Nigerian Frauds
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419 Scams





Link to this site -- -- Link to this site

Check out the main page of Scam Central

Return To Glory: The Powerful Stirring of the Black Man

Check with FAQ if you don't know what to do about these scams


Courtesy of The Freeman Institute


1.The publicity campaigns by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and the Government of the Federal
Republic of Nigeria have proved successful in sensitizing the public about the menace of advance fee fraud and the falsehood of claims that easy money could be made in Nigeria. Consequently, the reported incidence of advance fee fraud (A.K.A. '419'), has declined significantly. Nevertheless, there are still some people who have continued to fall victim to the solicitations of advance fee fraudsters. The warning is, therefore, specifically intended for the benefit of those misguided people who, in the quest to make easy money at the expense of Nigeria, are defrauded by international fraudsters. 

2.The advance fee fraud is perpetrated by enticing the victim with a bogus 'business' proposal which
promises millions of US dollars as a reward. The scam letter usually promises to transfer huge amounts of money, usually in US dollars, purported to be part proceeds of certain contracts, to the addressee's bank account, to be shared in some proportion between the parties. A favourable response to the letter is followed by excuses why the funds cannot be remitted readily and subsequently by demands for proportionate sharing of payments for various 'taxes' and 'fees' supposedly to facilitate the processing and remittance of the alleged funds. The use of  'fake' Government, Central Bank of Nigeria, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, etc. documents is a common practice. 

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3.The fraudsters usually request that the transaction be done under the cover of confidentiality. Sometimes, the 'victims' are invited to Nigeria where they are given red-carpet reception and attended to by the fraudsters, posing as Nigerian Government officials. Quite often the fraudsters invent bogus Government committees purported to have the payments. Also, it is not unusual for them to contrive fake publications in the newspapers evidencing purported approvals to transfer non-existent funds. 

4.To consummate the transaction, the 'victim' would be required to pay 'advance fees' for various purposes: e.g. processing fees, unforeseen taxes, license fees, registration fees, signing/legal fees, fees for National Economic Recovery Fund, VAT, audit fees, insurance coverage fees, etc. The collection of these 'advance fees' is actually the real objective of the scam! 

5.A recent variant of the scam directed primarily at charitable organisations and religious bodies overseas involves bogus inheritance under a will. Again the sole aim is to collect the 'advance fees' already described above. A new strategy that has also been used to defraud the 'victims' is an offer to use chemicals to transform ordinary paper into United States dollar bills, which would be subsequently shared by the parties. 

6.You are again warned in your own interest not be become yet another dupe to these fraudulent
solicitations or schemes. Genuine and prospective investors in Nigeria are advised to consult their home Chambers' of Commerce and Industry, or Nigeria's Chambers' of Commerce and Industry, Manufacturers' Associations of Nigeria, Federal Ministries of Commerce and Industry, Nigerian Missions in their countries of origin, their embassies or High Commissions in Nigeria for proper briefing and advice. 

7.The Central Bank and indeed, the Federal Government of Nigeria cannot and should not be held
responsible for bogus and shady deals transacted with criminal intentions. As a responsible corporate body, the Central Bank of Nigeria is once again warning all recipients of fraudulent letters on bogus deals, that there are no contract payments trapped in the bank's vaults. They are once again put on notice that all documents appertaining to the payment, claims, or transfers purportedly issued by the bank, its senior executives or the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria for the various purposes described above are all forgeries, bogus and fraudulent. 

8.Please join the Central Bank and the Federal Government of Nigeria to fight the criminal syndicates who play on the gullibility and greed of their victims by reporting any solicitation to your local law enforcement agencies or the local International Police Organisation (Interpol). 

9.You have been warned several times before! You have been warned again!!

