He plays Hip-Hop/R&B, Reggaeton
Classic House, Classic Freestyle, Smooth
Jazz. As a Producer, He produces mostly
Hip-Hop Beats and Party Records but has
produced House as well. With over 30 records
under his belt. He has produced records
---ORO "TUT" SOPER -
"Right Kind of Love" by Oro
acetate recorded in Jack Gardner's apartment
with drummer Warren "Baby" Dodds on January
31, 1944 in Chicago). John Steiner and Hugh
Davis teamed Soper up with Dodds in pianist
Jack Gardner’s apartment for the session.
Gardner owned a particularly fine piano,
which is why the session was held in his
place, at 102 East Bellevue, a basement
apartment located in the same apartment
complex as John Steiner. Jazz fans tend to
revel in improvisation, and Down Beat
columnist George Hoefer loved the idea at
how "impromptu" the recording was, as Soper
and Dodds had never met before, and had feel
each other out in the recording process.
Little is known about Tut Soper, and he
seems to have made very few recordings. Tut proceeded
to develop his career as a popular solo act.
He found additional work with reedmen Bud
Freeman, Boyce Brown,
and Orville "Bud" Jacobson, and with
trumpeter Johnny Mendel. Tut also
performed with drummer Danny Alvin
and with Frank Snyder, who played drums with
the New Orleans Rhythm Kings in 1922. While
hot jazz was artistically rewarding, Tut
found greater monetary security working with
popular hotel-orchestra leader George Olsen.
The great recorded legacy of this grievously
overlooked pianist consists of six duets he
recorded with master percussionist Warren
"Baby" Dodds. Five of these sides, recorded
January 31, 1944, can be found on Jazz &
Blues Piano Vol. 2: 1924-1947. With Tut
sounding at times a bit like Earl Hines,
these tasty stomps provide a tangible
context for his reputation as a mainstay of
traditional Chicago jazz. The only other
session involving this pianist that has come
to light is a 1957 Dixie revival date led by
guitarist/vocalist Marty Grosz, released on
Riverside as Hooray for Bix!
reissued in 2000 on the Good Time Jazz
label. Tut's impact upon the evolution of
jazz in Chicago was greater than this
handful of obscure phonograph records can
ever demonstrate. His story serves as a
reminder that the real history of this music
is a mosaic of many individual lives; it
runs much deeper and is far more intricate
than the standard pantheon of famous names
and familiar faces.
"Eccentric Rag" (single-sided
shellac test recorded in New York, dated 1940).
Buster Bailey (1902-1967) was a brilliant
clarinetist who, although known for his
smooth and quiet playing with John Kirby's
sextet, occasionally really cut loose with
some wild solos. Expertly trained by the
classical teacher Franz Schoepp (who also
taught Benny Goodman), Bailey worked with
W.C Handy's band in 1917. Eccentric Rag
was the first big hit written by J. Russel
Robinson in 1912.
vinyl test pressing recorded in 1942) by the
Music reviewer, Paghat writes about this
song and arrangement that can be seen
to a forgiveable degree, the Mills Brothers
perform this song in the garb of hillbillies
as they vocally recreate Duke Ellington's
classic instrumental Caravan (1942).
It's doubtful the brothers had anything to
do with the costuming, but had done their
arrangement of the swing tune strictly in
honor of Ellington, thus sophisticated
rather than hick imagery would've been more
apropos. To recreate a big band swing sound
with just their mouths is damned clever, but
they've also given us a very fine piece of
classic harmony. Given the sophistication of
Ellington's composition and the cosmopolitan
wittiness of the Mills Brothers' vocal
arrangement, dressing them up in a hick
setting seems hardly to fit the music.
heighten the unfortunate stereotype there
are three 'lazy darkies' lounging nearby, a
guy and two gals. These lazy persons have
complained that a dance band was supposed to
show up for a dance, but isn't going to make
it. Only when the Mills Brothers recreate
the band vocally does everyone perk up."
Read review by Paghat
& then watch "Caravan"
Paghat continues, "Slowy one and then the other two and then
additional dancers from off screen all get
up to dance to "Caravan." It pretty much
turns into a 'dancie' instead of a soundie,
and if you overlook the stereotyping
costuming, this is pretty fine performing,
including some breakdance moves from the guy
who wins a trophy, though he has to stop
eatin' dat watermelon to receive it.
Director Josef Berne worked with many black
entertainers and should've known better. But
in the context of soundie content of the
time, one of the most popular 'thread' of
soundies content was fake hillbilly music by
the likes of the Korn Kobblers and scores of
others. So rather than thinking 'lets have
some lazy rural darkies with watermelons'
I'm sure the point was to have black
entertainers horn in on the generally
popular honky-hillbillie imagery in many a
soundie. And without the weight of history
of such imagery crushing down upon it, it
would've been no worse (but also no more
clever) than when white performers did such
acts. The music at least is good, and the
later Mills Brothers soundies to come would
forgo storytelling in favor of recording the
performance." (review by Paghat)
"Cat On a Hot Tin Roof" and
"The First Time" by Dinah Washington
(1924-1963) -- both songs recorded in 1956
with Mercury Records(Matrix
#70868) white label
two-sided test pressing. Dinah
was a blues,
R&B, and jazz singer. She is a 1986
inductee of the Alabama Jazz Hall of Fame.
Washington was well known for singing torch
songs. Recordings by
Dinah Washington were inducted into the
Grammy Hall of Fame, which is a special
Grammy award established in 1973 to honor
recordings that are at least twenty-five
years old, and that have "qualitative or
---KING CURTIS -
(real name Curtis Ousley, 1934-1971) --
one-sided 45 test pressing recorded in 1969
with Atlantic/Atco Records(Mono,
#69-C-16320-1, #6664). In 1970,
Curtis won the Best R&B Instrumental
Performance Grammy for this song, "Games
A genuine Atlantic/Atco 45rpm record (#69-C-16320)
with "Games People Play" by
BACKGROUND: Saxophonist, songwriter
and producer. Successful both as a solo
artist (best known for his 1967 hit
Memphis Soul Stew) as well as a session
musician and producer. Curtis mainly played
and composed rhythm and blues or soul but
also some Rock and roll and great bop or
soul jazz. He was inducted into the Rock &
Roll Hall of Fame in 2000. Around midnight
on August 13, 1971
Curtis was lugging an air-conditioning unit
towards his brownstone apartment on West
86th Street in New York City when he noticed
two junkies were using drugs on the steps to
his home. When he asked them to leave, an
The argument quickly became heated and
turned into a fist-fight with one of the
men, 26-year old Juan Montañez. Suddenly,
Montañez pulled out a knife and stabbed
Curtis in the chest. Curtis managed to
wrestle the knife away and stab his
assailant four times before collapsing.
Montañez staggered away from the scene and
Curtis was taken to Roosevelt Hospital,
where he died from his wounds less than an
hour later. Montañez was
arrested at the same hospital Curtis had
been taken to. When police officers
investigating the murder learned that
another man had been admitted to Roosevelt
hospital with stab wounds around the same
time as Curtis, they quickly realized that
the two events were connected. Montañez was
charged with Curtis' murder and subsequently
sentenced to a term of imprisonment.
by Sue Chaloner
(born 1953) -- one-sided 33 test
pressing recorded in 1991
with Pulse-8 Records(UK). Sue
English-Dutch pop singer, best known for the
'70s duo Spooky and Sue.
She is living
in Holland these days and tours Europe
---REX STEWART -
"Jug Blues" ("ST
2219-2", "M3-113850", "PART 5196"
by Rex Stewart -- white label
one-sided original shellac test pressing.
Technisonor, Paris, France on December 9 &
Rex Stewart (1907-1967) liked
to experiment with his cornet, creating
different sounds. He popularized the
half-valve technique and was quite adept at
playing just his valve. Both are employed on
"Jug Blues," backing the
rough-and-ready vocalizing of bass player
Wilson Myers. On the song: Rex Stewart (cor)
Sandy Williams (tb) George Kennedy (as, cl)
Vernon Story (ts) Don Gais (p) Ted Curry (d).
"There'll Be a Hot Time In Town Tonight" (Matrix
#21840) white label
one-sided original 78 shellac test pressing,
with hand-written information about the
"Empress of the Blues," Bessie Smith
(1894-1937). Recorded in 1927 by Columbia
Records. BACKGROUND: Bessie Smith's
magnificent voice, sense of the dramatic,
clarity of diction (you never missed a word
of what she sang) and incomparable time and
phrasing set her apart from the competition
and made her appeal as much to jazz lovers
as to lovers of the blues.
Her voice was remarkable, filling the
largest hall without amplification
and reaching out to each listener in
beautiful, earthy tones. Born into poverty
in Chattanooga, TN, Bessie Smith began
singing for money on street corners and
eventually rose to become the
largest-selling recording artist of her
day. So mesmerizing was her vocal style
- reinforced by her underrated acting
and comedic skills - that near-riots
frequently erupted when she appeared.
Those outside the theaters clamored to
get in; those inside refused to leave
without hearing more of Smith. Guitarist
Danny Barker as saying: "Bessie
Smith was a fabulous deal to watch. She was
a large, pretty woman and she dominated the
stage. You didn't turn your head when she
went on. You just watched Bessie. If you had
any church background like people who came
from the [U.S.] South as I did, you would
recognize a similarity between what she was
doing and what those preachers and
evangelists from there did, and how they
moved people. She could bring about mass
hypnotism." With her earnings, Smith was
able to purchase a custom-designed railroad
car for herself and her troupe in 1925. This
luxury allowed her to circumvent some of the
dispiriting effects of the racism found in
both northern and southern states as she
traveled with her own tent show or with the
Theater Owners' Booking Association (TOBA)
shows, commanding a weekly salary that
peaked at $2,000. Twice she was instrumental
in helping save Columbia Records from
"The World's Jazz Crazy, Lawdy So Am I"
and "Creole bo bo" (two-sided shellac test
pressing recorded October 21, 1946 by Columbia #37276 and #37277). As a prime
surviving trombonist from the dawn of
recorded jazz, Edward "Kid" Ory served as
the eye of a hurricane driving the
resurgence of traditional New Orleans
entertainment during the mid-'40s. His radio
broadcasts and the excellent studio
recordings he cut during the second half of
the 1940s helped to repopularize
old-fashioned jazz and paved the way for a
full-blown Dixieland revival during the
1950s. The "Creole Bo Bo" ("Bo Bo"
being a sort of dance) was one of his
popular selections, along with "The
World's Jazz Crazy," which sounded a lot
like "Ballin' the Jack."
"Big Foot" Part I&II. recorded on
December 11, 1948 at the Royal Roost.
(two-sided shellac). This is a very nice,
near mint 10" (78rpm).
Davis and Kinny Dorham are on
trumpet, with pianist Al Haig,
bassist Tommy Potter and drummer
Max Roach. BACKGROUND:
Arguably the greatest saxophonist of all
time, Charlie "Bird" Parker was one
of a handful of artists who permanently
changed jazz. The altoist's phenomenal
technique, ability to play perfectly
coherent solos at blinding speeds, array of
fresh ideas and phrases and his genius at
improvising over chord changes have inspired
and been emulated by a countless number of
musicians from 1945 up to the present. Most
of Bird's most famous solos were made in the
studio either for Savoy, Dial or Verve.
However, when his band was captured live at
clubs, the results were even more stunning.
Parker was able to take lengthy solos and
his string of ideas never seemed to run out
of creativity or excitement. From the Royal
Roost with his regularly working quintet.
ROYAL ROOST: 1580 Broadway (at 47th
Street). Peak years: 1946 to mid-’50s. In
1942, a new sound began to be heard in New
York City: snappy, staccato phrasing,
harmonic leaps and rhythmic elasticity all
taken at a breakneck tempo that favored 8th
notes (and sometimes 16th notes) for maximum
effect. By 1944, this sound that defined a
doorway into the modern era of jazz had its
heroes—Charlie Parker, Dizzy Gillespie—and a
name: bebop. Sept. 1948-March 1949—Bird’s
quintet featured weekly at Royal Roost Club
in NYC, dubbed the "Metropolitan Bopera
House;" stellar sessions taped off radio
broadcasts by Boris Rose, others during
recording ban by American Federation of
Musicians; broadcasts flavored by colorful
deep-voiced musings of legendary jazz disc
jockey "Symphony Sid" Torin.
FLETCHER HENDERSON ORCHESTRA -
Wave" (single-sided vinyl test pressing
recorded on September 12, 1934 in New York
by Decca). The Fletcher Henderson
Orchestra was the most popular
African-American band of the 1920s. The
smooth, carefully arranged sound of
Henderson's orchestra was a huge influence
on the Swing style of the next decade. The
Orchestra played at the Club Alabam on West
44th Street in New York from 1922 to July of
1924 and then moved to the Roseland Ballroom
when Armand J. Piron's Orchestra vacated the
job and returned to New Orleans. In 1924
Henderson hired Louis Armstrong
to replace Joe Smith on trumpet. Armstrong's
thirteen months in the band caused quite a
stir among New York Jazz musicians who had
never heard anything like him. The orchestra
also featured Coleman Hawkins on tenor
saxophone, Buster Bailey
on clarinet and Don Redman
on alto saxophone and also contributing
arrangements. When Armstrong
left the band to return to Chicago to join
Erskine Tate's Vendome Orchestra a
succession of fine cornet and trumpet
players played in the band.
---BILL HARRIS -
"Bill Harris and His Guitar" (two-sided vinyl
recorded in 1956 by Mercury).
EmArcy # MG
36097 from Mercury.
EmArcy Solo Guitar from 1956 is
considered to be the first album of solo
jazz guitar ever released.
titles are typewritten on the
label...Selections are: Stompin' at the
Savoy, Moonglow, Cherokee, Out of Nowhere,
Ethel, Possessed, Perdido, I Can't Get
Started, Dreaming, K.C. Shuffle, Ivanhoe,
Bill Harris was one of the finest
solo guitar players to take on classical
guitar, jazz and blues. He was lead
guitarist, composer/arranger and singer with
The Clovers in the early 1950's. Bill
Harris was a professor of music at Howard
University. During the '70s, Harris
operated Pigfoot, a Washington, D.C.,
restaurant, nightclub, and art gallery.
GODDARD of the Foreman Banks -
Heav'n" and "Lucky Jim" (very rare
white label pressing of otherwise unreleased
1930 Brunswick masters) by Jim Goddard. Adapted by Harry
Thacker Burleigh in 1921 as "Heav'n
Heav'n (Gonna Shout All Over God's Heav'n)"
& HIS HONEYDRIPPERS -
Joe Liggins (1915 - 1987) with
"Little Willie" and "Think
of Me" (very rare two-sided Exclusive
sample copy (EXC-1139, Master Series: 252,
Hollywood, CA). Songs featured "Little"
Willie Jackson on alto and baritone; James
Jackson on tenor; Joe Liggins on piano;
Frank Pasley on guitar; Eddie Davis on bass;
Peppy Prince on drums. BACKGROUND: Joe was an American R&B,
jazz, and blues pianist, who was the
frontman in the 19402 and 1950s with the
band, Joe Liggins and the Honeydrippers.
His band was often the staple on the US
Billboard R&B chart in those years, with
their biggest hit logging a reported 2
"Big Stick Blues" (single-sided
Metropolitan Recording Studios acetate which
seems to be from a radio program on the life
& compositions of W.C. Handy -- an announcer
speaks at the beginning --- note that "Big
Stick Blues" was never recorded prior to
this recording and this seems to be a unique
"SCRATCH" PHILLIPS -
"Mary Jo" (by the Four Blazes) and
"Fancy Meeting You" (by Count Basie) -- two-sided
10" shellac KCOR radio pressing, hand
written on the label and signed by Scratch.
Albert "Scratch" Phillips was a
legendary African American disc jockey in
San Antonio, Texas. Hired by KCOR on May
25th, 1951, Scratch hosted a nightly
two-hour R&B radio show on KCOR. The
listeners were treated to Jackie Wilson, Ray
Charles, Bo Diddley, James Brown and many
other entertainers. In 1953 KCOR opened up a
cafe. Scratch installed a broadcasting booth
in the cafe, from which he originated his
nightly program. He later hosted a KCOR TV
(channel 41) show. Scratch died in December,
"Big Butter and Egg
Man" and "When it's Sleepytime Down South" (two-sided shellac
test). "Big Butter and Egg Man" was a
song written by Percy Venable. Venable was a
record producer at the Sunset Cafe
and wrote the song for Louis Armstrong and
singer May Alix.
The song is often played by Dixieland bands,
and is considered a jazz standard.
According to pianist Earl Hines,
Alix would often tease the young Armstrong
during performances. Armstrong was known to
be timid, and had a crush on the beautiful
vocalist. At times, Armstrong would forget
the lyrics and just stare at Alix, and band
members would shout "Hold it, Louis! Hold
it." Armstrong's utterly confident cornet
solo on the 1926 recording is one of his
most highly acclaimed performances. The
song name was a 1920s slang
term for a big spender, a traveling
businessman in the habit of spending large
amounts of money in nightclubs.
The song is also known as "I Want a Big
Butter and Egg Man" or "Big Butter
and Egg Man from the West".
A genuine Decca 78rpm record with "When
it's Sleeytime Down South" by Louis
Armstrong and His Orchestra.
-- In 1931, Armstrong first recorded
"When It's Sleepytime Down South," the
tune that became his theme song.
"I'll Walk Alone" and "Kiss of
Fire" -- two-sided shellac test
pressing, with "Kiss of Fire"
adapted from 'El Choclo' (Lester
Allen–Robert Hill) Decca 28177, [Master
82703]. Recorded April 19, 1952, Denver,
Colorado -- I
touch your lips and all at once the sparks
go flying, Those devil lips that know so
well the art of lying. And though I see the
danger, still the flame grows higher, I know
I must surrender to your kiss of fire.
In anyone else's hands, the ancient tango
Kiss Of Firewould
have sounded ludicrous, but Satch gives it
the same light-hearted treatment Fats Waller
might have given it. Had he heard it, Waller
would have nodded in approval of Louis' tag:
'Ah, boin (burn) me!'
-- "I'll Walk Alone" is recorded the
same date (April 19, 1952) in Denver, CO
Cahn) [master 82702] -- Decca 28177.
Armstrong, Louis (Trumpet, Vocal), Phillips,
Russ (Trombone), Bigard, Barney (Clarinet),
Ruffell, Donald (Clarinet, Tenor Saxophone),
Napoleon, Marty (Piano), Jones, Dale (Bass),
Cole, Cozy (Drums).
"I Dream of Jeanie" and "Indian
Love Call" (two-sided shellac test).
"I Dream of Jeanie" was written by
Stephen Foster, originally titled "I
Dream of Jenny with the Light Brown Hair."
Jenny was the nickname of Stephen Foster's
wife to whom - with whom he had an unhappy
on-again marriage. And he wrote this when
they were estranged, or - it's a little bit
unclear - or possibly, just gotten back
together again. I dream of
Jeanie with the light brown hair. Borne like
a vapor on the summer air. I see her
tripping where the bright streams play,
happy as the daisies that dance on her way.
Many were the wild notes her merry voice
would pour. Many were the blithe birds that
warbled them o'er.
A genuine Decca 78rpm record with "Indian
Love Call" and "Jeanine" by
Louis Armstrong and His Orchestra.
-- "Indian Love Call" was recorded by Louis Armstrong and Gordon
Jenkins & his Orchestra. Written by Rudolf
Friml, Herbert Stothart, Otto Harbach and
Oscar Hammerstein II. Recorded on November
28, 1951 in Los Angeles: Louis Armstrong,
trumpet, vocal; Chris Griffin, George Thow,
Bruce Hudson, trumpet; Eddie Miller, Dent
Eckels, tenor saxophone; Charles LaVere,
piano; Allan Reuss, guitar; Phil Stephens,
bass; Nick Fatool, drums; Unknown strings,
Gordon Jenkins (arranger, conductor).
Originally released on Decca 28076. "Indian
Love Call" wasn't the type of song Louis
was going to start performing live with the
All Stars. Also, it doesn't appear to have
made any waves on the charts, either. But on
June 8, 1952, over six months after the
studio recording, Louis performed it on "The
U. S. Royal Showcase," an NBC television
show with a studio band conducted for the
occasion by Gordon Jenkins. This performance
was never issued commercially but it is a
fantastic little rarity.
"I Get Ideas" and "It's All in
the Game" (two-sided shellac test).
The song, "I Get Ideas" was
originally a tango-cancion (music with
lyrics) called "Adios, Muchachos",
composed by Julio Cesar Sanders (often
credited in the U.S. as "Lenny Sanders").
The recording by
Louis Armstrong was recorded on July
24, 1951 and released by
Decca Records as catalog number
27720. It first reached the Billboard
magazine charts on August 24, 1951 and
lasted 16 weeks on the chart, peaking at
#13. It was the flip side to "A Kiss to
Build A Dream On."
-- "It's All in the Game" was a jazz
arrangement was recorded by Louis Armstrong
(vocals) and arranger Gordon Jenkins, with
"some of Armstrong's most honey-tinged
singing." Carl Sigman composed the lyrics in
1951 to a wordless 1911 composition entitled
"Melody in A Minor," written by
Charles Dawes, later VP of the United States
under Calvin Coolidge. It is the only #1 pop
single (a 1958 #1 hit for Tommy Edwards) to
have been co-written by a U.S. Vice
"What Did He Say?" (The Mumbles
This is a rare
original 10"/78 RPM test pressing of the
famous "Mumbles Song" by the Deep River
Boys on RCA Records -- serial #
D7-VA-2057-1A. This recording was found
in a storage facility not far from the
original recording studio in Camden, NJ. BACKGROUND:
The Deep River Boys had their genesis on
the campus of Hampton Institute in
Virginia in the mid thirties. They found
their first success in winning radio's
"Amateur Hour" competition. This
notoriety led to opportunities to appear
on stage and in radio. During the Second
World War the group did extensive
touring for the USO and provided
entertainment for American troops
overseas. The members for most of the
life of the group were Harry Douglas,
Jimmy Lundy, Ed Ware, and Vernon
1948 they released two songs for RCA --
"I'm Sorry I Didn't Say I'm Sorry"
and “What Did He Say,”
written by Cy Coben. Could this have
been the first rap song ever recorded?
'Old Ark's A-Movering"
and " Ezekiel Saw de Wheel" were
recorded as Echantillon Invendable "Sample
Unmarketable" Spirituals by Rapport (Report)
de Fusins in Paris, France on March 3, 1927
(one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test pressing)
--K7825, MX #38420, XREF #MW6068. BACKGROUND: In 1925 the baritone Paul
Robeson became the first major singer to
perform Lawrence Benjamin Brown's spiritual
arrangement in concert. Robeson also was the
first solo singer to offer an entire concert
INTERNATIONAL SINGERS with CLIFFORD KEMP,
"Ave Maria" (Villa-Lobos) was recorded
by the International Singers (with Clifford
Kemp, conductor) at Carnegie Hall in New York on April 7, 1949 (one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- #H1, Carnegie Hall Recording Co.). BACKGROUND:
THE INTERNATIONAL SINGERS, with Clifford
Kemp as their conductor appeared at Carnegie
Hall in concert on April 7, 1949. Under the
energetic and sensitive direction of Mr.
Kemp, the International Singers are rapidly
becoming known as the group likely to bring
us realistic interpretations of folk songs
from many countries. Consisting of forty
voices with as many nationalities
represented, the singers were exceptionally
persuasive in their rendition of songs like
"Ave Maria" and many others.
Clifford Kemp once stated, "Music can iron
out misunderstandings better than logic."
"Blue Skies" and "Squeeze
Me But Don't Tease Me" (two-sided shellac).
This is a very nice, near mint 10" (78rpm)
Mid-1940s era air check of Duke Ellington.
Can't tell much more about it, except that
the record came from the collection of an
advanced Ellington collector. BACKGROUND:
Skies” was covered by well over 100
artists, including Duke Ellington.
The song was born of more desperation than
inspiration. It was introduced in 1926 by
well-known vaudeville star Belle Baker in
the Broadway musical Betsy, but that doesn’t
begin to describe the saga of how an Irving
Berlin song ended up in a Richard Rodgers
and Lorenz Hart musical. The young
songwriting team of Rodgers and Hart had
written the score for Betsy in the new
fashion sweeping Broadway musicals, that of
integrating songs into the characters and
dramatic context of the story rather than
stringing together a series of song and
dance numbers in the style of a revue, often
with little connection to the plotline.
Betsy, produced by Florenz Ziegfeld, was
scheduled to open on Broadway in December of
1926 after its Boston tryout, where it was
moderately well received but was far from
being a hit. Berlin’s first child had been
born in November of 1926, and the song he
had started but not finished was to be gift
to his new daughter. All he had was the
first eight bars of the refrain, but with
the help of Baker and her husband, Maurice
Abrahams, working through the night he
finished the song, lyrics and all, and it
became “Blue Skies.” Herbert Baker recalls,
“It’s now about seven in the morning and the
show is due to open that night. My mother
gets on the phone and calls Florenz Ziegfeld.
She wakes him up and she tells him that
Irving Berlin has been up all night working
on a song for her, and it’s finished, and
it’s great, and she wants to sing it
tonight, and if she can’t sing it tonight
she doesn’t want to open in the show. When
Baker sang “Blue Skies” she stopped the show
and had to sing twenty-four encores. On the
twenty-third time, overwhelmed by the
response, she forgot the lyrics, and Berlin,
who was in the audience, stood up and gave
her the words. They finished the next chorus
"Just Good Fun" was recorded
by Duke Ellington (piano solo) at an
ARC-Brunswick recording session in New York on
March 8, 1939 (one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac
test pressing) -- mx #MW-990-1, issued on LP
RUSHING with COUNT BASIE & HIS ORCHESTRA
"The Blues I Like to Hear" (one-sided shellac test).
This song was recorded in New York City with
Jimmy Rushing on vocals -- November 16, 1938
(released on Decca 2284, Matrix #64748.
Composed by Jimmy Rushing and arranged by
Count Basie and his Orchestra : Ed Lewis,
Harry Edison, Buck Clayton, tp; Dicky Wells,
Dan Minor, BennyMorton, tb; Earl Warren, as;
Lester Young,Herschel Evans, ts; Jack
Washington, bs, as; Count Basie, p; Freddie
Green, g; Walter Page, b; Jo Jones, drums. BACKGROUND: Born James Andrew
Rushing on August 26, 1903, in Oklahoma
City, OK; died June 8, 1972, in New York,
NY. Jazz vocalist. Pianist. Played in
Southern California with Jelly Roll Morton,
Harvey Brooks, and Paul Howard, 1920s;
member of Walter Page Blue Devils band,
1927-29; joined Bennie Moten's orchestra,
1929-35; member of Count Basie Orchestra,
1935-50; toured with his own septet,
1950-52; as a solo act, 1952-72; Europe with
Humphrey Littleton, Buck Clayton, Benny
Goodman, 1961; Japan and Australia with
Eddie Condon, 1964; appeared in film The
Learning Tree, 1969; appeared at the
Half Note in New York City playing with Al
Cohn and Zoot Sims, early 1970s. Jimmy
Rushing, also known as "Mr. Five by Five," (short
height and wide girth) possessed ajoyous,
booming voice that could be clearly heard
over the swinging jazz orchestras of the big
band era and beyond. He began his career as
a piano player in the 1920s, but soon found
his voice. He made his name with the Count
Basie Orchestra in the 1940s, and enjoyed an
active career singing solo and with jazz and
big-band greats such as Humphrey Lyttleton,
Buck Clayton, Benny Goodman, Eddie Condon,
Al Cohn, and Zoot Sims,
among others. He toured the United States
and abroad, and his voice can be heard on
countless recordings, including the most
recent compilations The Essential Jimmy
Rushing (1978), Mister Five by Five
(1980), and The Classic Count (1982).
and ORCHESTRA -
"I'm Going to Move Way Out On the
Outskirts of Town" was recorded for
Columbia Records in Chicago on April 3, 1942 (one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- #C-4226-1, Columbia Records). Count Basie
is on the piano and Jimmie Rushing is on
and ORCHESTRA -
"Farewell Blues" was recorded for
Columbia Records 1942,
released in May 1944 (one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- #36712 HCO-7877-1, Columbia Records).
is a 1922
written by Paul Mares, Leon Roppolo and
Elmer Scoebel. The song was
originally recorded on August 29, 1922 in
Richmond, Indiana. Count Basie recorded this
smooth blues instrumental in 1942.
---KITTY WHITE -
"Cashmere Sweater" and "The
River, The Moonlight and You" were recorded
in NYC with an unidentified orchestra (Hal
Mooney, conductor) on
November 9, 1956 (Whitehall Music, Record
#70817two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- Master #12452 & #12453).
"Easy Come Easy Go Lover" was recorded
in NYC with the Don Costa Orchestra on March
29, 1954 (Mercury Records, Midway Music,
#70299, one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test.
---BILL DAVIS -
"Lullaby of Birdland" was recorded
by the Bill Davis Trio on January 8th, 1953 (Columbia
Records, Okeh label,
#6946, one-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test,
Songf was written by George Shearing.
a famous jazz club in New York City located
at 1678 Broadway at 44th Street. It had
previously been the Clique Club where
pianist George Shearing, composer of
“Lullaby of Birdland,” first played in 1949
with clarinetist Buddy De Franco. Later that
year owner Morris Levy renamed the club
Birdland in honor of Charlie "Bird” Parker.
In his autobiography,
Lullaby of Birdland: The Autobiography of
George Shearing, Shearing says that
there was nothing special about the small
club which seated a maximum of 175 when
packed. But it became famous because of the
live broadcasts which originated there. In
1952 Levy decided to have station WJZ in New
York broadcast a disc jockey program from
there, and he asked Shearing to record a
theme song for the show. But Shearing didn’t
like the song that Levy gave him, so he
offered to write one especially for the
show. Levy finally agreed with the
stipulation that he be given publishing
rights while Shearing retain composer
For weeks Shearing tried to come up with
something but to no avail. Suddenly one
night in the middle of dinner he jumped up,
went to the piano and wrote the whole thing
in about ten minutes. The pianist explains,
“Actually quite a lot of my compositions
have come this way--very slow going for a
week or so, and the finished piece comes
together very rapidly, but as I say to those
who criticize this method of working, it’s
not that I dash something off in ten
minutes, it’s ten minutes plus umpteen years
in the business.” Shearing recorded his
instrumental for the radio show and
ultimately adopted it as the theme song for
Somewhat later George David
Weiss added lyrics to the tune, and Sarah
Vaughan recorded it in December, 1954, for
Mercury with trumpeter Clifford Brown. It
was one of her biggest hits and became a
standard in her repertoire. In 1956 a
Parisian vocal group called the Blue Stars
took the song to the charts where it rose to
#16. In 1962 Bill Haley and His Comets
recorded a version of the tune which they
called, “Lullaby of Birdland Twist.” -- NOTE: On
Feb 14, 2011.
George Shearing, the British piano virtuoso
who overcame blindness to become a worldwide
jazz star, and whose composition, "Lullaby
of Birdland" became an enduring jazz
standard, died in Manhattan. He was 91.
"I'll Be Sittin' I'll Be Rockin'" and
"Crazy She calls Me" were recorded
with orchestra (Leroy Kirkland, conductor)
in 1953 (Columbia Records, Okeh label #6954 two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- Master #CO48077 & #CO48060).
Composers for I'll Be Sittin': S.
Wyche & L Kirkland. Composers for Crazy
She Calls Me: C. Sigman & B. Russell.
This great R & B performer started out in
1950 with two well received recordings on
the Regal label. Number 3236 - "I'll Get
Along Somehow" and soon after #3240 - "For
you My Love". "I'll Get Along" is an
immediate hit on the West coast. In January
of 1953 singer Varetta Dillard joins the
tour with Darnell and the two Harris blues
men. In April "I'll Be Sittin' and I'll
Be Rockin'" and "Crazy She Calls Me"
is released on Okeh #6954. The famous R & B
popularity poll held by the Pittsburgh
Courier places Larry Darnell third among all
male performers attesting to his lasting
appeal despite slumping record sales. Some
of the shows on tour offer an all out
"Battle Of The Blues" between Wynonie Harris
and Larry Darnell.
"Our Song and "What Can I Do?" were recorded
with Norman Leyden in January 1953 (Columbia
Records, Okeh label #6954 two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- Master #CO48077 & #CO48060).
Composers for I'll Be Sittin': S.
Wyche & L Kirkland.
""Nina Never Knew" and
"Rhapsody in Blue" were recorded in 1953 (Columbia
Records, Okeh label #6965 two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test.
& the COLLEGIANS
"The Leaf" and "You Made a Fool of
Me" were recorded
with the Ray Ellis Orchestra in March, 1953 (Columbia
Records, Okeh label #6954 two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test.
"Sonny Boy's Cold Chills" was recorded
in Chicago on August 6, 1946 (RCA Victor,
Record #20-2184, one-sided,
10" 78rpm shellac test. Willis Lacy on
guitar, Ransom Knowling on string bass, and
Blind John Davis on piano.
Aleck "Rice" Miller
(December 5, 1899? – May 25, 1965) was an
African American blues harmonica player,
singer and songwriter. He was also known as
Sonny Boy Williamson II, Sonny Boy
Williams, Willie Williamson,
Willie Miller, Little Boy Blue,
The Goat and Footsie.
"Sweet Mandy" and "Henry
Jones" were recorded on May 10, 1927
by Al Bernard and Russel Robinson (Brunswick
Records, #E-23069 & #E-23064, two-sided, 10"
78rpm shellac test.
was born in New Orleans, he became a
blackface singer in minstrel shows before
starting his recording career around 1916.
He was one of the first white singers to
record blues songs. W.C. Handy credited
Bernard with helping his own career by
recording a number of his songs.
ARMSTRONG & HIS HOT FIVE -
"You Made Me Love You" and "Irish
Black Bottom" were recorded on
November 27, 1926 (two-sided, 10" 78rpm shellac test
-- #09981A & #09980A).
The song, "Irish Black Bottom" was
all the craze in Ireland.
& THE WAILERS -
"Babylon By Buss" and "It's All in
the Game" (two-sided 12" 2LP test
Babylon By Bus
is a live album
released by Bob Marley & The Wailers
in 1978. The album was recorded mostly at
the Pavillion de Paris
in June 1978, during the Kaya Tour.
Like the 1973 album Catch A Fire,
the first release had something of a novelty
cover. The windows of the bus on the front
cover were cut out, revealing part of the
inner sleeve. The listener had a choice of
four different scenes to view through the
EXTREMELY RARE: V-Disc
LUNCEFORD & HIS ORCHESTRA ("THE JIMMIES")
"I Need a Lift" (extremely rare 12"
one-sided V-Disc 78rpm shellac test --
VP-1590, No. 568A). This song featured
Kirtland Bradford on alto sax, with vocals
by "The Jimmies" band. BACKGROUND:
V-Disc ("V" for Victory) was a
morale-boosting initiative involving the
production of several series of recordings
during the World War II era by special
arrangement between the United States
government and various private U.S. record
companies. The records were produced for the
use of United States military personnel
overseas. Many popular singers, big bands
and orchestras of the era recorded special
V-Disc records. These 12-inch, vinyl 78 rpm
gramophone recordings were created for the
army between October 1943 and May 1949. Navy
discs were released between July 1944 and
September 1945. Twelve inch discs were used
because, when 136 grooves per inch were
used, they could hold up to six and a half
minutes of music. The V-Disc project
actually began in June 1941, six months
before the United States' involvement in
World War II, when Captain Howard Bronson
was assigned to the Army's Recreation and
Welfare Section as a musical advisor.
Bronson suggested the troops might
appreciate a series of records featuring
military band music, inspirational records
that could motivate soldiers and improve
morale. By 1942, the Armed Forces Radio
Service (AFRS) sent 16-inch, 33 rpm vinyl
transcription discs to the troops from eight
sources: special recording sessions,
concerts, recitals, radio broadcasts, film
sound tracks and commercial records.
There are two types of 78 pressing: Stock
Stock shellac pressings
are those produced
from a shellac and filler mix (the fillers
were put in to both increase the resistance to
wear and to keep the price down - shellac was
and is expensive!). Because of the quantity of
filler used, stock shellac surfaces tend to be
noisy and prone to grittiness, e.g. Victor,
Brunswick, Vocalion, Decca etc. Most records
pressed in the US, Europe and Britain were
used a low quality
filler core but then had a high quality
playing surface bonded to it. This playing
surface was shellac rich which meant that the
surface noise was reduced massively. The main
users of Laminated Pressings in the US were
Columbia (1923-33 and again in the 1940s) and
OKeh (1926-33 and again later in the 1940s).
In Britain Columbia (1923-31)and Parlophone
(1928-31) used laminated pressings until the
merger with HMV into EMI in 1931. Thereafter
all EMI records were produced on stock
shellac. In continental Europe many Columbia
and HMV (1928-1940s) pressings were also
laminated. The most interesting exception was
Australia, where laminated pressings were the
rule rather than the exception from 1923
(Columbia) and 1931 (HMV) right through to the
end of 78s. Because of limited pressing
facilities, even labels such as Decca appeared
as laminated pressings. The superior surfaces
of the Australian laminated pressings have
thus long been prized by collectors.
1829 newspaper from Bermuda - The Royal Gazette
- Bermuda Commercial and General Advertiser and Recorder -
Hamilton, Bermuda: Donald McPhee Lee (first editor) - No. 37
- Vol. 2, dated Tuesday, September 15, 1829 - this
paper was started in 1828 and is still in production at the
present. This genuine historical 4 page newspaper has
typical age toning, foxing and edge wear and is printed on
cotton and rag cloth. An intriguing read as it gives first
hand news and reflections of life at that time in Bermuda
and around the world, such as recently enacted laws, news
(on politics, wars and deaths), poetry and advertising were
published in the daily paper, with descriptive ads for
runaway slaves and the selling of slaves commonplace.
In this issue is an interesting article about the
Abolition of Slavery, "At a meeting held at the
Freemason's Tavern, London, on the 14th July last, for the
purpose of considering the means of protecting from Slavery
the future children born of Negroes in the British Colonies
-- Mr. Olway Cave, in the chair. -- A variety of resolutions
were proposed and assented to, to the effect that Parliament
should be petitioned for the liberation of slaves
born after a certain period in the British Colonies: the
Rev. Mr. Isaacson of Demerara, a clergyman of the Church of
England, in proposing the amendment to the resolution,
"which" he said, "if carried into effect, would shew (sic)
whether the system of free labour was practicable, and
likely to benefit the slaves themselves;" added that "the
whole population of Montserrat and Tortola (6000 in number),
might be purchased for 600,000 Pounds; and it had been
proposed to the Duke of Devonshire to purchase these
islands, in order to try a system of free labour, which, if
it succeeded, might then be extended to other Colonies..."
6. Extremely scarce, The
Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or
Gustavus Vassa, the African (1837 edition). Captured
far from the African coast when he was a boy of 11, Olaudah
Equiano (1745 - 1797) was sold into slavery, later acquired
his freedom. In 1789 Olaudah wrote his widely-read
autobiography. The youngest son of a village leader, Equiano
was born among the Ibo people in the kingdom of Benin,
along the Niger River. He was "the greatest favorite with
[his] mother." His family expected to follow in his father's
footsteps and become a chief, an elder, a judge. Slavery was
an integral part of the Ibo culture, as it was with many
other African peoples. His family owned slaves, but there
was also a continual threat of being abducted, of becoming
someone else's slave. This is what happened, one day, while
Equiano and his sister were at home alone. Two men and a
woman captured the children. Several days later Equiano and
his sister were separated. Equiano continued to travel
farther and farther from home, day after day, month after
month, exchanging masters along the way. Equiano's early
experiences as a slave were not all disagreeable; some
families treated Equiano almost as a part of the family. The
kind treatment, however, was about to end.
About six or seven
months after being abducted, Equiano was brought to the coast, where
he first encountered a slave ship and white men. As it was for all
slaves, the Middle Passage for Equiano was a long, arduous nightmare.
In his autobiography he describes the inconceivable conditions of the
slaves' hold: the "shrieks of the women," the "groans of the dying,"
the floggings, the wish to commit suicide, how those who somehow
managed to drown themselves were envied. The ship finally arrived at
Barbados, where buyers purchased most of the slaves. There was
no buyer, however, for the young Equiano. Less than two weeks after
his arrival, he was shipped off to the English colony of Virginia,
where he was purchased and put to work. Less than a month later, he
had a new master -- Michael Henry Pascal, a lieutenant in the Royal
Navy. Under this master, who owned Equiano for the next seven years,
Equiano would move to England, educate himself, and travel the world
on ships under Pascal's command. In 1766, Equiano bought his
freedom. He found work in the trade business in the West Indies,
then in London. In 1773, he took part in an expedition to try to
discover the Northwest Passage, a route through the arctic to the
Pacific Ocean. Back in England, Equiano became an active
abolitionist. He lectured against the cruelty of British slave
owners. He spoke out against the English slave trade. He worked to
resettle freed slaves.
In 1787 Equiano helped his
friend, Offohab Cugoano,
to published an account of his
Narrative of the Enslavement of a Native of
Copies of his book were sent to George III
and other leading politicians. He failed to persuade the king to
change his opinions and like other members of the royal family
remained against abolition of the slave trade. By 1789, the year he
published his autobiography, Olaudah Equiano was a well-known
In 1792 Equiano married Susan Cullen of Ely. The couple had two
children, Anna Maria and Johanna. However, Anna Maria died when she
was only four years old. Olaudah Equiano was appointed to the
expedition to settle former black slaves in Sierra Leone, on
the west coast of Africa. However, he died on 31st March, 1797 before
he could complete the task.
Two William Wilberforce signatures (one
example seen to the left). Because of this man, slavery
ended in England and the abolitionist movement in America
was influenced. As a constituency Member of Parliament, he
had a lifelong involvement in the campaign to abolish slavery.
-- Handwritten letter by William Wilberforce (dated October
4th, 1808, East Bourne) to a Mr. Ch Idle, Esq., "My friend Mr.
John Thornton and I were intending to do ourselves the pleasure of
calling on you today, but we found on inquiry that you and Mrs.
Idle were both absent. Our object was to confer with you
concerning the setting up of a School (whether a Sunday or every
day school may be matter of future consideration) in this
neighborhood and putting it under the care of some truly pious
teacher, ?, besides that general knowledge of your character which
would have prompted us to apply to you for your concurrence in any
such project...". NOTE: Mr. John Thornton was a wealthy
merchant banker who had financially assisted ex-slaver, John
Newton and many others.
-- "The Life of William Wilberforce", scarce First
Edition book written by Casper Morris, 1857.
-- A Practical View Of
The Prevailing Religious System Of Professed Christians, In
The Higher And Middle Classes, Contrasted With Real
Christianity. Book by William Wilberforce.
Boston: Printed by Manning & Loring, For Ebenezer Larkin.
1799. Second American Edition. Publisher’s full calf
leather over boards, red morocco spine label titled in gilt.
300 pages. Volume measures 7” x 4 ½”. William Wilberforce
was an English philanthropist and anti-slavery crusader, who
was instrumental in winning the abolition of the British
slave trade in 1807. He was also an M. P. for the county
of York and a central figure in the Clapham sect of
Evangelicals. His object here is to demonstrate how
Christianity, as practiced by the English middle and upper
classes, differs from what he considered "true
Christianity". This book put him at the forefront of the
-- A Practical View of
the Prevailing Religious System
by William Wilberforce,
6" x 4" x 1", in fair - poor condition -- yellowing/water
damage/spotting; binding is solid. Slight old book smell.
Practical View Of The Prevailing Religious System Of
Professed Christians, In The Higher And Middle Classes,
Contrasted With Real Christianity", by William
Wilberforce (2 copies). Measuring about 3-1/2" x 5-3/4", and 375
pages long, this small hardback book is It is published in
New York by the American Tract Society, and is undated, the
only clue being that it is "from a late London edition." If
I had to guess, I'd say somewhere near the mid-1800s. The
only illustration is a steel engraved frontispiece of the
author. It is bound in boards covered with peacock paper,
and a green leather spine, but I believe this is a
re-binding. The boards do not feel as thick and substantial
as I would have expected them to be.
-- The Life of William Wilberforce (1872
edition) by his son, Samuel Lord Bishop of Winchester,
published by John Murray, London.
452 pages, with
engraved frontispiece, marbled page edges and endpapers,
bound in blue calf with gilt pattern and lettering on the
cover and spine. The writing on the front cover reads 'The
Gift of the Haberdasher's Company'.
This book tells the life
story of William Wilberforce and the struggle to abolish the
slave trade. Overall, in good condition - the
binding is tight and all the pages are fine. However, the
cover has been covered with a clear plastic film. Some wear
to the leather can be seen underneath, along the edges of
the cover and spine, with some discoloration to the back
cover. Inside, a small clipping has been stuck onto the back
of the flyleaf and opposite, there is an inscription from
Newport Grammar School, dated 1894. Otherwise, apart from
some slight yellowing to the pages, the text is in excellent
-- The obituary
of William Wilberforce in an intriguing volume of
Gentleman's Magazine (July to December, 1833). This is
the concluding volume of the original series Volume
103. Some of the items in this volume article running over
the months British Empire in India, Saint James Chapel
Croydon (with plate) much on Battles in Portugal between
brothers of the Royal Family, Charing Palace (Kent),
suppression of the slave trade in India, the obituary
of ardent abolitionist and tireless anti-slavery advocate,
William Wilberforce, and the address to the House of
Representatives by President Jackson. 580 pages with 8
engraved plates, bound in half calf, chip to foot of spine,
bound tight. BACKGROUND: Gentleman's Magazine was founded in 1731,
ceased publication in 1907, founder Edwin Cave who assumed
the pen name of Sylvanus Urban. The first general
interest magazine to be published and the first to use
the term magazine for a periodical journal, published
monthly. Amongst its early contributors was Samuel Johnson
who wrote parliamentary reports under the title "Debates of
the Senate of Magna Lilliputia" during times when
parliamentary reporting was banned. Each month every
conceivable subject was covered plus regular features;
parliamentary reports, foreign and domestic news, monthly
historical chronicle (a monthly diary of current events),
obituaries, marriages, appointments, bills of mortality (all
excellent references for the genealogist with many names),
reports and reviews of law cases, executions, new
publications. Of particular interest was the monthly
section titled London Gazette which was important extracts
from the official government newspaper often consisting of
military and naval dispatches from commanders in the field.
Early copies were bound as 12 months, later as the magazine
grew in size they were bound as 6 monthly sections. Most
months had a variety of engraved plates bound in. History as
it happened written by people who were there, a fascinating
read or a valuable reference work for the historian.
October 1, 1790 Literary Magazine & British Review which is
240 pages long. 8" x 5". Some of the subjects are the stock
prices, poetry, Abolition of the Slave Trade, Life of G.
Buchanan, General Principals of Political Economy and much,
much more. William
Wilberforce's famous abolition speech, delivered in the
House of Commons on Tuesday, May 12, 1789 is the backdrop to
the article about the abolition of the slave trade.
In the article on the
Abolition of the Slave Trade,
the writer states, "At a time when Parliament are
agitating the question of the slave trade, it is natural, as
well as proper, to enquire into its nature and effect. The
project for its destruction reflects an honour on the
English, and affords a fresh proof to the world of humanity
which has been deemed their characteristic. That a scheme
like this should have met with impediments, might have been
readily expected, as it concerns a commerce-sanctioned by
long usage and supported by strong and powerful interest. I
think, however, I can foretell, without prophetic
inspiration, that opposition will prove fruitless, and will
serve to only complete the triumph..."
-- Rare book
entitled "An Abstract of the Evidence Delivered Before
a Select Committee of the House of Commons in the Years 1790
and 1791, on the Part of the Petitioners for the Abolition
of the Slave Trade". The title on the front cover
reads: "Evidence on the Slave Trade". This
book was published by the American Reform Tract and Book
Society (1855) and has 117 pages. The book is about the evils of slavery and of the slave trade. There
are a list of witnesses who give accounts of the capture of people in
Africa and the ensuing enslavement. The book makes a case against
slavery. It is truly a collector's item.
-- Rare engraving of William Pitt published by the
London Printing and Publishing Company (1840).
Pitt was quite
simply one of the most extraordinary politicians in history.
For anyone to become Prime Minister at the age of 24
is amazing in itself, but to then go on to become one of the
most dominant and long serving of British history puts him
in a class of his own. Most disappointing was that his
enfeebled physical and political state in his final years
meant that he did not ram home his earlier pioneering
efforts to abolish the slave trade, something which was
secured only the year after his death. Pitt’s great
friend William Wilberforce, led the campaign to
abolish the slave trade (1833) and then to abolish
slavery (1834) in the British Empire as well.
-- Rare edition of book (1787) written by ex-slave trader, John
Newton (Rector of St. Mary, Woolnoth, London) --
Letters and Sermons With a Review of Ecclesiastical History
and Hymns. This is Volume III of six volumes. Gives
an interior view of Newton's thoughts and ideals on various
spiritual topics. This collection also has several volumes
of the 1824 edition of the series.
-- John Newton's book (very rare 1795 edition,
First Edition was 1764) "An
Authentic Narrative of some remarkable and interesting
particulars in the Life of John Newton." Communicated in
a Series of Letters to the Rev. Mr. Haweis, Rector of
Aldwinckle, Northamptonshire by Newton, John
(1725-1807). Printed in Philadelphia by William Young. The
book contains fourteen letters, which covers many topics --
"Voyage to Madeira, Entry on Board a Guineaman,
Voyage to Africa, Voyage from Cape Lopez
to England, Danger in the Voyage from Cape Lopez, Voyage
to Antigua, Last Voyage to Africa, etc.. Newton was a
minister in the Church of England and is best remembered as
the hymn Amazing Grace.
pp.; old leather binding in good+ condition. Contents with
foxing, yellowing but still very readable; 2 worm holes at
top page edge, not affecting text.
-- Somewhat rare complete
set of "The Works of John Newton: The Late Rector of
St. Mary Woolnoth and St. Mary Woolchurch Haw, London, With
Memoirs of the Author and General Remarks on His Life,
Connections, and Character." By the Rev. Richard
Cecil, M.A. (Third Edition in Six Volumes). London,
In the sixth volume there is a very rare 25-page section
entitled, "Thoughts Upon the African Slave Trade."
Condition: The body and blocks of all the volumes are
holding fine. There is foxing throughout due to age.
Rubbing to spine, and splitting of outer cloth and around
spine, chipping, etc. Most of the pages are white and crisp,
simply hurting a bit cosmetically. All binding holding
-- Scarce 1855 edition
of "The Life of John Newton" Written for
Young Children, no author, published by Carlton & Phillips
for the Sunday School Union, NY. 92 pages, with 4 pages of
advertisements for publications by the Sunday School Union
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Corners worn, wear to
covers, piece torn out of flyleaf. Slight give to
binding. Overall in good shape.
Contents: I. A dream
and the dreamer II. The ship of war III. Fresh troubles IV.
Deliverance V. Dangers and preservations VI. Conviction VII.
Happier prospects of life VIII. The sea-captain IX. Another
change in life X. The sailor becomes a minister.
Hymns and Poems: a. The kite b. A thought on the
seashore c. Written at Cowslip d. A friend e. The two
debtors f. The Bible g. Trust in Christ h. Saturday Evening
hard-to-find 1814 edition of"Letters To A
Wife" by John Newton. Includes letters sent
to his wife from 1750 through 1785. Many of these
letters were sent from Africa. John Newton was a hymn
writer who composed the lyrics of "Amazing Grace."
Published by Whitehall in Philadelphia. There is an
appendix in the book about his wife's illness. Bound into
the back of the book in a different type face is a separate
thirty-one page publication entitled "A Monument To The
Praise of the Lord's Goodness, And to the Memory of Dear
-- The Minor Poems of the
Inner Temple, by William Cowper. Published,
1818 in London for John Sharpe -- 7" x 4", 108 pages.
This book includes one of
his more famous poems, "The Negro's
with an engraved image. This fine volume also includes, "Sonnet
to William Wilberforce, Esq.",
"To the Rev. Mr. Newton",
and "Pity For Poor Africans."
Nice gilt tooled full calf leather bound copy with many
(pronounced Cooper) (November 26, 1731 – April 25, 1800)
was an English poet and hymnodist. One of the most popular
poets of his time, Cowper changed the direction of 18th
century nature poetry by writing of everyday life and scenes
of the English countryside. He suffered from periods of
severe depression, and although he found refuge in a fervent
evangelical Christianity, the source of his much-loved
hymns, he often experienced doubt and fears that he was
doomed to eternal damnation. However, his religious
motivations and association with John
Newton (who wrote
the hymn "Amazing Grace")
led to much of the poetry for which he is best remembered in
the popular mind.
-- Rare 1835 engraving of abolitionists William
Wilberforce and Thomas Clarkson (8.5 x 5.5) --
together in one etching, just one year after the Slave Trade
had been officially abolished in England.
-- Very scarce
measuring 5 ¾ " X 8 ¾ ". The front reads:-
William Wilberforce 1759 – 1833 M P For Kingston Upon Hull
and Yorkshire, Emancipator. Abolition of Slavery Act 1833.
The back of the plaque has the Eastgate Pottery Withernsea
stamp. Made in England.
We contacted Eastgate Potteries in Withernsea, UK for more
information. The Director, John D. Worsdale responded with
this note, "This
was one of a limited number of plaques manufactured in the
1970's, as a special commission for William Wilberforce
There were only
50 plaques made. I have never seen one for sale, therefore I
cannot give you an estimate on value...It
is extremely rare."
Clarkson. A Portraiture of Quakerism. Taken From a View
of the Education and Discipline, Social Manners, Civil and
Political Economy, Religious Principles, and Character of
the Society of Friends. First Edition. New York: Samuel Stansbury,
1806. 3 volumes, 12 mo, 363, 382, and 372 pages. Edge worn,
leather covers, foxed and browned paper, owner names
handwritten in volume I (Ann Allen, Francis R. Taylor), a
decorative gilt stamp of Ann H. Allen’s name is in the other
two volumes.Thomas Clarkson
(28 March 1760 –
26 September 1846), abolitionist, was born at Wisbech,
Cambridgeshire, England, and became a leading campaigner
against the slave trade in the British Empire. As an
Anglican, Clarkson’s “Portraiture” looks at peculiar Quaker
practices and reverse-engineers them to show how they help
Quaker stay in that Christian zone.
While working for the abolition of
slavery, the author encountered many Quakers and
was impressed by their moral history. Thomas Clarkson
wrote, “I felt also a great desire...to do them justice;
for ignorance and prejudice had invented many expressions
concerning them, to the detriment of their character, when
their conduct never gave me reason to suppose, during all my
intercourse with them to be true.” These three volumes form
a sympathetic history of the Quakers written by a
non-Quaker, with a focus on their moral character,
discipline, beliefs, peculiar customs, and moral education."
LAST PUBLICLY SPOKEN WORDS OF THOMAS CLARKSON: (from
The Leisure Hour journal, March, 1865)Slavery
everywhere was attacked after it had fallen in the British
dominions. Joseph Sturge, from the beginning of the
new endeavors to the end of his life, was one of the main
elements of strength and support. Readers will remember the
celebrated conference held at the Freemason's Hall, June
1840, when and where were gathered between 500 and 600
delegates, from all parts of the world, we may say, besides
all that was great and good in every philanthropic
undertaking. It was a noble assembly. There Thomas
Clarkson appeared for the last time in public. We give
our readers a condensed account of the scene from the pen of
the painter Haydon, who was present as an artist to
find materials for one of the greatest pictures.
"In a few minutes," he says, "an unaffected man got up and informed
the meeting that Thomas Clarkson would attend shortly : he
begged no tumultuous applause might greet his entrance, as
his infirmities were great, and he was too nervous to bear
any such expressions for feelings." This was Joseph Sturge.
In a few minutes the aged Clarkson came in, gray and bent,
leaning on Joseph Sturge for support, and approached with
feeble and tottering steps, the middle of the convention.
Immediately behind him were his daughter-in-law, the widow
of his son, and his little grandson. The old man first
appealed to the meeting for a few moments of silent prayer;
and says Haydon, "for a minute there was the most intense
silence I have ever felt." He spoke a few feeble words :
every word was uttered from his heart.
After urging the members to persevere to the last, til slavery was
extinct, lifting his arm and pointing to heaven, his face
quivering in emotion, he ended by saying, "May the Supreme
Ruler of all human events, at whose disposal are not only
the hearts, but the intellects of men -- may He, in His
abundant mercy, guide your counsels and give His blessing
upon your labours." There was a moment's pause; and then,
without an interchange of thoughts or look, the whole of the
vast meeting, men and women, said in a tone of subdued and
deep feeling, "Amen and amen!"
-- Thomas Clarkson's 1808 First Edition of, The
History of the Rise, Progress, and Accomplishment of The
Abolition of the African Slave trade by the British
Parliament. -- Clarkson starts out by saying, "No
subject more pleasing that that of the removal of evils --
Evils have existed almost from the beginning of the world --
but there is a power in our nature to counteract them --
this power increased by Christianity -- of the evils removed
by Christianity one of the greatest is the Slave Trade --
The joy we ought to feel on its abolition from a
contemplation of the nature of it -- and of the extent of it
-- and of the difficulty of subduing it -- Usefulness also
of the contemplation of this subject."
-- First Edition
Of Thomas Clarkson" by James Elmes. Thomas
Clarkson (1760 – 1846), abolitionist, was born at Wisbech,
Cambridgeshire, England, and became a leading campaigner
against the slave trade in the British Empire. This book
details his contributions toward the abolition of the
Slave-Trade and Slavery. Published by Blackader & Co.,
London.Hardbound in tan waxed cloth. It is
an important piece of social history pertaining to this
turbulent period in both British and American History.
Author, James Elmes (1782 – 1862) was an English architect,
civil engineer, and writer on the arts, he was born in
Thomas Clarkson's book, "The History of the
Rise, Progress, and Accomplishment of the Abolition of the
African Slave-Trade by the British Parliament" --
1836 edition written under the supervision of New York
University, 276 pages. Published by John S. Taylor, corner
of Park-Row and Nassau-Street, Opposite the City Hall. This
is the first of a 3 volume set. "The Cabinet of Freedom"
under the supervision of the Hon. William Ray Rev. Prof.
Bush of the University of New York, and Gerrit Smith,
Esq. There is an engraving of a slave in chains and above
the picture are the words "Am I Not a Man and a Brother?"
The size is 7 1/2" X 5". The book talks about how the
slaves were treated on board the slave ships.
Montgomery-- The Abolition of the Slave Trade: A Poem
in Four Parts. Very hard to find. 1814, folio size, 10" x 12.5", with many
London: Printed by T. Bensley.
The poem "The
West Indies," was written to accompany a series of
pictures published as a memorial of the abolition of the
slave-trade. In this genial labour, to which the poet
says he gave his whole mind, as affording him an opportunity
of exposing the iniquities of slavery and the slave-trade.
In 1807 a
commission was delivered from the printer Bowyer to write a
poem on the abolition of the slave trade, to be published
along with other poems on the subject in a handsome
illustrated volume. The subject was well adapted to
Montgomery's powers, appealing at once to the philanthropic
enthusiasm in which his strength lay, and to his own
touching associations with the West Indies. Its poem
entitled 'The West Indies' accordingly appeared in Bowyer's
illustrated publication in 1809. Although rather rhetoric
than poetry, is in general well conceived and well
expressed, and skilful as well as sincere in its appeals to
public sentiment. On its first appearance in Bowyer's volume
it proved a failure, but when published separately (London,
1810, 12mo) it obtained great popularity. James Montgomery:
Born November 4, 1771, in Ayrshire, Scotland, James
Montgomery was brought up and educated by Moravians near
Leeds after his parents left for America, never to return.
He became an editorial assistant to the Sheffield Register
in 1792. Acquiring the newspaper himself, he renamed it the
Isis and in it advocated reformist causes at an unpopular
time, during the French Revolution, and went to jail for his
trouble twice in 1795-96. He returned to his journalism then
and published a book of poems about his imprisonment. This
led to an avocation in poetry and letters. He brought out
volumes of poems and hymns from 1797 until the
mid-19th-century. After 25 years in the news business,
Montgomery retired from journalism and lived on a Literary
Fund pension until his death on April 30, 1854. Throughout
his life he actively worked for humanitarian causes and
gained the respect and affection of his fellow poets.
An intriguing hand written
letter (dated March 12, 1792) from Banff, Scotland, written
by George Robinson,
sent to Cam Haliburton, Esq. Edinburgh.
In the letter Robinson states there is a petition to
abolish the slave trade in Scotland......"Sir:
I trust that your sentiments will hopefully accord with mine
on the subject of the African slave trade. I have taken the
liberty to write you this to inform you that I had the honor
to transmit to my worthy friend Mr. Alex Brodie,
Member for this district of Burroughs, a petition by
appointment from the Magistrates of Council of this Burgh,
petitions for the xxxxxxxxxxxx inhabitants of this place
xxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxx to Mr. Brodie, a petition from Free
Persons of this County and one from the Presbyterian
xxxxxxxxxxxxxx were sent to Sir James xxxxxxxx, Member for
this County for abolishing the Slave Trade. I mention this
in case you should think it proper to inscribe it in any of
your Edinburgh papers. I am very so hopefully, Sir. Your
most obedient servant, George Robinson" (There were some
key words that are illegible, or were part of the paper that
had been torn when opened in 1792.) -- HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
OF LETTER: William Dickson, a former
secretary to the Governor of Barbados
(Hon. Edward Hay) and the author of 'Letters
on Slavery' (1789), was engaged by the London
Anti-Slavery Society to gain support for the abolition
movement in Scotland. William Dickson has a diary of a visit
to Scotland from January 5th - March 19th, 1792 on behalf of the
Committee for the Abolition of the Slave Trade. It is
probable that the writer of this letter had personal contact
with William Dickson, who originally came from Moffat,
Let's get a sense of Dickson's
feelings about the Slave Trade -- In an 1787 letter to
Thomas Clarkson, Dickson states, "Of
the Africans, above one fourth perished on the voyage to the
West Indies, and four and a half percent more died on
average in the fortnight intervening between the days of
entry and sale. To close this awful triumph of the King of
terrors, about two in five of all whom the planters bought
were lost in seasoning within the first three years and
before they could be said to have yielded any productive
labour. Now if seven years be the average labouring period
of bought slaves, a lot of five should yield thirty five
years of labour; and two of them having died, each of the
other three must yield nearly twelve years or with the three
years of seasoning, nearly fifteen years. But to look for
fifteen years of even blank existence, without labour, from
each of the survivors of a worse than pestilential
mortality, heartless and enfeebled as they must generally
be, would be madly romantic."
One scholar states that
Dickson "one of the most useful and intelligent observers on
the institution of slavery in Barbadoes .. he makes many
shrewd sociological assessments of the working of the slave
system ... an important book for the study of Barbadoes
social history." Dickson was an enlightened man of his day,
who argued for an end to the slave trade and gradual, but
not immediate, emancipation.
-- An extremely rare 1794
edition of "The Journal of John Woolman",
printed in Dublin. It is the first edition printed after his
death. 464 pages, leather-bound. Woolman is said to be the
very first abolitionist in America. BACKGROUND: John Woolman (October 19, 1720 – October
7, 1772) was an itinerant Quaker preacher, traveling
throughout the American colonies, advocating against
conscription, military taxation, and particularly slavery.
John Woolman came from a family of Friends (Quakers). His
grandfather, also named John Woolman, was one of the early
settlers of New Jersey. His father Samuel Woolman was a
farmer. Their estate was between Burlington and Mount Holly
Township in that state. At age 23 his employer asked him to
write a bill of sale for a slave. He told his employer that
he thought that slave keeping was inconsistent with the
Christian religion. Many Friends believed that slavery
was bad — even a sin — but there was not a universal
condemnation of it among Friends. Some Friends bought slaves
from other people in order to treat them humanely and
educate them. Other Friends seemed to have no conviction
against slavery whatsoever. Woolman took up a concern to
minister to Friends and others in remote places. He went on
his first ministry trip in 1746 with Isaac Andrews. They
went about 1,500 miles round-trip in three months, going as
far south as North Carolina. He preached on many topics,
including slavery during this and other such trips. In 1754
Woolman wrote Some Considerations on the Keeping of Negroes.
He refused to draw up wills transferring slaves. Working on
a nonconfrontational, personal level, he individually
convinced many Quaker slaveholders to free their slaves. He
attempted personally to avoid using the products of slavery;
for example, he wore undyed clothing because slaves were
used in the making of dyes. Whenever he received hospitality
from a slaveholder, he insisted on paying the slaves for
their work in attending him. Woolman worked within the
Friends traditions of seeking the guidance of the Spirit of
Christ and patiently waiting to achieve unity in the Spirit.
He went from one Friends meeting to another and expressed
his concern about slaveholding. One by one the various
meetings began to see the evils of slavery and wrote minutes
condemning it. In his lifetime, Woolman did not succeed in
eradicating slavery even within the Society of Friends in
the United States; however, his personal efforts changed
Quaker viewpoints. In 1790 the Society of Friends petitioned
the United States Congress for the abolition of slavery. The
fair treatment of people of all races is now part of the
Friends Testimony of Equality. The Journal of John Woolman
is considered to be an important spiritual document.
Extracts from The Minutes
of the Yearly Meeting Of Friends (Quakers) held in
Philadelphia 1856. Philadelphia: T. Ellwood Chapman
No. 1 South Fifth Street, 1856. 24 pages with front and back
cover. Includes following Meetings: Philadelphia; Abington;
Bucks; Concord; Caln; Western; Southern; Burlington;
Haddonfield; Salem; Fishing Creek. T. Ellwood Chapman was an
important publisher of Quaker and Anti-Slavery tracts in the
1850s and 1860s.
-- "William Lloyd Garrison: The Story of His Life",
1st Edition books (I&II), 1885, by his children.
Autographed letter (8” x 9 ¾”) signed, front and back, March
7, 1870, from Wendell Phillips to Rev. Francis Hodgson.
“…Hearing that our change of my lecture to the Last Acts,
has been objected to and some fault found with yourself…I
desire to say…that the fault, if any, belongs entirely to
Background: Wendell Phillips (1811-1884) was a
prominent abolitionist. A wealthy graduate of Harvard Law
School, Phillips sacrificed social status and a prospective
political career in order to join the antislavery movement.
His reputation as an inspirational orator was established
with his address at an abolitionist meeting in 1837 to
protest the murder of Elijah Lovejoy. He became an associate
of William Lloyd Garrison and lectured widely at meetings of
the American Anti-Slavery Society, serving as its president
from 1865 to 1870. He also advocated prohibition, woman
suffrage, prison reform, regulation of corporations, and
8. Steel/wood engravings, etchings, handwritten/signed
letters, books, and/or CDVs (many with
facsimile or genuine signatures) of anti-slavery abolitionists, like John Jay,
Henry Thornton (relative of William Wilberforce), Isaac Hopper (founded the Underground Railroad), Charles Dickens, John
Greenleaf Whittier, Thomas Babington Macaulay, Daniel Webster, Ben Franklin, William Wadsworth Longfellow,
William Henry Seward, William
Wilberforce, Granville Sharp, Isaac Hopper, Thomas Clarkson,
Salmon P. Chase, Henry Wilson, Alphonse de Lamartine, Horace Greeley, John Andrews,
Schuyler Colfax, Edwin Stanton, Philip Sheridan, William T.
Sherman, Ulysses Grant, Cassius Clay, Hannah Moore, Owen Lovejoy, Gerrit
Smith, Joshua Giddings, John Quincy Adams, Benjamin Lundy,
Oliver Howard, William Buckingham, James Montgomery, David G. Farragut,
Thaddeus Stevens, Sir Thomas Fowell Buxton, Zachary Macauley,
Joseph Sturge, Wendell Phillips, Harriet Beecher Stowe,
William Cowper, Charles Fox, William Cullen Bryant, Fanny (Frances) Kemble, William
Forster, William Pitt, Frederick Douglass,
William Lloyd Garrison, William Henry Brisbane, Edmund Quincy, Henry Ward
Beecher, Martin Delany, Charles Sumner, Elihu Burritt, Henry Wilson, Lord
Brougham, James Russell Lowell, William Smith and many others...
9. "The Internal Administration of The Imperial
Guard 1945 E.C."280 pages. This very rare book is hand
stamped by the Imperial Guard and contains the rules,
regulations, and forms of the Imperial Guard of His Majesty
Haile Selassie I. This book contains a nice photo of
Haile Selassie I, many fold out forms and lists showing the
many regulations of the Imperial Guard. Intriguing.
-- World Tour Book of His Majesty Haile Selassie's visit
to America in 1954 (mint condition), published by
10. League of Nations: Committee Reports on the Question
of Slavery. 18 different reports dating from 1923-1930
-- 2 are in French, the rest in English that deal with the
question of slavery, including slavery conventions.
The reports are 8" x 14' tall. There is one report: 'Communication
with the Government of Liberia' (1930) that is a bound
booklet of 128 pp. The rest of the booklets are 1pp-20pp
each. Includes: Communication with the Government of
Sudan, Annual Reports, Communication with the
Government of Liberia.
<< Click on image to the left to watch a 4 minute
film trailer of the Return To Glory film
11. Handwritten letter signed by author of Count of Monte
Cristo and The Three Musketeers, Alexandre Dumas,
along with a First Edition set of his major works. Alexandre
Dumas was born in Villes-Cotterêts. BACKGROUND: His grandfather was a
French nobleman, who had settled in Santo Domingo (now part
of Haiti); his paternal grandmother, Marie-Cessette, was an
Afro-Caribbean, who had been a black slave in the French
colony (now part of Haiti). Dumas did not generally define
himself as a black man and there is not much evidence that
he encountered overt racism during his life. However, his
works were popular among the 19th-century African-Americans,
partly because in The Count of Monte-Cristo, the
falsely imprisoned Edmond Dantès, may be read as a parable
of emancipation. In a shorter work, Georges (1843,
George), Dumas examined the question of race and
colonialism. The main character, a half-French mulatto,
leaves Mauritius to be educated in France, and returns to
avenge himself for the affronts he had suffered as a boy --
order postcard of Dumas
-- December 15th, 1870 issue of New York Herald, "Death
of Alexandre Dumas".
Day Cover French Stamp about Victor Schoelcher --
Victor (1804-1893) was a French humanitarian, statesman and
writer who devoted his life and fortune to the abolition of
slavery in the French colonies. Victor was born in Paris in
1804. He was the son of a wealthy porcelain manufacturer,
and after a short period of secondary education, he took
over his father’s factory in Paris. However, it soon became
clear that his interests lay elsewhere. He was a
humanitarian thinker and chose music, reading, writing and
politics over business and industry. In 1829-1831 Schoelcher
was sent to the Americas in search of new customers for the
business. On his journey in Mexico, Cuba and the southern
United States, he discovered the harsh realities of slavery
and began his career as an abolitionist writer. His writings
centered around the social, economic and political
advantages that could be gained from the abolition of
slavery, drawn from a comparative analysis of the results of
emancipation in the British colonies (1834-1838). Schoelcher
believed that the production of sugar should continue in the
colonies with the construction of large factories in
replacement of slave labor. When the Revolution of 1848
broke out in France, Schoelcher returned with haste to take
up appointment as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies.
He set up and presided over a commission for the abolition
of slavery. Under his direction the commission prepared a
decree abolishing slavery in all French territories, which
the provisional government adopted on 27 April 1848. As a
result, more than 260.000 people in the Americas, Africa and
the Indian Ocean gained their freedom. In 1851, Schoelcher
opposed the coup d’état of Louis Napoleon and was forced
into exile in England and Belgium until Napoleon’s fall in
1870. On his return, Schoelcher regained his place in the
National Assembly for Martinique and Guadalupe, sitting on
the extreme left. In 1875 he was elected senator for life.
Victor Schoelcher died in 1893. His ashes were transferred
to the Pantheon in Paris in 1949.
Abridgement of the Debates of Congress
from 1789 to 1856 from Gales and Seaton's Annals of
Congress; from Their Register of Debates; and from the
Official Reported Debates. By John C. Rives - Vol XII covers
the debates of the 22nd Congress, 1832-1836. New
York: D. Appleton, 1860. Assumed First. There are several entries on
slavery – many, many pages on the slavery issues in DC. Also
anti-slavery incendiary publications, slavery in Arkansas, slavery memorials,
abolition of slavery, etc..
8vo - over 7¾" - 9¾" tall. Full-Leather.
The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United
States; with an appendix, containing important state
papers and public documents, and all the laws of a public
nature; with a copious index. Volume II, comprising (with
volume 1) the period from March 3, 1789, to March 3, 1791,
inclusive. Compiled from authentic materials, by Joseph
Gales, Senior. Washington: Gales and Seaton, 1834. Volume 2
only which covers February 18, 1790 to March 3, 1791.
Also includes the 188 page appendix w/ "reports and other
documents". In late 18th/ early 19th century period full
-- Supreme Court Reports (1801 - 1882) -- a
collection of 98 books of US Supreme Court Reports.
They were published in 1903 by the Banks Law Publishing
Company. They cover Supreme Court case law from 1801 to
1882. Imagine what has been stated about the Missouri
Compromise, the Dred Scott Decision and others relating to
the Black experience in America. Important tool in the hands
of researchers. Very important and scarce volumes -- that's
Click on image to the right to watch a 10 minute
interview with Dr. Freeman on Canadian TV >>
-- An extremely
rare bound historical account of
the Congress (468 pages),
titled APPENDIX TO THE CONGRESSIONAL GLOBE,
dated 1859 with the first part being
the speech given by Pres. James Buchanan to the Joint
Session of the Congress. Excellent historical account of
the actual word for word debates that went on just prior
to the outbreak of the Civil War., the slavery
question, the expansion of slavery into
the Territories, the Admission of Kansas to the
Union is hotly debated by both slave-holding and
free-state supporters. This included the debate
concerning the FAMOUS BOOK BY HELPER,
called at this time, THE BLACK BIBLE, this book was
banned in the south. The southern Congressmen are up in
arms over the content of this book depicting the south
as barbarians with their slaves, etc. News of the
re-election of Stephen A. Douglas,
the Homestead Bill, debates over the marriage of Mormons
to many wives, Details of the famous TEXAS REGIMENT, and
their action against the frontier Indians. Much on
slavery is debated. The DRED SCOTT DECISION (1857
US Supreme Court, 19
393, 407, 15 L.ED. 691, decision said, "No
white man was bound to
respect the rights of an
is debated in detail. Details of ABRAHAM LINCOLN
are brought forth by the Senator from Illinois and the
newly established Republican Party. Each
page printed in three columns for maximum information;
Congressional Globe 1858 debates proceeding US congress.
The Congressional Globe: Containing the Debates and
Proceedings of the Second Session of the Thirty-Fifth
Congress: Also, of the Special Session of the Senate. by
John C. Rives. Washington: John C. Rives, 1859. Mid-19th
century period 1/2 leather binding. Smooth spine in five
gilt-ruled compartments w/ gilt title and date. Blue marbled
paper covered boards w/ leather board corners. Binding tight
and sound. 1000s of pages of information on the proceedings
of Congress. Index for both the US Senate and the US House
of Representatives. This covers Dec. 10, 1858 through
Feb. 14, 1859. Includes much on the Native
Americans and the Slavery Trade bill. VG+ near
fine condition, very little wear. Measures 9" x 12." 1040
-- 1862 Congressional Globe, 960 pages. Containing the debates
and proceedings of the Second Session of the Thirty-seventh
Congress. Edited by John C. Rives and published at the
Congressional Globe Office, Washington, 1862. very slight
occasional foxing, otherwise in remarkably good condition.. Includes many debates on military support,
slavery, secession, and other issues relevant to
the Civil War. Scarce item.
Congressional Report -- African Slave Trade -- Brazil. 33d
Congress, 1st Session - Senate - Ex Doc. No. 47. 14
pages. Titled "Message From The President of the United
States, Communicating, In compliance with a resolution
of the Senate, the correspondence between Mr. Schenck,
United States Minister to Brazil, and the Secretary of
State, in relation to the African slave trade."
-- Abraham Lincoln signed 25
copies of the Emancipation Proclamation. In this collection
are two copies of the Emancipation Proclamation directly
from one of the originals signed by Lincoln in 1863.
-- Rare Abraham Lincoln
Campaign first edition book printed during Lincoln's
presidential campaign of 1860. POLITICAL DEBATES BETWEEN
HON. ABRAHAM LINCOLN and HON. STEPHEN A.
DOUGLAS In the
Celebrated Campaign of 1858, in Illinois; INCLUDING
THE PRECEDING SPEECHES OF EACH, AT CHICAGO, SPRINGFIELD,
ETC: ALSO, THE TWO GREAT SPEECHES OF MR. LINCOLN IN OHIO, IN
1859, AS CAREFULLY PREPARED BY THE REPORTERS OF EACH PART,
AND PUBLISHED AT THE TIMES OF THEIR DELIVERY. COLUMBUS:
FOLLETT, FOSTER AND COMPANY, 1860.
The Lincoln-Douglas Debates were a series of debates that
took place during the 1858 presidential campaign in seven
locations across Illinois. Even though Douglas won the
election, these debates had launched Lincoln into the
national spotlight. These debates are considered a major
contributor to the separating of the South from the Union
and ultimately leading to the Civil War.
Emancipation", January 24, 1863 Harper's Weekly.
Famous double page engraving by Thomas Nast, the
subject of which is Emancipation. Measures 22" x 15 1/2".
Condition is very good.
-- 1860 Congressional
Report Civil War, 835 pages. A lot of discussion about
-- Rare Senate report (March
8, 1860) stating that 7 families are asking for
compensation for slaves taken and carried away by the
British during the War of 1812.
-- House of Representative Resolution (February 26, 1866)
about the "Protection of Emancipated Slaves and Freedmen."
-- Front Cover Portraits
of Dred Scott,
His Wife, Harriet and Children Eliza & Lizzie!.
Multi-Column Details of His Life, Family and The
Decision of The Supreme Court!
An Original and Complete
June 27, 1857.
Fine Illustrations with
Reports Including: A Front Cover Series of Portraits
with Indepth Report: "VISIT TO DRED SCOTT---HIS
FAMILY--INCIDENTS OF HIS LIFE---DECISION OF THE SUPREME
COURT---ELIZA AND LIZZIE, CHILDREN OF DRED SCOTT, HIS
WIFE, HARRIET" Fine
-- The Eastern Argus, a very rare historical newspaper,
printed in Portland, Maine on September 12, 1858
announcing: "The Death of Dred Scott." BACKGROUND:
Dred Scott (1799 - Sept. 17,
1858), was a slave in the USA
who sued unsuccessfully for his freedom
in the famous Dred Scott v. Sanford case of
1857. His case was based on the fact that he and his
wife Harriet were slaves, but had lived in states and
territories where slavery was illegal, including
Illinois and Minnesota
(which was then part of the Wisconsin Territory).
The United States Supreme Court ruled seven to two
against Scott, finding that neither he, nor any person
of African ancestry, could claim citizenship in the
United States, and that therefore Scott could not bring
suit in federal court under diversity of citizenship
rules. Moreover, Scott's temporary residence outside
Missouri did not effect his
emancipation under the Missouri Compromise,
since reaching that result would deprive Scott's owner
of his property.
Dred Scott, his wife
(Harriet) and two daughters
(Eliza and Lizzie).
-- Reports of the
Committee on the Conduct of the War: "Fort
and also a report titled "Returned Prisoners", no date of
publication, but probably May, 1864
just after the reports were made public. Graphic Eyewitness
testimony and question and answer sessions. Four prints of
April 1864, the Union garrison at Fort Pillow, a
Confederate-built earthen fortification and a Union-built
inner redoubt, overlooking the Mississippi River about forty
river miles above Memphis, under the command of Maj. Lionel F. Booth.