Samuel Ladoke Akintola Way, 
P.M.B. 0187, 
Garki, Abuja, 

1999 ©Copyright National Orientation and PublicAffairs
The Presidency, Federal Secretariat, Shehu Shagari Way, Abuja, Nigeria


"....Nigeria is still ranked as one of the most corrupt countries on earth. U.S. citizens lose  approximately $2 billion ($2,000 million) a year to Nigerian fraud -- be it credit card fraud, insurance fraud, or 419 scam letters, or counterfeiting," which totals about "two and one-half times the value of our total U.S. exports to Nigeria."  -- Nov. '99, Robert L. Mallet, Deputy Secretary of Commerce


The following is the response from a Standard Bank of South Africa official about a scam artist posing as, Mike Tabo, a supposed bank staff member. 

Subject: RE: Mike Tabo; account information

Your e-mail to <> refers. Don't get involved here. This is a Nigerian 419 scam linked to "Black Dollars" and you will place your own safety at risk should you travel to South Africa to meet with the perpetrators. We strongly recommend that you sever all ties with these people and cut your losses should you have departed with any funds. Standard Bank is not involved in this scam although our company name is being used to give it some form of credibility. There is also no staff member by name of Mike Tabo in our employ. The phone numbers quoted in the e-mail are all Cellular/Mobile phones acquired on a "Pay As You Go" basis.

J H Cronje
Manager, Strategy, Policy, Communication & Intelligence
Standard Bank of South Africa Limited
Group Internal Audit - Forensic Services
Tel. no. (2711) 636-7430
Fax no. (2711) 636-8307 or 636-6224
email -



There are many well known and reputable Nigerian Organizations which fight the Scam. Among the most prominent of these is the Association of Nigerians Abroad (ANA).

While IIS and the 419 Coalition differ Significantly with the ANA on the causation of, responsibility for, and exact methods and specifics to be used to control the Scam, we cooperate with ANA on Matters of Mutual Interest.

The Nigerian Democratic Movement (NDM) has issued a series of very strong statements supporting our efforts in this matter. 

The Organization of Nigerians in the Americas (ONA) supports our efforts in this matter.

Other expatriate Nigerian Organizations which condemn the Scam are:

The International Roundtable on Nigeria (IRTON)
The National Liberation Council (NALICON)
The Global Network of Nigerian Organizations (GNNO)
The Nigerian Alliance for Democracy (NAD)
The Nigerian Freedom Foundation (NFF)
Nigerians for Democracy (NIFORD)
The United Nigeria League (UNL)
The World Union of Nigerians (WUN)

Some of the organizations within Nigeria which condemn the Scam are:

The Campaign for Democracy (CD)
The Civil Liberties Organization (CLO)
The Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)
The National Association of Democratic Lawyers (NADL)
The Constitutional Rights Project (CRP)
The National Democratic Coalition (NADECO)



Not much. We don't want to sound fatalistic, but the reality is that the scam artists hide behind untraceable email addresses, sending their scam letters from pay-by-the-hour Internet Cafes. The governments of Africa are generally in a survival mode, with little interest in dealing with some Internet scam artist in a local village. There are always bigger fish to fry. 

Plus we have actually talked with West African government and business officials about their perception of these 419 scams. They have expressed amazement that anyone could be fooled by the  empty promises contained in emails from a stranger in Africa. In their eyes, the culpability goes both ways. "Who could be such a fool to give money to someone they have never met?" This is a valid question for all of us to ponder...

What we have done at The Freeman Institute is to provide a free service to warn individuals who may be flirting with the idea of great wealth coming their way. Our motto is: Run, don't walk, away from these scams and then do what you can to warn people about this pervasive problem. Feel free to provide a link to -- so that more people can see the truth about these 419 scams.


© Copyright, 2005 The Freeman Institute. All rights reserved. Nothing on this page may be used without explicit written permission.


For hard numbers, the Australian Institute of Criminology article and the US Dept. of State pub. 10465 will prepare you better than this site will. Really good backgrounders. From these you will get an idea of the scope of this scam. There are already inter-governmental relationships established over this issue.


"Dealing  With  People  Who  Drive  You  Crazy!"®
The Freeman Institute™ Box 305, Gambrills, Maryland 21054



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