Confederate Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest attacked the
fort on April 12 with a cavalry division of approximately
Approximately 300 African American troops were massacred
Up to that time
comparatively few of our men had been killed; but
immediately upon occupying the place the rebels commenced an
indiscriminate butchery of the whites and blacks, including
the wounded. Both white and black were bayoneted, shot, or
sabred; even dead bodies were horribly mutilated, and
children of seven and eight years, and several negro women
killed in cold blood. Soldiers unable to speak from wounds
were shot dead, and their bodies rolled down the banks into
the river. The dead and wounded negroes were piled in heaps
and burned, and several citizens, who had joined our forces
for protection, were killed or wounded. Out of the garrison
of six hundred only two hundred remained alive. Three
hundred of those massacred were negroes; five were
Casualties were high and only sixty-two of the U.S. Colored
Troops survived the fight. Many accused the Confederates of
perpetrating a massacre of the black troops,
and that controversy continues today. The Confederates
evacuated Fort Pillow that evening so they gained little
from the attack except to temporarily disrupt Union
operations. The Fort Pillow Massacre became a Union rallying
cry and cemented resolve to see the war through to its
The massacre at
Fort Pillow had raised the question in every mind, does the
United States mean to allow its soldiers to be butchered in
-- Remarkably rare Journal
of the Senate of the Commonwealth of Virginia: Begun and
Held in the City of Richmond, 1859-1860 (1500 pages!!!).
James E. Goode, Senate Printer. This is an enormous volume
that includes hundreds of documents including Governor
Reports and other state reports, featuring reports from the
Generals dealing with the John Brown/Harper’s Ferry
situation, information on slavery and many other important
documents. Here are some examples:
a. "Communication from the
Governor of this State in Respect to His Action on the
Harpers Ferry Outrage" (66 pages)
b. "Communication from the Governor asking Relief For Edward M'Cabe
who was Wounded at Harpers Ferry" (2 pages)
c. "Communication from the Adjunct General Relative to
Transportation of Troops to Charlestown and Harpers Ferry"
d. "Communication from the Governor of the State Enclosing the
Report of General Taliaferro. Commander at Harpers Ferry (4
e. "Report of the Commissioners Appointed to Audit and Pay the
Expenses Incurred by the Late Invasion at Harpers Ferry (54
f. "Communication from the Governor of Virginia Enclosing Letters
from the Gov of Ohio relative to Requisitions for Fugitives
From Justice (22 pages)
g. "Hostile Legislation of the North" This is a 64-page report
detailing the legislation hostile to Slavery emanating from
the Northern States: Maine, Connecticut, Vermont, New
Hampshire, Indiana, Ohio, Rhode Island, New York, New
Jersey, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Iowa,
Minnesota. This Special Report even shows the legislative
response of the Northern States toward the Dred Scott
decision, which occurred in 1857 at the Old Court House, St.
h. This Journal also includes an 11-page report with "Extracts from
the Index of Colonial Records" from 1585 to 1782. Here are
some examples: 1585 (Proposals to Inhabit Porte Ferdinand,
Discovery from James Forte into the Main), 1607 (State of
the Virginia Plantation), 1609 (100 men Planted at the Falls
of James River, Memo Relating to the Colony of Virginia),
1610 (250 Persons go out as Planters, Descriptive Letter),
1613 (Suit in Chancery Instituted by Virginia Company to
Compel Adventurers to Pay Up), 1705 (1800 Negroes Imported
This Year. Sold at 54 Pounds a Pair), 1730 (Proclamation
Against Unlawful Meetings of Slaves), 1731 (An Opinion Asked
Whether Slaves Baptized into the Christian Church can
Continue in Slavery), 1741 (List of Naval Officers Enlisted
for the Invasion of Canada), 1749 (Notice of the Trade to
Africa), 1782 (Dunmore's Plan to Subdue the Colonies by
Means of Indians and negroes. Cruden's Plan for Arming
10,000 Slaves Handed in by Lord Dunmore)...
Incredibly rare JOURNAL OF
THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, BEING THE
FIRST SESSION OF THE THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGRESS, BEGUN AND HELD
AT THE CITY OF WASHINGTON, DECEMBER 7, 1863, in the
Eighty-Eighth Year of the Independence of the United States,
1042 pages (pictured to the right), Washington:
Government Printing Office, 1863. This Senate Journal,
from the Third Session of the 38th Congress, lasted from
December 7, 1863 to July 4, 1864, a crucial time in our
nation’s history. Each 19th-century volume of the
Journal of the United States Senate provides a record of
the Senate’s activities for a particular session of
Congress. Unlike the Congressional Globe (later the
Congressional Record), that record does not include the
words spoken on the floor of the Senate, but rather all
the procedural occurrences, and in particular the
introduction of proposed legislation and resolutions,
along with the decisions and votes of the senators on
these items. However, each volume does open with
the President’s Annual Message to Congress (now
called the State of the Union address), with other
important written documents that he may submit to
case of Abraham Lincoln’s annual message, which in this
volume occupies pages 8-18, the message is followed
immediately by the most famous and significant document that
Lincoln ever signed: the Emancipation Proclamation, dated
December 8, 1863, the same date as that of his annual
message. The annual message naturally deals with the
ongoing Civil War, as well as with foreign affairs, Indian
matters, the economy, and Lincoln’s plans for eventual
reconstruction of the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation
(pp. 18-20) lacks an elegant style, being fundamentally a
war measure, justified by the exigencies of the conflict and
applicable by its terms only to those currently held in
slavery beyond the Union’s power of control. Nevertheless,
every prescient statesman saw that there would be no turning
back, and that slavery was doomed throughout the United
States, as soon enshrined constitutionally by the Thirteenth
Amendment (probably the least cited, because most effective,
of all the amendments to our constitution). The Emancipation
Proclamation of course received widespread attention upon
its official appearance, which followed the publication of a
preliminary version in August 1863, butthis
volume marks its official publication within a Senate
In addition, the
pages of this volume are chock-full of interesting
Civil War items, though they are often buried in the
procedural record. For example, on page 233 we find
Lincoln’s message to the Senate submitting the
decision from the Interior Department fixing the point
in Iowa, across the river from Omaha, at which the
Union Pacific Railroad would start its construction.
Page 362 deals with amendments to a bill to accept
only three-year enlistments into the Union Army, and
to provide that as of January 1, 1864, “all persons of
color who have been or may be mustered into the
service of the United States shall receive the same
uniform, clothing, arms . . . as other soldiers of the
regular or volunteer forces.” The creation and
maintenance of the Internal Revenue Service, then a
new concept for raising money through taxation,
occupies many pages of the record, just as it would
today. The actual record ends on page 768, followed by
a mammoth Index of the Bills and Joint Resolutions of
the Senate and House of Representatives during the
session of Congress, and an even longer 175 pages!)
index, which makes it easy to look up any particular
topic, with, for example, two dozen references to the
proposed constitutional amendment to abolish slavery,
or, much more quietly, a note of the memorial (i.e.,
petition) requesting equality of pay for his soldiers
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, the colonel of the 1st
regiment of South Carolina volunteers, the first black
regiment to fight in the Civil War (see the movie
“Glory” for a stunning visual presentation). Messages of
various sorts from President Lincoln appear at more than
three dozen places, dealing with topics such as the
treatment of Kansas troops when captured by the
Confederates, the conditions of the people in East Tennessee
(who, Lincoln long but vainly hoped, would provide a bastion
of support for the Union), Mexican affairs, and the pursuit
of hostile bands of Sioux Indians into the Hudson’s Bay
territories. All in all, this is a terrific record of the
United States at the great cusp of the Civil War, as a Union
victory finally seemed near—though not so near, as things
turned out, as many hoped during the first half of 1864. The
book measures 5 ¾ by 9 inches and is 2 ½ inches thick. It is
bound in leather boards, with red and black spine labels,
noting that this book once was part of the Office of the
Secretary of State. The boards are holding well, though the
hinges have grown quite tender, especially in front, and
they are in pretty decent shape, only somewhat scuffed and
dented at the corners. Inside the pages are in good shape,
only slightly browned, still supple and of high quality.
-- REPORT OF THE JOINT
COMMITTEE ON THE CONDUCT OF THE WAR. IN THREE PARTS.
Washington: Government Printing Office. 1863. 37th
Congress, 3rd Session. Rep. Com. No. 108. Part
III—Department of the West. As the Civil War entered its
third year, a feeling arose throughout the country that the
Union armies had failed to measure up to their Confederate
opponents in organization, not to mention results—a feeling
highly reinforced when General Ambrose Burnside so
bungled the battle of Fredericksburg that his removal
inevitably followed, leaving his only legacy the word
“sideburns,” of which Ambrose had a marvelously showy pair.
Congress decided to investigate matters, and the
three-volume report that appeared in the spring of 1863
related in long detail what had made the situation so dicey
in all the theaters of war. This third volume deals with the
Department of the West, an area of extreme importance (of
course, they all were) because the state of Missouri was
closely divided between northern and southern loyalties, and
keeping it in the Union was essential, if only to maintain
control over the Mississippi and Missouri rivers.
Unfortunately, the political general John Charles Frémont,
the Republican party’s first presidential candidate, had his
own ideas about what to do that brooked little interference
from his superiors in Washington, Abraham Lincoln in
particular. Eventually Frémont had to go, but initially his
fame, his well-proclaimed love of the Union, and his
interest in eliminating slavery made him too well fixed to
oust, even though this last-mentioned attitude risked losing
the affections of Union-loyal Missourians, who saw in him a
dangerous abolitionist. Basically, the investigatory
committee was dominated by hard-line anti-slavery figures,
who suspected that Lincoln and his administration were
dangerously soft on the slavery question; for their
part, as Lincoln well knew from his boyhood in Kentucky and
Indiana, this issue had the potential to divide the Union,
and he had to move slowly to let public opinion crystallize
in favor of abolishing slavery entirely. In its 659
pages, this volume presents the record of testimony taken by
the investigatory committee from military and other figures
that deals with the military situation in in 1861 and 1862,
not only in Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and neighboring
territories, but also, and in contradiction of its title,
with matters in Virginia and neighboring states (this
material presumably should have gone into the first two
volumes, but they were already complete). Of this material
from the eastern theater of war, much refers to the debacle
of the second battle of Bull Run, apparently so rich in such
stories that more remained to be told after the primary
treatment in earlier volumes. A typical quotation appears
(p. 654) in the testimony of a Colonel McLean: “I have seen
privileges granted to secessionists that I think they
ought not to enjoy . . . Secessionists were inviting out the
rebel prisoners to their residences, and entertaining them
at dinners.” This volume measures 6 by 9 inches and is 1 ¼
inches thick, bound in leather boards, with brown tape now
covering the spine and extending onto those boards, which
are in good shape except at their edges and corners, which
are damaged. The book’s binding is holding firmly, and the
pages remain clean and supple, though some of them are quite
noticeably browned. Those who want to study how the early
years of the Civil War unfolded, as presented by
Congress in this investigation, will find this book
chock-full of variegated information.
Declaration of Independence
Absolutely rare bas
relief copy in miniature of the DECLARATION OF
INDEPENDENCE with signatures and a vignette of the
Signers at the center. Done by S H Black in 1859.
Says at bottom "Entered according to Act of Congress in
the year 1859 by S H Black in the Clerk's Office of the
District Court of U S for Southern District of New York".
This Plaque or bas relief is executed in silver over brass
with silvering almost completely intact. Plaque measures 7
1/2 x 8 1/4 inches (complete with original gold frame measures 9 x
9 3/4. An outstanding example of pre Civil War
Americana. This is an original old item, not a reprint, copy
or a restrike.
Christian Advocate and
Journal, New York, December 11, 1862. An 8-page original Civil War
Era newspaper in very good condition. Bright, durable and
readable. Contents include,
The President's Scheme
-- The preliminary Emancipation Proclamation to take effect
on January 1, 1863. There are extracts of the President's
second annual message to Congress given December 1, 1862.
13. Genuine "Track & Field" ticket stubs and ticket
books from the 4 days Jesse Owens won the four gold
medals (1936 Olympics in Hitler's Germany), in the actual
arena at the four events where Jesse Owens won his four Gold
medals...including Opening Day and Closing Day Ceremony tickets.
It is exciting to know that the person holding these tickets
actually saw Jesse win the following: 1st Gold = Aug 3rd (100m) 2nd
Gold = Aug 4th (long jump) 3rd Gold = Aug
5th (200m) 4th Gold = Aug 9th (4x100m)
order postcard of Jesse Owens
-- A ticket book containing all nine tickets for
the 1936 Track and Field events (August 1-9), still attached...with two tickets
unused. Mint. The photo
is of Jesse receiving gold medal for the Long Jump -->
-- Also rare August 1936 German and American newspapers and
1936 German Olympics books with images of Jesse (with
other African American athletes) and write-ups.
-- Plus, two mint sets of German 1936 Olympics postal
with official cancellation mark of the Berlin Olympics,
both sets signed by Jesse Owens. Have not heard of another
set signed by Jesse.
-- All 30 editions/volumes of "Olympia Zeitung," the
official German newspaper of the 1936 Olympics. Many photos
and articles about Jesse Owens and other African American
hard-to-find original seating chart and order form from the
Official Organizing Committee for the Berlin Olympics, "Organisationskomitee
Fur Die XL Olympiade Berlin 1936." It is a four page
piece with diagram of the venues and price of tickets for
the different events. This seating chart helps us determine
the approximate location of the ticket-holders while
watching Jesse Owens win events.
-- Rare 1936 propaganda postcard with Adolph Hitler pictured at work
Jesse Owens receiving 1 of 4 Gold Medals. This medal was
for his win in the Long Jump.
tin that, to put it mildly, is of great historical
significance. It is Madame CJ Walker's Glossine with
the statement on the front, "For Beatifying and Softening
Kinky Hair." Madame CJ Walker was an early industrial
pioneer around the time of other industrial titans such as
Carnegie and Rockefeller. She became, as some say, the first African
American millionaire in the United States. This is open
to debate once people discover that Annie Malone (below)
actually taught Madam Walker. She did so
simply by inventing a line of cosmetics specifically for
Black people. She capitalized on an untapped market at the
time and the rest is history. This is a rare tin to find.
The condition is excellent, measuring 2 inches across.
First Edition copy of Poro College in Pictures. -- a
short history of its development. The many images of the college are
absolutely stunning, costing over a half a million dollars to
construct! The Founder and President of Poro College was none other
than Annie Malone. Annie was the
founder of hair care product line for African Americans; developed
business into the Poro System, a network of franchised agent-operators
who operated salons under Malone's guidelines using Poro products. She
founded Poro College, 1917, in St. Louis, MO, the first school for the
training of beauty culture specialists for African American clientele.
She manufactured a line of beauty products for black women and
created a unique distribution system that helped tens of
thousands of black women gain self respect and economic independence.
The college trained women as
agents for Poro products and by 1926 claimed to have graduated some
75,000 agents located throughout the world including the
her contributions to African American culture are often overlooked
because her business empire collapsed from mismanagement. One of her
students, Madame C.J. Walker, later created a similar
enterprise and is largely credited with originating the black beauty
business, a feat that rightly belongs to Malone.
Annie Turnbo Malone (1869-1957) was one of the
richest African American women in the United States at
one time just a generation after slavery had ended in the
the 1920s, Malone was reported to have been worth
fourteen million dollars.
Founder of an extremely successful line of hair-care
products, Malone exhibited both a sharp mind for marketing
as well as an overly generous cash disbursement policy. As her business grew
increasingly prosperous, Malone neglected to keep a tight
rein on in-house finances, while at the same time bestowing
large sums of money to worthy charitable organizations; such
policies eventually spelled the end of her large enterprise.
Malone's dramatic rise in the hair-care field has often been
overshadowed by that of one of her former employees,
Madame C. J. Walker, but it was Malone, historians
assert, who developed the first successful formulas and
marketing strategies aimed at straightening African American
hair without damaging it.
Madame C.J. Walker:
Almost-impossible--to-find Hair Glossine (unused sample
tin, with product untouched) and Superfine Face Powder (actual unused
and untouched product) in
mint condition and a tin of Hair & Scalp Preparation
(excellent condition, with a little bit left in the bottom
of the tin) from Madam Walker'scosmetic
business (early 1900s).
These are a very scarce vintage items, especially with the
still-unused product intact!!! Born Sarah Breedlove on
December 23, 1867 on a Delta, Louisiana plantation, this
daughter of former slaves transformed herself from an
uneducated farm laborer and laundress into the
century's most successful, self-made women entrepreneur
-- The collection owns
(7) Madam Walker tins of hair care products.
-- Vintage wood handled pressing combs (twelve) are in used, as-found
condition. They've been in a storage building for years. The brand name on the handles is "Black Beauty," similar to
what Madam Walker used in her business. They measure
approximately 9" long. >>>>>
-- Nine (9) small bottles of Madam C. J. Walker's Perfumes
(Carnation, Gardenia & Wisteria (spelled Wistaria on
These seem to be very scarce. We have researched high and
low for information about these perfumes bottles. What we
discovered was that the perfumes were not among the original
products manufactured during Madam Walker's life (1867-1919)
and probably were added during the late 1930s or early
1940s. We did review a copy of the mail order form from the
1944 Madam C. J. Walker Yearbook and the three perfumes were
listed. At least now we can confirm that it was an authentic
product sold by the Madam C. J. Walker Manufacturing Company
The Black Dispatch
African American newspaper),
March 30, 1919,
with large lettering near the top of the front page:"Madam
C.J.Walker At Rest."
The sub-headline on the front page reads: "Madam
-- Five tins of "Sweet Georgia Brown" Hair Dressing Pomade,
1930s. -- An empty one gallon can of Posner's
(Cleansing Hair and Scalp without Water).
-- Rare tin of
La Jean Pressing Oil
15. First Edition copy (1852) of the British "Uncle
Tom's Cabin", written by Harriet Beecher Stowe,
published by John Cassell before the US edition, illustrated
by George Cruikshank with 27 woodcuts.
-- Another First Edition copy of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
published in UK (1852) by Clarke & Co. with 50 splendid
engravings! (In contrast, the US First Edition only
had 6 engravings.)
-- First Edition, "Dred: A Tale of the Great Dismal
Swamp", Harriet Beecher Stowe, 1856 (2 sets)
-- First Edition, "Men of Our Times", by Harriet
Beecher Stowe, 1868 (2 copies).
-- Vintage 1895 stereoview of Uncle Tom and Eva.
16. Scarce First Edition copy of Stowe's "A Key
To Uncle Tom's Cabin", published in London (1853).
It contains 595 pages of the original facts, documents, and
corroborative statements upon which the story "Uncle
Tom's Cabin" is founded.
-- Five copies of the "Uncle
Tom's Cabin, Young Folks Edition" (1890)
-- First Edition copy of the scarce "Uncle Tom's
Cabin" (1852) Sheet Music.
-- Three late
1800s German editions of "Onkel Tom's Hutte"
Each edition is in great condition.
-- Onkel Tom's
Hytte (Danish edition) by Harriet Beecher Stowe,
Book Description: John C. Winston & Co., Philadelphia, 1897.
Hardback. Foxing on many pages Solid binding, 8vo., 668pp.
Heel and head of spine crushed. Cover somewhat darkened or
soiled but the three color embossed illustration still
visible.. Colored endsheets starting to crack. Text clean,
over 100 illustrations by celebrated artists. Text in
Danish. The stamp of Hoey Pubishing Co., Chicago, IL appears
on the title page.
BACKGROUND: This is one of the most influential books of
the nineteenth century and caused a stir in Denmark, Germany
and other European countries. From wikipedia....."Uncle
Tom's Cabin; or, Life Among the Lowly is an anti-slavery
novel by American author Harriet Beecher Stowe. Published in
1852, the novel had a profound effect on attitudes toward
African Americans and slavery in the United States, so much
so in the latter case that the novel intensified the
sectional conflict leading to the American Civil War. Stowe,
a Connecticut-born teacher at the Hartford Female Academy
and an active abolitionist, focused the novel on the
character of Uncle Tom, a long-suffering Black slave around
whom the stories of other characters—both fellow slaves and
slave owners—revolve. The sentimental novel depicts the
cruel reality of slavery while also asserting that Christian
love can overcome something as destructive as enslavement of
fellow human beings. Uncle Tom's Cabin was the best-selling
novel of the 19th century (and the second best-selling book
of that century, following the Bible) and is credited with
helping fuel the abolitionist cause in the 1850s. In the
first year after it was published, 300,000 copies of the
book were sold in the United States alone. The book's impact
was so great that when Abraham Lincoln met Stowe at the
start of the American Civil War, Lincoln is often quoted as
having declared, "So this is the little lady who made this
big war." The book, and even more the plays it inspired,
also helped create a number of stereotypes about Blacks,
many of which endure to this day. These include the
affectionate, dark-skinned mammy; the Pickaninny stereotype
of black children; and the Uncle Tom, or dutiful,
long-suffering servant faithful to his white master or
mistress. In recent years, the negative associations with
Uncle Tom's Cabin have, to an extent, overshadowed the
historical impact of the book as a "vital antislavery tool."
-- Two rare First Edition
copies of "Truth
Stranger than Fiction Father Henson's Story of His Own Life"
with an introduction by Mrs. Harriet Stowe and with
illustrated frontispiece of Josiah Henson.
Published by John P. Jewett and Company, Boston, hardcover
edition. Henson was an American slave who escaped to Canada,
founding a school for fugitive slaves in Canada. He was
a conductor of the Underground Railroad and a member of the
Canadian Army (his image is on recently offered Canadian
Josiah Henson (1789-1883) has been called "the most
controversial former slave ever to make his way to
freedom and safety in Upper Canada." Born on a plantation in
Charles County, Maryland. Henson, early on in life was shown
the cruelty and brutality of slavery. Henson’s father once
tried to defend his mother from an overseer. His punishment
was 100 lashes, an ear cut off and his sale to another slave
owner further south. His father was never heard from again.
In 1830 his slave owner, Amos Riley secretly arranged his
sale which would separate Henson from his family. Upon
learning of the plan Henson escaped north to Canada with his
wife and his children. After 3 years of working as a farm
laborer, the idea of a self supporting Black Colony began to
form in Henson’s mind. He hoped for a population that would
be self employed and would have a chance to get a general
education. His dream became a reality when he helped to
create the Dawn Settlement near Chatham, Ont. Henson’s life
was recorded in a book titled, "The Life of Josiah
Henson, Formally a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada."
It is from this book, many believe that American Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe, got the basis for her popular novel
"Uncle Tom’s Cabin." Josiah Henson was active until his
death, lecturing throughout Canada and the United States.
While he was fond of the fame and prestige, his main goal in
life was to improve the living conditions for Upper Canada’s
17. National Bank of Boston check from Ticknor and Fields
(owners of Atlantic Monthly) to Harriet Beecher Stowe
(signed Nov. 17, 1863) most probably as payment ($100) for
her compelling Atlantic Monthly article (April, 1863), "Sojourner
Truth, The Libyan Sibyl".
-- Two copies of
the 1863 Atlantic Monthly article about Sojourner Truth
written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. This is most probably the article
associated with the check -->
-- The Atlantic Monthly, a magazine of Literature and
Politics. VOL. XI. Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 135,
Washington Street. London: Trubner and Company. MDCCCLXIII,
1863. 1st Edition. 788 pages. Articles include:
Sojourner Truth, the Libyan Sibyl, Benjamin
Banneker The Negro Astronomer, and Slavery and
Secession in America.
original broadsides (posters) for Parsons & Pool's
presentation of Uncle Tom's Cabin. Printed on a very
thin newsprint, it measures 9 5/16" X 24" and is a light
lilac color. A staple
of the post-Civil War theatre were numerous traveling
companies presenting dramatic versions of Harriet Beecher
Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin. Known as "Tom Shows"
they often featured spectacular effects, notably the death
of Little Eva (with the child sometimes hoisted
bodily Heavenward with ropes and pulleys) and the pursuit of
Eliza and her baby across the ice of the frozen Ohio River.
This broadside was probably intended for display outside a
theatre; it features a scene of Eva and Uncle Tom outside
his cabin, with Eva's luxurious home in the background.
Poster reads: COMING SOON! PARSONS & POOL'S ORIGINAL
UNCLE TOM'S CABIN AND TENNESSEE JUBILEE SINGERS THE
ONLY COMPANY on the road to-day presenting the old-time
manuscript version of UNCLE TOM'S CABIN. WAIT FOR US, WATCH
FOR USAs we will positively appear in your city
soon. Watch for Day & Date. -- Printed by Whatcheer
Print, Providence, R.I. Research indicates the date of
production to be around 1880. The ink coverage is good. The
condition is very good, considering it's around 125 years
old and on such delicate, fragile stock.
-- Vintage mid-19th Century sheet music (1860s) with an
illustrated Black Americana lithograph cover entitled, "The
CarolinaSong" (Dulcimer's Song) by Stephen
Glover (b.1813 -d.1870) from the 1856 play "Dred" (adapted
for the stage by H.J. Conway based on the 1856 novel "Dred:
A Tale of the Great Dismal Swamp" by Harriet Beecher
Stowe, the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin.
"Four Negro Heads", Peter Paul Rubens
Original 1883 antique engraving (Edmond Ramus) of the "Four Negro
Heads" by Flemish painter, Peter Paul Rubens (1577-1640). Handmade
laid paper, watermarked -- Arches. This folio etching with crisp lines
and strong plate impression was produced by J. Rouam and Remington and
Co. in Paris and London, jointly. Unlike most antique prints of this
vintage, the Rouam and Remington etchings were produced in extremely
low numbers and are incredibly hard to find, especially in such
pristine condition. (View at top of page).
<-- This particular image was chosen to be on the verso side of a
500 franc note with King Leopold II on the front, issued by the
National Bank of Belgium (1952-1967). --
order postcard of "Four Negro Heads"
original charcoal drawing of Peter Paul Rubens, the famous
Flemish painter. The picture is signed "Frederic Le???,
1834. It measure approximately 8x10 and is drawn on paper
with age marks typical for that time period.
-- Also in this collection is an original painting (Study of Four
Negro Heads) from the 19th Century Belgium painter, Maurice Goffin,
who was born in Luik (Angleurin) in 1845 and died relatively unknown
in Seraing in 1898 at the age of 53. He was the son of parents who
were active in the metal industry. He was the painter of
mainly portraits, figures and still life. In this painting
Goffin is trying to mimic the "Four Negro Heads" painting by
Peter Paul Rubens -->
-- A stunning and rare (circa 1870s) bronze relief of
Ruben's painting (1.5" x
10.75"), with stand, "Study of Four
Negro Heads. Weighs four pounds.
Painting by M. Goffin (1845-1895)
Many original 16mm films: The Emancipation
Proclamation -- Ethiopia: Ancient Land, Strategic Land --
Negro Slavery -- Sound of Sunshine, Sound of Rain (social
propaganda film) -- Jesse Owens: 1936 Olympics -- William:
From Georgia To Harlem -- Slavery and Slave Resistance --
Martin Luther King, Jr.: An Amazing Grace -- Martin Luther
King, Jr.: The Assassin Years -- Afro American Music, It's
Heritage, Cabin in the Sky -- and more...Many of these films are lost and will
never be seen again. We are transferring these films to DVD
so that we can play film clips in our galleries. Some
transferred to DVD
-- (1) Palmour Street (1957)
- This film stands apart from 99% of the educational film
productions involving African-Americans in the mid-1950s
because it portrays an African-American family that lives a
normal life and the film itself lacks the typical racist
narration and stereotypical scenarios. The gist of this
movie is that good parenting practices make for healthier
children. This is a great film for African-American studies.
Length: 23 minutes -- (2) We Work Again (1930s) - This WPA (Works Project
Administration) film tries to convey that the New Deal is
beneficial for African-Americans.
Length: 11 minutes -- (3) Farmer Henry Browne (1942)
This is a nice portrait of an
African-American farmer in Georgia during WWII. Like other
Americans assisting in the war effort domestically, Henry
Browne uses productivity and hard work to support American
Length: 11 minutes -- (4) Negro Colleges In Wartime (1944)
-This short film about
the training regiment of African American soldiers in WWII
will strike up constructive educational dialogue about the
racist treatment black American soldiers received during the
WWII. Great video of African American military culture and
history abounds in this film from the 40s, including
footage of the historic Muskagee airmen. Watching the
segregated military practices of this time period shows why
the civil rights leaders, both during the Korean War and the
Vietnam War, were very concerned with the mass enlistments
of young African Americans.
Length: 9 minutes -- (5) With No One to Help Us (1967)
A group of welfare mothers in Newark form together to fight
the overpricing of grocery items to welfare recipients. This
is tremendously important documentary and a vital teaching
tool for African American studies. Amazing historical
documentation of the projects of Newark around the 1960s.
Length: 19 minutes -- (6) The Plantation System In Southern Life
(1950) - See how
the centuries of African American slavery has effected
Southern culture and life in the South. A rare and
invaluable piece of black history.
Length: 10 minutes -- (7) Teddy (1971)
- A social seminar film that picks the brain of Teddy,
a politically concious teenage African American male. Teddy
talks about police brutality, war, the Watts community of
L.A., The Black Panthers and "The System." Nice unknown
movie to show during black history month or to kick start
any black history or political discussion.
Length: 17 minutes -- (8) Jesse Owens: 1936 Olympics - Jesse goes back to
the Olympic Stadium in Berlin, recounting his
accomplishments in August, 1936. -- (9) The Birth of a Nation -
film from silent director D.W. Griffith was the first movie
blockbuster. However, it also reveals a horribly racist
version of American history. The film was based on Thomas
Dixon Jr.'s anti-black, 1905 bigoted play, The Clansman.
The first part of the film chronicles the Civil War as
experienced through the eyes of two families; the Stonemans
from the North, and the Camerons of the South. Lifelong
friends, they become divided by the Mason-Dixon line, with
tragic results. Large-scale battle sequences and meticulous
historical details culminate with a staged re-creation of
Lincoln's assassination. The second half of the film
chronicles the Reconstruction, as Congressman Austin
Stoneman (Ralph Lewis) puts evil Silas Lynch (George
Siegmann) in charge of the liberated slaves at the Cameron
hometown of Piedmont. Armed with the right to vote, the
freed slaves cause all sorts of trouble until Ben Cameron
(Henry B. Walthall) founds the Ku Klux Klan and restores
order and "decency" to the troubled land. While The Birth
of a Nation was a major step forward in the history of
filmmaking, it must be noted that the film supports a racist
worldview. But there is no denying that it remains a
groundbreaking achievement, setting a high watermark for
film as an art form. Premiered at Clune's Auditorium in Los
Angeles, February 8, 1915, under the title The Clansman.
Premiered in New York City at the Liberty Theater on March
3, 1915, as The Birth of a Nation. The film toured
the rest of the country as a road show attraction. In 1906,
the same Liberty Theater had housed a run of Thomas Dixon's
stage play, The Clansman, which was one of the
sources for the film. At the New York premiere, Dixon stated
that he would have "allowed none but the son of a
Confederate soldier to direct the film version of The
Clansman." (New York Times, 3/4/1915). The Birth of a
Nation was added to the Library of Congress National
Film Registry in 1992. The film originally ran 13,058 feet
on 12 reels. At 16 frames per second, it ran approximately
This landmark cinematic achievement features the first use
of now-standard techniques like cross-cutting and deep
focus, as well as the unprecedented long shot of the Lincoln
assassination and a color sequence at the end. The Birth
of a Nation was originally silent with a musical score.
In 1930, the film was reissued with sound effects and
synchronized music adapted from Joseph Carl Breil's original
score, but at a much shorter length--108 minutes. Current
prints run between 108 and 185 minutes, sometimes due to
deleted footage, sometimes due to incorrect projection
speeds. At some theaters, ticket prices cost up to $2 per
seat, a record figure at the time. The Birth of a Nation
was also reportedly the first film to utilize ushers. The
film reportedly made $20 million dollars at the box office.
Because the film's rights were simply sold outright in some
states, accurate figures are difficult to obtain, and the
film may have actually grossed $50 to $100 million. Director
D.W. Griffith shot this film without a script or even
written notes, saying that he had visualized the entire
movie in his mind. One scene deleted from the end of the
film professes to depict "Lincoln's Solution," in which
African-Americans are shipped back to Africa, while Abraham
Lincoln and Jesus Christ look approvingly on. From the
moment the film premiered, the NAACP organized mass
demonstrations against The Birth of a Nation; not
only did black people object to its racial stereotypes, but
they feared that its glorification of the Klan would lead to
increased violence against African-Americans. In fact, the
Klan used The Birth of a Nation to recruit new
members, and its ranks supposedly swelled after screenings
of the film. To his credit, Griffith later (by 1921)
released a shortened, re-edited version of the film without
references to the KKK.
-- Vintage brochure entitled, "D.W. Griffith
Presents The Birth Of A Nation. An Historical Drama in Two
Acts, Founded upon Thomas Dixon's story The Clansman."
It goes on to state "There will be an intermission of eight
minutes between Act I and Act II." The play is presented at
Conn's Theatre, Concord, New Hampshire, September 16, 17, 18
-- First Edition copy of "The Clansman", by
Thomas Dixon. Published by Grossett and Dunlap in 1905. -- (10) The Birth of a
A group of independent black
filmmakers released director Emmett J. Scott's The Birth
of a Race in 1919, filmed as a response to Griffith's
film (Birth of a Nation), with a more positive image of
African-Americans, but it was largely ignored.
Florida, New York, and Chicago, it cost $500,000, nearly
five times The Birth of a Nation's budget, and was at
least partially funded by the sale of stock. Birth of a
Race was panned by Variety, who stated that it was
"replete with historical inaccuracies, gross exaggerations,
and bromidic appeals to patriotism," noting that the film
was "full of rape, murder, and suicide." The film was
directed by John W. Noble and written by Noble and Rudolph
de Cordoba. It starred John Reinhardt, Jane Grey, George Le
Guerre, Ben Hendricks, Gertrude Braun, and Mary Kennevan.
The Birth of a Race was envisioned as an "answer" to D.W.
Griffith's racist and inflammatory film, The Birth of a
Nation. Unfortunately, due to cost overruns,
mismanagement and the strings that came attached with white
money, the film failed to achieve its original goals. The
result was a film that was hardly about African-Americans at
all, but about the struggle of white immigrants in this
country. It was a failed attempt to counteract the damage
that The Birth of a Nation caused to the image of the
African-American. Even with its many shortcomings from both
a technical as well as artistic standpoint, The Birth of
a Race at least demonstrated that motion pictures were
indeed a medium to be reckoned with that has an enormous
capability to influence a large number of people. Prolific
black filmmaker Oscar Micheaux's first film, the
feature-length The Homesteader (1919), and Within
Our Gates (1919) more effectively countered the message
of Griffith's film. -- (11) History of the Negro in America -- Two
B/W 20-minute films: 1619-1860 and 1870-Today.
-- (12) Cabin in the Sky --
Louis Armstrong and Duke Ellington and his
orchestra! Movie stars Lena Horne and Ethel
Water were in the movie. -- (13)
1971 Pearl Bailey Show Vignettes. Guest Stars: Sid &
Marty Kroffet's Puppets. Special Guest Star: Ethel Waters
sings "His Eye Is On The Sparrow", "I'll Be There"
(Duet with Pearl). Pearl sings: "Hello Dolly",
"Walking My Baby Back Home", "Am I Blue", "Birth
Of The Blues", "Bill Bailey", This Is All I
Ask" and more...B&W. 50 minutes.
20. Museum quality portrait of John Brown, the
famous abolitionist who fought to end slavery prior to the
outbreak of the civil war. The reverse of the painting has
the information "The Abolitioner, John Brown, born
1800 died 1859". The garland branch motif, at the
bottom of the painting, was often used in artwork of the mid
1800s. We are still researching the identity of the painter.
Here's what a John Brown author/researcher, Dr. John DeCaro,
wrote about this painting:
a biographer and scholar of Brown I can assure you that
there is no possibility that Brown sat for this
painting. Brown was a very progressive man and in the 1840s
and 1850s, he periodically sat for daguerreotype
portraits--the early photograph. He never sat for a painted
portrait. Numerous paintings have been made of Brown, some
of them very well done based on daguerreotype portraits,
others inspired by those images. This painting was
apparently a rendering by someone who never saw Brown...the
hair and beard are stylized. It may have been done in
tribute to him by an admirer (perhaps a black artist?)...."
This painting is
oil on wood board, measures 12" x 10" unframed and 16" x
13" in its period frame. This is unusual, rare subject
-- Seventeen genuine issues of Harpers Weekly, illustration
and content rich about John Brown.
-- Four vintage engravings of T. Hovenden's "John
Brown on His Way to Execution".
-- Genuine eyewitness account of John Brown's battle at
Harper's Ferry as seen by one of his prisoners, John
-- First Edition (1929) of Benet's, John Brown's Body.
-- Late 1800s sheet music, John Brown's Body"
Slave-related hand written manuscripts from colonial Peru, Bolivia,
Argentina and other parts of South America, Puerto (Porto)
Rico and Cuba...most written in Old Spanish -- Dates:
1553, 1567(3 documents), 1597, 1604,
1608, 1609 (2 documents), 1610,
1612, 1640, 1641, 1672, 1675, 1682, 1688, 1689 (2 documents), 1690, 1706, 1768,
1772, 1774, 1775, 1782, 1785, 1789, 1798, 1799,
1803, 1806, 1811, 1814, 1821, 1822,
1823, 1825, 1831, 1836 (2 documents), 1837, 1839, 1840, 1844, 1845, 1852, 1858, 1860 & more...The
slaves, all from Africa, were sold in Buenos Aires. This was
their first port and generally the original place of sale
for slaves being brought into South America. From there
they were sold and then transported to other places in South
America. Usually, when being taken to Peru their first port
was Valparaiso near Santiago where slaves were dropped off,
and the rest were transported onto Peru, into the port of
Callao, which is in Lima. These slaves were usually given a
60 day "heart" guarantee, and any heart malady after the
warranty period fell onto the buyer. Here are
-- 1553, Extremely rare, signed Peru (Spanish)
fascinating manuscript...written in Old Spanish. Merchant, Diego de
Ribera, citizen of Arequipa city (south Andes of Peru), sells to Cristobal
de Rueda: "...a Black slave, from Mozambique, named Cristobal,
which has a healthy of title and had of good
war, and surely with choral drop and
bad of earth and that is not evasive, neither thief nor
fugitive.. neither it has other faults nor diseases(!)
by price of 300 Pesos from assayed and marked silver..." The file
is dated June 6, 1553. It is interesting to analyze the term: "had of good war", surely a justification of
slave traders with respect to the storing of slaves in Africa,
avoiding conflicts with certain tribes. "Gota Coral"
is the ancient term for epilepsy, because one thought that a great
drop of blood struck the heart. Exceptionaldocument for its age!! One leaf = 2
pages, signed and complete! No moth, humidity or foxing. -- 1609, Original complete signed Spanish Colony in
Peru. It details the giving of a Black slave, Fransisco
(valued at 680 silver pesos) as a part of the payment of
debt to a Catholic convent. The debtor is the Knight of the
Calatrava Order of Don Juan de Abalos Riberia.
-- 1689, The sale of a Black slave woman, Maria Criolla
(19 years of age) for 500 silver pesos. The seller
is Don Jose DeAvila and the buyer is "Hacienda de Vilca
-- 1706 signed contract for the sale of a Black woman in Cochabama,
-- 1798 signed contract for the sale of Segundo, a young
Black man in Bolivia.
of a Black slave woman, Jacoba, 15 years old (daughter of
another slave woman named Jacoba) for 200 silver pesos. The
seller is Don Manuel Salazar and the buyer is Don Mariano
Buenos Aires Slave Sale (Argentina), 1768
Chinese Slave in Cuba, 1859
impossible to find 1859
Cuban Slave Contract
defining the purchase of Chinese slave, Chang Chew. Pictured to the
left, this document is written in Chinese on the rear. The front of
the contract is written in Spanish.
List of Captured
Runaway Slaves in Cuba
existed many groups of slaves throughout Latin America
called "Cimarrones" (Wild Ones).
This document details those who had fled their masters and had been captured by the police.
Cimarron means "runaway slave" and refers mainly to
African slaves who had run away from their Spanish masters.
Many slave uprisings were sponsored by these groups across
the Caribbean and Latin America.
list of 372 Chinese
who have disembarked from the ship, Loyola. The ages are between
30-35 years of age. This may have been because the Cubans were running
out of younger laborers. --
1803 signed slave contract from Peru, under
Spanish Kingdom Colony domination. The document details the
sale of a male slave who had happened to come from Valparaiso,
Chile. -- 1768
document detailing the sale of Theresa (24 years of age),
a slave being sold in Buenos Aires, Argentina.
-- 1619 rare document (4 pages) detailing the sale
of Manuel, a slave being sold in Bolivia. It also gives
a glimpse into colonial life in that part of South America.
-- 1597 intriguing document about colonial life in
Bolivia, including the business between Alvaro Martin
and a priest in a monastery.
-- 14-page Peruvian register from the San Bartolome Hospital (1811
-- only for Black slaves,
-- Cuban Ship (Matano')
leaving Havanna for Barcelona, Spain on October 3, 1822.
-- Cuban Ship
leaving Habanna (sic) for Barcelona, Spain on April 5, 1820.
identification document with Havana police.
explaining what has been done to avoid the landing of a ship
transporting slaves from Africa to Cuba. The letter is
directed to the gentlemen governing the brigadier politico
and the military head of the jurisdiction --
Jatibonico, a municipality in the Sancti Spiritus Province
1840 ship registration (Portugal) with one slave aboard. The
ship "Palas" arrived at Montevideo from Rio de Janeiro, and later left
for Pernambuco. It carried 1 slave (police report).
22. Stunning Silver Civil War
containing two tin-type pictures of African American women (looks like
mother and daughter), worn by an African American soldier
during the Civil War. The locket opens on a hinge to reveal the other
tin-type picture. Picture to the left.
-- Many circulars from the War Department addressing the issues
surrounding the Freedmen's Bureau, refugees and abandoned
-- Hand written letter stating the difficulty of determining the ages
of Free Negroes (Sept.17, 1851).
-- Hand written letter by Civil War soldier wanting a position
in Wild's African Brigade (January 17, 1864).
"Colored Soldier Regiments"
in the Civil War -- "No officer in this regiment now
doubts that the key to the successful prosecution of
this war lies in the unlimited employment of black
troops. Their superiority lies simply in the fact that
they know the country, while white troops do not, and,
moreover, that they have peculiarities of temperament,
position, and motive which belong to them alone. Instead
of leaving their homes and families to fight they are
fighting for their homes and families, and they show the
resolution and sagacity which a personal purpose gives.
It would have been madness to attempt, with the bravest
white troops what I have successfully accomplished with
the black ones. Everything, even to the piloting of the
vessels and the selection of the proper points for
cannonading, was done by my own soldiers."
-- Excerpt from February 1, 1863 report by Colonel T. W. Higginson,
commander of the First Regiment South Carolina
Volunteers (Union) after the January 23 - February 1,
1863 Expedition from Beaufort South Carolina, up the
Saint Mary's River in Georgia and Florida.
First Edition 55-page article entitled, "The Rosetta
in Archaeologia: Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to
Antiquity, Volume XVI, published by The Society of
Antiquaries of London. 1812. Some of the first published
articles about the Rosetta Stone. This is historic in light
of the fact that the code to Hieroglyphics wasn't cracked
until 1822 by Jean Champollion.
-- One and a half pages of the Gentleman's Magazine
(August, 1802) stating, "...a treble inscription
brought up from Rosetta, in Egypt, where it was dug up
by the French, and, with other antique fragments, made by
capitulation the property of the British nation. Copies had
been previously taken of it by its former possessors, who,
with their accustomed vivacity, have attempted to illustrate
it..." (This was written a full 20 years before the code
to Hieroglyphics was cracked by Champollion.)
"Viewing the Rosetta Stone", 1874
London Illustrated engraving
(3 original images owned)
-- An original "Elephant-size" folio Victorian print
(circa 1895) of the Rosetta Stone. Measures 21x14" on heavyweight
-- An original "Elephant-size" folio Victorian print
(circa 1895) of a gentleman viewing the Rosetta Stone in the British
Museum. Measures 21x14" on heavyweight paper.
-- An 1815 engraving of the British Museum (its original,
-- Superb Georgian
(during the reign of King William IV 1830-1837) hardback
complete two-volume First Edition set entitled “Egyptian
Antiquities,” by The British Museum, with nearly
100 fine engravings and other illustrations.
They were published by
Charles Knight, of
in MDCCCXXXII (1832 – Volume I) and MDCCCXXXVI (1836 –
Volume II). The code to hieroglyphics had been cracked in
1822 by Jean Champollion, just ten years before the
publication of the first volume! Excellent information about
the Rosetta Stone and other ancient Egyptian artifacts in
these books. Extremely rare addition to this collection..
Extremely Rare Museum Quality Full Face Casting of the Rosetta Stone
-- In the 1970’s, the British Museum made a mold of the full face of the
Rosetta Stone, and cast a small number of 1st generation casts. When I
acquired this I was told maybe only 12-15 had been made, and that I had
acquired the last one. (It had been stored in the basement of the British
Museum.) It is an actual casting in black resin with the characters
in white, made from a direct mold of the Stone's face. The bottom
right of the face contains the imprint of the British Museum, thus
authenticating it. I have been informed by the British Museum’s Department
of Conservation, that the Museum itself makes no more production runs. The
British Museum Company, who is in charge of museum sales, informed us as
follows: “Unfortunately we do not have any records of how many Rosetta
Stone casts were produced. However, (we) estimate that for a short period
of time, it would have been two or three a year at the very most.” The
replica (one of 12-15 copies in existence) is pictured to the right
--> Do you want to own a full-size, 3-D replica of the original
Rosetta Stone? Click here -->
"Capture of Rosetta"
-- A genuine issue of the January 7th, 1799 Connecticut
Courant, detailing the "Landing of Buonaparte's army
in Egypt" and its progress in Cairo. Fascinating
-- Authentic issue of the Salem Gazette (Dec.
7, 1798), containing a literal translation of General
Napoleon Buonaparte's proclamation to the Arabs in Lower
Egypt. Intriguing content.
<-- July 14, 1801 issue of the New England Palladium
describing the capture of Rosetta, Egypt by British
troops. The report comes from Major General J. H.
Hutchinson. "It is with great pleasure that I am to
inform you of the success of a corps of Turks and British
under the command of Col. Spencer. They were ordered from
hence about ten days ago, for the purpose of forcing the enemy from the
town and castle of Rosetta, which commands the navigation of the
One of just 12-15 full-size
facsimiles of the famed Rosetta Stone ever manufactured by
the British Museum. Very rare. The "Rosetta Stone" of
...We are now masters of the western branch of that
river, and of course have opened a communication with the Delta, from
which we shall derive the necessary supplies, as the French have
scarcely any troops there, and none capable of making a serious
resistance. The enemy had
about 800 men at Rosetta when they were attacked. They made but a
feeble effort to sustain themselves, and retired to the right bank of
the Nile, leaving a few men and prisoners. They left a garrison at the
fort, against which our batteries opened on the 16th infantry and it
surrendered on the 19th infantry. The condition of the same as were
granted to the castle of the Aboukir..."
-- In August 1799, just over a year after Napoleon launched his
invasion of Egypt at Alexandria, a great discovery was made. Under the
leadership of Lt. Pierre Bouchard, French soldiers were
building up their defenses around the area of Fort St. Julian,
near the northern city of Rosetta, when a soldier or engineer
found in the ruins an ancient stone. With its cryptic inscriptions, it
was immediately recognized as an object of great importance. It was
sent to Cairo, where it was housed in the Institute d’Egypte. Members
of Napoleon’s special civilian corps dispersed around the country were
requested to go there at once. The rare map to the right is of the
mouth of the Nile, picturing Fort Julian, now known as Fort Rashid -->
Map of Rosetta region at the mouth
of the Nile, with Fort Julian on the West Bank of the river.
-- Description de
l'Egypte, Rosetta Environs. Folio Sheet size: 55cm x 72cm. It
has the Napoleonic "Sphinx" cartouche it the upper corner of the sheet.
Not a reproduction or re-strike of any kind. This print was purchased
nearly 40 years ago in Cairo. From: Description de l'Egypte ou
recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont ete faites en Egypte
pendant l'Expedition de l'Armee francaise. Dediee au Roi. France:
Commission des sciences et arts d'Egypte. The completed work fills
twenty-three volumes and contains engravings depicting 3,000 individual
images. Description de L'Egypte documents many aspects of Egypt's
history and culture and has sections devoted to antiquities, the modern
state, and natural history. An atlas supplements the text. Description
de L'Egypte was intended for an academic audience, and many copies of
the first edition were distributed directly to institutions. However, it
was clear even before the original production was complete that the
title had a much broader appeal. The descriptions of Egyptian
antiquities and religious monuments satisfied a curiosity about ancient
cultures, religion, and mythology that had been sparked by the Romantic
A Bit of History About
the Rosetta Stone: Some scientists accompanied Napoleon's French
campaign in Egypt (1798-1801). After Napoleon Bonaparte founded the
Institut de l'Egypte in Cairo in 1798 some 50 became members of it.
On July 15th, 1799, just over a year after Napoleon launched his
invasion of Egypt at Alexandria, a great discovery was made. Under the
command of Lt. Pierre-François Bouchard (1772-1832), French soldiers
were building up their defenses around the area of Fort St. Julian,
near the northern city of Rosetta, when a soldier or engineer
found in the ruins an ancient stone. With its cryptic inscriptions,
Bouchard immediately understood
the importance of the stone
and showed it to General
Abdallah Jacques de Menou. It was immediately
recognized as an object of great importance. It was sent to Cairo,
where it was housed in the Institute d’Egypte. Members of
Napoleon’s special civilian corps dispersed around the country were
requested to go there at once. In 1801 the French had to surrender. A
dispute arose about the results of the scientists - the French wishing
to keep them, while the British considered them forfeit, in the name of
King George III. In September 1801 English brevet Colonel Tomkyns
Hilgrove Turner, who had fought at Aboukir Bay and
Alexandria, went to visit Menou to procure the stone. Meanwhile the French
scientist Etienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, writing to the English
diplomat William Richard Hamilton threatened to burn all their
discoveries, ominously referring to the burned Library of Alexandria. Turner cited the
sixteenth article of the "Treaty of Alexandria". The British
capitulated, and they insisted only on the delivery of the monuments.
The French tried to hide the Stone in a boat despite the clauses of the
capitulation, but failed. The French were allowed to take the imprints
they had made previously, when embarking in Alexandria. General Menou
handed it over grudgingly. A squad of artillerymen seized the stone
without resistance. As they carted the magnificent ancient treasure
through Alexandria, French soldiers and civilians collected on the
streets and sputtered insults at them. In the spasmodic voyage from
Egypt to England, many of the Egyptian antiquities were damaged. Because
of the importance of the Rosetta Stone, however Colonel Turner
personally accompanied this precious cargo on its journey aboard a
frigate. The Rosetta Stone left Egypt from Alexandria and sailed into
the English Channel in February 1802. At Deptford the stone was placed
in a small boat and taken through customs. It was lodged at the quarters
of the Society of Antiquaries so experts could examine it before being
dispatched to its permanent station of public exhibition in the
British Museum in London, England (since 1802).
Scarce First Edition of "My Bondage And My Freedom", Part I
-- Life As A Slave, Part II -- Life As A Freeman, by Frederick
Douglass, with an introduction by Dr. James M'Cune Smith. New York
and Auburn: Miller, Orton & Mulligan, 1855. Illustrated with steel
engraved prints, and Frontispiece Engraving of Frederick Douglass by
J. C. Buttre from a Daguerreotype, with autograph signature of Douglas
(facsimile). Autograph manuscript inscription on prefatory page of W.S.
? Davis, Westford, Otsego (?) County, N.Y. This book came from an
estate in Rochester, NY, Upstate New York, where Douglas lived for
many years. See #37 (below) for more information about Frederick's
visit to Scotland. --
order postcard of Frederick Douglass
St. Johnsbury Calcdonian newspaper, St. Johnsbury, VT, Mar.23, 1877.
The column headlines -- "A 'Nigger' In a High Place" to
bring the news that Frederick Douglass has been confirmed as
U.S. Marshall". An historic event for an African American man
over 125 years ago -- but shame on the editor's for using such
a derogatory headline. Here is the article:
-- "Probably the most conservative politician will now admit that
the world moves. Frederick Douglass, the eloquent and learned colored
man, has been confirmed by the Senate to the best office in the
District of Columbia -- four Democratic Senators voting for his
confirmation, as well as all the Republicans, and two prominent
Democrats of Washington -- Alexander and Christie -- becoming
Douglass's bondmen. When such men as Ben. Hill vote for confirmation
of a Black" Republican to office in the old slave District of
Columbia, it is time for reformers to thank God and take courage. The
world does move."
-- Deed of Trust for James L. Barbour and Frank D. Johns, signed by
Frederick Douglass, July 7, 1881. Douglass served as the
Recorder of Deeds for the Washington, DC Government (1881-1886). This
Deed was signed during his first months on the job. (gift from Mark E.
Times, Apr.29, 1842 -- A 1 1/2" front page column headed
Cincinnati, Ohio. Frederick Douglass chosen to be
one of the Vice-Presidents.
-- A First Edition copy of
William Lloyd Garrison: The Story of His Life Told by His
Children (1894). Below is a handwritten letter from Robert
Adams making the argument that certain materials needed for
preservation and also it is sure that these newspapers would be
utilized as research for the accuracy of this book. William Lloyd
Garrison (December 13, 1805 – May 24, 1879) was a prominent
American abolitionist, journalist, and social reformer. He is best
known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The
Liberator, and as one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery
Society, he promoted "immediate emancipation" of slaves in the United
States. Garrison was also a prominent voice for the women's suffrage
An excellent hand written letter (dated April 5,
1887) from Robert Adams, a dear friend of Frederick Douglass
and also a well-known conductor on the
Underground Railroad. He was also a bookseller, stationer and
dealer in artist's materials from Fall River, Massachusetts, regarding
the collection of books that this woman has and that he, Adams is
buying these books for Francis Jackson Garrison (as a 16-year
old he corresponded with Sergeant-Major James Trotter of the Mass.
55th during the Civil War), the son of William
Lloyd Garrison and his autobiographer. A good strong letter with the
argument that these books were important during the era and he is
particularly looking for copies of "The Liberator" as well as other
anti-slavery materials. The letter has some folds and a corner has
been cut, affecting last word on bottom of the page. Folds present and
one 1/2inch tear at the fold into one top of letter reverse, otherwise
a good strong letter. Rare item regarding the collection of materials
on anti-slavery which William Lloyd Garrison was in the center of
during a great part of his life.
Robert Adams Bookseller, Stationer and Dealer in Artist's Materials
Fall River, Mass. April 5, 1887
Dear Madam: I learn through Mr. Durleigh (?) that you may
have a number of volumes of The
Liberator. I am collecting for Mr. Francis
Jackson Garrison, the youngest son of William Lloyd
Garrison, who is gathering together all he can, to
arrange in files to be placed in Public Libraries for
preservation and for future reference. They are worthy of a
conspicuous place, as they give an important history of
those eventful years, which can be obtained from no other
source. Should you be willing to dispose of them for that
purpose, please inform me as soon as convenient, as he is
about finishing his work on them. If you know of any person
in your vicinity who has any copies of The Liberator,
please inform me if you please.
Yours respectfully, Robert Adams
Mrs. Adams sends her regards to you. Have you any of the "National
Antislavery Standard" or of the "New
York Tribune" to dispose of? RA
By 1851, after the Fugitive Slave law had
come into effect, a very large percentage of the negro colony in New
Bedford left by the underground route for
Canada. This exodus was through Fall River where forwarding stations
had been actively in operation since 1830. Fall River became an
important "way station" although it was only one in a great number of
"railroad systems" through which escape was possible. Fall River was
ideally adapted for this purpose because it was not on any direct line
and slaves who were able to escape by sea from southern ports to New
Bedford and towns on the cape were "doubled back" to Fall River as a
means of concealment. From Fall River they were shipped to Canada by
way of Valley Falls and Worcester . Those who assisted in their escape
were called "conductors." As early as 1840, Arnold Buffum was
prominent in this railroad system. The Buffums, the Chaces, the
Robesons and many others, mostly Quakers, had much to do with the Fall
River station. Robert Adams, a Quaker sympathizer, was the
best known conductor of the underground trains in Fall River,
though neither he nor Mrs. Adams were members of the Quaker meeting.
There was a touching letter (below) was written by Frederick
Douglass to Robert Adams, a well-known “conductor” on the
Underground Railroad in Fall River, Massachusetts, on the occasion of
Douglass’s 80th birthday (March 23, 1888). Adams was a trusted friend
of Frederick Douglass. Here is what he wrote to Adams, reflecting upon
their first meeting in 1841 in Fall River:
know that yours was the first eyes that beamed kindly upon
me in Fall River seven and forty years ago? My dear old
friend, I shall never forget that look of sympathy you gave
me. I was then only three years from slavery. I had not
fully realized the possibility that a white man could
recognize a colored man as a man and a brother but I saw
such recognition in your face and have ever since, in
sunshine and storm, felt safe in your friendship.”
Rare newspaper article written by
Horace Greeley about Frederick Douglass addressing the
students of Western Reserve College, on the occasion of the
annual commencement. New-York Tribune (Monday, July 31,
1854). Read the entire article
here. His speech
is quite controversial, not only for 1854, but also for now.
-- Three copies of the extremely rare Douglass' Monthly
October 1861 –
Complete. 16 pages. Minor repairs to back page affecting five or six
words. Good condition.
November 1861 –
Complete. 16 pages. Light purple stain to side margin and part of one
column (5” by 3”) affecting 4 pages (2 sheets) but still readable.
1861 -- Incomplete. 12 pages. Lacks cover and back sheet (4
pages). Good condition.
On the rear page of Douglass's newspaper is a "Haytian
Advertismement", written by Nicholas Fabre Geffrard (President of
Haiti 1859-1867): Hayti (sic) will soon
gain her ancient splendor. This marvellous soil that our fathers
blessed by God, conquered for us, will soon yield to us the wealth now
hidden in its bosom. Let our black and yellow brethren, scattered
through the Antilles and North and South America hasten to co-operate
with us in restoring the glory of the Republic. Hayti is the common
country of the black race. Our ancestors, in taking possession of it,
were careful to announce in the Constitution that they published, that
all the descendants of Africans, and of the inhabitants of the West
Indies belong by right to the Haytian family. The idea was grand and
Listen, then all ye negroes and
mulattoes who, in the vast Continent of America, suffer from the
prejudices of caste. The Republic calls you; she invites you to bring
to her your arms and your minds. The regenerating work that she
undertakes interests all colored people and their descendants, no
matter what their origins or where their place of birth.
Hayti, regaining her former position, retaking her ancient sceptre as
Queen of the Antilles, will be a formal denial, most eloquent and
peremptory, against those detractors of our race who contest our
desire and ability to attain a high degree of civilization."
-- Geffrard (1806–79),
president of Haiti (1859–67). He took part (1843) in the revolt
against Jean Pierre Boyer and led the insurrection that overthrew Faustin Élie Soulouque in 1859.
Although he tried to reform the government, he was continually
harassed by counterrevolutions and could accomplish little. He was
exiled in 1867.)
-- Rare First Edition copy of "There Once Was a Slave" (New
York: J. Messner, 1947) by Shirley Graham Du Bois, 2nd wife of
NAACP mentor, W.E.B. DuBois. Book is about Frederick Douglass.
First Edition copy of Paul Robeson ,Citizen Of The
World, By Shirley Graham Du Bois Copyright
1946. Hard back with no dust jacket. In good—very good
condition. Tight binding. 2nd face page has a color photo of
Robeson attached. Back face page has news clipping, and
small black/white newspaper photo attached. . Has 264 pages
with 16 pages black/white photos.
JOSEPH STURGE (A heroic abolitionist):
-- An extremely hard to find copy of the British Emancipator
(January 10th, 1840 -- LAST EDITION!), the Anti-Slavery Newspaper
(Dec. 27, 1837-Jan. 10, 1840). "After having formally announced the
Emancipator of December 25th as our last, we shall no doubt surprise
our readers not a little by the appearance of another number. We beg
permission to explain..." The newspaper was founded by
He was a member of the Religious Society of Friends, and
refused, in his business as a corn factor, to deal in grain used
in the manufacture of spirits. He went to Birmingham in 1822,
became and alderman in 1835. He was an active member of
the Anti-Slavery Society, Central Negro Emancipation Committee and
British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. Sturge made a tour in the
West Indies, publishing on his return an account of slavery as he there saw it in
The West Indies in 1837 (London, 1837).
After the abolition
of slavery in 1833, Sturge was
one of the main instigators of a campaign of agitation against
apprenticeship in the West Indies. The Central Negro
Emancipation Committee was something he founded in 1837. Lord
Brougham, the most
prominent champion of anti-apprenticeship, acknowledged Sturge's central role in rousing
British anti-slavery opinion in a
speech to the House of Lords. In 1839, Sturge
and others from the anti-apprenticeship campaign came
together to found the British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society,
which survives until today as
The new organization turned its attention to
emancipating slaves outside Great Britain's borders.
Sturge traveled in the United States
with the poet John Greenleaf Whittier to
examine the slavery question there.
Folded letter (June 10th, 1841)
addressed at front from Sturge and signed by Joseph Sturge to Governor
Pennington, State of New Jersey -- Inside reads--- To The
Governor of New Jersey Respected Friends I herewith forward thee a
copy of a publication issued recently in England relative to
American Slavery. The kind and candid tone of thy letter to
Thomas Clarkson , so honorably contrasting with those of some
of the Chief Magistrates of the other States , induces me to hope
that thou will on all suitable occasions exert thy personal
influence and the prerogatives of thy station to promote the great
cause of Universal Liberty. Thy friend Joseph Sturge, Philadelphia
June 10th 1841. BACKGROUND: Note the date
and recipient of the letter.
In 1841 Sturge
traveled throughout the United States with the poet J. G.
Whittier, to observe the condition of the slaves there. On his
return he published A Visit to the United States in 1841
everywhere to meetings, lectures, and churches, urging
international cooperation toward gaining immediate slave
Sturge went straight to slave-dealers and slaveholders and
presented them with anti-slavery arguments based on political and
economic expedience, such as Harriet Martineau had used. He
assailed newspaper editors and political leaders with the same
arguments (Sturge 1842). The wellspring of his own anti-slavery
activism was nevertheless moral and religious. His foundational
convictions he expressed in a letter addressed to all 'Friends of
Immediate Emancipation in the United States.' He urged unity among
all who regard 'slave-holding and slave-trading as a heinous sin
in the sight of God,' as well as a cessation of 'sectional
jealousy and national hostility.' He also urged 'public
reprobation' against slaveholders. Finally, he argued that 'there
is no reasonable hope of abolishing the slave-trade; but, by the
abolition of slavery' to be undertaken by 'moral, religious, and
pacific' means. Throughout his American journey he persisted
doggedly in his efforts to move public feeling, even in the face
of pro-slavery churches and a hostile pro-slavery federal
government. He pressed the free states to gain control of
the federal government and to end the advantages slaveholders got
from their 'investiture with political rights, in proportion to
the amount of their slave property' (1842). He excoriated the 'leading
United States denominations' for their 'monstrous assertion
that slavery is a Christian institution resting on scriptural
basis,' an assertion he documented with written church
statements. Sturge worked tirelessly to organize popular action,
even after seeing mass economic sanctions and boycotts fail. But
he continued to trust the impact of altered individual feelings
-- Autograph letter (June
24, 1845) signed ‘Joseph Sturge.’ Letter was written from
Birmingham, addressed to an unknown ‘Esteemed Friend’,
about parliamentary debates, with references to a speech by Sir
Robert Peel (on the sugar question) and to the
British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society. 3 pp. 6 x 4 inches,
in good condition. Interesting Note: Sophia Sturge, his beloved sister, died
in June 1845. This sad fact may have been on his mind as he wrote.
Among other things, Sophia Sturge had trudged to around 3,000
households in Britain personally, asking them not to eat
slave-grown sugar. She was quite a warrior against the evils of
slavery. Whittier wrote a poem about Sophia after her death.
Sophia was the president of
the British Complete Suffrage Association. She was the colleague,
counselor, and ever-ready helpmate of her brother in all his vast
designs of beneficence. The Birmingham Pilot says of her: "Never,
perhaps, were the active and passive virtues of the human
character more harmoniously and beautifully blended than in this
excellent woman." Here is Whittier's poem to Joseph about
Thine is a grief,
the depth of which another
May never know;
Yet, o'er the waters, O my stricken brother!
To thee I go.
I lean my
heart unto thee, sadly folding
Thy hand in mine;
With even the weakness of my soul upholding
The strength of thine.
I never knew, like thee, the
I stood not by
When, in calm trust, the pure and tranquil-hearted
Lay down to die.
And on thy ears my words of
Must vainly fall
The funeral bell which in thy heart is tolling,
Sounds over all!
I will not mock
thee with the poor world's common
And heartless phrase,
Nor wrong the memory of a sainted woman
With idle praise.
silence only as their benediction,
God's angels come
Where, in the shadow of a great affliction,
The soul sits dumb!
Yet, would I say what thy own
Our Father's will,
Calling to Him the dear one whom He loveth,
Is mercy still.
Not upon thee or thine the
Hath evil wrought
Her funeral anthem is a glad evangel,--
The good die not!
God calls our
loved ones, but we lose not wholly
What He hath given;
They live on earth, in thought and deed, as truly
As in His heaven.
she is with thee; in thy path of trial
She walketh yet;
Still with the baptism of thy self-denial
Her locks are wet.
Up, then, my brother! Lo, the
fields of harvest
Lie white in view
She lives and loves thee, and the God thou servest
To both is true.
Thrust in thy sickle!
England's toilworn peasants
Thy call abide;
And she thou mourn'st, a pure and holy presence,
Shall glean beside!
-- By John G. Whittier
Joseph Sturge (1793–1859); Quaker philanthropist, son-in-law of James Cropper.
Some of the
earliest British and American anti-slavery speakers and writers
were members of the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers. The
life and actions of Joseph Sturge exemplified in the nineteenth
century the Quaker tradition of anti-slavery that George Fox,
founder of the Friends, initiated in the seventeenth. Joseph
Sturge was born in Gloucestershire in 1793 and died in Birmingham
on May 1, 1859, after a life of radical political action
supporting pacifism, working class rights, and the universal
emancipation of slaves. Sturge succeeded admirably in pursuing
radical goals through measured and diplomatic organizational
behavior. He effectively directed popular protest toward achieving
concrete steps in the long process of ending class oppression,
whether it took the form of worldwide chattel slavery or wage
slavery in Britain.
was one of the
founders of the agency committee of the Anti-Slavery Society.
Emancipation Act of 1834 was finally passed in Parliament, Sturge
refused to let the 'apprenticeship' provision rest.
('Apprenticeship' was the widely criticized intermediate stage on
the route to emancipation chosen by the British government.)
Boldly he set out in person, with Thomas Harvey, to investigate
apprenticeship on the spot. Between Nov 1836 and April 1837 he and
Harvey traveled through the West Indies
gathering evidence to
demonstrate the flaws of the apprenticeship system.
Everywhere they went they observed apprenticeship in action and
talked directly to apprentices, overseers, stipendiary
magistrates, and proprietors. In Antigua, where the local
legislature bypassed apprenticeship, Sturge and Harvey found that
freed people had achieved a social and economic condition far
superior to that of Jamaica, where apprenticeship prolonged the
wretchedness of slavery. Their book, The West Indies in 1837
(1838), exposed for a broad public the cruelty and injustice of
apprenticeship. While he was in Jamaica, Sturge helped found the
Jamaican free village of Sturgetown. He brought to London a
Jamaican apprentice, James Williams, who described in his own
words the brutality of his apprentice life. Williams's story
touched his audiences and stirred up agitation against
apprenticeship. Sturge used what we now call field research in
order to demonstrate his hypothesis about apprenticeship. This
research strategy, combined with his unflagging protest activity,
succeeded in shortening the period of apprenticeship by a full two
years. Fifteen months after Sturge¹s West Indian trip, nearly
800,000 men and women held in apprenticeship became fully free.
He founded the
British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society in 1839, and organized
international anti-slavery conventions in 1840 and 1843. In 1841
he traveled through the United States with the poet J. G.
Whittier, to observe the condition of the slaves there. On his
return published A Visit to the United States in 1841
(1842). Sturge served as
secretary of the Birmingham Anti-Slavery Society. A statue was
erected in Birmingham in his honor after he died.
The British and
Foreign Anti-Slavery Society (BFASS), founded in 1839 by Joseph
Sturge, still survives today as Anti-Slavery International. Sturge
worked tirelessly to organize popular action, even after seeing
mass economic sanctions and boycotts fail. But he continued to
trust the impact of altered individual feelings and ideologies. He
put faith in the moral force of religion. In 1942 Joseph wrote, "Light
and darkness, truth and falsehood, are not more in opposition than
Christianity and slavery."
-- Joseph Sturge autograph --
2 7/8 x 5 Page is hand
signed in black ink pen.
-- Rare March 25, 1865 edition of a family journal, "The Leisure
Hour." In this journal is a great article about Joseph Sturge,
along with an excellent etching of Sturge. In this article the last
meeting with Thomas Clarkson before he died. Here is what was written:
PUBLICLY SPOKEN WORDS OF THOMAS CLARKSON: Slavery everywhere was
attacked after it had fallen in the British dominions. Joseph
Sturge, from the beginning of the new endeavors to the end of his
life, was one of the main elements of strength and support. Readers
will remember the celebrated conference held at the Freemason's Hall,
June 1840, when and where were gathered between 500 and 600 delegates,
from all parts of the world, we may say, besides all that was great
and good in every philanthropic undertaking. It was a noble assembly.
There Thomas Clarkson appeared for the last time in public. We
give our readers a condensed account of the scene from the pen of the
painter Haydon, who was present as an artist to find materials
for one of the greatest pictures.
"In a few minutes," he says, "an unaffected man got up and informed
the meeting that Thomas Clarkson would attend shortly : he begged no
tumultuous applause might greet his entrance, as his infirmities were
great, and he was too nervous to bear any such expressions for
feelings." This was Joseph Sturge. In a few minutes the aged Clarkson
came in, gray and bent, leaning on Joseph Sturge for support, and
approached with feeble and tottering steps, the middle of the
convention. Immediately behind him were his daughter-in-law, the widow
of his son, and his little grandson. The old man first appealed to the
meeting for a few moments of silent prayer; and says Haydon, "for a
minute there was the most intense silence I have ever felt." He spoke
a few feeble words : every word was uttered from his heart.
After urging the members to persevere to the last, til slavery was
extinct, lifting his arm and pointing to heaven, his face quivering in
emotion, he ended by saying, "May the Supreme Ruler of all human
events, at whose disposal are not only the hearts, but the intellects
of men -- may He, in His abundant mercy, guide your counsels and give
His blessing upon your labours." There was a moment's pause; and then,
without an interchange of thoughts or look, the whole of the vast
meeting, men and women, said in a tone of subdued and deep feeling,
"Amen and amen!"
25. Over 400Golden Legacy (Black
in mint condition
(most still in original packaging)
-- known as "Illustrated History Magazines".
Between 1966 and 1976 Bertram Fitzgerald
(publisher) produced 16 volumes of Golden Legacy Comics. He left a
legacy of his own, comprising the most successful series of
Afrocentric comics to date.
The Golden Legacy comics
are thoroughly professional in their writing, art, and production
values, and full of enough historical surprises to interest adult
readers presented in a package accessible to younger readers.
Comics in this Collection
tell the stories of Toussaint L'Ouverture (pictured),
Harriet Tubman, Crispus Attucks, Benjamin Banneker, Matthew Henson,
Alexander Dumas, Frederick Douglass, Robert Smalls, J. Cinque (Amistad
Mutiny), Martin Luther King, Ancient African Kingdoms, Alexander
Pushkin, Black Cowboys, Louis Lattimer, Marcus Garvey, George
Washington Carver, White, Marshall, and Wilkins.
1820s "T Porter" slave button (from Antigua, British
West Indies), sewn onto the outer clothing of slaves -- used
to identify the owner of the slave.
-- The Chillicothe Recorder
(OH, dated Aug 23, 1815). Inside page headline with report
on live slaves being thrown overboard from
a slave ship,
while shackled together. I have heard anecdotal stories of
this but this is the 1st reference I can find to it actually
having been done!
-- 1818 edition of Niles Weekly discussing the "Treatment
of Slavery in Maryland".
-- Vintage engraving of a "Slave Felucca on the Coast of
27. Signed letters, photos and other
sports memorabilia (Julius Erving, Buck Leonard,
Jack Johnson, Satchel Paige,
Harlem Globetrotters (many annual programs, LPs, and
other Globetrotter items), Joe Frazier,
Johnson, Michael Jordan, George Foreman, Negro Baseball
League, Sugar Ray Leonard and more). Boxing gloves signed by
Muhammad Ali, George Foreman, Sugar Ray Leonard, Joe
Frazier, Mike Tyson and others. Many Harlem Globetrotter
to review the other Harlem Globetrotter items. Pictured is the 1949 (23rd Season)
Harlem Globetrotter's program -->
<--Harlem Globetrotter ('46-'74) Bob "Showboat" Hall's (signed) travel bag.
This is the actual bag he used in his world travels with the
-- Rare original
AFTRA Engagement Contract dated January 28, 1972, for
Pearl Bailey's appearance on the Harlem Globetrotter's
Celebrity Special (NBC) at The Forum in LA -- signed by
Pearl, w/ her Social Security # (Pearl was paid $1000 for
rare original signed check for $5002.30 from Samuel Goldwyn Productions
made out to Pearl Bailey, dated September 6, 1958. Pearl
Bailey was working on Porgy and Bess, which was
released June 4th, 1959 (Otto Preminger, Director).
This check was all or part of her payment for playing Maria
in Porgy and Bess. The
check is signed on the back twice -- Pearl Bailey and Pearl
Bellson (Pearl was married to jazz drummer Louie Bellson,
who revitalized the Duke Ellington Orchestra in the 1950s). The
Porgy and Bess film was marginally successful when released, winning an
Oscar, Golden Globe, and Grammy Award. Ira Gershwin
and the Gershwin estate were unhappy with the film, however,
and rescinded the rights to the film in the 1970s. As a
result, the film has never been on video or DVD here in
America, and few
public screenings have been permitted, albeit begrudgingly.
It is believed that the original negative is in dire need of
a restoration. This collection has a DVD copy of the entire
film, obtained from another country.
-- Dubose Heyward: PORGY. Published in 1934 by
The Modern Library, NY. Stated First Modern Library Edition.
Hard cover, no dj, 196 pages, Illustrated Chapter headings.
DuBose Heyward (August 31, 1885 – June 16, 1940) is
best-known as the author of the 1924 novel Porgy, which
became the foundation of George Gershwin's opera
Porgy and Bess. Langston Hughes called Heyward
"one who saw, "with his white eyes, wonderful, poetic
qualities in the inhabitants of Catfish Row that makes them
come alive." Biographer James M. Hutchisson
characterizes Porgy as "the first major southern novel
to portray blacks without condescension" and states
that the libretto to Porgy and Bess was largely Heyward's
work. Book is in good condition.
-- Rare 1959 vintage poster (16" x 23") of the film
(Belgium), Porgy and Bess. -- starring Sidney Poitier, Dorothy
Dandridge, Sammy Davis, Jr., Pearl Bailey and others.
-- A vintage First Edition hardback illustrated motion
picture movie book titled: The Samuel Goldwyn Motion
Picture Productions of Porgy and Bess, copyright
1959...the year the movie was released.
Souvenir program of George Gershwin's "Porgy
and Bess", Produced by Cheryl Crawford ca. 1943.
Directed by Robert Ross, Starring Todd Duncan, Anne Brown,
Georgette Harvey et al. Cover art by Al Hirschfeld, 9" x
12", 15 pages, includes 10 b/w photos. Clean, flat and still
tightly bound in EXCELLENT condition.
edition (quite rare)
of "Travels in
Upper and Lower Egypt During the Campaigns of General
Bonaparte in That Country", written and illustrated by
Vivant Denon, published by
T.N. Longman &
O. Rees (London).In the spring of 1797, with
a direct assault against Britain out of the question,
Napoleon Bonaparte suggested threatening Britain's rich
commerce with India by invading
Egypt. A unique feature of the expedition, which set
sail on 19 May 1798, was the large number and high caliber
of the attached civilians, among them Baron
Dominique Vivant Denon
(1747-1825). Denon was one of the founders of the Louvre
Museum, and was responsible for saving many works of art and
monuments of French culture from destruction during the
French Revolution. Denon was entrusted by Napoleon to
assemble a team of artists, archeologists, linguists and
scholars to study the antiquities of Egypt for the first
time since Antiquity. In addition to assisting in the
formulation of practical measures for the rule of
Egypt, the 167 savants
accompanied the army to every corner of the country.
Protected by the French troops, Denon was able to explore
the country extensively. This book conatins many etchings of
Egypt, including the famous etching of the Sphinx of Giza
shown at the top of this web page.
of Sphinx of Giza
Rare 3-Volume Set by Vivant Denon,
In the south, he reached
Assouan; from Keneh he went to Kosseir. Their studies of the great
monuments of ancient Egypt paved the
way for the science of Egyptology. It was during this expedition that
the Rosetta Stone was discovered, which ultimately enabled people to
decipher and translate ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics. Denon's book
was the first important fruit of the French expedition to Egypt. This
is an early English translation
of the work (apparently the first English edition was printed a year
earlier), and contains a wealth of beautiful fold-out plates and maps,
including contemporary scenes from Denon's travels, plans of ruins,
engravings of the monuments and reproductions of some of the art in
the ruins and temples.
leather binding with marbled boards and edges. 392, 312, 366pp.
Illustrated with 57 engraved plates and maps.
8vo (standard sized book). CONDITION:Good to Very Good. All
volumes: Rubbing and edge wear to boards and spine. Hinges cracked.
Front board of Volume 1 loose but not yet detached. Split to centre of
spine of Volume 2, binding still okay. Missing 5 plates, but has 2
uncalled for. Some sunning to page. Varying foxing to pages and
plates, some plate just at edges, others have some spots to plates
themselves. A few plates have tape repairs to reverse. Scattered dirt
spots to pages. In general a tidy set, all text pages present, and
text clear and readable, foxing to margins of text pages only.
-- First Edition (American) book by Gaston Maspero, "The
Dawn of Civilization / Egypt and Chaldea", 1894 (400
-- First Edition (London) book by Joseph Pollard, "The
Land of the Monuments: Notes of Egyptian Travel", 1896
-- March, 1873 Harper's Weekly article by Rev. William Hayes
Ward, "Our Debt to Cadmus: Hieroglyphics"
-- Original British Museum booklet, "History of the
Rosetta Stone", printed by Harrison and Sons, London),
-- "Ancient History: Egyptian..." by Charles
-- "The Hebrew Bible, With Respect to Egypt" (incl.
maps), by Robert, Lord Bishop of Clogher. Printed for
J Warcus, London, 1760 (3rd Edition, Corrected), 493 pages,
bound with full original full calf leather.
-- "The Story of the Nations: Ancient Egypt", by
George Rawlinson, First Edition, 1887, with many
-- French edition of "L' Archeologie Egyptienne" by
Gaston Maspero, 1887. Rare, with many illustrations.
-- Leeds, England newspaper article erroneously
announcing the death of Napoleon in Egypt. Intriguing.
-- The Life of Napoleon Bonaparte by J.G. Lockhart
(1886), 496 pages with 9 tipped-in illustrations and many
wood engravings. London: Bickers & Sons, Leicester Square. Faversham School
Prize full calf binding with marbled endpapers and edges.
Prize bookplate on pastedown. Portrait frontispiece slight
foxing. Text, slight foxing. Slight foxing in prelims and
last few pages, otherwise clean. Plates, lovely and
-- Hand written letter (Nov. 5th, 1805) by the former
(Director) of the French Army during the
Napoleonic Egyptian Campaign.
-- "Egyptian Antiquities", produced by the
British Museum for the Library of Entertaining Knowledge,
and published by Knight London in 1832, this is a splendid 2
volume, 12mo size work. The two volumes have full page and
other engravings and have around 800 pages in total. Really
detailed work on Egyptian monuments, Rosetta Stone,
buildings, sculptures, tombs, papyrus, etc., etc. In the
original half calf boards.
Rare Original French Text
Book, copyright 1900 -- "L'Expedition de
Bonaparte en Egypte",
Written by L.A. Thiers, with introduction by C. Fabregou,
published by D.C. Heath & Company. Most of the book is
written in French, with some English translation in the
back. 100 pages. It is an old college text book from
Franklin & Marshall College, Lancaster, PA.
by old French traveller/diplomat/student of Egypt,
Gabriel Charmes, published by CALMAN LEVY, Rue Auber,
Paris, France, 1891, Chapters include, in part --
Mariette Pacha, Les Etudes Egyptologiques en Egypte, Les
Pyramides D’Ounas et de Meydoum, Dier-El-Bahari, L’Institut
D’Archeologie Orientale Du Caire, and more. Very antique
volume of 396 rich crispy style pages in its original
Calmann Levy, ‘L’EGYPTE’ soft card covers as published.
Jean Champollion in Egypt
-- Lettre Ecrites D'Egypte et de Nubie en 1828 et
1829, by Champollionn le Jeune (Letters Written in
Egypt and Nubia in 1828 and 1829 by Francois Champollion)
with all illustrations intact. This very, very rare First
Edition by the translator of Egyptian Hieroglyphics is
seldom seen on the open market. Most copies are in large
University or Public library rare book collections. This
work is an important insight into the early work of one of
the Fathers of Egyptology. These are his own reflections and
opinions regarding the monuments of Egypt. It is important
to remember that Champollion only ever made one trip to
Egypt as he died soon after his return. A great loss to the
science of Egyptology.
-- Jean-Francois Champollion, a 10 year old child saw
some of the Egyptian artifacts and enquired about the
strange pictures (Hieroglyphs) where he was told that
no one yet understands what these pictures means. Since that
time Champollion committed himself to decipher the
Hieroglyphs. By the age of 16 he became a professor
mastering 10 languages at the same time. Champollion then
compares the two cartouches of PTOLEMY & CLEOPATRA
found on the Rosetta stone which contains similar
characters. He continued deciphering more cartouches and
texts from the temple of El Karnak. It took Champollion 24
years until he published his work in a book " Precis du
systeme Hieroglyphique ". Sadly Champollion died by a stroke
on 1832 when he was 41 years old.
-- Two extremely rare First
Edition French volumes, "Complete Summary of
Archaeology" by Jean Champollion-Figeac
(Published in Paris, 1825 and 1826, just a few years after
he cracked the code to hieroglyphics in 1822). Divided into
volumes. First: Monuments of architecture, Sculpture
and Painting, including/understanding constructions of any
kind, the statues, low-reliefs, figurines, tombs, furnace
bridges, vases painted, mosaic, etc...with an introduction
historical and finished by a vocabulary divides into
volumes. Second: Containing the treaties on the
engraved stones, the inscriptions, the medals, the utensils
crowned and common, movable, weapons, etc, followed by the
biographies of the most famous antique dealers,
archéologieque bibliography and of a vocabulary.
-- Vintage framed image of Dr. Thomas Young. Background: Dr. Thomas Young is
the man who undertook
the task had perhaps the keenest scientific imagination and
the most versatile profundity of knowledge of his generation
— one is tempted to say, of any generation. For he was none
other than the extraordinary Dr. Thomas Young, the
demonstrator of the vibratory nature of light. Young had his
attention called to the Rosetta Stone by accident,
and his usual rapacity for knowledge at once led him to
speculate as to the possible aid this tri-lingual
inscription might give in the solution of Egyptian
problems. Resolving at once to attempt the solution himself,
he set to work to learn Coptic, which was rightly believed
to represent the nearest existing approach to the ancient
Egyptian language. His amazing facility in the acquisition
of languages stood him in such good stead that within a year
of his first efforts he had mastered Coptic and assured
himself that the ancient Egyptian language was really
similar to it, and had even made a tentative attempt at the
translation of the Egyptian scroll. His results were only
tentative, to be sure. Yet they constituted the very
beginnings of our knowledge regarding the meaning of
hieroglyphics. Just how far they carried has been a
subject of ardent controversy ever since. Not that there is
any doubt about the specific facts; what is questioned is
the exact importance of these facts. For it is undeniable
that Young did not complete and perfect the discovery, and,
as always in such matters, there is opportunity for
difference of opinion as to the share of credit due to each
of the workers who entered into the discovery.
Dr. Thomas Young's specific
discoveries were these: (1). that many of the pictures of the
hieroglyphics stand for the names of the objects actually delineated;
(2). that other pictures are sometimes only symbolic; (3). that plural
numbers are represented by repetition; (4). that numerals are represented
by dashes; (5). that hieroglyphics may read either from the right or from
the left, but always from the direction in which the animals and human
figures face; (6). that proper names are surrounded by a graven oval ring,
making what, he called a cartouche; (7). that the cartouches of the
preserved portion of the Rosetta stone stand for the name of Ptolemy alone
; (8). that the presence of a female figure after such cartouches, in
other inscriptions, always denotes the female sex; (9). that within the
cartouches the hieroglyphic symbols have a positively phonetic value,
either alphabetic or syllabic ; and (10). that several different
characters may have the same phonetic value.
Just what these phonetic values
are, Dr. Young pointed out in the case of fourteen characters,
representing nine sounds, six of which are accepted to-day as correctly
representing the letters to which he ascribed them, and the three others
as being correct regarding their essential or consonantal element. It is
clear, therefore, that he was on the right track thus far, and on
the very verge of complete discovery. But, unfortunately, he failed to
take the next step, which would have been to realize that the same
phonetic values given the alphabetic characters within the cartouches,
were often ascribed to them also when used in the general text of an
inscription; in other words, that the use of an alphabet was not
confined to proper names. This was the great secret which Young missed,
but which his French successor, Jean Francois Champollion, working
on the foundation that Young had laid, was enabled to ferret out. Young's
initial studies of the Rosetta stone were made in 1814 his later
publications bore date of 1819. Champollion's first announcement of
results came in 1822; his second and more important one in 1824. By this
time, through study of the cartouches of other inscriptions, he had made
out almost the complete alphabet, and the " Riddle of the Sphinx "
was practically solved. He proved that the Egyptians had
developed a relatively complete alphabet (mostly neglecting the vowels, as
early Semitic alphabets did also) centuries before the Phoenicians were
heard of in history.
-- Hardbound Volume IV of American Quarterly Review
(September and December, 1828). This 546 page book contains
reviews of historical, scientific, and travel literature
published by Carey, Lea & Carey, Chesnut Street,
Philadelphia; 546 pages. Twenty-six of those pages are
dedicated to reviewing Jean Champollion's May/June
1827 article published in the Bulletin Universal
entitled, "Apercu des Resultats Historiques de la
decouverte de l'alphabete Hieroglyphique Egyptienne"
par M. Champollion le Jeune.
-- Magnificent extremely rare plate/print
(one of 511 plates), expertly backed with linen, of
Thutmose III from the monumental 1843 work of Jean
Champollion, the first to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphs
(20" x 27").
Rare First Edition copy of "L'Univers Pittoresque. Egypte
Ancienne" by M. Champollion-Figeac (Jean
Champollion), Paris, Firmin
Didot, 1839. It contains 92 illustrations and an antique
folding map of Egypt. First few pages have some foxing, with
the rest in excellent condition. 500 pp., & 92 plates,1/2
maroon morocco with 5 raised bands & leather label, marbled bds. & endpapers.-- Very scarce First Edition, Egyptian Antiquities in
the British Museum, 1862. Details 250 exhibits.
Published by Smith, 196 pages. Excellent condition. In fact,
it appears to be unread. Over 6 pages, with three diagrams,
dedicated to the Rosetta Stone.
-- Intriguing early 1900s glass slide of the Rosetta Stone
by Moore, Bond &Co. (Chicago).
-- Two Copper engravings (22"x9" -- Battle Plan for
Alexandria and Map of Nile) titled, "Plan of the
Action of the 21st. of March Fought near ALEXANDRIA, by the
French under General Menou, and the English under Sir Ralph
Abercrombie" and also
"A Map of the
Western Branch of the Nile from the Latest Authorities".
Issued in 1803 as part of Robert Thomas Wilson's "History
of the British Expedition to Egypt To which is Subjoined a
Sketch of the Present State of That Country and its Means of
A fine 1719 original, copperplate engraved views of the
Pyramids and of the Sphinx, Giza, Egypt, with engraved
cursive commentary as borders: Description des Piramides
d'Egypte . . . Avec une Description tres Curieuse du
Sphinx, from Chatelain, Henri Abraham, Atlas
Historique..., Volume 6, Amsterdam: . First edition.
Excellent condition, heavy paper, crisp dark impression;
uncolored as always (any color seen in these images/maps is
applied by modern hands.) Dimensions: 17 1/2" x 21 1/4"
collection has 82 extremely rareoriginal plates/prints ( from "Description
from the Napoleonic Egyptian Campaign, circa 1820.
plates/prints came from a huge lot sold in an auction in
2001, Paris -- the seller was the
-- from the
cellars of the French Government
Publications Office. Average plate/print size
is 29 inches x 22 inches. Some of the plates in this
collection are 56 inches long! --
(Description de l'Égypte was the result of the collaboration
of prominent scholars, several famous European scientists,
cartographers, topographers, and more than 160 artists and
technicians. They accompanied Napoleon's army during
Napoleon's expedition to Egypt in 1798. Their goal was to
methodically collect information in areas as widely varied
as architecture, geography, botany and the humanities.
Description de l'Égypte was published in
volumes from 1809 to 1828 and includes over 900 plates.)
Regions depicted/represented by the official plates in this
collection are: Thebes, Karnak,
El Kab, Medynet-Abou, Hypogees, Elethyia, Heptanomide,
Beny-Hasan, Tentyris, Memnonium, Byban El Molouk, Latopolis,
Ile de Philae, Edfou, Louqsor and much, much more...
de l'Égypte: Official plates/prints previously owned by the
-- Very rareL'expédition
d'Égypte, 1798-1801, par Clément de Lajonquière.
Five large volumes in wraps, total of
about 3400 pages! (1902, 2nd edition).
Among the campaigns of the revolution, consigning Egypt
is both one of the most popular and less well known.Thus began the
monumental work of Clement Draveurs
(Clément de La Jonquière).Published
(about 100 years after the Napoleonic military campaign) from 1899 to
1907 under the auspices of the History Section of the État de l'Armée,
Paris, he tells one of the most extraordinary adventures of the
testimonies, more or less reliable contemporaries; also numerous texts
on the science of "oriental dream."
The work of Georges Rigault on the last leg of the
expedition to Egypt and those of Pierre de La Grèverie on Regiment
Dromadaires round off the work of a master in the final volume.
Vol. I: 673 p., Vol. II: 632 p., Vol. III: 720 p., Vol. IV: 688 p.,
Vol. V: 692 p. A complete set. With numerous foldout maps. Vol. I: A
rebinding copy. Rear cover missing, backstrip missing parts and
frayed. Shaken. Internally excellent: text leaves clean and neat. Vol.
II: Missing front wrap cover, else in excellent condition – tight and
clean. Vol. III: a Very Good volume. Tight and clean with some wear to
covers. Vol. IV: A rebinding volume – shaken, backstrip cracked.
Covers off and frayed. Internally clean and neat. Vol. V: A Very Good
volume. Tight and clean. Covers with some wear and leaves somewhat
yellowed. A remarkable complete set. BACKGROUND: (translated
from French) In 1797, after the victory early, and unexpected,
Napoleon in Italy, England remains the main enemy.One can oppose
it either by attempting an invasion, either by intervening on its
links with India.The conquest
by Bonaparte of Ionian Islands in August 1797 opened the way to the
Orient and reanimate the idea of conquest of Egypt, which would allow
the opening of the Isthmus of Suez, thus controlling of a more
commercial path runs to the riches of India.As a first
step, in January and February 1798, the policy of the Executive moves
to the invasion.Bonaparte
examines all possibilities of invasion from ports in the north, the
troops are assembled, a fleet is formed, but the operation seems far
too risky and it is abandoned.But we must
fight against England, and incidentally get rid of a Bonaparte too.Talleyrand,
confirmed his analysis by the intervention of Magallon, will therefore
attempt Eastern map.The decision
to intervene in Egypt was taken on March 5, 1798.On August 22,
1799, Bonaparte, after the unfortunate expedition to Syria, even
Egypt, called for new targeted France.He left the expedition under the
command of Kleber, which does little to maintain in Egypt.But Kleber is
totally convinced of the importance of scientific work, which
continues, despite the setbacks and delays of the policy. It creates
Similarly, on November 19, 1799 a commission to study more
particularly modern Egypt.On Nov. 22,
1799, he took the decision to consolidate all the work of scholars of
the commission in a unique work, the Description of Egypt.Kleber enters
into negotiations with the British and the Ottomans, to evacuate
honorably and Egypt to participate in military actions in Europe.An agreement
was concluded on January 23, 1800 for the return in France, but its
implementation is not possible, given the internal divisions among
English, the sultan of procrastination and the resumption of
hostilities in Egypt.After the
victory of Heliopolis Kléber on the Ottomans, March 20, 1800, there is
no question of return, but the morale of the troops, such as scholars
Unfortunately, on June 14, 1800, when the victory of Marengo, Kléber
was assassinated in Cairo.The General
Menou, being the oldest in the highest rank succeeded him as head of
the army.Any momentum
had been able to restore Kléber members of the expedition despite the
failure of the draft back, disappears with him.Until the
final departure to France, scholars no longer leave little near the
Cairo and Alexandria in order to be ready to leave at the first
continues the work of reorganization and modernization begun by
Bonaparte and continued by Kleber.To him we owe
the fact that the publication of the description will not be provided
by private funds but rather by the state, so that is recognized and
sanctioned the importance of the work done by scholars.After many
tribulations, scholars, gathered in Alexandria, obtain permission to
leave Egypt on May 13, 1801, but the English do not want to pass up,
unless they abandon all material collected during the exploration and
their notes and sketches.The
negotiations, sometimes tragic, lasting several months and it was not
until September that the first members of the committee may leave
Egyptian soil, having left in the hands of English the heaviest items
that they had found, including the famous Rosetta Stone.
pipes (to the left) depicting people of African descent dated back to the
mid 1800s, one British.
Elder's Pipe: To the right is a fine item, approximately 150
years old -- from the Bambara Tribe in Mali, West Africa. This is
an elder's or chief's pipe, approximately 10" long and shows use
and character. The bowl is metal lined and is reinforced with
metal on the mouthpiece. BACKGROUND: The
Bambara speak "Bamana", which is one of the Manding languages.
Bamana is widely spoken in Mali, especially in the areas of
business and trade. During the 1700's, there were two Bambara
kingdoms: Segu and Karta. In the 1800's, aggressive Muslim groups
overthrew these kingdoms, leaving only a few anti-Muslim Bambara
to oppose their occupation. This lasted forty years until the
arrival of the French. Only 3% of the Bambara had become to Islam
by 1912. After World War II, the number of Muslim coverts grew due
to their resistance to the French and their exposure to Muslim
merchants. The Bambara are 70% Muslim today.
A Bambara elder's pipe
1858 Slave Life Insurance Policy Receipts from La Providencia(6 different copies, 1858-1859)
and La Protectora Insurance Companies -- both in Havana,
Cuba. Slavers routinely covered their slaves with life insurance
policies. Consequently, they didn't care if they had to push
slaves overboard or even if the slaves lived or died on the voyage.
The slavers were paid regardless. This was common practice during the
Slave Trade -->
-- AUTHENTIC 159-year-old copy of the "Diario de la Marina"
Cuban newspaper. The most prominent HABANA newspaper of the time and right
up to Castro's communist takeover. This newspaper is a total of 4
large (14"X20") pages full of information about life in Cuba and the
world. It is from Tuesday July 28th, 1846. At the time newspapers were
made of a high quality paper-cloth mix material that through time has
not yellowed nor deteriorated as other more recent types would.
Depicts 19th century slave trade in Cuba.
-- This collection also has two more issues of "Diario de la Marina"
from Sept. 3rd, 1844 and Dec. 29th, 1844.
Lots of information about slave ships, the
sale/capture of slaves, colonial life, etc...
1840 Portugal ship certificate registration with 1 slave --
The ship "Palas" arrived at Montevideo from
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), and later left for Pernambuco. It carried 1
slave (police report included, with 7 other related documents).
Countee Cullen -- poet, anthologist, novelist,
translator, children's writer, and playwright, Countee
Cullen is something of a mysterious figure. He was born
March 30th, 1903 (died 1946), but it has been difficult
for scholars to place exactly where he was born, with whom
he spent the very earliest years of his childhood, and
where he spent them. New York City and Baltimore have been
given as birthplaces. Cullen himself, on his college
transcript at New York University, lists Louisville,
Kentucky, as his place of birth. A few years later, when
he had achieved considerable literary fame during the era
known as the New Negro or Harlem Renaissance, he was to
assert that his birthplace was New York City, which he
continued to claim for the rest of his life. Cullen’s
second wife, Ida, and some of his closest friends,
including Langston Hughes and Harold Jackman, said that
Cullen was born in Louisville. As James Weldon Johnson
wrote of Cullen in The Book of American Negro Poetry(rev. ed., 1931): "There is not much to say about
these earlier years of Cullen--unless he himself should
say it." And Cullen--revealing a temperament that was not
exactly secretive but private, less a matter of modesty
than a tendency toward being encoded and tactful -- never in
his life said anything more clarifying.
-- Page from
the December 1923 issue of Opportunity Magazine with poem, "When
I Am Dead", signed by Countee Cullen (dated December 14,
1923). Countee was a mere 20 years of age at the signing of
-- Color (First Edition, 1925) -- signed by Countee
-- Color (First Edition, 1925) -- with original book
cover (3 additional copies)
-- Ballad of the Brown Girl (First Edition, 1927)
-- Caroling Dusk: An Anthology of Verse by Negro Poets
(2 copies -- First Edition, 1927)
-- Copper Sun (First Edition, 1927) -- signed by
-- Copper Sun (First Edition, 1927) (3 more First
-- Black Christ and Other Poems (First Edition, 1927)
-- Black Christ and Other Poems (Third Edition, 1927)
-- On These I Stand (First Edition, 1947) -- along with
an original advertisement card, with Countee's picture.
-- The Medea and Some Poems (First Edition, 1935)
-- An Anthology of the Best Poems of Countee Cullen
(First Edition, 1947...published posthumously)
32. World War
II Unit History titled "Workin’ on those Airdromes" An
Overseas Report From the 923rd Engineer Aviation Regiment
including the 827th Engineer Battalion, 829th Engineer
Battalion, the 847th Engineer Battalion, and the 859th
Engineer Battalion is soft back 10 3./4" x 8 ¾" with 42
pages attached with staples. Front inside cover inscription
to "Sally, Mother, and Mimi from Tom" written in blue ink."
Includes text, black and white photos of the African
American soldiers. " Two greatest accomplishments of the
men of this Regiment were the construction of Eye and Debach
airdromes in England….On D-Day, June 6, 1944, the first
flight of Liberators took off from Debach….work performed by
our men continued missions of the heavy Flying Fortresses
B-17 and Liberators B-24…Displays color graphics of Aviation
Engineers and IX Engineer Command patches; soldiers
receiving the Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, and Good Conduct
Medals; B-17s, half-tracks, etc. Photos of Joe Lewis
visiting and participating in "Joe Lewis Day"
including "refereeing a boxing fight for us". Lists "Battle
Grounds of the 923rd Engineers Airfields constructed,
improved, or maintained in England, France, Belgium,
Holland, Luxembourg, and Germany". Includes photos of
"General Eisenhower, General Marshall, Jimmie Byrnes,
General Bradley, General Montgomery, and Russia’s Field
Marshal Gregor Zhukov". Lists "In Memoriam They Died in the
Service of the United States". Killed in Action KIA.
Interesting addition to Black Aviation Collection.
Maps of Africa:
Maps of Africa were vital to European slave traders who depended upon
the mapmaker's representation of the West African coast for the
purposes of navigation-- Clouet (1768) -- Kitchin (1786) --
Chambers (1847) -- Guthrie (1800)
-- Noveau Dictionnaire Geographique (1823)
-- Black (1849) -- Johnson & Browning (1861) -- Cundee (1809) --
Levasseur (1866) -- Rapkin (1865)
-- du Bocage (1848)
-- Bonne (1780) -- Mitchell (1836, 1841, 1851) -- J. Bartholomew
(1878) -- Bonne (1760)
-- Malham's Naval Gazetteer
(1796) -- Maps of Egypt: -- Clouet (1768) -- Wilkinson
(1796) -- Mallet (1719) -- Map of "Hayti and San Domingo" -- Allen (1890)
-- Mendes (1871)
-- Cape St. Francois (1795) Map of King Solomon's Route to Ophir for Gold --
Pluche's (1745) -- Map of South America -- Dufour (1840) -- Scot
(1798) -- J. Bartholomew (1876) -- Cram (1886) -- Gelattly (1845) --
Steiler (1870) -- J.H. Young (1839 and 1852) -- Map of Scotland -- Mitchell (1847, around the time of
Frederick Douglass' visit between '44-'46) --
(below, 8" high) are by African American sculptor/photographer, Inge Hardison (b. 1904) from the "Negro Giants in History" collection created in 1967.
Hardison is a sculptor whose major interest is contemporary and
historical portraiture. Much of Hardison’s work is emotionally
involved to her heritage as a woman of African decent. She was the
only woman among the six artists who formed the Black Academy of
Arts and Letters. Hardison once said, “During my long life I
have enjoyed using different ways to distill the essences of my
experiences so as to share for the good they might do in the lives of
others.” A life loyal to creativity and art speaks of the life of
-- 1945 playbill for Mansfield Theatre's production of the play,
Anna Lucasta, with Inge Hardison listed as an actor -->
Henson (1866-1955) was born on a farm in Charles County, Maryland.
He was still a child when his parents Lemuel and Caroline
died, and at the age of twelve he went to sea as a cabin boy on a
merchant ship. He sailed around the world for the next several years,
educating himself and becoming a skilled navigator. Henson met
Commander Robert E. Peary in 1888 and joined him on an expedition to
Nicaragua. Impressed with Henson’s seamanship, Peary recruited him as
a colleague. For years they made many trips together, including Arctic
voyages in which Henson traded with the Inuit and mastered their
language, built sleds, and trained dog teams. In 1909, Peary mounted
his eighth attempt to reach the North Pole, selecting Henson to be one
of the team of six who would make the final run to the Pole. Before
the goal was reached, Peary could no longer continue on foot and rode
in a dog sled. Various accounts say he was ill, exhausted, or had
frozen toes. In any case, he sent Henson on ahead as a scout.
In a newspaper interview Henson said: “I was in the lead that had
overshot the mark a couple of miles. We went back then and I could see
that my footprints were the first at the spot.” Henson then proceeded
to plant the American flag. Although Admiral Peary received many
honors, Henson was largely ignored and spent most of the next thirty
years working as a clerk in a federal customs house in New York. But
in 1944 Congress awarded him a duplicate of the silver medal given to
Peary. Presidents Truman and Eisenhower both honored him before he
died. In 1912 Henson wrote the book A Negro Explorer at the
North Pole about his arctic exploration. Later, in 1947 he
collaborated with Bradley Robinson on his biography Dark Companion.
The 1912 book, along with an abortive lecture tour, enraged Peary who
had always considered Henson no more than a servant and saw the
attempts at publicity as a breach of faith.
Garrett Augustus Morgan (1877-1963) was an African-American
businessman and inventor whose curiosity and innovation led to the
development of many useful and helpful products. A practical man of
humble beginnings, Morgan devoted his life to creating things that
made the lives of other people safer and more convenient. Among his
inventions was an early traffic signal, that greatly improved
safety on America's streets and roadways. On July 25, 1916, Morgan
made national news for using a gas mask he had invented to
rescue several men trapped during an explosion in an underground
Erie. After the rescue, Morgan's company received requests from fire
departments around the country who wished to purchase the new masks.
The Morgan gas mask was later refined for use by U.S. Army during
World War I. In 1921, Morgan was awarded a patent for a Safety Hood
and Smoke Protector. Two years later, a refined model of his early gas
mask won a gold medal at the International Exposition of Sanitation
and Safety, and another gold medal from the International Association
of Fire Chiefs.
-- Garret Morgan's entire US patent for the first Traffic
Signal (1923), which includes 2 Drawing sheets and 4 Description
sheets that explain every detail of the invention.
This collection owns two of
the Morgan sculptures.
Norbert Rillieux (1806 -1894) was revolutionary in the sugar
industry by inventing a refining process that reduced the time,
cost, and safety risk involved in producing sugar from cane and beets.
As the son of a White French planter/inventor and an African American
slave mother, Norbert Rillieux was born in New Orleans, Louisiana.
He viewed the methods for refining
sugar from beets and cane were dangerous, crude and required
backbreaking labor. The methods threatened the slaves who were
required to take boiling cane juice from one scalding
kettle to another to produce a dark sugar.
Rillieux designed an
evaporating pan which enclosed a series of condensing coils in vacuum
chambers, issued as a patent U.S. 4,879. The invention was later used by
sugar manufacturer in Cuba and Mexico. Rillieux's system took much of the
hand labor out of the refining process, it saved fuel because the juice
boiled at lower temperatures, and the new technique produced a superior
final product. The Rillieux device was patented in 1846 and was used
widely on sugar plantations in Louisiana, Mexico, and the West Indies. "It
was stated by Charles Brown, a chemist in the U.S. Department of
Agriculture, that [Rillieux's invention of the sugar processing pan]
was the greatest invention in the history of American Chemical
This collection owns two of
the Rillieux sculptures.
Jones (1892 - 1961)
was one of the most prolific Black inventors ever, holding more than 60
patents in a variety of fields. Frederick Jones patented more than sixty
inventions, however, he is best known for inventing an automatic
refrigeration system for long-haul trucks in 1935 (a roof-mounted cooling
device). Jones was the first person to invent a practical, mechanical
refrigeration system for trucks and railroad cars, which eliminated
the risk of food spoilage during long-distance shipping trips. The system
was, in turn, adapted to a variety of other
common carriers, including ships.
Frederick Jones was issued
the patent on July 12, 1940 (#2,303,857).
Frederick Jones also
invented a self-starting gas
engine and a series of devices for movie projectors: adapting
silent movie projectors for talking films, and developing box office
equipment that delivered tickets and gave change.
considered one of the 10 most important Black inventors of all time
not only for the sheer number of inventions created and patents
secured but also for the magnitude of importance for his most famous
pioneer in the development of the electric light bulb, Lewis
was the only Black member of Thomas A. Edison's research team of noted
scientists. While Edison invented the incandescent bulb, it was
Latimer, a member of the Edison Pioneers, and former assistant to
telephone inventor Alexander Graham Bell, who developed and patented
manufacturing the carbon filaments. Latimer was born in Chelsea,
Massachusetts, on September 4, 1848, and reared in Boston. His father,
George Latimer, a former slave, had fled to Boston from Virginia
during the 1830s. At sixteen Latimer joined the Union navy as a cabin
boy on the USS Massasoit. After an honorable discharge in 1865 Latimer
returned to Boston. Skills he had developed in mechanical drawing
landed him a position with Crosby and Gould, patent solicitors. While
with the company he advance to a chief draftsman and soon began
working on his own inventions. His first patent, approved on February
10, 1874, was for a "water closet for railway cars." In 1880
Latimer left Crosby and Gould to work as a draftsman for Hiram Maxim,
the inventor of the machine gun and head of the United States Electric
Lighting Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The following year
Latimer and fellow inventor Joseph V. Nichols received a patent for
their invention of the first incandescent light bulb with carbon
filament. Prior to this breakthrough, filaments had been made from
paper. Latimer later became a chief draftsman and expert witness in
the Board of Patent Control of the company that would eventually be
know as General Electric.
Latimer continued to display his creative talents over then next
several years. In 1894 he created a safety elevator, a vast
improvement on existing elevators. He next received a patent for
Locking Racks for Hats, Coats, and Umbrellas. The device was used
in restaurants, hotels and office buildings, holding items securely
and allowing owners of items to keep the from getting misplaced or
accidentally taken by others. He next created a improved version of a
Book Supporter, used to keep books neatly arranged on shelves.
He continued to invent and teach his drafting skills until his death
Charles Richard Drew (June 3, 1904 -- April 1, 1950) was an
American physician and medical
researcher. He researched in the field of blood transfusions,
developing improved techniques for blood storage, and applied his
expert knowledge in developing large-scale blood banks early in
World War II. He protested against the practice of racial
segregation in the donation of blood from donors of different
races since it lacked scientific foundation. In 1943, Drew's
distinction in his profession was recognized when he became the
first African American surgeon to serve as an examiner on the
American Board of Surgery. Drew received a fellowship from
Howard University's Medical School, enabling him to
study at Columbia
University College of Physicians and Surgeons. While at Columbia
University, Dr. Drew worked with the renowned Dr. Allen Whipple
and with Dr. John Scudder on the problem of blood storage.
The science and practice of
blood transfusion had developed from early work including
preserving whole blood in refrigerated storage in World War I and
the practice of having hospital “blood banks” in the mid-1930s.
Drew focused his own work
on the challenge of separating and storing blood components,
particularly blood plasma, as this might extend storage periods.
Dr. Drew earned his Doctor of Medical Science degree from Columbia
University in 1940, with a doctoral thesis under the title
Banked Blood: A Study in Blood Preservation.
This collection owns two of
the Drew sculptures.
originally Banna Ka,
is considered to be one of the first African Americans to gain
distinction in science. This
beautiful sculpture was purchased from an elderly African American
woman. On the back it is marked, "Property of Dorothy Thompson,
#1" by the artist, S. Davis and dated '79 (13" high and 7" across).
This is a one and only original clay sculpture, painted black. BACKGROUND: At
21, Banneker saw a pocket watch that was owned by a traveling
salesman named Josef Levi. He was so fascinated by it that Levi
gave it to him. Banneker spent days taking it apart and
reassembling it. From it Banneker then carved large-scale wooden
replicas of each piece, calculating the gear assemblies himself,
and used the parts to make a striking clock. The clock continued
to work, striking each hour, for more than 40 years. This event
changed his life, and he became a watch and clock maker.
customer was Joseph Ellicott, a Quaker surveyor, who needed an
extremely accurate timepiece to make correct calculations of the
locations of stars. Ellicott was impressed with Benjamin's work and
lent him books on mathematics and astronomy. Banneker began his study
of astronomy at age 58. He was able to make the calculations to
predict solar and lunar eclipses and to compile an ephemeris for the
Benjamin Banneker's Almanac, which an anti-slavery
society published from 1792 through 1797. He became known as the
Sable Astronomer. Banneker and Ellicott worked closely with
Pierre L'Enfant, the architect in charge. However L'Enfant could
not control his temper and was fired. He left, taking all the plans
with him. But Banneker saved the day by recreating the plans from
memory. In early 1791, Joseph Ellicott's Quaker brother, Andrew
Ellicott, hired Banneker to assist in a survey of the boundaries
of the future 100 square-mile District of Columbia, which was to
contain the federal capital city (the city of Washington) in the
portion of the District that was northeast of the Potomac River.
Because of illness and the difficulties in helping to survey at the
age of 59 an extensive area that was largely wilderness, Banneker left
the boundary survey in April, 1791, and returned to his home at
Ellicott Mills to work on his ephemeris.
Woodcut image of a 64 year old
Banneker on 1795 edition of his Almanac
-- An article from a genuine March 21, 1791 edition of the newspaper, Dunlaps
American Daily Advertiser states, ""Some
time last month arrived...Mr. Andrew Ellicott a gentleman of superior
astronomical abilities. He was employed by the president of the United
States of America to lay a tract of land ten miles square on the
Potowmac for the use of Congress...He is attended by Benjamin
Banniker, an Ethiopian, whose abilities as surveyor and astronomer
clearly prove that Mr. Jefferson's concluding that race of men were
void of mental endowment was entirely without foundation."
Royal African Company: Official Slave Trade Act of British
Parliament, 1750 (I am personally appalled by the
stark, business-like manner in which the Royal African Company conducted
themselves while developing the following Parliamentary Acts addressing
the Slave Trade. Clearly they viewed Africans as a mere commodity, to be
bought and sold like grain or wool. Inhumane. Frightening. Thankfully, the
Anti-Slavery movement grew in Great Britain and by 1833 slavery was
abolished. Thank God for William Wilberforce and others who risked their
very lives to fight against this evil. Given the tension between the
American colonies and England, it is truly amazing that the
Abolitionist movement moved across the Atlantic from England to the
American colonies. The Anti-Slavery movement brought people together who,
at the time, would not naturally want to be in the same room. The
following 60+ vintage documents provide the context and some background information
written by the people who instituted the British Slave Trade.)
-- Charles II chartered the Company of Royal Adventurers Trading to
1663 -- company reorganized with a
monopoly in the slave trade
1667 -- Royal Adventurers went bankrupt largely due to losses
in war with Holland
1672 -- Royal African Company, known colloquially as the
Guinea company, granted royal charter with a new monopoly in the slave
trade, operating on the west African Coast from the Gambia River to
the Niger River. The Company built coastal forts as holding pens for
1698 -- Parliament ended the RAC monopoly and opened the
slave trade to all; average number of slaves transported on English
ships increased from 5,000 to 20,000+ a year (we own this document
1750 -- Parliament (under King George II) created the
Company of Merchants Trading to Africa to replace the Royal
African Company with a policy of protected free trade -- Official
Parliament document detailing the new Company--> 1752
-- Royal African Company dissolved Later 1700s
-- British exploration and settlement began
First English Slave Voyage: It was in 1562 by Sir John
Hawkins, which was an encroachment on Portugal’s monopoly of Africa.
Slave trade dropped as British foreign policy in 1783, thus indicating
221 years of the trade. The trade was sharply stimulated by the
establishment of the British colonies in the Caribbean and the
introduction of the sugar industry.”
Companies Involved:Company of Royal Adventurers (which held
a monopoly), which was replaced by the Royal African Company in 1672
(after the war with the Dutch). Note the ties to the royal family.
“The policy of monopoly…provoked determined resistance…” from
merchants and planters, the latter “…demanding free trade in blacks as
vociferously and with as much gusto as one hundred and fifty years
later they opposed free trade in sugar”. The monopoly was complete:
purchase and control of ships, sale of Negroes, importation of
plantation produce. Opposition to other monopolies was also common:
“In 1698 the Royal African Company lost its monopoly and the right of
a free trade in slaves was recognized as a fundamental and natural
right of Englishmen”. The Royal African Company, once losing its
competitive advantage, received parliamentary subsidy, only to abandon
the slave trade in 1731, when it
abandoned slaving in favor of traffic in ivory and gold dust.
Gradually its powers lessened
and it became unable to maintain the complex network of …"…lands,
forts, castles, slaves, military stores, and all other effects…".
“In 1750 a new organization was established, called the
Company of Merchants Trading to Africa”.
For many years His Majesty’s Exchequer
had defrayed all the Company’s expenses via Parliament, and it was
finally decided to, in effect, transfer the Company to public
ownership, incorporating the lands in the colony of Sierra Leone.
for Extending and Improving the Trade to Africa" -->
Slave Trade Act, cover
Official Act, 1750
ROYAL AFRICAN COMPANY,
the British company that dealt in the Slave Trade with
Africa. This company was deeply involved with the Slave Trade beginning in
1660 and continued until 1731 when it took up trade in gold dust and ivory
from Africa. The
Royal African Company was a slaving company set up by the Stuart family
and London merchants once the former retook the English throne in the
English Restoration of 1660. It was led by James, Duke of York, Charles
Originally known as the Company of Royal
Adventurers Trading to Africa, it was granted a monopoly
over the English slave trade, by its charter issued in 1660. With the help
of the army and navy it established trading posts on the West African
coast, and it was responsible for seizing any rival English ships that
were transporting slaves. It collapsed in 1667 during the war with the
Netherlands – the very war it started by having company Admiral Robert
Holmes attacking the Dutch African trade posts in 1664 – and re-emerged in
1672, having been merged with those of the Gambia
Merchants' Company into the new
Royal African Company, with a royal charter to set up forts, factories,
troops and to exercise martial law in West Africa, in pursuit of trade in
gold, silver and slaves. In the 1680s it was transporting about 5,000
slaves per year. Many were branded with the letters 'DY', after its chief,
the Duke of York, who succeeded his brother on the throne in 1685,
becoming James II. Other slaves were branded with the company's initials,
RAC, on their chests. Between 1672 and 1689 it transported around
90,000-100,000 slaves. Its profits made a major contribution to the
increase in the financial power of those who controlled London. In 1698,
it lost its monopoly. This was advantageous for merchants in Bristol, even
if, like the Bristolian Edward Colston, they had already been involved in
the compound. The number of slaves transported on English ships then
increased dramatically. The company continued slaving until 1731, when it
abandoned slaving in favor of trafficking in ivory and gold dust Charles
Hayes (1678–1760), mathematician and chronologist was sub-governor of
Royal African Company till 1752 when it was dissolved. Its successor was
the African Company of Merchants.
The Royal African Company's logo depicted an elephant and castle. From
1668 to 1722 the Royal African Company provided gold to the English Mint.
Coins made with this gold bear an elephant below the bust of the king
and/or queen. This gold also gave the coinage its name—the guinea.
~ Genuine British Parliamentary Acts
(60+) Regarding The Slave
Trade (1698 - 1873) ~
The following chronological list (1695
- 1873) of Acts of British Parliament are very scarce and historically
important. Original, First Edition Acts of Parliament have long been
valued and collected. These are fine examples with clear royal emblems
at the head of every first page. After an Act was passed by
Parliament, it was printed by the Crown printers in London. Only a few
Acts were printed at one time, loosely sewn together at the inner
margin. Each Act is in excellent condition, quarto size (12" by 8"),
printed on fine rag paper.
WILLIAM III (of Orange) (1650 -
-- 1695 Parliamentary Act under the reign of William III
and Queen Anne.
Anno Regni Gulielmi III.
Regis...At the Parliament begun at Westminster the two and twentieth Day
of November, Anno Dom. 1695. This beautifully preserved original 1695
British Act of Parliament was published by Charles Bill & Thomas Newcomb.
The act - in beautiful gothic script - is a parliamentary discussion on
the trade of goods from Africa to England and its colonies,
especially America. The act covers the trade of goods and the
trade of slaves through the Royal African Company. (Ref: Tooley; M&B)
-- 20 pages.
-- 1698 Parliamentary Act, under King
William III --
A rare Act for enlarging the time for
registering of ships, pursuant to the Act for preventing frauds, and
regulating abuses in the plantation trade. It provides that only
ships registered in Great Britain or in her African and American colonies
may land goods in Great Britain, and not on the continent. Very
interesting content, 17 pages -- March 25, 1698.
1698 Parliamentary Act, under
King William III --
The extremely rare Act pertaining to
trade with Africa and the change in duties to cover the costs of
protecting the colonies. Originally the Crown paid for the upkeep of
defenses: "the Forts and Castles now on the said Coast of Africa have
been, and now are maintained at the sole Cost and Charge of the present
Royal African Company of England". This Act required "the said Company,
and all other the said Subjects Answering and Paying for the Use
aforesaid, a Duty of Ten Pounds per Centum ad Valorem for the Goods and
Merchandize to be Exported from England, or from any of his
Plantations or Colonies in America, to and for the Coast of Africa,
between Cape Mount and the Cape of Good Hope".]
(1702 - 1727)
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ -- 1712 Parliamentary Act, under
Queen Anne --
An extremely rare Act of the
English Parliament passed in 1711 and printed in 1712, by John Baskett
(London). "An Act for making Effectual such Agreement as shall be made
between the Royal African Company of England and their Creditors".
Title leaf, and two pages. Interesting association item to the Slave
trade conducted by this company.
KING GEORGE II (1727 -
Parliamentary Acts, under King George II
Act for "Granting to His Majesty the Sum of
One Million out of the Sinking Fund, and for applying a further Sum
therein mentioned, for the Service of the Year One thousand seven hundred
and forty three; and for the further appropriating the Supplies granted in
this Session of Parliament." This Acts details where the money is to be
spent which includes:£5,000 for "form Alliances to support the House of
Australia...and restoring the Balance of Power in Europe", £10,000
"towards the Maintenance of the British Forts and Settlements belonging to
the Royal Africa Company of England, on the Coast of Africa"
1712 Act of Parliament (Royal African Company
Parliamentary Acts, under King George II
-- An entire volume (over 900 pages),
in immaculate condition, containing all of the Acts of Parliament in 1743.
It includes an Act "For the Encouraging and Increasing of Shipping and Navigation,
as to the Importation on the Account of Aliens, of Goods of the Growth or
Production of the Plantations of Spain and Portugal, in England duly
Parliamentary Act, under King George II
-- An Act of interesting text relating to the preservation of the trade in
Sugar to the West Indies.
"The Act for the Better Encouragement of the Trade of His
Majesties Sugar Colonies in America".
Parliamentary Act, under King George II
-- An Act establishing a new organization,
Company of Merchants Trading to Africa”.
"The Act for Extending and Improving the Trade to Africa".
Parliamentary Act, under King George II
-- An intriguing Act for allowing further time to the Commissioners
appointed by and in pursuance of an Act for exempting and improving the
Slave Trade to Africa
to inquire into the claims of certain creditors of the
Royal African Company
therein mentioned, and for the relief of David Crichton; and for the
restraining of said company from disposing of such effects as are therein
mentioned; and for staying all suits for money due from, or on the account
of said company for the time therein mentioned (Two copies of this Act of
1752 Parliamentary Act, under George II
-- An entire volume (over 800 pages).Hardcover
bound Law Acts Volume, total page number of 826 pages!
containing all of the Acts of Parliament
Many acts in this huge
volume, including an act for divesting the Royal African Company of
their forts and settlements, laws for the growth of Coffee in
America, admission of the vassals of the principality of Scotland, etc.
Pages are clean and in Vg condition in the main with some light foxing to
the latter pages.
Parliamentary Act, under King George II -- This Act is "For the Better
Encouragement of the Trade of His Majesty's Sugar Colonies in America".
This was the period of the Jacobite Rebellion
led by Prince Charlie. Five pages of interesting text relating to the
preservation of the sugar trade to the West Indies and the America
KING GEORGE III
(1760 - 1820)
Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- This Act documents the duty-free
importation of wheat and wheat flour from
Africa and rice from the
North American colonies
for a limited period of time. An important piece of primary historical
source material. May 19th -- 6 pages. --
Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- This Act is "To
allow the Trade between Ireland and the British Colonies and Plantations in America and the West Indies,
and the British Settlements on the Coast of Africa,
to be carried on in like manner as it is now carried on between Great
Britain and the said Colonies and Settlements. --
Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- This Act is To continue the Act limiting
the number of slaves per tonnage of vessel. Surgeon to be appointed.
Customs Officer to search and count number of slaves to prove it does not
exceed the limit -- 22 pages.
Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- An Act to regulate the slave trade, for an initial period of
one year. It sets out a series of rules to be followed by masters and
surgeons of ships in order to increase the likelihood of survival of the
slaves onboard their vessels. Essentially it is a series of orders and
financial incentives to get slaves to their destinations alive and in
better conditions than existed at the time of the Act. -- 1788
Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- A remarkable Act
Establishing a company for carrying on trade in Africa, in the Peninsulas
of Sierra Leone, called the Sierra Leone Company. The Company to
have buildings and secure trade rights within Africa in joint
dealings with African Princes. Naming about 100 persons, including
William Wilberforce, as joint stockholders -- 24 pages.
BACKGROUND: Foreign trade was established through coastal African
rulers who prohibited European traders from entering the interior. In
1787, British Philanthropists founded the “Province of Freedom” which
later became Freetown, a British crown colony and the principal base for
the suppression of the slave trade. By 1792, 1200 freed slaves from Nova
Scotia joined the original settlers, the Maroons, another group of slaves,
rebelled in Jamaica and traveled to Freetown in 1800.Through the efforts
of such men as William Wilberforce, Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp,
Lord Mansfield formed an administration in 1806, which was instrumental in
the British Empire’s abolition of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade (1807).
The British established a naval base in Freetown to patrol against illegal
slave ships. A fine of GBP £100 was established for every slave found on a
British ship. In 1808 Sierra Leone officially became a crown colony with
the land possessions of the Sierra Leone Company (formerly known as St.
George’s Bay Company) transferred to the crown. The colony was dedicated
to demonstrating the principles of Christianity, civilization and
commerce. The Sierra Leone Company was the organization involved in
founding the first British colony in Africa in 1792 through the
resettlement of Black Loyalist African Americans, mostly ex-slaves who had
initially been settled in Nova Scotia after the American Revolutionary
War. The Sierra Leone Company was the successor to St. George's Bay
Company which had made a mostly unsuccessful attempt in 1787 to establish
a free settlement for the 'Black Poor' of London. Both ventures were
promoted by the anti-slavery activist, Granville Sharp who published a
prospectus for the proposed company in 1790 This was entitled Free English
Territory in AFRICA. The prospectus made clear its abolitionist view and
stated that several respectable gentlemen had already subscribed had done
so "not with a view of any present profit to themselves, but merely,
through benevolence and public spirit, to promote a charitable measure,
which may hereafter prove of great national importance to the
Manufactories, and other Trading Interests of this Kingdom". Among the
early subscribers are many friends of Sharp involved in the Clapham Sect:
Henry Thornton, William Wilberforce, Rev. Thomas Clarkson, Rev. Thomas
Gisborne, Samuel Whitbread -- 1792 Parliamentary
Register (House of Commons) --
Three rare issues from the 2nd Session of the 17th Parliament of Great Britain,
dated March 1st, June 12th and June 30th. Various items of interest and
reform including: An Inquiry into the Evils Arising from Lotteries, Wine
License Bill, African Slave Trade
and Slave Trade Bill.
Each issue is about 60 pages, in quite good condition.
London: printed for J.
Debrett, 1792. BACKGROUND:
The British Parliament is the
legislative body of Government in the United Kingdom. It is comprised of
two chambers: the House of Lords, where members are appointed by past or
current governments, and the House of Commons, a democratically elected
chamber with elections to it held at least every 5 years. The
Parliamentary Register is the record of
Parliamentary deliberations in the form of bills, reports, minutes,
committee proceedings, and appropriations. You will notice that in these
two June issues of The Parliamentary Register a number of the
speeches are about the Slave trade. In April 1791 with a closely reasoned
four-hour speech, Wilberforce introduced the first parliamentary bill to
abolish the Slave Trade. His first bill was easily defeated. On 2 April
1792, Wilberforce again brought a bill calling for abolition. The
memorable debate that followed drew contributions from the greatest
orators in the house, William Pitt and Charles James Fox, as well as from
Wilberforce himself. Henry Dundas, as home secretary, proposed a
compromise solution of so-called "gradual abolition" over a number of
years. This was passed by 230 to 85 votes, but the compromise was little
more than a clever ploy, with the intention of ensuring that total
abolition would be delayed indefinitely. But from that time on Wilberforce
tirelessly introduced a bill to abolish the Slave Trade every year until
it was accepted on 25 March 1807.
Act, under King George III
-- An Act to continue Acts regulating the carrying of
Slaves in British vessels. No
more than 5 slaves to three tons burden of each vessel. The upper and
lower cabin and the space between decks to be allotted to the slaves. A
qualified surgeon must be aboard, and to produce a record of such trips.
-- 17th June, 22 pages.
Act, under King George III
-- An Act
amend and continue Acts regulating the carrying of Slaves
in British vessels. No ships to
carry slaves unless specified for that purpose on leaving port. No more than 5 slaves to three tons burden
of each vessel. The upper and lower cabin and the space between decks to
be allotted to the slaves. A qualified surgeon must be aboard, and to
produce a complete journal of such trips. Penalties for more than 2%
mortality. Masters of ships prosecuted for breaking any regulations can
have the ship and contents seized and sold. Master to have a copy of this
Act posted in the most public place upon his vessel. --
22nd June, 14 pages
Act, under King George III
-- An Act to stop slaves being sold as chattels to repay
debts. This is repealing a
previous Act made for the recovery of debts in His Majesty's Plantations
and Colonies in America. July 19th -- 2 pages.
Act, under King George III
-- An Act for Regulating the Manner of carrying Slaves on
British Vessels from the Coast of Africa.
Printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, printers for King George III.
16 pages. --
1802 Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- An Act of interesting text. "The Act for
Duties to Be Suspended on the Treaty of Amity, Commerce and navigation
between Britain and America". -- 1804 Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- An
Act to amend and continue, as relates to allowing British Plantation Sugar
to be warehoused'. It is dated 3rd May 1804, on 2 pages of paper (only one
piece has type on both sides, but both pieces are water-marked) and is
printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan.
In 1805 the House of
Commons passed a bill that made it unlawful for any British subject to
capture and transport slaves, but the measure was blocked by the House of
Lords. -- 1806 Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- An Act to
prohibit for two years, after the conclusion of the present session of
Parliament, any ships to clear out from any Port of Great Britain for the
Coast of Africa, for the purpose of taking on board Negroes, unless such
ships have been previously employed in the African Trade, or contracted
for, for that purpose.
21st July 1806 -- 3 pages.
Eight months before the abolition of slavery by British Parliament,
pressure by some Members were forcing through such Acts as this to stop
the spread of slavery.
In February 1806,
Lord Grenville formed a Whig administration. Grenville and his Foreign
Secretary, Charles Fox, were strong opponents of the slave trade.
Fox and William Wilberforce led the campaign in the House of
Commons, whereas Grenville, had the task of persuading the House of Lords
to accept the measure. Greenville made a passionate speech where he argued
that the trade was "contrary to the principles of justice, humanity and
sound policy" and criticized fellow members for "not having abolished the
trade long ago". When the vote was taken the Abolition of the Slave Trade
bill was passed in the House of Lords by 41 votes to 20. In the House of
Commons it was carried by 114 to 15 and it become law on 25th March, 1807.
British captains who were caught continuing the trade were fined £100 for
every slave found on board. However, this law did not stop the British
slave trade. If slave-ships were in danger of being captured by the
British navy, captains often reduced the fines they had to pay by ordering
the slaves to be thrown into the sea.
people involved in the anti-slave trade campaign such as Thomas
Clarkson and Thomas Fowell Buxton, argued that the only way to
end the suffering of the slaves was to make slavery illegal. However, it
was not until 1833 that Parliament passed the Slavery Abolition Act.
-- “An Act
for the Abolition of the Slave Trade" [25th March 1807, pp. 315-326] This
particular Act is contained in A Collection of the
Public General Statutes Passed in the Forty Seventh Year of the Reign of
His Majesty King George the Third: Being the First Session of the
Third Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Published in London by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the
King's Most Excellent Majesty, 1807. Bound collection of public statutes
from 1807, most notable for the act to abolish the slave trade throughout
the British Empire. Other acts include import taxes, a number of acts
relating to Ireland, notably the ban on importing weapons, as well as
other interesting statutes including the Window tax. Half bound in
leather, the boards being very worn with the upper board loose and the
lower board detached and the spine chipped with loss to the ends and parts
of the spine plate. Internally the pages are in pretty good condition
given their age, although one of the index pages appears to have been
removed at some point and the endpapers are detached. Size a shade under
12 x 8 inches. 464pp.
copies of this particular Act)
-- “An Act
for transferring to His Majesty, certain Possessions and rights vested in
the Sierra Leone Company, and for shortening the Duration of the said
Company, and for preventing any dealing or trafficking in the buying or
selling of Slaves within the Colony of Sierra Leone.” – 3 pages,
August 8th, 1807.
The British Parliament felt the need to
take over the Sierra Leone company with all its land and buildings to
force the issue with known slave traffickers in the area.
-- 1807 Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- An Act to repeal so much of certain acts as relates to the regulations
or conditions under which coffee, coca nuts, sugar and rice are allowed to
be secured in warehouses, without payments of duty; and to authorize the
collectors and comptrollers of the customs in His Majesty's colonies and
plantations in America and the West Indies to administer certain oaths.
Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- "An Act dated 27th
May 1814 regarding the Registration of Condemned Slave Ships as
British-built Ships." -- 1815 Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- "An Act
dated 11th July 1815 regarding the Support of Captured Slaves
During Period of Adjudication." --
Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- An Act of fascinating text (after the War of 1812). "The
Act Extending to Newfoundland, Permitting Exportation of Wares from the
British Islands in the West Indies to any Other, and to and from the
Colonies in America".
Parliamentary Act, under King George III
-- An intriguing Act carrying an execution (agreement) between
His Majesty George III and the King of Portugal for the preventing of
traffic in Slaves. Gives details of agreements for Royal Navy Warships to
board and seize vessels of both countries trading in slaves but gives
(seemingly) exceptions to some Portuguese vessels with "issued paperwork".
Mentions among others obscure West African colonies such as "Molembo" and
"Cabinda", and also the "Brazils".
-- 1819 Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- "An Act
dated 12th July 1819 regarding an Act for more speedy trial of offences
upon the Seas against the Laws of Abolition of the Slave Trade."
-- 1819 Parliamentary Act, under King George III -- "An Act
dated 12th July 1819 regarding an Act for making provision for the
Removal of Slaves from British Colonies."
GEORGE IV (1820 - 1830)
-- 1821 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act for Abolishing the African
Company, and Transferring to and Vesting in His Majesty all Forts,
Possessions, and Property now belonging or held by Them." [7th May, 1821].
London: printed by George Eyre and Andrew Strahan, Printers to the King’s
Most Excellent Majesty. 1821, 4 pages long.
-- 1821 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 10th July 1821 regarding the Appropriation of Proceeds Arising from
Capture of Vessels & Cargoes belonging to Spain, Portugal and the
Netherlands in Prosecution of the Slave Trade."
A new Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1823. Members included Thomas
Clarkson, Henry Brougham, William Wilberforce, Thomas Fowell Buxton,
Elizabeth Heyrick, Mary Lloyd, Jane Smeal, Elizabeth Pease and Anne
-- 1824 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 31st March 1824 regarding the More Effectual Suppression of the
African Slave Trade."
-- 1827 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 2nd July 1827 regarding the Effect the Treaty with Sweden
relative to the Slave Trade." -- 1827 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 2nd July 1827 regarding the Execution of a Convention between
Britain and Brazil on the Abolition of the Slave Trade."
-- 1828 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 25th July 1828 regarding Amending and Consolidating the Laws
relating to the Abolition of the Slave Trade."
-- 1830 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 16th July 1830 regarding the Reduction of Rate of Bounties Payable
on Seizure of Slaves."
KING WILLIAM IV (1830
-- 1833 Parliamentary Bill (Very Rare) -- For the Abolition of
Slavery Throughout the British Colonies, For Promoting the Industry of
the Manumitted Slaves, and for Compensating the Owners of Such Slaves,
July 5, 1833. 25 pages.
was not until 1833 that Parliament passed the Slavery Abolition Act, which
made slavery illegal and gave all slaves their freedom.
-- 1833 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 28th August 1833 regarding Two Conventions with the King of
France for Suppressing the Slave Trade."
Parliamentary Act [26th March 1834] (44 pages) --
"An Act for Punishing Mutiny and Desertion,
and for the Better Payment of the Army and their Quarters. It
includes "...That all Negroes purchased by or on account of His Majesty...shall
be considered as Soldiers having voluntarily enlisted..."
1834 Parliamentary Act [15th
August 1834] (27 pages) -- (On
1834 all slaves in
the British Empire were emancipated, but still indentured to their former
owners in an apprenticeship system which was finally abolished in
1838. £20 million
was paid in compensation to plantation owners in the
-- An Act to apply a Sum of Money out of the Consolidated Fund and the
Surplus of Grants to the Service of the Year 1834, and to appropriate the
Supplies granted in this Session of Parliament. This document details
where the money is to be spent: "£580 for Office of Registrar of
Colonial Slaves", "£16,200 for Commissioners for preventing the
Slave Trade", "£5,707 to defray the Charge of the Salaries of the
Inspectors and Superintendents of the Factories...to regulate the Labour
of Children and young Persons in the Mills and Factories...", "£12,750 to
the Baptist Missionary Society, and to the Wesleyan Missionary Society, on
account of Expenses incurred in the Erection of certain Chapels destroyed
in the Island of Jamaica", £1,000 for the Female Orphan House, Dublin" and
British government paid compensation to the slave owners. The amount that
the plantation owners received depended on the number of slaves that they
had. For example, the Bishop of Exeter's 665 slaves resulted in him
-- 1835 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 31st August 1835 regarding the compensation of Owners of Slaves
-- 1835 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 9th September 1835 regarding the Treaty with King of France
and the King of Denmark for Suppressing the Slave Trade."
1835 Parliamentary Act
Act for Carrying into Effect a Treaty with the King of the French and the
King of Sardinia for suppressing the Slave Trade [9th
1835 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
for carrying into effect the Treaty with the King of the French and the
King of Denmark for suppressing the Slave Trade [9th
September 1835]” - 32 pages
-- 1836 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 30th March 1836 regarding the Treaty with the Queen Regent of
Spain on the Abolition of Slavery."
-- 1836 Parliamentary Act, under King George IV -- "An Act
dated 7th June 1836 regarding an extension until 1840 of an Act of the
Legislature of Jamaica for the Abolition of Slavery. "
VICTORIA (1837 - 1901)
1837 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
to carry into further Execution the Provision of an Act completing the
full Payment of Compensation to Owners of Slaves upon the Abolition of
Slavery [23d December 1837]” – 3 pages
1838 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act to amend the Act
for the Abolition of Slavery in the British Colonies [11th
April 1838]” – 10 pages
1838 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
for the better and more effectually carrying into effect the Treaties and
conventions made with Foreign Powers for suppressing the Slave Trade
[27th July 1838]” – 3 pages
1838 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
for carrying into effect a Convention of Accession of the Hans Towns to
Two Conventions with the King of the French, for suppressing the Slave
Trade [27th July 1838]”
1838 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
to carry into effect an additional Article to a Treaty with Sweden
relative to the Slave Trade [27th July 1838]”
1838 Parliamentary Act
“An Act for carrying into effect an additional Article to a Treaty with
the Netherlands relating to the Slave Trade [27th July
1838]” – 6 pages
1838 Parliamentary Act
for carrying into effect a Convention of Accession of the Duke of Tuscany
to Two conventions with the King of the French for suppressing the
Slave Trade [10th august 1838]
1838 Parliamentary Act
“An Act for carrying into effect a Convention of Accession of the King of
the Two Sicilies to Two Conventions with the King of the French for
suppressing the Slave Trade [10th August 1838]” – 7 pages --
1848 Parliamentary Act
“An Act for carrying into effect the Treaty between Her Majesty and the
Republic of the Equator for the Abolition of the Traffic in Slaves
[4th September 1848]” – 26 pages.
1849 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
for carrying into effect the Agreement between Her Majesty and the Imam of
Muscat for the more effectual Suppression of the Slave Trade [5th
September 1848]” – 6 pages
1849 Parliamentary Act
“An Act for carrying into effect Engagements between Her Majesty and
certain Arabian Chiefs in the Persian Gulf for the more effectual
Suppression of the Slave Trade [1st August 1849]” – 8 pages --
1861 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
to apply out of the Consolidated Fund and the Surplus of the Ways and
Means to the Service of 1861, and to appropriate supplies granted in this
session of Parliament [August 6, 1861]
Includes mention of sums granted to
David Livingstone (Expedition to the River Zambezi), Dr. Baikie
(expedition to the River Niger), exploration of N.W. Australia,
Bounties for Slaves, etc,. –
1869 Parliamentary Act
-- “An Act
to regulate and extend the Jurisdiction of Her Majesty’s Consul at
Zanzibar in regard to vessels captured on suspicion of being engaged in
the Slave Trade, and for other purposes relating thereto [9th
August 1869]” – 3 pages
-- 1869 Parliamentary Act -- "Original
and complete Act of Parliament (one page only) This Act repeals the
recited earlier Act due to the cessation of the
importation of slaves to Brazil from Africa.
1873 Parliamentary Act
“An Act for regulating and extending the Jurisdiction in matters connected
with the Slave Trade of the Vice-Admiralty Court at Aden, and of
Her Majesty’s Consuls under Treaties with the sovereigns of Zanzibar,
Muscat, and Madagascar, and under future Treaties [5th August
1873]” – 5 pages
-- There are also other items of
similar interest, like an Act to amend the Act for the Abolition of
Slavery in the British Colonies (1838) and an Act to remove doubts as
to the Rights of the liberated Africans in Sierra Leone (1853) and
-- Journals of the House of Lords Volume LIV (January 23, 1821
- January 3, 1822) -- Covers many fascinating topics, including an
Act going through between 2 and 10th July as follows: "An act for the
appropriation of certain proceeds arising from the capture of vessels and
cargoes of the property of the subjects of the kings of Spain Portugal and
the Netherlands, taken and seized in violation of the conventions made
with those States; and for granting Bounties for Slaves Captured in
such vessels taken in the Prosecution of the Slave Trade". The Bill goes
through various readings referenced in the book and was ultimately passed.
It was called the "Captured Slaves Bill".
-- A priceless 4-page 1843 British Foreign Office Circular
(see below) alerting British Consuls about the legal penalties placed
upon British subjects still involved in the Slave
Trade. This absolutely rare document is personally handwritten and signed by Lord Aberdeen, who
later became Prime Minister of Great Britain (1852-1855). Lord
Aberdeen wrote this while he was the British Consul at Trieste, Italy.
-- 1858 letter handwritten by Lord Aberdeen stating
that he would not attend Queen Victoria's State Ball at
Buckingham Palace because of his poor health. He died within
-- Engraved image of Lord Aberdeen.
-- Rare 1830 edition of
the "Abolition of the
African Slave-Trade", By the British
Parliament. Abridged from
Together with a Brief View of the Present State of the Slave-Trade and of
Slavery. Volume I (Only). Augusta: Published by P.A. Brinsmade,
At the Depository of Kennebec Co., Sunday School Union. 227 pages. 3 3/4"
x 6". The book is hardbound cloth-backed boards with leather spine. The
spine has gilt lettering. The book is complete and intact. The interior is
clean. It has wear at the extremities. It has chipping and wear at the
spine leather and an ex-library sticker. The front board and end page is
-- Three rare First Edition
books (1855, 1857, 1868) on the British Slave Trade presented to
both Houses of Parliament by Command of Her Majesty -- with
Africa, Zanzibar, Portugal, Spain, Egypt, Brazil, Madagascar,
France, The United States, Turkey, Sardinia and Tripoli --
providing a fascinating window into the 19th Century perceptions
of slavery and the slave trades. Printed by Harrison &
Includes special correspondence from Consul Charles Livingstone
(Brother of David) on tribal slave dealers. Exquisite marbled
Map of Africa by Treaty, by Sir Edward Hertslet, Librarian of the
Foreign Office. This book was printed for His Majesty's Stationery Office
by Harrison and Sons, St. Martin's Lane, London, in 1909, and is Volume
book on the various treaties establishing British colonies on the African
continent, published more than 97 years ago.
describes British colonies, protectorates, and possessions in Africa. It
includes the text of numerous treaties establishing boundary lines and
other administrative details, organized in three major sections: i.
British West Africa
ii. British South and Central Africa
iii.British East Africa -- There
are six fold-out maps, bound into the text to illustrate terms of the
various treaties. In addition to the maps, there are more than 400 pages
of text, detailing the actual language of the different treaties between
Great Britain and the various chiefs and potentates of the African
And here is an excerpt from
the 1861 cession to Great Britain of the port and island of Lagos,
Nigeria: Pension to be paid to King Docemo "In consideration of
the the cession...the Representatives of the Queen of Great Britain do
promise, subject to the approval of her Majesty, that Docemo shall receive
an annual pension from the Queen of Great Britain equal to the net revenue
hitherto annually received by him; such pension to be paid at such periods
and in such modes as may hereafter be determined." By an
Additional Article to the above Treaty, dated 18th February, 1862, it was
agreed that King Docemo should receive as a pension from the British
Government 1,200 bags of cowries yearly, as equal to his net revenue,
provided he did not break any of the the Articles of that Treaty, and
resigned all claim upon former farmers of his revenue. Hertslet's text
tells the story of Africa's partition in formal detail, and this volume is
a valuable historical resource. The book was originally published in 1894,
and this volume is the 1909 edition, with revisions by R.W. Brant and H.L.
Sherwood. The overall size of the book
is 10" x 6 1/2".
36. -- Absolutely rare unrecorded 1689
Handwritten Manuscript admonition asserting England's dominion over
colonial American trade [William III - King of England]. WE GREET YOU WELL
... from the King of England to ‘OUR PLANTACIONS’ (sic) OF NEW ENGLAND.
This is an extremely important original manuscript document
pertaining to the history of colonial America concerning the issues that
would eventually result in American Independence. It was a "Draught
of a License for New England Concerning the Violating of the Plantacion
Laws" -- carried to the "Committee of Councils" by Sir John Werden
on September 18th, 1689. Three pages of text and
Background and context: Immediately
upon England’s deposition of James II in December of 1688, Boston
merchants also seized and imprisoned Edmund Andros, the despotic
royal governor of the ‘Dominion of New England’. The Dominion had been
established in 1684 after England annulled various colonial charters
in order to regulate
their internal policies to the benefit of the Crown.
Each of the colonial components of the Dominion resumed their former
independent colonial status (including free trade) after the ‘Glorious
Revolution’ of 1688-89 which brought William to the throne. Upon his
ascension in August 1689 King William III had written, ‘to the Government of
Massachusetts Colony in New England’ in a letter, implicitly recognizing
their intra-colonial autonomy. Nevertheless in this document dated
September 1689, King William III reasserts control over New England’s trade,
navigation and customs policies. He herein refers to the Navigation
Laws as for ‘Our Revenue’. That very issue - precedent of colonial trade
as royal ‘revenue’ - would prove a key rubbing point between the Colonies
and Crown until the American Declaration of Independence. How did the
contents of this document ultimately effect the African Slave Trade,
especially in light of the Acts of Parliament mentioned above?
On one hand (as stated herein) William’s
decree refers to the New England provinces as they were severally restored
to their pre-Dominion condition, calling them: “the Several Colonies and
Provinces (of New England).” The singular ‘Dominion of New England’ was
thereby confirmed as being officially terminated and reconstituted in
their “Several” colonial distinctions (Massachusetts, Rhode Island, etc.)
On the other hand, (and most interestingly) is the fact that this document
at the same time also refers to New England again as ‘Our Territory and
Dominion,’ which indicates that the post-Revolution Crown was asserting
(for the first time!) its uniform “Dominion” right over American trade. In
other worlds, England was restoring constitutional self-government in the
American provinces, by declaring its “Dominion” rights divine right) over
American commerce itself. This is a most remarkable document to have been
issued in the very year of Britain’s Glorious Revolution! This
previously unrecorded piece of Anglo-American diplomacy is therefore
of extreme historic importance as the contents presents the
astonishing constitutional genesis of the issues which would eventually
erupt in the break of the colonies from the motherland.
The document begins: ‘Whereas we are
Informed that the several Laws Relating to Our Plantacons (sic) have been Lately
Broken and Violated in Our Territory and Dominion of New England, to the
Prejudice of our Revenue of Customs and the Trade and Navigation of this
our Kingdom, Our will and pleasure is, That you Cause the said Laws to be
Effectually observed and Executed according to the True Intent and Meaning
thereof, within our Said Territory and Dominion of New England, and the
Several Colonies and Provinces thereof". The document then lists
several prior Acts of Navigation and Trade and features the regulating
points pertaining to American commerce. The thrust of the earlier Acts of
Navigation quoted enumerate the Plantation Trade restrictions which
prevented Americans from freely exporting commodities such as tobacco
sugar, wool, etc.
Another astonishing fact is that this
document predates the Navigation Acts passed by Parliament under William
III by over six years! This unique document therefore defines the
official Anglo/American revenue relationship for over six years - those
most important years between the “Glorious Revolution” and the infamous
British Acts of Trade which commenced in 1696 and ultimately drove America
to Independence in 1776! Only one other such customs notice by William III
is known (Andrews IV ‘England’s Commercial and Colonial Policy’, 1938, p.
148-49). Andrews locates only a 1697 entry which was issued following the
newly enacted Anglo-American Navigation Acts. That, a retained copy,
remains in the the House of Lords Manuscript collection. Its companion
(now lost) was also ‘transmitted to the customs officials themselves,
constituting a code of customs law for their guidance.’ Again, more
significantly, this present document was issued years earlier for the like
purpose during the year of the great constitutional revolutions in both
England and America. Its contents are unrecorded, unpublished and of
considerable historic importance as they specifically represent the advent
of the provincial issues which would eventually culminate in our nation’s
If this document was brought over to America, was this one of the documents that General Gage took back to
England with him when he realized that he had been defeated by George
Washington's army? Good question....
37. Report of the Speeches of Messrs. Frederick Douglass, Henry Clarke
Wright & James Buffum --
An extremely rare 32 page report of an
anti-slavery soiree held in Dundee, Scotland on March 10th, 1846 by
the reporter of the Dundee Courier -- Printed by D. Hill, at the Courier
(A rare documents dealer in Scotland said that this was the only such
document he had seen in over 30 years of business.) Rev. George Gilfillan
(see his image below), the pastor, had invited Douglass to speak. Over
1200 people attended to listen to the speeches past midnight. Here's the
first paragraph of the booklet:
"On the evening of Tuesday the 10th March, a soiree in honor of Messrs
Douglass, Wright and Buffum, the advocates of the abolition of American
Slavery, was held in George's Chapel (now named Gilfillan Memorial Church). The anxiety to obtain
tickets for this demonstration was so great that the number issued were
all disposed of on the previous day., and consequently the chapel was
filled in every part at an early hour, upwards of 1200 being present..."
As a runaway slave,
Douglass had written his "Narrative..." book.
He had previously resisted the temptation
to disclose much of his slave identity, including his master's name or his
place of birth, for fear of recapture. But he now decided to defend
himself against these charges and to compose a narrative of his
experiences that would conclusively prove the authenticity of his identity
and validate his status as a representative slave. The Narrative of the
Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave (1845) became an instant
success, selling 4,500 copies between the months of May and September, and
30,000 copies in both Britain and America by 1850. Praised by reviewers
all over the country — one in the Lynn Pioneer declared, "It is the
most thrilling work which the American press ever issued—and the most
important"—the story of Douglass's early life became our country's most
important slave narrative, and a seminal work of 19th century American
literature. Its popularity, however, was something of a mixed blessing for
Douglass; with his identity fully revealed, the risk of recapture
His old master,
smarting over his treatment in the Narrative, would
have liked nothing better than to bring that ungrateful
slave back home. Concerned for his safety, Douglass's
friends urged him to pursue a course he had been
considering, and that had become even more attractive after
the strain of composing the Narrative: to travel
overseas, and commence an antislavery tour of England.
Douglass was reluctant to leave his family—he was now the
proud father of four children—but the threat of recapture
Because of the
Fugitive Slave laws, Frederick knew that he needed to
leave America. On August 16, 1845,
Douglass left from Boston with an antislavery traveling
companion, James Buffum, a wealthy, if slightly
insipid, Garrisonian from Lynn. They boarded the Cambria
and sailed for Liverpool.
Never one to shy away from the good fight, Douglass did not go quietly
across the waters. Indeed, controversy followed his
transatlantic voyage from its very beginning. Accompanied by
Buffum, Douglass attempted to purchase a cabin passage, but
was told that since "it would give offense to the majority
of the American passengers," he would have to accept a berth
in the steerage compartment. Douglass complied; perhaps he
suspected that there would be ample opportunity for
agitation in the immediate future. Indeed, once on board,
Douglass quickly ruffled some pro-slavery feathers by
distributing copies of his Narrative, the sale of
which was his principal means of financing his trip, as well
as by venturing into the first-class sections to dine with
sympathetic fellow passengers.
about the time
he visited Scotland
If the ship simmered, it did not come to a boil till the night of the
27th. As Douglass began to speak on deck, the several
hecklers around him became more violent, forming what
Douglass called "a real American, republican, democratic,
Christian mob." And when Douglass countered their
accusations of abolitionist fabrications by reading some of
the more severe state slave laws, the pro-slavery members of
the crowd became even more incensed. As one rather partisan
witness explained, the passengers refused to let Douglass
"vomit his foul stuff any longer on the quarter deck."
Several suggested throwing Douglass overboard, others rushed
to his defense, and the two sides fought it out on deck. The
brawl was temporarily broken up when the captain threatened
to put the pro-slavery men in chains if they continued to
disrupt Douglass (a gesture that Douglass, all too familiar
with chains and possessing a keen sense of irony, readily
appreciated). However, the fighting continued, and the
captain eventually suggested that for safety's sake,
Douglass retire to his cabin. The incident, heavily
publicized in the British and Irish press, served Douglass
as instant publicity material, and made him into a sort of
celebrity before he even set foot on British soil.
Frederick Douglass arrived in
Liverpool on the Cambria on 28 August 1845 and departed from
Liverpool on the same ship in April 1847. In over 18 months he traveled
extensively in Britain and Ireland, giving lectures in dozens of cities
and towns. He was in Scotland for most of the first half of 1846,
returning again in July, September and October the same year. Home to some
of the more radical anti-slavery sentiment in Britain, Scotland gave
Douglass a warm welcome. The Edinburgh and Glasgow Emancipation Societies
had been formed in 1833 and - in the wake of the abolition of slavery in
the British West Indies - they called for the abolition of slavery in
other parts of the world, especially the United States. Douglass received
the money on this trip from Anna Richardson in UK to purchase his freedom from his former master, Thomas Auld. When the American abolitionist movement began to split in the
late 1830s, the Scottish Societies tended to take the side of William
Lloyd Garrison, whose uncompromising followers stood aloof from party
politics and held radical views on women's rights. Douglass spoke at
public meetings across the country. Among the venues we know he
appeared at were: Glasgow City Hall; Abbey Church, Arbroath; George's
Chapel, Dundee; Abbey Close United Presbyterian
Church, Paisley; Cathcart St Church, Ayr; Secession Church
Paisley; Music Hall, Edinburgh; and the Bridge St Chapel,
Edinburgh. Many of these meetings drew large crowds.. On the
1 May at the Music Hall, Edinburgh, an audience of 2000 had
bought tickets at sixpence each.
Douglass was not always the only speaker on these occasions, but
undoubtedly the main attraction. Other anti-slavery campaigners
with whom he shared the platform included:
James Buffum, an
and financier. James Needham
Buffum was born in North Berwick,
Maine, to Quaker parents. Buffum
trained as a carpenter and established his own business as a
house contractor in Lynn, Massachusetts. He grew wealthy
through his business pursuits, which he expanded to include
activities as a real estate speculator and financier.
Dissatisfied with Quaker positions on reform,
Buffum became an advocate of
immediate abolition and a strong supporter of William Lloyd
Garrison. Having independent means, Buffum
traveled widely in the company of Garrison, Frederick and
Henry Clarke Wright, the American activist who had
been in Britain since early 1843.(see his book below)
William Lloyd Garrison, the leader of the American
Anti-Slavery Society and editor of its influential magazine,
The Liberator - who toured Britain in 1846.
George Thompson, an English militant who had long
been associated with the Glasgow Emancipation Society.
-- Rev. George
Gilfillan (1813-1878) invited Frederick Douglass to speak
at his church, George's Chapel.
He was minister of School Wynd United Associate Secession Church,
which became part of the United Presbyterian Church in 1847.
After his death in 1878 a majority of the congregation, in an effort
to continue his commitment to religious progress, broke away to set up
an independent Gilfillan Memorial Church, which is still in
Dundee today. School Wynd Church continued to 1926. Gilfillan was
connected to anti-slavery networks through his association with
Glasgow friends prominent in the radicalGlasgow
Emancipation Society. One author states, "Gilfillan invited
Frederick Douglass to give a lecture at his church in Dundee, at which
Douglass outdid himself in the boldness of his charges against those
whom he held faithless to the cause of liberty."
had a huge literary output of pamphlets, essays, criticism and
editions of poets. His edition of Robert Burns is famous and still
very readable as is his Gallery of Literary Portraits. In spite
of the fame which came to him from his writings, Gilfillan did not
neglect his church and his people. He was always willing to
needy churches by giving one of his famous lectures on some literary
theme. On Gilfillan's death the procession to the grave on the slope of
Balgay cemetery was over two miles long.
Gilfillan: Anecdotes and Reminiscences
by David Macrae. First Edition, Morison Brothers Glasgow 1891
-- Bards of the Bible
by George Gilfillan.
1869, Harper and Brothers edition. This probably is the first
American edition -- the true first was published in Britain in 1851.
The book is about the poetic quality of the Bible with an emphasis
on Old Testament prophets.
-- 1863 edition of "Martyrs and Heroes of the Scottish
Covenant" by Rev. George Gilfillan. Published by Gall
& Inglis, London. 288 pages. It offers a succinct and impartial
account of the history of the Scottish Covenant with an unbiased
estimate of the character of its principal actors. Some of the key
points include the policies of James I and Charles I, commencement
of the Civil War, character and execution of Charles I, murder of
Archbishop Sharp, skirmish at Drumclog, murder of John Brown,
expedition of the Earl of Argyle, massacre of Glencoe, women of the
Covenant, critical estimate of Ramsay, Ferguson & Burns, erastianism
and priestly domination, etc.
-- Human Life; Henry Clarke Wright;
Boston: Bela Marsh 1849...First Edition, 414p. . Size-5x7.5”
Hardback. Illustrated, in My Individual Experience as a Child, a Youth, and
a Man. Wright was one of the speakers at the 1846 Dundee event
with Frederick Douglass mentioned above. Inside clean and tight with foxing. rubbed edges and
bumped corners. BACKGROUND: One of Garrison"s dearest friends; Wright served as the
General Agent for the Garrison-inspired Non-Resistance Society
after breaking with the less radical American Peace Society. Though
educated at the Andover Seminary, Wright thought little of contemporary
American Christianity --"I can only say, that I was disgusted with a
religion without honesty, and with a God without truth, justice or mercy.
To be an honest and Christian man, and a worshipper of the true God, I
have been obliged to renounce such a religion....The present volume
brings down my experience to 1835. It is interspersed with extracts from
my journal kept in Europe from 1842 to 1847 (also chronicling the
visit of Frederick Douglass), in the form of letters addressed to William
Lloyd Garrison." An important figure in many antebellum reform movements
and one of the most ardent and confrontational with a blunt and severe
public style, though Garrison claimed he was a delightful companion in
Poulson's American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia
newspaper, with interesting articles) April 21, 1836 -- INVENTION BY
A NEGRO - A patent given to 29 year-old Henry Blair
of Maryland, a free colored man, for a Corn Planter
machine now on exhibit at the Capitol - description of
process - Blair thinks it will save the labor of eight men -
he is adapting the machine for use with cotton. [NOTE: Henry
Blair was the only inventor to be identified in the Patent
Office records as "a colored man." Blair was born in
Montgomery County, Maryland around 1807. He received
a patent on October 14, 1834 for a seed planter and a patent
in 1836 for a cotton planter. Henry Blair was the second
black inventor to receive a patent the first was Thomas
Jennings who received a patent in 1821 for a dry cleaning
process. Henry Blair signed his patents with an "x" because
he could not write. Henry Blair died in 1860.].
TRIAL OF REUBEN CRANDALL at Washington for circulating
incendiary pamphlets to excite slaves to insurrection -
description of the charges and description of the accused;
more. This is a great piece of Black American History with
two very important African American related articles
together in one issue.
Mrs. Booker T. Washington
letter (Jan. 11, 1917) written on Mrs. Booker T.
Washington's (Margaret James Murray) own letterhead
(Girls' Industries at Tuskegee Institute, AL) and signed by
The Letter reads: My Dear Miss Elliott: I am writing to thank
you for the cards, toys & notions for children. Through
friends like you we were able to carry sunshine to many
children & "grown ups" all about us. It was always Mr.
Washington's desire that the children in the country should
be thought of at this time. For him as much as for the
people and ourselves we are grateful. We are doing our best
to make young people willing to serve as well as being
served. I want my friends to fell that we are doing our
best. I remain yours sincerely, Mrs. Booker T Washington.
The envelope has a Tuskegee institute, Ala postal stamp dated Jan
12, 1917. The back of the envelope is marked Booker T
Washington, Tuskegee Institute, Alabama. It appears Mrs.
Washington hand wrote Mrs. in front of Mr. Booker T's name.
The letter is in nice condition with just a small tear at
the top. Nice content with reference to Mr. Washington.
Also, another two-page 1917 letter by Margaret.
married three times. A private and complex man, Booker had
the trauma of losing two wives. He married one of his Malden
school pupils, Fanny Norton Smith in 1882. Their daughter
Portia was born in 1883. Fanny died in 1884. He then married
Olivia Davidson in 1885. A Hampton graduate, Olivia was the
assistant principal of Tuskegee. She had great influence on
Washington and the development of his Northern philanthropic
support. They had two sons, Booker T. Washington
Jr. and Ernest Davidson Washington. Olivia died in 1889.
Washington then married Margaret James Murray
in 1892. A teacher, Margaret became the Lady Principal of
Tuskegee after Olivia's death. Margaret and Booker did not
have children. In addition to her professional role on
campus, Margaret ran a home for the entire Washington family
at The Oaks. She died in 1925.
-- First Edition copy of "Character Building" by
Booker T. Washington, 1902. Fine condition.
-- First Edition of "Up From Slavery" by
Booker T. Washington, 1900 and another copy signed by
From an 8-page address given by Mrs. Washington at Fisk
A quote from
Washington's classic, Up From Slavery: "I used to envy the white boy
who had no obstacles placed in the way of his becoming a
congressman, governor, bishop, or president by reason of the
accident of his birth or race. I used to picture the way
that I would act under such circumstances; how I would begin
at the bottom and keep rising until I reached the highest
round of success. In later years, I confess that I do not
envy the white boy as I once did. I have learned that
success is to be measured not so much by the position that
one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has
overcome while trying to succeed. Looked at from this
standpoint, I almost reach the conclusion that often the
Negro boy's birth and connection with an unpopular
race is an advantage, so far as real life is concerned. With
few exceptions, the Negro youth must work harder and must
perform his task even better than a white youth in order to
secure recognition. But out of the hard and unusual struggle
through which he is compelled to pass, he gets a strength, a
confidence, that one misses whose pathway is comparatively
smooth by reason of birth and race. From any point of view,
I had rather be what I am, a member of the Negro race, than
be able to claim membership with the most favored of any
other race. I have always been made sad when I have heard
members of any race claiming rights and privileges, or
certain badges of distinction, on the ground simply that
they were members of this or that race, regardless of their
own individual worth or attainments. I have been made to
feel sad for such persons because I am conscious of the fact
that mere connection with what is known as a race will
not permanently carry an individual forward unless he has
individual worth, and mere connection with what is regarded
as an inferior race will not finally hold an individual back
if he possesses intrinsic, individual merit. Every
persecuted individual and race should get much consolation
out of the great human law, which is universal and eternal,
that merit, no matter under what skin found, is, in the long
run, recognized and rewarded. This I have said here, not to
call attention to myself as an individual, but to the race
to which I am proud to belong."
Absolutely rare original 4-Page contract (1935) between the Lindy
Hoppers and Samuel Goldwyn. Signing twice are
"Shorty" Snowden, Freddie Lewis, Madeline Lewis,
Beatrice Gay, Beatrice Elam and Leroy Jones.
They were paid $2,500 for a week's service. Research
has determined that this document is most probably the
contract for the film short, "Ask Uncle Sol".
One-of-a-kind! (see below)...
-- We also have a copy of the "Ask Uncle Sol" film).
-- Rare authentic (10" 78rpm) record (Brunswick) of Count Basie
and his orchestra with the song, "Shorty George."
It is a familiar mistake to
think the Count Basie (and other star's) recording of "Shorty
George" referred to Snowden. It doesn't. Band members
were quite clear about its relevance to a mythical "Shorty
George" who was being commemorated in song before Snowden
had even invented the Lindy Hop.
Leon James &
-- Scarce (10" 78rpm) record (Decca) Lil Armstrong
(Louis' wife) and her Swing Orchestra with the song, "Lindy
Hop." (1937). Decca #1388.
-- Vintage (10" 78rpm) record (The Gramophone Company,
Middlesex, England) Duke Ellington & his Orchestra
with the song "That Lindy Hop" music by
Eubie Blake and lyrics by Andy Razaf (recorded June 12,
-- Also a vintage
1943 Life Magazine photographic essay
on "The Lindy Hop", which was considered a national folk
dance. "One evening in 1927, after Lindbergh's flight
to Paris, some young Negro couples began improvising
eccentric off-time steps in a corner of the Savoy
Ballroom in Harlem. On the sidelines a connoisseur of
dancing names, 'Shorty George' Snowden watched
critically, then muttered, 'Look at them kids hoppin'
over there. I guess they're doin' the Lindy Hop."
BACKGROUND: The aforementioned quote from the 1943
Life magazine has no prior existence before 1943. In other
words, it must have been contrived by a Life
journalist. None of the prior accounts of the creation of
the dance and its naming, including the actual 1928
newspaper reports agree with this. Yet unfortunately this
account, plus some additions from a DANCE magazine article
of 1956 have gone into wide circulation now and are regarded
as the gospel truth.
George "Shorty" Snowden and Big Bea in
-- Woodblock image titled, "Lindy Hop." It is 7 1/2"
high by 6 1/4" wide. Pencil signed by ?.
Document signed by MARTIN DELANY, Trial Justice
in Charleston, South Carolina, 1877. Measures 8 3/4 x 7
inches. African American intellectual Martin Robinson
Delany (1812-1885), a journalist, physician, army
officer, politician, and judge, is best known for his
promotion before the Civil War of a national home in
Africa for African Americans. Martin Delany was born
free in Charlestown, Virginia, on May 6, 1812. His
parents traced their ancestry to West African royalty.
In 1822 the family moved to Chambersburg, Pennsylvania,
to find a better racial climate, and at the age of 19
Martin attended an African American school in
Pittsburgh. He married Kate Richards there in 1843; they
had 11 children. In 1843 Delany founded one of the
earliest African American newspapers, the Mystery,
devoted particularly to the abolition of slavery. Proud
of his African ancestry, Delany advocated unrestricted
equality for African Americans, and he participated in
conventions to protest slavery. Frederick Douglass, the
leading African American abolitionist, made him coeditor
of his newspaper, the North Star, in 1847. But
Delany left in 1849 to study medicine at Harvard.
At the age of 40
Delany began the practice of medicine, which he would
continue on and off for the rest of his life. But with
the publication of his book The Condition, Elevation,
Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the
United States, Politically Considered (1852; reprinted,
1968), he began to agitate for a separate nation, trying
to get African Americans to settle outside the United
States, possibly in Africa, but more probably in Canada
or Latin America. In 1854 he led a National Emigration
Convention. For a time he lived in Ontario. Despite his
bitter opposition to the American Colonization Society
and its colony, Liberia, Delany kept open the
possibility of settling elsewhere in Africa. His 1859-1860 visit to the country of the Yorubas (now part
of Nigeria) to negotiate with local kings for settling
African Americans there is summarized in The Official
Report of the Niger Valley Exploring Party (1861;
reprinted, 1969). When Delany returned to the United
States, however, the Civil War was in progress and
prospects of freedom for African Americans were
brighter. President Abraham Lincoln appointed
him as a major in the infantry in charge of recruiting
all-African American Union units. After the war Delany
went to South Carolina to participate in the
Reconstruction. In the Freedmen's Bureau and as a
Republican politician, he was influential among the
state's population, regardless of race.
Isaac Norris glass slide -- Hand drawn and
early – this must surely be an extremely rare slide. It was
discovered in a large box of early, hand drawn slides and a
lantern. There are no markings on the slide to indicate age
or maker. However, there was a slide in the lantern that
advertises slides by Harback & Co. – Filbert Street –
Philadelphia. The glass slide says: “Lately imported from
Antigua and to be sold by Edward Jones in Isaac Norris’s
Alley A parcel of likely Negro women and girls from thirteen
to age and twenty years of age and have all had the
Small-Pox Two very likely Negro boys." There is a bit
of irony here. Isaac Norris was the Speaker of the
Philadelphia (Colonial) Assembly who commissioned the
Liberty Bell. He also oversaw its recasting after it cracked
during its first ringing. Norris was a Quaker and a merchant
who is known to have traded in slaves from the West Indies.
Handwritten letter from Joseph Barrell to John Langdon (June 15th,
Joseph Barrell (1793-1804), was a prominent Boston area
merchant, fur-trader and owned the first ship to
circumnavigate the globe. This letter has great content about the making of the
United States Constitution -- This is an autographed letter to
Langdon signed Jos Barrell, concerning the acquiring of
copies of various state constitutions - - - Boston 25th
June 1778 Dr Sir, Your favor of 22d came last evening, since
10th June been diligent in inquiring after the Constitutions
you desired. I ve been fortunate eno (enough) to borrow of a
friend that for States of New York wh (which I ve sent to
port, after you have done with it you l return it, I have
the promise of the other from a Genl who will look it up
this day, if he does you shall have it but should I fail bt
applying to Sam Freeman at Carco-You can be supply d- It is
of importance that good Constitutions be formed. I ve given
s Cursory reading to that proposed by the Essex (?)
Convention. I think their method of choosing a general court
the best I ve heard of, the post just going. Oblige me to
conclude - - I am sir yo most hbl ser Jos Barrell P. S.
The Pamphlet in the Male Docketed on reverse Joseph Barrel s
letter 25 June 1778 Answered - 1page approx. (7 ¼ x 12),
some toning and signs of wear, heavy horizontal crease fold
with a small tear in the center, otherwise Good condition.
John Langdon (1741-1819) was a delegate to Continental
Congress from New Hampshire, 1775-76, 1787; served in the
Continental Army during the Revolutionary War; President of
New Hampshire, 1785-86; 1788-89; member, U. S.
Constitutional Convention, 1787; U. S. Senator from New
Hampshire, 1789-1801; Governor of New Hampshire, 1805-09,
1810-12 - - - New Hampshire was the first state to establish
a government wholly independent of Great Britain. On Jan. 5,
1776, they adopted a constitution that provided for a
government by a President and a General Court consisting of
a House of Representatives and a Senate. This government was
designed to be temporary, but was in place until June 2,
1784, when another constitution was adopted. This one was
amended in 1792, with no further changes made until 1852
slave ball manufactured mid to
late 1600s (above, left), with unique handle (approx. 50
used on the known London-based slave ship, Henrietta Marie, the
oldest identifiable slave ship wreck in the world (July
1700); featured in National Geographic's (August, 2002)
-- for "trouble-makers", #3 written on
it. A priceless artifact found in 1982 by a Navy-trained diver about
500 feet from the wreck site, who wrote about his find in an authentification letter,
establishing provenance. Haven't seen anything quite
like this artifact...
In 1699 the ship sailed from London to West Africa with a
cargo of pewter, beads and other English goods. The ship
then headed for Jamaica, where the captain sold the cargo of
Africans. Most of the captives were headed
for sugar plantations where they’d be worked to exhaustion,
many dying within five to ten years.
On the journey home to Great Britain, in
July 1700, a fierce storm sank the ship of the coast of Key
By one estimate Henrietta Marie’s
cargo grossed well over £3,000 (more than $400,000 today)
for the ship’s investors. Sturdy and fast, the Henrietta Marie
traveled the infamous triangular trade route favored by the
slavers -- from England to the Guinea coast, to the
Americas, then home again. Accounts relating to the
Henrietta Marie’s voyages were uncovered, as were the
names of her investors, captains, and wills of some of her
crew members. Artifacts found at the site proved
particularly helpful in creating a picture of shipboard life
and the practices of the slave trade. An
"impossible-to-find" item from this historic ship wreck...
iron ball and chain for a slave, with an early 1860's
tower leg iron attached at the end of chain. Tower takes a
barrel bit key to unlock. The tower ball and chain has an
approx. 5" ball with a 4" handle built into the ball when
the ball was cast. It has a long chain.
-- Slave shackles. A friend purchased them from a reputable
dealer of such items in Ethiopia.
-- Slave Shackles. Another friend purchased them from a
reputable dealer in the Congo.
-- Slave shackles. We got them from a gentleman at the
Slave Coast castle in Ghana. He wrote in the
authentification letter relating the history of the
shackles. He stated that his ancestors had used them in
collecting slaves for the Europeans. An hard-to-find item
with a verifiable provenance.
-- More than seventy-five Genuine bronze Manilla slave
bracelets used in the slave trade in the 1700s, used as money to
purchase slaves. It would take
2 to 15
of these bracelets to purchase a healthy male, depending
upon the supply and where he was sold. The bracelet
depicted was salvaged from
a sunken slave ship.
It is about 2 1/4" wide, 3 oz.
BACKGROUND: Copper was
the "red gold" of Africa and had been both mined there and
traded across the Sahara by Italian and Arab merchants. Size
is 3.25" in diameter. The early Portuguese explorers of the
1470s observed that copper bracelets and leg bands were the
principal money all along the west African coast. They were
usually worn by women to display their husband's wealth. The
Portuguese crown contracted with manufacturers in Antwerp
and elsewhere to produce crescent rings with flared ends of
wearable size which they called "manilla," after the
Latin manus (hand) or from monilia, plural of
monile (necklace). A typical voyage took manillas and
utilitarian brass objects such as pans and basins to West
Africa, then slaves to America, and cotton back to the mills
of Europe. By the 1780s traders had discovered a growing
preference among African slavers for brass over copper, and
manillas of varying size with subtle differences in
thickness and end-flare were being made principally in
Birmingham, a major brass-working center, though the French
probably cast theirs in Nantes. The Africans had names
for each variety of manilla, valued them differently,
and were notoriously particular about the types they would
accept. The price of a slave, expressed in manillas,
varied considerably according to time, place, and the
specific type of manilla offered. Internally, manillas were
the first true general-purpose currency known in west
Africa, being used for ordinary market purchases, bride
price, payment of fines, compensation of diviners, and for
the needs of the next world, as burial money. Cowrie shells,
imported from Melanesia and valued at a small fraction of a
manilla, were used for small purchases.
Many newspaper of Le Petit Journaland Journal
des Voyages depicting scenes from the French
colonies in Africa. Many of the full-size graphic scenes are of bloody
uprisings and battles.
A rare Key to the famous 1860 Lithograph of : "Daniel
Webster Addressing the United States Senate in the Great
Debate on the Compromise Measures 1850." Measures 22 ¼ x
13 inches. New York: J. M. Edney - A number of the original
lithographs have survived, but what so often happens is that
the key is lost or damaged beyond usefulness and is
discarded. The Key commemorates Daniel Webster's address to
the Senate suggesting a compromise designed to lessen the
tension between the North and South over the slavery issue.
In 1849 there were fifteen free and fifteen slave states,
giving an equal balance of representation for both sections
in the Senate. The admission of California, in 1850, as a
free state, upset this equilibrium and worried the South.
In conjunction with California's entry to the Union, most
Northerners demanded that any future states be admitted as
free states. This was unacceptable to the South. The North
had greater wealth, population, and political power, and the
South saw its own economic and social status, based on
slavery, as threatened. Daniel Webster's speech suggested a
compromise and was an attempt to mollify both sides.
Webster, an ardent opponent of Slavery, foresaw that if a
compromise were not reached, the South might try to succeed
from the Union. Unfortunately, his Northern supporters were
critical of his stand; the abolitionists were particularly
furious. The specific crisis raised by the admission of
California was patched over by the Webster inspired
Compromise of 1850. California was allowed to enter as a
free state, however the Compromise also required the federal
government to assist slave holders in returning runaway
slaves, and prosecuting those who assisted them. This print,
showing Webster addressing the Senate, is a fascinating
historical document that wonderfully depicts the interior of
the Senate Chamber. The Senators are shown at their seats
and the fact that each face is drawn so accurately suggests
that the portraits were taken from photographs. Included in
this noteworthy group is Stephen A. Douglas with his
Napoleon like pose - lower right, as well as Hannibal
Hamlin, Henry Clay, Daniel Webster, John Calhoun, Jefferson
Davis, Sam Houston - they're all there!
THE JOURNAL OF NEGRO HISTORY.
Volume 1, 1916 (462 pages) First Edition -- Carter
G. Woodson. Published by The Association For the Study
of Negro Life and History, INC, Lancaster, PA and
Washington, DC. A very Rare history containing the
first four issues (vol One #'s 1, 2, 3 and 4) of an
important journal. Some of the articles include:
Carter G. Woodson, The Negroes of Cincinnati Prior
to the Civil War, and Freedom and Slavery in Appalachian
America, Monroe N. Work: The Passing
Tradition and the African Civilization, Kelly Miller:The
Historic Background of the Negro Physician, W.B.
Hargrove:The Negro Soldier in the American
Revolution, A.O. Staford:Antar, the Arabian
Negro Warrior, Poet and Hero, John H. Russel:
Colored Freemen as Slave Owners in Virginia, Louis
R. Mehlinger:The Attitude of the Free Negro Toward
African Colonization, Alice Dunbar-Nelson:
People of Color in Louisiana , Wm T. McKinney:
The Defeat of the Secessionists in Kentucky in 1861...Light
foxing but overall a tight and very good copy of an
extremely rare journal.
A letter written from Cape Francois (St. Domingo/Hayti)
dated March 22, 1801 and published in the May 2, 1801 issue
of Poulson's American Daily Advertiser
(Philadelphia). Here's what the letter said, "An
agent from France, by way of New York, brought an
appointment to General Touissant,
empowering him to act as prefect over the
The Blacks are now so numerous and powerful,
that they will continue to appoint chiefs of their own. It
is certainly their intention to hold the Island independent of the French,
which I think they will be able to do."
August 15, 1801 American Citizen newspaper article about
Touissant Louverture. Utilizing three columns, the "Promulgation
of the Colonial Situation in Cape Francois, (St.
Domingo/Hayti) is described. The article is a direct
translation from the "Bulletin Officiel de Saint Domingue"
and it provides an overview of the make-up of the military
and a description of the man who had risen to leadership, "Touissant
Louverture, this extraordinary man, whose noble actions
commanded your admiration and your gratitude, has risen like
a Phoenix from the midst of ashes, and has wholly devoted
himself to the defence (sic) of your country, of your
persons and property.
In the midst of the convulsive
throes of anarchy he has had the generosity and the courage
to assume the government of an abandoned colony, without any
defence (sic) but that given by nature, and destitute of
every means to protect agriculture and commerce. You know,
he has every where upheld the French character by causing
the French flag to be respected. He has filled your ports
with provisions, he has enlivened your agriculture, he has
rebuilt your cities, and disciplined your troops. He has
done still more -- he has conquered inveterate prejudices,
he has strengthened the bonds of the tenderest (sic)
fraternity, those bands which the old colonial system had so
cruelly broken and which anarchy, in order to maintain its
odirus (sic) empire, so inhumanly sported with. The
proclamation of the general in chief, who has convoked your
representatives, proves to you his desire for your
happiness, it announces to you that the period of convulsion
is [assed. It demonstrates to you the necessity pf forming
proper laws, and adopting this constant maxim that laws are
conventions established by men, who ought to conform
themselves thereto, to regulate the order of society; it
discovers to you, that it is with laws as it is with the
production of the earth, that each country has its peculiar
manners and its statutes, as it has its peculiar
order postcard of Toussaint L'Overture
Very rare handwritten 22 page speech given by Sarah C. Pennypacker,
April 8th, 1899. Her father was the famous Elijah F.
Pennypacker, one of the main promoters of the
Underground Railroad. The basis of her remarks are a book by
Fernando G. Cortland - Southern Heroes - The Friends in
War Time. Quotations from the book (and her personal
experience) allow her to present
a detailed view of the Quakers opposition to the Civil War.
She recounts the difficulties of the Southern Quakers
relocating to points west in covered wagons. She quotes from
an address by Gen. Grant "in this city" (assume it was
Philadelphia) - "Though I have been trained as a soldier and
have participated in many battles, there never was a time
when, in my opinion, some way could not be found of
preserving the drawing of the sword." There are also many
anecdotal accounts of Quaker "martyrs". "One chapter is
devoted to Levi Coffin, President of the Underground
Railroad, one of the heroes before the war and whose memory
is embalmed, as well as that of his wife, in the pages of
Uncle Tom's cabin. Although usually associated with the
North, we are reminded that he was born in Guilford County
North Carolina of Quaker parents and Nantucket ancestry. It
is related that after a long and fruitless search for a
company of slaves secreted by Levi Coffin, the hunters
returned South, but before going, they conferred an
honorable and lasting title upon our friend. They said they
could get no trace of their slaves on top of the ground,
after they reached Levi Coffin's house and declared that
there must be an underground railroad of which he was
president. This was doubtless the origin of the term."
Measures approx. 5" x 8". First page soiled.
Pennypacker was raised at the White Horse Farm, built
around 1770, was the lifetime home of politician and
prominent abolitionist Elijah Pennypacker (1802-1888)
and a main depot on the Underground Railroad. In 1831
Pennypacker was elected to the [Pennsylvania] House of
Representatives and lobbied on the passage of bills
concerning commerce, education, and transportation. In 1839,
Pennypacker decided to end his political career in order to
fully aid the antislavery cause. He became active in
various antislavery societies, spoke widely against slavery
and became one of most influential leaders of Pennsylvania's
abolitionist cause. In 1840 he opened his home as a major
stop on the Underground Railroad. Hundreds of fugitive
slaves from three different routes, coming
from neighboring counties and Delaware, were directed to
White Horse Farm. Pennypacker personally transported slaves
from his home to Norristown and other points to the north
and east. No slaves were ever apprehended while in his
care. John Greenleaf Whittier, another celebrated
abolitionist, said of Pennypacker, "In mind, body, and brave
championship of the cause of freedom, he was one of the most
remarkable men I ever knew."
U. S Department of Agriculture Experiment Stations Bulletin
30-39 consisting of articles on many topics, including
"Dietary study with reference to the food of the Negro in
Alabama in 1895 & 1896" - conducted with the cooperation of
the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute and the
Agricultural & Mechanical College of Alabama (the year before
George Washington Carver came to Tuskegee) - this
article gives the day to day details on a cross-section of
black families in Alabama in the years 1895 and 1896. The
author of the article is not without certain prejudices
himself as he observes, " The negroes about Tuskegee...mostly
engaged in farming. Very few as yet own any land, the larger
number work small farms rented from white proprietors. As a
class they are improvident, they have very little ambition,
and little incentive to work because of their ignorance of any
better condition of living than those immediately around them.
Their wants, like their resources, are few, so that with all
their poverty they appear to be a happy and contented people."
This is a fascinating source, as the families are entirely
made up of ex-slaves. 69 pages
Program listing/picturing Sidney Poitier's
broadway debut -- Anna Lucasta (1945). Sidney
Poitier was originally engaged as an understudy in the
Broadway production of "Anna Lucasta," and, during the
run, was promoted to play the role of Rudolph.
Joining Mr. Poitier onstage were Sadie J. Browne,
Rosetta Le Noire, Laura Bowman, Roy Allen, John Bouie,
Frank Wilson, Maxwell Glanville, Alvin Childress, and
Valerie Black, among others. Written by Philip Yordan
and directed by Harold J. Stone. Play originated at Mr.
Poitier's home company, The American Negro Theatre.
Souvenir program is in
excellent condition, except for a small tear on the back
A manuscript bill from Lodowick Updike(?). January
1802. It's a bill for pay for his work on the
Schooner BETSEY. "A voyage to Cape de Verd and else
where in the Schooner Betsey. Richard Cornell, Master" For a
10 month and 23 day voyage to and from "Cape de Verd"
-- 10 months and 23 days. $172.26. That's 16.00 per
month. An interesting historical document.
Cape Verde (West Africa) was a regular run for Slave
Ships. This bill is most assuredly from a seaman working
on a slave ship.
Extremely rare First Edition "L'Africaine" (The
African Maid, 1866) -- Grand Opera in Five Acts (25
pages), Ditson & Co. Standard Opera Libretto, composed by
Giacomo Meyerbeer, English and Italian. Chief characters:
Vasco di Gama (officer in Portuguese Navy), Selika (slave),
Inez (daughter of Don Diego), Don Pedro (Chief Minister,
President's Council) and Nelusko (slave).
-- The action takes place first in Portugal and after
in Africa, the period being towards the end of the
fifteenth century. Inez, daughter of the King of Portugal,
is affianced to the great explorer, Vasco di Gama;
and on the opening of the opera she is bewailing his long
absence from her side. Her royal father wishes her to forget
the explorer, declaring that he must now be dead, since
nothing has been heard of him for so long a time; and he
expresses his wish that she should marry his chief
minister, Don Pedro, who is in love with her.
Inez, however, declares she will remain faithful to her
lover; and she is presently overjoyed by the sudden
appearance of Vasco di Gama, who has just returned. He
brings news of a new and wonderful country he has
discovered, and produces two of the inhabitants, a male and
a female, Nelusko and Selika, whom he has captured and
brought away as slaves. The King of Portugal, however, is
not pleased at the reappearance of Vasco, and so causes
doubt to be thrown upon his story of the new land; and this
so enrages Vasco that he speaks out violently against the
injustice shown him, and is cast into prison for his
intemperate speech. In his dungeon he is watched tenderly by
the dusky Selika, who loves him; but Nelusko, who is jealous
of her attachment to the white man, makes an attempt to stab
him. Selika, however, prevents him from doing so; and on
Vasco awakening, she gives him all the information he will
require as to the course he must take when he sets forth on
his next voyage, for she desires him to return to the island
of which she is the Queen. When Vasco is released he finds
that in order to save him from execution Irez has been
compelled to betroth herself to Don Pedro; and the latter,
wishing to wrest the glory of proving the existence of the
new land from Vasco, has put himself in charge of the vessel
which has been prepared for the new expedition, and sets
forth, having kidnapped the native, Nelusko,
as a guide. The native, however, smarting at the
separation from his beloved Selika, in revenge guides the
vessel on to a dangerous reef, where it is wrecked. Vasco di
Gama meanwhile has set out on another vessel with Selika,
and follows close on the track of Don Pedro; and seeing that
he is drifting towards the reef he approaches and warns him
of his danger. Don Pedro, however, believing his rival has
only followed to steal from him the Princess Inez, whom he
had forced to accompany him, does not heed his warning; and
when his vessel is presently wrecked on the reef it is
boarded by savages, who slay him and most of his crew. Inez,
however, escapes to the neighboring island, where she
remains in hiding, and Nelusko, being one of the natives, is
also unmolested. Selika is the queen of this island,
and in order to save Vasco from the fury of her people, who
would sacrifice him, she declares him to be her husband. An
elaborate marriage ceremony is then arranged, but as it is
about to take place the voice of the wandering Inez is heard
not far away, and Vasco, recognizing it with joy, rushes
away to seek her. In the last scene he has found her, and
the lovers have also succeeded in reaching his vessel in
safety, and as they set sail for Portugal, full of joy at
their reunion, the unhappy Selika flings herself beneath the
drooping boughs of a poisonous tree, no longer desiring to
live. Here she is found expiring by the faithful Nelusko,
who, seeing that she cannot recover, clasps her in his arms
and dies with her.
Program (January, 2004) from the 4th Annual Negro League
Baseball Legacy Awards -- Autographed by 27 former
Negro League Players: Pancho Herera (deceased),
William Blair, Ernie "Schoolboy" Johnson, John "Beach"
Smith, Mack Pride, Enrique Maroto, Harold Gould, Charles
Davis, James Woods, Red Moore, Ron Teasley, Sam Taylor,
Johnny Washington, Henry Preswood, Nat Peeples, Jackson
Owens, Andy Porter, Ross "Sarchell" Davis, Ollie Brantley,
Eugene Smith, Joe B. Scott, Charles Johnson, Wilmer Harris
(deceased), Jesse Rogers, Herb Simpson, Herman "Doc" Horn
and Joe Douse. The autographs are in black Sharpie and were
obtained in person during private signings.
-- Imagine throwing your 50th lifetime no hitter and then
walking home still wearing your dusty game clothes because
you're not allowed to shower in the stadium you just helped
sell out. Or, picture hitting the only home run ever out of
Yankee Stadium and being told you can't celebrate with
dinner in a restaurant down the road because of the color of
your skin. Negro Baseball League players didn't have
to imagine. These were real-life inequalities they dealt
with on a daily basis from 1920 to 1947. After all, America
was a segregated society in those days with 'No Blacks'
on the doors of most hotels, restaurants, theaters, and
restrooms, etc., all across America - with no Blacks in
Major League Baseball either.
picture of celebrated Negro League pitcher, Satchel Paige.
-- Card autographed by Negro League player, Buck Leonard.
The Gentleman's Magazine,
London, October, 1787 -- Within this issue is a page
mostly taken up with the creation of a new society
Philadelphia consisting of some of the most respectable
people in the province of Pennsylvania..." with the
introduction of their constitution printed here & which
includes: "...it having
pleased the Creator of the world to make, of one flesh, all
the children of men...as members of the same family, however
diversified they may be by colour, situation, religion, or
different states of Society...the subscribers have
associated themselves under the title of "The
Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slaveryand the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully held in Bondage."This Society, the President
of which is Dr. Franklin, have lately presented the
following memorial to the convention of the United
States..." with much more (see photos). An
interesting and progressive document given that the slavery
issue would not be more fully resolved until the American
Civil War. And yes, it is Ben Franklin.
56. Extremely rare book, Epochs of American History: Division
and Reunion, 1829-1889 (Ninth Edition, with 5 maps) by
Woodrow Wilson -- Professor of Jurisprudence, Princeton
University. Published by Longmans, Green & Co., 1898. This
volume covers The Slavery Question, Secession and the
Civil War, The Territories Opened to Slavery, and many
other topics during this period. Woodrow Wilson later became
President of the United States (1913-1921).
The Missionary Herald (October, 1858). Contains:
Annual report (including some 300 names of members present,
foreign missions, etc), News from Gaboon Mission [West
Africa], The Rum Trade, French Slave Trade, Assyria
Mission, Mosul, Nestorians [Iran], including Oroomiah,
Aliawa, Ahmedneggur [India], Miscellany (Osmany Turks,
Bulgarians, Northern & Southern Armenia, etc)…
-- The Missionary Herald (November, 1860). Contains:
Annual report (including some 1000 names of members present,
foreign missions i.e. Cyrus Hamlin & D. W. Marsh from
Turkey), the report also includes a section on the Slave
Trade in Africa (The French Government promises to
discontinue their “emigrant” traffic), it goes on to
question whether it’s “expedient” for the Commissioners of
the Foreign Missions to “memorialize” the Congress of the
U.S., or the President on the subject of African slave
trade? However ultimately it is decided to memorialize
the Congress of the U.S., or the President only if the slave
trade “interferes with the proper missionary work”,
[interesting to note the beginning of the Civil war was only
5 months away], Mission to Western Turkey [Erzroom,
Armenia], The War & killings in Syria “exceed a hundred
thousand” and Anglo-American assistance to the thousands of
3 Issues of the "Africa Repository and Colonial Journal"
(Jan-Mar, 1838) -- total of 90 pages, printed in
Washington, DC). The main thrust was to raise the money to
relocate African slaves back to the settlement in
Monroeville, Liberia (West Africa). Many intriguing
articles: New Orleans Society, Preachers, Sunday School in
Africa, 600 Slaves from New Orleans Emancipated by their
Master on his Death, Liberia, Expedition to Bassa
Cove, Maryland Society, Annual Report, and much more...
Letter written by Black female settler in Liberia, 1841
to the founder of first School for the Deaf in America (Gallaudett
University was later named after him)
-- Cover with 2 page letter dated from Cape Palmas,
West Africa, Mt. Vaughan (see image below), Sept. 19, 1841
to Rev. T.H. Gallaudett, Hartford, Conn (founder of
the first School for the Deaf in America -- Gallaudett
University is named after him). The letter arrived in
New York with a postmark of December 10th. Beautifully penned
and signed E.M. Thomson, letter indicates she is serving as
a school teacher to native children and colonist's, with
lively chatter about those sailing to America, continued
information about the natives makes it appear that Miss
Thompson was not originally from West Africa and has
probably come there with colonists, possibly from America.
Postmarked Ship, and New York, Dec. 10, cover is addressed
to her friend, a Reverend in CT. Additional penned
notes on the letter read "E.M. Thompson - a colored woman
who lived some time in Mr. Gallaudett's family & afterward settled in
Liberia & taught school there with good success".
-- "It has been some time since I have heard from you.
Mrs. Sigourney, when visiting always mentions your family
but since she went to England I have heard nothing from her.
My self and family are well now but my health has not been
as good as it has been. I began to feel the effects of a
sedentary life and conclude that I shall be obliged to
suspend teaching awhile. I am sill engaged as teacher of the
female department of Mt. Vaughan. Ann schools have
been quite interesting but now many of them are absent,
owing to the influenza or lung fever that has permeated
among us. I have a very interesting set of native girls and
am fully convinced that their focus(?) in learning is far
superior to many of our own colonist children. The number of
our missionaries is much lessoned. Mr. and Mrs. Payne
(most probably Bishop Daniel A. Payne, 1811-1867) are now
in America. Mr. and Mrs. Perkins are about to sail with
Capt. Lawlin. The harvest is still plentiful, but the
laborers are few. The Presbyterian missionaries are pretty
well I believe. Mrs. Altruior (sp?) is about to return to
America. Mr. Wilson and Lady have just returned from a trip
down the coast. In your last letter you wished to know if I
had even seen a deaf and dumb person in this country.
I have not even heard of and when I mentioned it to the
natives they seemed surprised. Since I commenced writing a
large ? ? was brought into the yard. I
should suppose him to be upwards of 50 years old. He was
shot by one of the colonists not far from Mt. Vaughan. He
would be quite a curiosity to you all. I wish your children
could see it. It is now rice season with us. The natives
have cultivated an abundance of rice. The second rainy
season has just commenced which generally lasts about two
months. We have much more dry weather than they have in
Monrovia. I shall be happy to hear from you and family. My
best regards to them. I request an interest in your prayers
that I may be faithful to my charge. Your humble servant, E.
IMPORTANT CONTEXT: E.M. Thomson was
married to James Thomson who was also of African descent,
was the first person employed by the Protestant Episcopal
Church in Africa. The attention of the Executive Committee
of the Domestic and Foreign Missionary Society was drawn to
him as the writer of an appeal of some of the colonists at
Monrovia for aid in erecting a Church edifice, and as one
who, in the absence of any minister of the Episcopal Church,
had been acting as a Lay-reader. Not considering his
qualifications such as would justify him in assuming the
ministerial office, he was appointed by the Executive
Committee a teacher in 1835. He continued in the service of
the Society only for a short time, and died in December,
There was a war at Cape Palmas. In the
destruction at Mount Vaughan Mrs.
lost every thing except her clothes; her furniture,
bedding, books, linen, and household articles, which for twenty years have
been gradually accumulating. I hope
kind friends in America will remember her. She was one of the first
teachers in the mission, commencing her labors in March,
1936, and has been connected with the mission ever
since. After these distressing
announcements, the earnest appeals of the Episcopal
Board of Missions brought in $5,000. lo enable them to
rebuild their Mission House on Mount Vaughan, and to
give relief to the Rev. G. VV. Gibson, principal of the
High School at that place, and E.M. Thomson —both of
these individuals having spent twenty years in its
James M. Thomson (E.M. Thomson) was born in Connecticut
in 1807. She emigrated to Africa in 1831, and taught an
infant school in Monrovia. She and her husband afterward
removed to Cape Palmas, and in 1835 Mr. Thomson was
appointed by the Foreign Committee to open a Mission
Station at Mount Vaughan; and when the Rev. Dr. Savage
joined the Mission about Christmas, 1836, he found the
ground had been cleared, and the house partly completed.
Mr. Thomson died not long afterward. Mrs. Thomson's
connection with the Mission continued to the day of her
death, which occurred April 26th, 1864.
Thomson, who served for many years,
was called the Mother of the Mission at Cape Palmas.
Protestant Episcopal Mission,
Cape Palmas, West Africa
Cape Palmas (this is most probably where the above
letter was written), founded in 1834, was the original
settlement of the Maryland Colonization Society,
which purchased the peninsula with muskets, powder,
cloth, pots, beads, and other items of trade. The
peninsula became the site of three missions, established
to Christianize and civilize the native Africans. Known
as "Mount Vaughan," the Episcopal mission
educated many members of Liberia's indigenous tribes.
"Protestant Episcopal Mission, Cape Palmas, West
Africa," ca. 1850s Woodcut.
Maryland was one of two
centers of American interest on the West Coast of
Africa, the other being neighboring Liberia, which in
1847 became an independent republic. Like Liberia, the
colony was planned as a haven for freed slaves, and by
1850 it could boast a small Colonist population
concentrated around the Cape Palmas peninsula. This
physical isolation was reinforced by the psychological
and cultural distance that the settlers put between
themselves and the natives.
Gallaudet, for whom Gallaudet University is
named, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., in 1787. His family
later settled in Hartford, Conn., the home of his maternal
grandparents. A brilliant student during his early years,
Gallaudet entered Yale University at age 14 and graduated
first in his class three years later. He returned to Yale as
a graduate student in 1808 after having served a law
apprenticeship and studying independently. After earning a
master of arts degree in 1810, Gallaudet worked as a
traveling salesman. However, having been raised in a family
deeply rooted in Protestantism, he felt called to the
ministry. In 1812 he enrolled in the Andover Theological
Seminary, graduating in 1814. Gallaudet's goal, to serve
as an itinerant preacher, was put aside when he met Alice
Cogswell, the 9 years old deaf daughter of a neighbor,
Dr. Mason Cogswell. Cogswell, a prominent Hartford
Physician, was concerned about proper education for his
daughter. He asked Gallaudet to travel to Europe to study
methods for teaching deaf students, especially those of the
Braidwood family in England. Gallaudet found the Braidwoods
unwilling to share knowledge of their oral communication
method. At the same time, he was not satisfied that the oral
method produced desirable results.
While still in
Great Britain, he met the Abbe Sicard, head of the Institut Royal
des Sourds-Muets in Paris, and two of its deaf faculty
members, Laurent Clerc and Jean Massieu. Sicard invited
Gallaudet to Paris to study the school's method of teaching
deaf students using manual communication. Impressed with the
manual method, Gallaudet studied teaching methodology under
Sicard, learning sign language from Massieu and Clerc, who
were both highly educated graduates of the school. Having
persuaded Clerc to accompany him, Gallaudet sailed for
America. The two men toured New England and successfully
raised private and public funds to found a school for deaf
students in Hartford, which later became known as the
American School for the Deaf. Young Alice was one of the
seven students in the United States. (The American School
for the Deaf still educates deaf students today. It is first
permanent school for the deaf children established in the
United States.) Gallaudet served as principal of the school
from 1817 to 1830. He resigned his position on April 6,
1830, to devote his time to writing children's books and to
the ministry. In 1893, at the request of the alumni
association, the name of the College in Washington, DC
was changed to Gallaudet College in honor of T.H. Gallaudet.
Scripture Biography for the Young with Critical by
Rev. T. H. Gallaudet, Illustations and Practical
/ American Tract Society, Copyright 1838. 200 pages,
Volume #1 - Covers Adam to Jacob.
-- New York
American (March 9, 1836) -- Maryland in Liberia...Letter
extract from Dr. James Hall, Governor of Maryland, delivered
by Capt. Lawlin of the brig, The Susan Elizabeth of
New York. He describes prosperity. "...I may truly say
that every month of our existence witnesses an increase of
energy, industry and contentment among the inhabitants of
our little settlement. I am in readiness for the next
expedition...they might have their land sowed by the 1st of
School Teachers' Second Book, Containing a Harmony of the
Four Gospels and Questions on the History, Miracles,
Discourses and Parables of our Lord, With Explanations of
the Most Difficult Parts of the Text." by Rev. J.J.
Matthias. New York: B. Waugh and T. Mason for the Methodist
Episcopal Church, 1832 Hardcover, 3-1/2" x 5-1/4", 234 pp. A
rare Sunday school lesson book from 1832, written by
Reverend J.J. Matthias and published for the Sunday
School Youth Library of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Includes double page map in rear of book of "Countries
mentioned by Moses".
BACKGROUND: Rev. J.J. Matthias was a Methodist
Episcopal minister of the Philadelphia conference, who
served as Governor of Bassa Cove during the 19th
century African colonization. In 1837, the Rev JJ
Matthias, a Superannuated Minister of the Philadelphia
Conference of the ME Church, was appointed Governor of the
settlement of Bassa Cove, Liberia by the Colonization
Society, and came to Liberia in the schooner "Charlotte
Harper." In the same vessel, besides the Governor's family,
consisting of Mrs. Matthias and Miss Annesley, Dr. Johnson,
of Kingston, N.Y., came out as physician for the same place;
Dr. S.M.E. Gokeen, missionary physician of the M.E. Church,
and two female teachers, Miss Ann Wilkins and Miss L.A.
Beers. After spending some time at Monrovia, Governor
Matthias and family and Dr. Johnson went down to the Cove,
and were soon settled. Mr. Matthias proved a thoroughgoing,
efficient and successful Governor. The people loved and
esteemed him. Though a minister, and a good and holy man,
yet he organized and kept up a well-trained little regiment
of brave soldiers, reviewed them himself every month, and
such a display and demonstration as they made most
effectually prevented the natives from attempting any
hostilities. There was no war in Governor Matthias's day.
-- Boston Recorder (April 14, 1821) -- Liberia Mission.
"Lott Carey, and Collin Teague, two colored men,
preachers, with their families, sailed from Norfolk in
January last, in the brig Nautilus with their Bibles, and
utensils for necessary labor. The Baptist Board supplied
them with many articles of convenience and comfort, and
provisions were supplied by government."
-- February 19, 1829 newspaper, Boston Recorder,
with article about the death of African American
missionary, Lott Carey. Title of Article: News From
Liberia. "We learn from a vessel arrived in port
yesterday from Liberia, (the American colony on the coast of
Africa,) that a French vessel being cruising off that place
in quest of slaves, the authorities were making preparation
to attack her, & in preparing cartridges for that purpose,
fire accidentally communicated to the ammunition, which
exploded. The Gov. (Lott Carey) with several principal men
of the place were killed, & most of the town was destroyed."
-- Another Bristol (England) paper of the same day gives the
account thus: "On the 18th Nov. last, an expedition was
preparing by the American settlers at that place, to destroy
a French slave ship and factory at Digby, a place abut 30
miles distant. when, during the night, the magazine in which
they were making cartridges, blew up, and horrible to
relate, Mr Lott Carey, the Governor, and nine of his people
were destroyed...Lott Carey was aworthy and
useful Baptist preacher, himself a colored man; and when
the lamented Ashmun returned to this country, he left the
colony in charge of Carey, as acting Governor. Dr Randall
has gone out to succeed Ashmun; but he could not have
arrived at the time of the disaster."
-- BACKGROUND ON LOTT CAREY: Carey was a pioneer
missionary to Africa. Born a slave in Virginia, he was
converted to Christianity while working in Richmond. He
purchased his freedom, became first a lay exhorter and then
a licensed Baptist preacher. He went to Liberia in the 1820s
as one of the first American missionaries to that continent
and one of the founders of that nation.
-- Boston Recorder (December 16, 1829) -- Long
article on the Mission to Africa, "..proceeded to present
a brief outline of the facts respecting the Colony in
Liberia. Its original design under the patronage of the
American Colonization Society was to locate a settlement of
free blacks from the United States, who should be assisted
in establishing a civil government of their own choice, and
whose influence should be extended to counteract and destroy
the odious traffic in slaves. It was commenced about ten
years since, and although a considerable loss of life has
been sustained by those who have emigrated from our shores,
it has been far less than the mortality in our other new
colonies, and much less than took place in the settlements
in our own country, at James Town in Virginia, and at
Plymouth in Massachusetts. It was in reference to the Colony
in Africa that the lamented young man, Samuel J. Mills,
lost his life about eleven years since; and to him, as
having originated this mission, is the Christian world much
indebted. Amongth (sic) those who fell a sacrifice in this
enterprise was the amiable and judicious Ashmun, who
in giving life and form & system to the polity of Liberia,
has left an imperishable name. His successor, after a short
career, has also deceased. It is, however, hoped, said
Mr. Evarts, that by avoiding the same customs, and
exposure to the climate, which the lessons of
experience had taught to be hazardous, the lives of future
emigrants may be prolonged..."
-- Background on Jehudi Ashmun was an American
agent who headed the Liberian colony from 1822-1828. Jehudi
was a native of Champlain, New York. His wife died shortly
after their arrival in Monrovia in 1822; and he died on
August 25, 1828, at the age of 35, and was buried in New
Haven, Connecticut. It was the African "fever", malaria or
yellow fever that killed Ashmun and his wife.
-- August 22, 1829 newspaper, Philadelphia Recorder,
with article aboutAiding the Colonization Cause in
Liberia, to Prepare and Circulate Tracts among the Free
Colored Population, Showing the Advantages of Emigration;
-- and that such a Measure Might Result in: 1. Increasing the numbers of those desirous to emigrate,
and from whom the most worthy and promising might be
2. Inducing the few who have property to emigrate at their
own expense, and others to acquire property for that
3. The moral effect of placing before their minds the
prospect of wealth and respectability, for themselves and
their children, to be obtained by virtue and intelligence.
Tracts on this subject are needed, because of those who can
read, ever read newspapers; because tracts might be so
written, as to be peculiarly adapted to their character and
of Western African" -- April 27, May 3 and May 4, 1819
issues of Poulsons' American Daily Advertiser (Philadelphia)
with the series of articles taken directly "from the Journal
of Rev. Samuel J. Mills, one of the agents of the
American Colonization Society deputed to explore the
Western coast of Africa with the view to the
establishment of a colony of free people of color from the
United States...There is no doubt left in the minds of
those acquainted with the circumstances of the recent
missions to Africa, as to the practicability of the
contemplated plan, and that much less expense than had been
anticipated. A unanimous and cordial cooperation with the
Society in the advancement of its magnificent design by the
community at large, appears now to be the only desideratum
in order to a complete and glorious success."
Very intriguing three-part series, with a lot of
information about Gambia, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Sherbro
Island, York Island, Bondou, Plantain Islands, and other
parts of West African.
-- Hardbound Volume IV of American Quarterly Review
(September and December, 1828). This 546 page book contains
reviews of historical, scientific, and travel literature
published by Carey, Lea & Carey, Chesnut Street,
Philadelphia; 546 pages. Thirty-one of those pages are
dedicated to reviewing "The Eleventh Annual Report of
the American Society for Colonizing the Free People of
Colour of the United States, With an Appendix, Washington,
Eight issues of
The Southern Workman, published by the Hampton
Institute Press, Hampton, VA. [African-American]. April
1907, June 1907, August 1906, May 1920, November 1907,
November 1906, July 1920 and May 1903. Some topics covered:
Progress of the Negro in 40 Years, The Outlook for Negro
Education, The South's Opportunity in Negro Development, A
Hampton's Girls Training, The Theology of the Songs of the
Southern Slave, Negro Craftsmen in Africa, Re-naming the
Indians, Hampton's Anniversary and more.
Rare First Edition (1863) copy of Journal of a
Residence on a Georgia Plantation in 1838-1839 by Frances
Kemble. (four copies of the First Edition are owned by
this collection) Born in England
to a family of actors and actresses --
the famous theatrical
Frances Anne "Fanny" Kemble
(1809-1893) followed her family’s theatrical tradition, though
she disliked acting.
Her aunt, Sarah Kemble
Siddons, won acclaim as "the greatest actress the world has
When she came to the United States in
1832, she did not come to sightsee; she came to save the
family fortune. For Kemble's father, a part owner and manager of Covent
Garden, had lost a great deal of money, and after her
successful acting debut in London, he decided they could
make more money touring in America. Fanny was reluctant to
go on the trip but enjoyed drama and adventure, and she
quickly earned fame. A very spirited woman, she threw her
heart into her craft, glorying in her triumphs in front of
the American audiences or wallowing in defeat. This zest for
action carried over into her life. Kemble always ran or
hiked ahead of the group, rode the fastest horse and climbed
to the highest point. Her enthusiasm won the heart of
Pierce Butler, a wealthy Philadelphia bachelor she
married impulsively in 1834. Unknown to her at the time of
her wedding, Pierce Butler stood to inherit two plantations
in Georgia. The inheritance became a reality in 1838. By
that time, their marriage had already become strained over a
difference in taste and temperament, a rift that was to
deepen after they ventured South.
Kemble was an intelligent,
independent woman who abhorred slavery and was not
shy about speaking out against it. These abolitionist views
did not sit well with her husband; yet she still strived to
make the marriage work. When Butler inherited the Georgia
plantation upon his grandfather's death, she moved to
Georgia with him. From December 30, 1838 to April 17, 1839,
Kemble kept a journal of what she witnessed. Although she
spent just over sixteen months of her life in Georgia, the
result was a powerful piece of historical literature—Journal
of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation in 1838-1839.
Kemble, a committed
libertarian was horrified with the fact her husband "owned"
people. Butler never understood Fanny's ethical stand and
they were later embroiled in an ugly and bitter divorce that
deprived Fanny of both her children and her home.
first, Fanny Kemble refrained from publishing her text,
though the manuscript was repeatedly revised and circulated
among her friends (Katharine Anne Sedgwick, for one, was an
enthusiastic reader). During the next eight years, Fanny
often summered by herself in Lenox, Massachusetts (Kemble
Street was named after her), and she spent one year abroad
by herself. She finally left her husband in 1846. Unable to
reconcile their differences, Butler and Kemble were divorced
in 1849, with Butler retaining custody of their two
daughters. During the Civil War she published the journal
she had kept some twenty-five years before, Journal
of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation.
The two-volume work
provides an account of her travels in the United States and
it was met with severe reviews both in England and America.
"This uncomfortably gauche work's indiscretions offended
numerous prominent Americans," said one reviewer.
descriptions of the horrifying treatment of slaves is
credited with doing much toward maintaining British
neutrality during the Civil War, when for economic
reasons many favored the South—which produced cotton for
British textile mills. If the British had cast their lot
with the South, the war could have easily turned against the
North. This is a very influential and unheralded book that
may have played
an important role in thewinning of the Civil War and the
abolition of slavery.
Autographed letter. It is very rare to find a letter
signed with "Butler" as her last name. Signed, "Frances
Anne Butler," -- 1 page, 4-1/2" x 7," Syracuse. Reads, "Sir,
It will not be in my power to read at Troy at present. I
hope however to be able to do so again some time in the
course of the autumn...Your obedient servant..."
. Letter is in very good condition dated Friday, 14th (no
year). We are currently doing research on plausible dates
where Friday lands on the 14th -- August 1835 is quite
plausible, since she had recently been married and the
"autumn" is still ahead. Also, there is a record of her
visiting Troy 1833-34. Background:
Pierce Butler became infatuated with Fanny Kemble after
seeing her perform. He followed her devotedly while she
toured. He was charming, solicitous. Fanny fell in love with
him, and they were married in 1834 in Philadelphia. In
marrying Pierce, Fanny escaped the life of the theater and
her family's precarious finances and entered a life of
wealth. At that time, she would later state, she did not
know the source of this wealth. The marriage was troubled
nearly from the start. Fanny believed that Pierce would
continue in his devotion, and Pierce believed that Fanny
would curb her independent nature and allow herself to be
ruled by him. Differences in opinion on slavery also created
friction. Pierce thought he could persuade Fanny of the
benefits of slavery; Fanny thought she could persuade Pierce
to emancipate his slaves. Early in their marriage Fanny even
attempted to publish an antislavery treatise that she had
written. Pierce forbid her to do so. In March of 1836,
Pierce and his brother John inherited the Georgia
plantations. Fanny wanted to see the plantation firsthand,
and begged Butler to take her with him. He refused to do so
on his first trip, but finally relented. In December of
1838, Pierce, Fanny, their two children Sarah and Frances,
and their Irish nurse Margery O'Brien set out for Butler
Island. After traveling for nine days by train, stage and
steamboat, they arrived at their destination. Nothing in
Fanny's life had prepared her for this place. Kemble spent
four months on Butler and St. Simon's Islands. During that
time she and Pierce clashed frequently over the issue of
slavery. Fanny recorded her experiences in letters which she
later compiled and published as her Journal of a
Residence on a Georgian Plantation. It is the closest,
most-detailed look at plantation slavery ever recorded by a
white northern abolitionist. By the time the Butlers
returned to Philadelphia, their marriage was in turmoil.
Life for Fanny went from bad to worse as Pierce harassed and
ignored her and prevented her from seeing their children.
Finally, Fanny gave up her attempts at reconciliation, and
left for England. While there, she resumed her life in the
theater by performing readings of Shakespeare. She was in
the midst of a successful run when she learned that Pierce
was suing her for divorce. He contended that she had
"willfully, maliciously, and without due cause, deserted him
on September 11, 1845." He filed for divorce on April 7,
1848. Fanny returned to America to defend herself against
his charges. After a long and painful court proceeding, the
divorce was granted in September of 1849. Fanny would be
allowed to spend two months every summer with her children,
and Pierce would pay her $1500 a year in alimony. Fanny
Kemble lived alternately in the United States, 1848-1862,
1867-1877, and England, 1845-1848, 1862-1867, 1877-1894,
during which time she returned to the stage, performing
dramatic readings of Shakespeare, publishing her diary
and memoirs, writing some dramatic criticism. (The
above-mentioned letter discusses an invitation to perform
such a reading in Troy (NY), which she respectfully
declines for the time being.)
however, fell further and further into economic ruin, as he
squandered away his vast fortune in gambling and stock
market speculation. In 1856 his situation became so severe
that the management of his finances was handed over to three
trustees. To satisfy his enormous debt, they began by
selling the Philadelphia mansion and liquidating other
properties. But this was not enough. The trustees turned
their attention to the property in Georgia, which consisted
mostly of human beings. In February 1859, the men traveled
to Georgia to appraise Pierce Butler's share of the slaves.
Each person was examined and his or her value assessed. This
was the preparation for what would be the largest single
sale of human beings in United States history. It was an
event that would come to be known as "the weeping time."
Pierce's financial situation was saved at the expense of his
former slaves. In the meantime, the country hovered on the
brink of civil war. In 1861 the war erupted. Again the
family was divided: Fanny Kemble and their daughter Sarah
were pro-North; Pierce Butler and their daughter Frances
were pro-South. In early 1861 Pierce and Frances went to
Georgia. Upon their return to Philadelphia in August, Pierce
was arrested for treason; in September he was released. He
did not return to the South until after the war. Following
the war, Pierce Butler returned to Butler Island with his
daughter Frances. He found numbers of former slaves living
there, and arranged that they would work for him as
share-croppers. Management of the plantation was difficult,
and though Frances returned to Philadelphia, Pierce remained
on the island despite the dangers of disease. He contracted
malaria and died in August 1867. Following Pierce's death,
Frances returned to Butler Island to continue organizing the
plantation, and Fanny Kemble moved to Philadelphia.
Throughout her life, Fanny continued to perform dramatic
readings, to travel, and to publish her journals. Fanny
Kemble died peacefully in London on January 15, 1893.
-- A rare and wonderful
litho of Fanny Kemble in an exquisite Victorian oval frame
(7-1/2" x 11"), with a painted glass matte. Both frame and
lithograph are in great shape. On the back of the frame is
the clipped name "Miss Kemble". This is a
pre-1840s litho and frame.
-- 25 scarce, vintage
playbills/broadsides advertising Fanny Kemble's
appearances at the Theatre Royal, Covent Gardens from
1829-1831. The specific theatre events advertised with Fanny
Kemble are: Maid of Honour, Belvidera, Romeo and
Juliet, Euphrasia, Venice Preserved, The Gamester, A Tragedy
and Grecian Daughter. Each one is
approximately 13"x16". All of these broadsides are on very
thin paper, with some wear to edges. All printed by W Reynolds, 9
-- An 1830 print entitled, "The
Attitudes of Miss Fanny Kemble as Juliet" from "The
World of Fashion and Continental Feuilletons" a monthly
publication dedicated to the high life, fashionables,
Fashions, polite literature, fine arts, the opera and
theatres. The page exhibits 4 prints of Fanny Kemble in
"attitudes" from her performance in Juliet. She made her
first appearance on stage when she appeared as Juliet in her
father's production of Romeo and Juliet on
October 5th, 1829. Fanny's great success in this role was
followed by several others in her father's Covenant
Garden Theatre. Measures 8.25" x 7", in excellent
-- Very scarce(two
sets owned by the collection) Frances
Anne Butler (Fanny Kemble) Journal. Philadelphia Carey,
Lea & Blanchard. First American Edition, 1863. Description: 2 volumes. Vol I: 252 pages Vol II:
218 pages. An important and early travel journal. The
author recounts her travels around the American east coast,
where she was pursued by a number of smitten suitors. Butler
is best known by her maiden/stage name Frances Anne Kemble"
under which she wrote a number of plays, acted on both sides
of the Atlantic and wrote her Journal of a Residence on a
Georgia Plantation (1863), and whose harsh, critical
description of plantation/slave life, plus her own
indiscretions offended several prominent Americans, and
which the English public quite adored. An ad in back of Vol.
II includes first appearance of Frankenstein also published
by Carey, Lea & Blanchard. Period cloth rebacked with
paper spine labels.
-- 1863 edition (everything in one volume) of Journal
of a Residence on a Georgia Plantation on 1838-1839,
printed by Harper & Brothers, New York. Fair condition.
Frances Anne Kemble (Fanny Kemble), 1809 -
1893, Scarce three volumes of memoirs, which were published
separately, contain some of her writing about slavery but
also range over a wide variety of observations about her
life on stage, in the arts and living in America. Many of
the passages are in the form of letters.
1. "Records of a Girlhood," 605 pages,
published by Henry Holt in 1879 and is a second
edition. Here, she writes about growing up in England, life
on the stage, coming to America, and her first impressions
of the country. The book ends in 1833, the year before her
marriage to slave owner Pierce Butler, but already she is
making observations about the evils of slavery. Someone has
lightly affixed an 1883 newspaper obituary of the author to
a blank page in the back. It is pasted only along the top
edge so it could probably be removed easily.
2. "Records of Later Life," (2
copies) published in
1882 by Henry Holt is a first edition. Here, her
observations pick up in 1834, and she writes more about
slavery (although that is still only a part of the book)
along with accounts of her life and work and observations
about major figures of the day from Dickens to a steam ship
trip up the Hudson River.
ADDITIONAL PERSPECTIVES ON THE BRITISH INVOLVEMENT IN THE
-- Rare first edition
copy of, Case of the United States, Alabama Claims,
to be laid before the Tribunal of Arbitration, to be
Convened at Geneva under the provisions of the Treaty
between the United States of America and Her majesty the
Queen of Great Britain, Concluded at Washington, May 8th.
1871. Published by the Government Printing office,
Washington (1872). 42nd Congress - 2nd Session- Ex. Doc.
No.31. The book contains a fold-out map of the SE coast of
the USA and its relation to the British West Indies
colonies. 204 pages.
-- A vintage engraving of "A Session of the Alabama
-- The Graphic newspaper, May 4, 1872. Five men are engraved
on the front page, with the headline:
Claims -- The Geneva Court of Arbitration."
BACKGROUND: The Alabama claims (1862-1872) were a
diplomatic dispute between the United States and Great
Britain that arose out of the U.S. Civil War. The peaceful
resolution of these claims 7 years after the war ended set
an important precedent for solving serious international
disputes through arbitration, and laid the foundation for
greatly improved relations between Britain and the United
States. The controversy began when Confederate agents
contracted for warships from British boatyards. Disguised as
merchant vessels during their construction in order to
circumvent British neutrality laws, the craft were actually
intended as commerce raiders. The most successful of these
cruisers was the Alabama, which was launched on July
29, 1862. It captured 58 Northern merchant ships before it
was sunk in June 1864 by a U.S. warship off the coast of
France. In addition to the Alabama, other
British-built ships in the Confederacy Navy included the
Florida, Georgia, Rappahannock, and
Shenandoah. Together, they sank more than 150 Northern
ships and impelled much of the U.S. merchant marine to adopt
foreign registry. The damage to Northern shipping would have
been even worse had not fervent protests from the U.S.
Government persuaded British and French officials to seize
additional ships intended for the Confederacy. Most
famously, on September 3, 1863, the British Government
impounded two ironclad, steam-driven “Laird rams” that
Confederate agent James D. Bulloch had surreptitiously
arranged to be built at a shipyard in Liverpool. The United
States demanded compensation from Britain for the damage
wrought by the British-built, Southern-operated commerce
raiders, based upon the argument that the British
Government, by aiding the creation of a Confederate Navy,
had inadequately followed its neutrality laws. The damages
discussed were enormous. Charles Sumner, Chairman of
the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, argued that British
aid to the Confederacy had prolonged the Civil War by 2
years, and indirectly cost the United States hundreds of
millions, or even billions of dollars (the figure Sumner
suggested was $2.125 billion). Some Americans adopted this
argument and suggested that Britain should offer Canada to
the United States in compensation. Such proposals were not
taken seriously by British statesmen, but they convey the
passion with which some Americans viewed the issue. After
years of unsuccessful U.S. diplomatic initiatives, a Joint
High Commission meeting in Washington, D.C. during the early
part of 1871 arrived at the basis for a settlement. The
British Government expressed regret for its contribution to
the success of Confederate commerce raiders. This agreement,
dated May 8, 1871, and known as the Treaty of Washington,
also established an arbitration commission to evaluate the
merit of U.S. financial claims on Britain. In addition, the
treaty addressed Anglo-American disputes over boundaries and
fishing rights. The arbitration commission, which issued its
decision in September 1872, rejected American claims for
indirect damages, but did order Britain to pay the United
States $15.5 million as compensation for the Alabama claims.
In the book, History of the United States,
E. Benjamin Andrews states that the money, plus interest,
Alabama Claims damage award was "promptly" handed over
to the US where Congress had it banked for 4 years earning
5% interest. When the amount reached $20 million, Congress
then convened the Court of Alabama Claims.
Three letters from the American Bar Association written in
Two of these
1923 letters from the American Bar Association to Honorable
Christopher T. Callahan of Holyoke, Massachusetts, were
written by John E. Hannigan, Boston, MA, State Director,
First District. Mr. Callahan was Judge of the Superior Court
of Massachusetts. The first letter, dated
January 26, 1923, is an invitation to Callahan to join the
American Bar Association.
-- The second letter in response evidently to queries from Callahan
about colored men being excluded from the Bar Association.
Mr. Hannigan answers: "There is no law of the American
Bar Association excluding colored men. There is a law
requiring applicants to state their color. The purpose of
this is to inform the Executive Committee. Probably no
colored man will pass this committee. The reason is not
political but social. The annual meeting of the Association
is attended by many Southern lawyers and their families.
There are numerous receptions and social foregatherings,
culminating in a grand banquet. White men and women
of the South will not accept the society of black men and
women, though brunette delegates from Porto Rico and the
Philippines and yellow-skinned men from the East are usually
present. There were bitter controversies in 1913 and 1914
over the admission of W.H. Lewis and one or two other
The Southern members made it plain that, frankly conceding
all legal rights to negroes, social intercourse was
impossible. There seem to be imperative matters of which
they will not or cannot speak which control this issue for
them. The rule, an expression of which you found on the
application card, requiring statement of color, was the
result. Personally I am color blind. I hate prejudice, but
am tolerant of men with prejudice. I may be one myself. My
dissenting from the other fellow's judgment may be
prejudging on my part. I appreciate the instinct of justice
manifested in all your acts as judge and in the sentiments
of your letter to me. I beg leave to renew my invitation to
you, and hope you will authorize me to strike out the
qualification. I am sending your letter and a copy of this
to the Membership Committee and to the Citizenship
Committee. Believe me, Very sincerely, John E. Hannigan.
P.S. I enclose copy of my letter to Mr. Wadhams, Secretary
of the Membership Committee, accompanying your letter. A
similar one goes to Mr. Saner of Dallas, Texas, Chairman of
the Citizenship Committee." -- The
third letter is a copy sent to Mr. Callahan by Hannigan,
of a letter Hennigan wrote to a Mr. Wadhams, secretary of
the Membership Committee - "March 12, 1923. Dear Mr.
Wadhams, I am enclosing letter (copy) from Mr. Justice
Callahan, a distinguished member of our Superior Court,
together with a copy of my reply. This Southern ex-slave
question is certainly embarrassing. On the one hand the
Citizenship Committee is seeking to reaffirm the
Constitution and its great principles of vested and
guaranteed legal equality for all men, and the Membership
Committee is pointing with pride to the Association's ideal
of the dignity and trained patriotism of the American
lawyer; on the other hand every application for membership
carries a warning of caste inequality, and a notice that
honorable members of the bar, if colored, may not be
admitted to the Association." He goes on to state a
quote from Lincoln and ends with "Well, I wonder if we
can't plow round our log any better than we're doing."
These letters are historic examples of great prejudice
against blacks by some members of the American Bar
Association in the 1920's.They were purchased in a
paper/letter lot at an estate auction. None of the letters
have envelopes. All have age coloring, some wear, some edge
tears and edge pieces missing, some creases and marks, rusty
marks from a paper clip.
63. An absolutely rare sampler (17"x17") dated
June 4th, 1830, signed by it's maker, "Lavinia
Wonn." Samplers like this are extremely rare and
valuable. Lavinia may have been 8-10 years old when she made
this sampler. The archivist of the Oblate Sisters Of
Providence, a Black Catholic Order (Baltimore) said the
following about the possibility of Lavinia Wonn being a
student at St. Frances School for Colored Girls. "We
do not have her listed as one of the early students but it
is still possible she attended the school since names of the
day students were rarely recorded. I will keep my eye out
for any mention of her in our records to see if she was a
The teachers at St. Francis sometimes taught students
known as the "Children of The House." These
children were not slaves. They were girls who were
either orphans or half orphans that the sisters took
in. The archivist of the Oblate Sisters of Providence is
of any student
that was a slave while
attending St. Frances. The archivist goes on to state, "We
do have several manumission documents and certificates
of freedom in our collection of women who obtained their
freedom and then became sisters.
These girls were taught
for free, and usually entered the Convent and became
Some children were taught free but
most paid tuition and some even boarded. It was the
income from the paying students that supplemented the
free tuition. A few girls did remain and become sisters
the majority did not.
It was against the law in
the late 1700's and early 1800's for a Black person to
receive an education. Reading and writing were strictly
forbidden. It was
never illegal to teach anyone in the state of Maryland -
not slaves, not free people of color, not anybody. There
were no free public schools for black children until
1868 in Maryland while public schools for white
children began in 1828. In
a few places schools were quietly operating, one in New
England and the other in Baltimore, MD. There were several Protestant
schools for black children in Baltimore in the
antebellum period. One can review Christopher Phillip's
excellent book, Freedom's Port
(except that he doesn't mention the Oblates),
for more information and confirmation of what
has been stated." The Oblate Sisters of Providence
have the largest single collection of 19th century
schoolgirl samplers worked by African American girls in
the world. Take a look at the images of some of the
samplers on their
Extremely scarce, First Edition copy of Slaveholding
Examined in Light of the Holy Bible, by William Henry
Brisbane (Philadelphia, 1847, 222 pages).
Minister, editor, author, and
doctor, William Henry Brisbane was a South Carolina
slaveholder who turned abolitionist, moved north, and freed
his slaves. He came to Wisconsin in 1853, settled in the
town of Arena, and served as chaplain of the 2nd Wisconsin
Cavalry in the Civil War. In this speech, originally
delivered in Cincinnati and later issued as a pamphlet,
Brisbane explains his transformation from a slaveholder to
an anti-slavery activist. William Henry Brisbane,
whom the Mercantile Agency (Dunn & Bradstreet) rated
a failure in an early credit rating in the 1840s because he
had inherited $100,000, and run through the whole fortune in
just a couple of years. Upon closer investigation, what
actually had happened in this man's life, it turned out that
he had inherited a slave plantation in Beaufort,
South Carolina, had come to the conclusion that
slavery was wrong, had sold all of his slaves and moved to
the North, and then was racked by guilt about the people he
had left behind. So he spent his fortune to purchase back
the slaves that he had sold when he left the South, and
bring them north into freedom. So he's an example of someone
who is truly a great emancipator, but financially and
professionally ended up a failure.
After the Civil War, he was appointed by his friend S.P.
Chase, Lincoln's treasury secretary, to return to South
Carolina as chairman of the U.S. Direct Tax Commission
for South Carolina. His assignment was to confiscate the
abandoned plantations in the Port Royal district and sell
them for unpaid taxes and put the freed slaves to work on
small farms. These were the plantations and farms of his
family and former friends and neighbors, most of whom had
fled the area.
On New Year's Day 1863 years ago, hundreds of free blacks
and former slaves in the Port Royal region rose to their
feet in thunderous applause after the Rev. William Henry
Brisbane read for the first time publicly in the country the
legendary Emancipation Proclamation. Brisbane was a
truly remarkable man.
-- The Methodist Magazine, 1798. Printed by Henry
Tuckniss, 575 pages. This magnificent volume covers the
entire year of 1798 with original sermons, experiences,
letters, poetry and other religious pieces, together with
instructive and useful extracts from different authors.
There are a number of original sermons and letters by John
Wesley and two comprehensive articles entitled, "A
Summary View of the Slave Trade". There are interesting
letters to and from Bishop Francis Asbury (first
Protestant bishop in North America). Many A.M.E. churches
bear his name.
-- A little background on Francis Asbury: Asbury
preached in every state. In Virginia, he preached often in
Loudoun and Fauquier counties and in the Shenandoah Valley
and Piedmont regions. He had no home. He relied on the
hospitality of others. When Asbury was 26, his ship from
England docked at Philadelphia. He wrote in his journal: "When
I came near the American shore, my very heart melted within
me, to think from whence I came, where I was going, and what
I was going about. But I felt my mind open to the people,
and my tongue loosed to speak. I feel that God is here."
Asbury was one of several itinerant preachers in early
America, but what set him apart was his companion,
Harry Hosier, a black man, not a servant but an equal.
In May 1781 in Fairfax County, Asbury preached, followed by
Hosier. Asbury wrote of the service in his journal: "This
circumstance was new, and the white people looked on with
attention." Hosier's presence might account for some
African American Methodist churches taking the name Asbury,
but there was another reason. In 1783 -- the year the
Colonies received their liberty from England -- Asbury, in
Petersburg, Va., wrote that he and other ministers 'all
agreed in the spirit of African liberty.' At times Asbury
would leave his host if he saw a black person being
mistreated or ask an inhospitable person whether he could
stay in the "Negro quarter." The word "slave" was not in
Asbury's vocabulary. Just before Christmas in 1797, he
wrote, "We should not wondering ask, Where did this or
that nation of people come from? either [American] Indians
or Africans." Asbury's work took him far afield. He
crossed the Allegheny mountains sixty times, often through
trackless underbrush. No house provided shelter at night.
His rheumatism, worsened by repeated drenchings and cold
winds, left his feet grotesquely swollen; someone lifted him
onto his horse, his dangling feet unable to get through the
stirrups. Incapacitated as well by asthma and pleurisy in
the last two years of his life he had to be carried like a
child everywhere. When urged to give up traveling he replied
that "Come" had always been the operative word he
used with younger preachers, never "Go."
A carte-de-visite (CDV) of Theodore or Theodros or
Tewodros II (1818-1868), King of Abyssinia and
Emperor of Ethiopia (reigned 1855-1868). Born in the
western province of Qwara during a period of disunity in
Ethiopia, he was called Kassa and was the son of a minor
chief. By military prowess he made himself master of Wars,
whereupon Queen Menen, the mother of the ruler of Gondor,
then the capital, sent an army to crush him. The expedition
failed and Kassa was allowed to marry the Queen’s
grand-daughter, Tewabetch. By 1854 he was the ruler of
Gondor and Amhara, and in 1855 proclaimed himself Tewodros,
a significant choice, as legend said that a sovereign of
that name would rule justly, conquer Islam, and capture
Jerusalem. Tewodros dreamed of reuniting the empire, and
restoring its greatness. He attempted to conquer the
different provinces, crush the nobles, reorganize taxes, and
expropriate church lands, as well as to abolish the slave
trade and convert Muslims to Christianity. He tried to
create a paid army directly loyal to himself to replace the
feudal levies who looted the countryside and obeyed only
their own immediate masters.
King of Abyssinia & Emperor of
rifles smuggled through the Sudan and Massawa, both under
hostile Ottoman rule, obliged Protestant missionaries to
cast cannon for him, and built roads for his artillery. He
also sought to develop relations with Europe, to exchange
embassies with foreign powers, and to import gunsmiths and
other craftsmen. He accordingly wrote to Queen Victoria,
but his letter remained unanswered, so he decided to
force the British government to listen by arresting the
British envoy and other Europeans, the provoking the British
government in 1867 into sending an expedition against him.
The British advanced rapidly against his mountain fortress
of Magdala. Tewodros, unable to repulse the invaders, killed
himself on 13 April 1868. Produced by Eugen Lulves of
Hanover, identified verso by a backplate.
Cheswell Document, 1813
An 1813 document in beautiful calligraphy,
written and signed by African American Revolutionary War
hero, Wentworth Cheswell
(1747-1817). Wentworth served his town in varied
capacity every year from 1768 to 1817, including terms
as town selectman, justice of the peace and town
Wentworth Cheswell is honored as a Revolutionary hero
rather closely modeled on the figure of Paul Revere.
As the town messenger on the Committee of Safety during
the Revolution, he too, had made an all-night ride
back from Boston to warn his community of the impending
As the town
scrivener, he hand-copied the town's records, which date
back to 1727. These town records remain a part of
Newmarket Historical Society's collection. Born on April
11, 1746, in Newmarket, the son of Hopestill March and
Catherine Kennison Cheswill was named in honor of
Governor Wentworth. Two accounts describe him as "colored"
as it was reported that his grandfather, a former
slave named Richard Cheswill, had married a daughter
of the Wentworths of Portsmouth. This union was
considered a disgrace to the Wentworth family, who sent
them away to the woods of New Hampshire. It is in part
because of his African American lineage that
Wentworth truly stands out as a leader in diversity and
equality in New Hampshire.
Background: In 1768, Wentworth became active in
Newmarket town affairs at the age of 22. His first appointed
position was as justice of the peace that same year, and he
went on to serve as town auditor, coroner and moderator. The
Massachusetts Historical Society has in its collection a
document that is thought to be the earliest archaeological
report from New Hampshire. Coauthored by Mr. Cheswill, this
report was later sent to the Reverend Jeremy Belknap of
Boston to be included in his history of New Hampshire. The
undated document is believed to be written in 1790 or 1791
and details the aboriginal artifacts and relics he had
recovered in the area surrounding Newmarket. Many historians
agree that Wentworth's writing contains the seeds of modern
archaeological theory. Despite the limited scope of
Wentworth's writing, scholars defend his title as New
Hampshire's first archaeologist. Wentworth stands for
all we admired about our Founding Fathers, integrity,
dedication and resolve. Wentworth's legacy has gone
uncelebrated for far too long. It
should be noted that Wentworth Cheswell also was the subject
of a national accolade which he had received during a
Congessional debate in 1820 over the Missouri Compromise.
In his address opposing the legislation that prevented
mulattos from attaining Missouri citizenship, Senator
Morril of New Hampshire stated that "In New Hampshire
there was a man by the name of Cheswell, who, with his
family, were respectable in point of abilities, property and
character. He held some of the first offices in the town in
which he resided, was appointed justice of the peace for the
county, and was perfectly competent to perform with ability
all the duties of his various offices in the most prompt,
accurate and acceptable manner. But this family are
forbidden to enter and live in Missouri."
photograph of Leslie Hutchinson. The photo has been
hand signed “To Jeanette Kennard, Gratefully Hutch 1942”.
Leslie Arthur Hutchinson was born on the
Island of Grenada on the 7th March, 1900. His father
played the organ in the local church and Leslie learned it
at an early age. He studied law in New York and to earn
extra money he sang and played the piano in bars at night.
By 1925 he had become a member of the Henry 'Broadway' Jones
band, playing at Palm Beach, Miami and had made a couple of
records. In 1926 he moved to Paris and soon made a name for
himself at Joe Zelli's club where he was spotted by London
impresario C. B. Cochrane, who booked him to play in the
Rogers & Hart revue 'One Damn Thing After Another' at the
London Pavilion. The review started in 1927 and Hutch was an
immediate hit. He later became the resident entertainer at
Quaglino's, which was one of London's top cabaret night
spots. Hutch became a big star and his records were very
popular. He regularly appeared on radio and TV in the 1950s
and 1960s and continued to perform in cabaret. He suffered
from ill-health in his later years and died on 19th August,
1969. Only thirty people attended his funeral
original manuscript of the dramatic poetry of
Evelyn Patterson Burrell entitled, Weep No More.
written in 1973, this work chronicles in narrative poetic
verse, the plight of the Black people through history and
slavery in the United States. This manuscript was written
after her book was published, by Burrell with stage
direction to facilitate the performance of the poetry as a
play. It has hand written notes/edits by Burrell throughout,
illustrations of slavery and photographs. This play consists
of 300 lines and (4) four scenes. The play received
commendatory critical acclaim. Originally published by
Burton Johns, Philadelphia, PA. Dr. Frederick L. Morey,
editor and publisher said of it: Weep No More...
invokes black militancy within a dramatic framework. Another
commentary states, "Evelyn Patterson Burrell's books of
poetry bear a resemblance to Alex Haley's
Interestingly enough, no black hero is mentioned throughout
the work. "A black and cotton-headed man" who portrays the
convener of the march for overcoming oppression, and as the
assassinated. Minor bumps to the corners, soft cover.
Inscriptions by Burrell throughout. Little to no tanning or
foxing noted. A good read as well.
An early authentic
original program given out at Blind Tom Concerts (ca.
1867) entitled, "Songs, Sketches of the Life of Blind
Tom the Marvelous Musical Prodigy, The Negro Boy Pianist,
Whose Recent Performances at the Great St. James and
Egyptian Halls (London) and Salle Hertz (Paris), Have
Created Such a Profound Sensation." It
contains 33 pages of biography about the remarkable life of
Blind Tom (1849-1908) otherwise known as Thomas
Greene Wiggins or Thomas Greene Bethune. Included in
the program are his musical selections as well as
testimonials about his talent from some of the most eminent American and English Journalists and Composers of the time.
Here's a sample paragraph directly from the program -- "Blind
Tom's last appearance in Montrose will be this evening, in
the Assembly Hall...when he will again play classical
selections from Beethoven, Mendelssohn, Bach, Mozart, etc..
His pianoforte solos will be taken from the compositions of Thalberg, Liszt, Chopin and others. He will also sing
various songs from popular operas, and ballads from Moore